Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

A

1.2 Site code

BG0002105

1.3 Site name

Persenk

1.4 First Compilation date

2005-10

1.5 Update date

2015-07

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Ministry of Environment and Water, “National Nature Protection Service” Directorate
Address:  Sofia  22    Sofia    1000  Kn. Maria Luiza Blvd. 
Email:natura2000@moew.government.bg

1.7 Site indication and designation / classification dates

Date site classified as SPA:2007-03
National legal reference of SPA designationSite classified as SPA by Council of Ministers Decision No. 122/02.03.2007 (promulgated SG 21/2007).
Explanation(s):Site classified as SPA by Council of Ministers Decision No. 122/02.03.2007 (promulgated SG 21/2007). Issued designation order by the Minister of Environment and Water with prohibitions and restrictions on activities contradicting the conservation objectives of the site – Order No. RD – 772/28.10.2008 (promulgated SG 103/2008).

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:24.583611
Latitude:41.797222

2.2 Area [ha]

16119.6740

2.3 Marine area [%]

0.0000

2.4 Sitelength [km]:

0.00

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
BG42Yuzhen tsentralen
BG42Yuzhen tsentralen

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Alpine (100.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
BA085Accipiter gentilis     
BA086Accipiter nisus     
BA223Aegolius funereus    15  20   
BA465Alectoris graeca graeca    15  20   
BA091Aquila chrysaetos     
BA104Bonasa bonasia    20  90   
BA087Buteo buteo    15  15   
BA080Circaetus gallicus     
BA239Dendrocopos leucotos     
BA238Dendrocopos medius    10   
BA429Dendrocopos syriacus    10   
BA236Dryocopus martius    30  80   
BA103Falco peregrinus     
BA099Falco subbuteo     
BA096Falco tinnunculus    19  19   
BA217Glaucidium passerinum    15  15   
BA338Lanius collurio    50  70   
BA246Lullula arborea    100  120   
BA072Pernis apivorus     
BA241Picoides tridactylus    10  25   
BA234Picus canus    40  50   
BA307Sylvia nisoria    15  20   
BA108Tetrao urogallus    60  100     
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

Species

Population in the site

Motivation

Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover
N060.00
N083.00
N096.00
N117.00
N125.00
N153.00
N160.00
N1770.00
N191.00
N202.00
N212.00
N220.00
N231.00

Total Habitat Cover

100

Other Site Characteristics

Persenk is located in the central part of the Western Rhodopes, between the rivers Vucha and Chepelarska. It covers the high-mountain areas of the ridges Chernatitsa and Persenk, as well as a part of the Belocherkovski ridge to the north. The site’s western limit passes along the slopes in the grounds of the villages of Chukurovo, Ljaskovo and Breze, its southern one – above the Shirokolushka river valley, its eastern one – beyond Zornitsa, Studenets and Orehovo up to Sitovo and Lilkovo to the north. About 70% of the site’s territory is covered by forests, mostly coniferous Picea abies with a small share of broadleaved and mixed. There are also open areas -pastures, farmland and shrubbery. The grassland habitats are quite diverse, but the mesophyte communities of Agrostis capillaris and Festuca rubra, as well as xeromesophytous and xerothermal grass communities of Festuca valesiaca, F. stoijanovii, F. panciciana, etc. predominate there (Bondev 1991).

4.2 Quality and importance

Persenk is one of the most important sites in the country on a European Union scale for the breeding Golden Eagle Aquila chrysaetos, Three-toed Woodpecker Picoides tridactylus, Grey-headed woodpecker Picus canus and Capercaillie Tetrao urogallus. The Black Woodpecker Dryocopus martius and the Honey Buzzard Pernis apivorus also breed there in representative numbers.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
MA02i
LA02o
MA03i
HA03o
MA04.03o
MA04.03i
MA05.01i
LA05.01o
MA05.02i
LA05.02o
LA07i
LA07o
LA08i
LA08o
LA09i
LA09o
MA10o
MA10i
HBo
HBi
MB01.02i
HB01.02o
LB02.01i
LB02.01o
HB02.02i
HB02.02o
LB02.03i
MB02.03o
HB02.04o
MB02.04i
MC01.01o
LC01.03.01o
LD01.01i
LD01.01o
LD01.02i
LD01.02o
LD01.05o
LD01.05i
LD01.06o
LD01.06i
LD02o
LD02i
LD02.01o
LD02.01i
LD02.02i
MD02.02o
HD02.09i
LE01i
HE01o
ME01.01i
ME01.01o
LE01.02o
LE01.03o
LE01.03i
LE01.04o
LE01.04i
LE02o
LE02.01o
LE02.02o
ME03o
LE03i
LE03.01i
ME03.01o
ME03.02o
LE03.03i
ME03.03o
LE04.01o
LE04.01i
LE05o
LF02.03i
LF02.03o
LF03.01o
MF03.01i
LF03.02i
LF03.02o
LF03.02.02i
LF03.02.02o
HF03.02.03o
HF03.02.03i
LF04i
LF04o
LG01.02i
MG01.02o
LG01.03i
LG01.03o
HG01.04i
HG01.04o
MG01.06o
MG02i
MG02o
MG02.02o
LG02.03o
LG02.04o
LG02.04i
LG02.08i
LG02.08o
MG02.10o
LG05o
LG05i
MHi
LH04o
LH05o
LI03.01o
LI03.01i
LJ02.01o
LJ02.01i
LJ02.01.01o
LJ02.04o
MJ02.05.02o
MJ02.05.02i
LJ02.11o
LK01.01i
MK01.01o
HL07i
ML07o
LL09i
ML09o
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
LA01i
LA01o
MA02i
MA04i
MA04o
LA05.01o
MA05.01i
LA05.02o
MA05.02i
LA09o
LA09i
MA10o
MA10i
HB01o
MB01i
LB02.01i
LB02.01o
MC01.01o
LC01.03.01o
LD01.01o
LD01.05i
LD01.05o
LD01.06o
LD01.06i
MD02.02o
LD02.02i
LE01.02o
LE01.03i
LE01.03o
LE01.04i
LE02o
LE02.01o
LE02.02o
LE04.01i
LE04.01o
LE05o
LF02.03i
LF02.03o
LF04o
LF04i
MG01.02o
MG01.06o
MG02o
LG02.03o
LG02.04o
LG02.08o
MG02.10o
LH04o
LH05o
LJ02.01o
LJ02.01i
LJ02.01.01o
LJ02.04o
LJ02.11o

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

4.5 Documentation

Initial proposal and description of the site made by Dimitar Plachiiski - Bulgarian Society for the Protection of Birds, Bulgaria, 1111 Sofia, P.O.Box 50, phone (+359 2) 9715855, fax (+359 2) 9715856, www.bspb.org . Data revised by a team of Bulgarian Academy of Sciences (http://www.bas.bg). Documents: BDZP/BirdLife Balgariya. 2005. “Nacionalna banka za ornitologichna informacia 1988-2005”, Balgarsko Druzhestvo za zastita na pticite; Botev, B. and Tz. Peshev, (eds). 1985. Red Data Book of Republic Bulgaria. 2: Animals. Sofia: Bulgarian Academy of Science. (In Bulgarian.); Michev, T., C. Petrov, L. Profirov, P. Iankov, S. Gavrailov. 1989. Razprostranenie I prirodozashtiten status na skalnia orel Aquila chrisaetos chrisaetos (L.), 1758 v Bulgaria. – Izv. Muz. IU. Bulgaria, 15, 79-87.; Michev, T., C. Petrov. 2000. Pticite na Rodopite. – Bulgarski suiuz za zashtita na Rodopite, Sofia, 122 s.; MOSV. 2005. Arhiv na zastitenite teritorii v Balgaria. Baza danni (nepubl.); Nikolov, B., I. Hristov, P. Shurulinkov, I. Nikolov, A. Rogev, A. Ducov, R. Stanchev. 2001. Novi danni za niakoi slabo izucheni vidove gorski sovi (Strix uralensis, Glaucidium passerinum, Aegolius funereus) v Bulgaria. - Nauka za gorata, Kn. 1/2, 75-86.; BirdLife International. 2000. Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, 695pp. Birdlife International. 2004. Birds in Europe: Population estimates, trends and conservation status. Cambridge, UK: Birdlife International (Birdlife Conservation Series No. 12).373pp.; BSPB/BirdLife International. 2005. World Bird Database – Important Birds Areas.Bulgaria. Cambridge. (unpublished); Guidelines for evaluation of protected zones according, which include habitats for birds to art.7, par.3, under the art.6 par.1.3 and 1.4 of the Biodiversity Act. 2005. (In Bulgarian.); Kostadinova, I., M. Mihailov, (comp.) 2002. Guide for NATURA 2000 in Bulgaria. BSPB nature conservation series No5. BSPB, Sofia, 80pp. (In Bulgarian.); Kostadinova, I. 2005. Application of C criteria for Identification of Important Bird Areas of European Union importance in Bulgaria. Preliminarily implementation and analysis of the gaps. – In: Petrova, A. (ed.), Current state of Bulgarian biodiversity – problems and perspectives. Pp. 533-548. Bulgarian Bioplatform, Sofia Kouzmanov, G., G. Stoyanov, R. Todorov. 1996. Sur la Biologie et la Protection de l’Aigle royal Aquila chrysaetos en Bulgarie. - In: Meyburg, B.-U. & R.D. Chancellor eds. 1994. Raptor Conservation Today, WWGBP/ The Pica Press, 505-515. MOEW. 1998. CORINE Biotopes Database of the sites of European Importance for the biodiversity. Bulgaria, MOSV (nepubl.); Osieck, E. 2000 Filling in the requirements of the EU Birds Directive: Lessons from the ‘Dutch Case’“. In: European IBA Workshop. 29 March - 2 April 2000, Brussels, Belgium. Proceedings. BirdLife International, 86-99; Waliczky, Z. 2000 “Important Bird Areas of European Union Importance: explanation of the EU Criteria applied in IBA 2000“ In: European IBA Workshop. 29 March - 2 April 2000, Brussels, Belgium. Proceedings. BirdLife International, 12-16
http://natura2000.moew.government.bg/Home/ProtectedSite?code=BG0002105&siteType=BirdsDirective

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code Cover [%]
BG0099.29
BG030.31
BG060.40

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites:

Designated at national or regional level:

Type code Site name Type Cover [%]
BG03DUPLEVO WATERFALL+0.00
IN06IBA=100.00
BG03CHUDNITE MOSTOVE - ER KYUPRIYA+0.30
BG06SREDNITE LIVADI+0.40
BG03KOSTEN KAMAK+0.00

5.3 Site designation (optional)

About 51% of the area coincides with the Persenk CORINE Site designated in 1998 because of its European value for rare and threatened habitats, plant and animal species, including birds. Less than 1% of the site’s territory is protected by the national nature conservation law – represented by one protected area and 2 nature monuments. In 2005 the area was designated as Important Bird Area by BirdLife International.

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.1 Body(ies) responsible for the site management:

Organisation:Regional Inspectorates of Environment and Water - Plovdiv; Smolyan; East-Aegean River Basin Directorate;State Game-breeding Center "Izvora"; Forestry Departments - Devin,Mihalkovo, Plovdiv, Hvoina, Chepelare, Shiroka Laka;
Address:
Email:

6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

Yes
No, but in preparation
X
No

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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SITE DISPLAY