Database release:

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)



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1.1 Type


1.2 Site code


1.3 Site name


1.4 First Compilation date


1.5 Update date


1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Ministry of Environment and Water, “National Nature Protection Service” Directorate
Address:  Sofia  22    Sofia    1000  Kn. Maria Luiza Blvd.

1.7 Site indication and designation / classification dates

Date site classified as SPA:2007-03
National legal reference of SPA designationSite classified as SPA by Council of Ministers Decision No. 122/02.03.2007 (promulgated SG 21/2007).
Explanation(s):Site classified as SPA by Council of Ministers Decision No. 122/02.03.2007 (promulgated SG 21/2007). Issued designation order by the Minister of Environment and Water with prohibitions and restrictions on activities contradicting the conservation objectives of the site – Order No. RD – 555/05.09.2008 (promulgated SG 84/2008).


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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:


2.2 Area [ha]


2.3 Marine area [%]


2.4 Sitelength [km] (optional):

No information provided

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
BG32Severen tsentralen

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Continental (100.00 %)


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3.1 Habitat types present on the site and assessment for them

No habitat types are reported for the site

3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
BA168Actitis hypoleucos          DD 
BA168Actitis hypoleucos          DD 
BA229Alcedo atthis    10  12   
BA054Anas acuta          DD 
BA054Anas acuta          DD 
BA056Anas clypeata          DD 
BA056Anas clypeata          DD 
BA052Anas crecca          DD 
BA052Anas crecca       
BA052Anas crecca          DD 
BA050Anas penelope          DD 
BA050Anas penelope          DD 
BA053Anas platyrhynchos      93   
BA053Anas platyrhynchos          DD 
BA053Anas platyrhynchos    15   
BA055Anas querquedula          DD 
BA051Anas strepera          DD 
BA051Anas strepera          DD 
BA041Anser albifrons       
BA255Anthus campestris          DD 
BA255Anthus campestris    20  25   
BA089Aquila pomarina     
BA028Ardea cinerea       
BA028Ardea cinerea          DD 
BA028Ardea cinerea     
BA029Ardea purpurea          DD 
BA024Ardeola ralloides          DD 
BA059Aythya ferina          DD 
BA059Aythya ferina          DD 
BA061Aythya fuligula          DD 
BA060Aythya nyroca     
BA060Aythya nyroca    30  30   
BA021Botaurus stellaris          DD 
BA021Botaurus stellaris     
BA021Botaurus stellaris     
BA215Bubo bubo     
BA133Burhinus oedicnemus     
BA133Burhinus oedicnemus          DD 
BA403Buteo rufinus     
BA145Calidris minuta          DD 
BA136Charadrius dubius     
BA136Charadrius dubius          DD 
BA196Chlidonias hybridus          DD 
BA196Chlidonias hybridus    10  30   
BA198Chlidonias leucopterus          DD 
BA197Chlidonias niger          DD 
BA031Ciconia ciconia    35  45   
BA030Ciconia nigra          DD 
BA030Ciconia nigra     
BA080Circaetus gallicus          DD 
BA080Circaetus gallicus     
BA081Circus aeruginosus          DD 
BA081Circus aeruginosus     
BA082Circus cyaneus    20  20   
BA082Circus cyaneus          DD 
BA231Coracias garrulus          DD 
BA231Coracias garrulus    20  25   
BA122Crex crex          DD 
BA429Dendrocopos syriacus     
BA027Egretta alba          DD 
BA027Egretta alba      11   
BA026Egretta garzetta          DD 
BA379Emberiza hortulana    60  70   
BA379Emberiza hortulana          DD 
BA511Falco cherrug       
BA098Falco columbarius       
BA099Falco subbuteo     
BA096Falco tinnunculus          DD       
BA097Falco vespertinus          DD 
BA125Fulica atra      93   
BA125Fulica atra     
BA125Fulica atra          DD 
BA153Gallinago gallinago          DD 
BA153Gallinago gallinago          DD 
BA154Gallinago media          DD 
BA123Gallinula chloropus          DD 
BA123Gallinula chloropus          DD 
BA127Grus grus          DD 
BA131Himantopus himantopus          DD 
BA131Himantopus himantopus       
BA022Ixobrychus minutus          DD 
BA022Ixobrychus minutus    12  15   
BA338Lanius collurio          DD 
BA338Lanius collurio    80  90   
BA339Lanius minor          DD 
BA339Lanius minor    10  30   
BA459Larus cachinnans          DD       
BA459Larus cachinnans          DD       
BA177Larus minutus          DD 
BA179Larus ridibundus          DD 
BA179Larus ridibundus          DD 
BA156Limosa limosa          DD 
BA246Lullula arborea          DD 
BA246Lullula arborea    30  40   
BA230Merops apiaster    80  80   
BA160Numenius arquata          DD 
BA158Numenius phaeopus          DD 
BA023Nycticorax nycticorax          DD 
BA020Pelecanus crispus     
BA017Phalacrocorax carbo          DD 
BA017Phalacrocorax carbo       
BA393Phalacrocorax pygmeus          DD 
BA393Phalacrocorax pygmeus          DD 
BA151Philomachus pugnax    5000  5000   
BA034Platalea leucorodia    20  40   
BA032Plegadis falcinellus    20   
BA140Pluvialis apricaria    135  135   
BA005Podiceps cristatus          DD 
BA005Podiceps cristatus          DD 
BA008Podiceps nigricollis          DD 
BA120Porzana parva          DD 
BA119Porzana porzana          DD 
BA121Porzana pusilla          DD 
BA118Rallus aquaticus          DD 
BA118Rallus aquaticus          DD 
BA132Recurvirostra avosetta          DD 
BA193Sterna hirundo          DD 
BA307Sylvia nisoria    20  30   
BA307Sylvia nisoria          DD 
BA004Tachybaptus ruficollis          DD 
BA004Tachybaptus ruficollis          DD 
BA048Tadorna tadorna          DD 
BA048Tadorna tadorna          DD 
BA161Tringa erythropus          DD 
BA166Tringa glareola     
BA166Tringa glareola    450  450   
BA164Tringa nebularia    65  65   
BA165Tringa ochropus          DD 
BA165Tringa ochropus          DD 
BA163Tringa stagnatilis          DD 
BA162Tringa totanus       
BA162Tringa totanus          DD 
BA142Vanellus vanellus    1000  1000   
BA142Vanellus vanellus    35  35   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)


Population in the site


Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
A247Alauda arvensis    1050  1050             
A251Hirundo rustica    250  250             
A233Jynx torquilla                   
A383Miliaria calandra    900  900             
A214Otus scops                   
A210Streptopelia turtur                   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons


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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover

Total Habitat Cover


Other Site Characteristics

A complex of flooded areas, wet and salthy meadows, marshlands, fishponds, loes and stony steppes and patches of forests, located on the left bank of the Osam river in the Mid-Danubian Plain, to the north of main road E83. The site includes the lands between the villages of Totleben, Obnova, Bulgarene, Malchika, Delyanovtsi, Izgrev and Trunchovitsa. To the north it is limited by the road Slavyanovo – Batsova Mahala. Its territory includes the forest hills on the right bank of the river, as well as some farmlands, pastures and other grasslands and shrub associations. Among the open habitats patches of mixed oak forests of Quercus cerris and Q. robur are situated. The fishponds are overgrown with hydrophyte and hygrophyle vegetation represented by Phragmites australis, Typha angustifolia, and Schoenoplectus sp. Several rare plant species with national or European importance, as Marsilea quadrifolia and Caragana frutex occur there.

4.2 Quality and importance

Obnova Fish-ponds supports 98 bird species, 35 of which are listed in the Red Data Book for Bulgaria (1985). Of the birds occurring there 58 species are of European conservation concern (SPEC) (BirdLife International, 2004), 5 of them being listed in category SPEC 1 as globally threatened, 15 in SPEC 2 and 38 in SPEC 3 as species threatened in Europe. The area provides suitable habitats for 50 species, included in Annex 2 of the Biodiversity Act, which need special conservation measures, of which 47 are listed also in Annex I of the Birds Directive. The complex’s wet terrain is of exceptional importance for waterfowl and wetland species, concentrating there on migration and in winter. The site is one of the most important ones in the country for the Whiskered Tern Chlidonias hybridus, Kingfisher Alcedo atthis, White Stork Ciconia ciconia and European Roller Coracias garrulus, which breed there in considerable numbers, and for the Great Egret Egretta alba in winter. Obnova fishponds hold representative breeding populations of the Little Bittern Ixobrychus minutus and the Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus. Single pairs of Black Stork Ciconia nigra, the Lesser Spotted Eagle Aquila pomarina, the Long-legged Buzzard Buteo rufinus, Short-thoed Eagle Circaetus gallicus also breed in the region. It is an important stopover site on migration for numerous flocks of waders Charadriiformes, ducks, as well as ibises Plegadis falcinellus and spoonbills Platalea leucorodia/, which congregates there. The Crane Grus grus is also observed there during migration. Rare and treatened species of mammals also occur there as Spermophilus citellus, Mustela eversmanii and Vormela peregusna.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

4.4 Ownership (optional)

No information provided

4.5 Documentation (optional)

Initial proposal and description of the site made by Dr. Petar Shurulinkov - Institute of Zoology, Bulgarian Academy of Scienses, 1 "Tzar Osvoboditel" blvd., 1000 Sofia; Dr. Rossen Tzonev - Faculty of Biology, Sofia University "St. Kliment Ohridski", 1164 Sofia, 8 Dragan Tsankov Blvd.Data revised by a team of Bulgarian Academy of Sciences ( BDZP/BirdLife Balgariya. 2005. “Nacionalna banka za ornitologichna informacia 1988-2005”, Balgarsko Druzhestvo za zastita na pticite;Botev, B. and Tz. Peshev, (eds). 1985. Red Data Book of Republic Bulgaria. 2: Animals. Sofia: Bulgarian Academy of Science. (In Bulgarian.);Kostadinova, I., S.Dereliev. 2001. Results the Mid-Winter Counts of Waterbirds in Bulgaria for the period 1997- 2001. BSPB Conservation Series. Book 3, BSPB, Sofia, BG; Petrov, C., 1997b. Beliat shturkel (Ciconia ciconia) v Bulgaria. Prirodozashtitna poredica, Kniga 2, BDZP, Plovdiv.;Simeonov, S., T. Michev. 1985. Suvremenno razprostranenie I chislenost na buhala (Bubo bubo(L.) v Bulgaria. – Ekologia, 15, 60-65.;Shurulinkov, P., R. Conev, B. Nikolov, G. Stoianov, L. Asenov. 2005. Pticite na Sredna Dunavska ravnina. Sofia, 120 s.;BirdLife International. 2000. Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, 695pp.Birdlife International. 2004. Birds in Europe: Population estimates, trends and conservation status. Cambridge, UK: Birdlife International (Birdlife Conservation Series No. 12).373pp.;BSPB/BirdLife International. 2005. World Bird Database – Important Birds Areas.Bulgaria. Cambridge. (unpublished);Guidelines for evaluation of protected zones according, which include habitats for birds to art.7, par.3, under the art.6 par.1.3 and 1.4 of the Biodiversity Act. 2005. (In Bulgarian.);Kostadinova, I., M. Mihailov, (comp.) 2002. Guide for NATURA 2000 in Bulgaria. BSPB nature conservation series No5. BSPB, Sofia, 80pp. (In Bulgarian.);Kostadinova, I. 2005. Application of C criteria for Identification of Important Bird Areas of European Union importance in Bulgaria. Preliminarily implementation and analysis of the gaps. – In: Petrova, A. (ed.), Current state of Bulgarian biodiversity – problems and perspectives. Pp. 533-548. Bulgarian Bioplatform, SofiaKouzmanov, G. 1996. L`Aigle pomarin Aquila pomarina en Bulgarie. – In: Meyburg, B.-U. & R. D. Chancellor eds. Eagle Studies. World Working Group on Birds of Prey (WWGBP), Berlin, London & Paris, 319-326.;Michev, T., Tz. Petrov, L. Profirov. 1989. Status, breeding, distribution, numbers and conservation of the White Stork in Bulgaria;Osieck, E. 2000 Filling in the requirements of the EU Birds Directive: Lessons from the ‘Dutch Case’“. In: European IBA Workshop. 29 March - 2 April 2000, Brussels, Belgium. Proceedings. BirdLife International, 86-99;Petkov, N. 1998a. Current Status of the Ferruginous Duck (Aythya nyroca) in Bulgaria. – Partimadar, 6-7, MME, Budapest, 44–49.Petkov, N., 2004. Comparative Ecological Research of the Ferruginous Duck (Aythya nyroca Guldenstaedt, 1979) and the Pochard (Aythya ferina ferina Linnaeus, 1758) During the Breeding Season in Bulgaria. PHD Thesis. BAS, Sofia, 232 pp. (In Bulgarian.)Waliczky, Z. 2000 “Important Bird Areas of European Union Importance: explanation of the EU Criteria applied in IBA 2000“ In: European IBA Workshop. 29 March - 2 April 2000, Brussels, Belgium. Proceedings. BirdLife International, 12-16


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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level (optional):

Code Cover [%]

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites (optional):

Designated at national or regional level:

Type code Site name Type Cover [%]

Designated at international level:

Type Site name Type Cover [%]
Other IBA=100.00

5.3 Site designation (optional)

The area does not have legal protection by the national conservation legislation. There is one protected area in the border with the site. Part of the area is under procedure of designation of “Gerena” Protected area. In 2005 the area was designated as Important Bird Area by BirdLife International.


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6.1 Body(ies) responsible for the site management:

Organisation:Regional Inspectorates of Environment and Water - Pleven, Veliko Tarnovo; Danubean River Basin Directorate; Forestry Departments - Pleven, Svistov;

6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

No, but in preparation

6.3 Conservation measures (optional)

No information provided



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