Database release:

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)



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1.1 Type


1.2 Site code


1.3 Site name


1.4 First Compilation date


1.5 Update date


1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Costas HadjipanayiotouDirectorDepartment of Environment

1.7 Site indication and designation / classification dates

Date site proposed as SCI:2006-09
Date site confirmed as SCI:2008-03
Date site designated as SAC:2015-09
National legal reference of SAC designation:Ε.Ε. Παρ. ΙΙΙ(Ι) Κ.Δ.Π. 292/2015, Αρ. 4890, 4.9.2015, Αριθμός 292Ε.Ε. Παρ. ΙΙΙ(Ι) Κ.Δ.Π. 294/2015, Αρ. 4890, 4.9.2015, Αριθμός 294


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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:


2.2 Area [ha]


2.3 Marine area [%]


2.4 Sitelength [km] (optional):


2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
CY00Kypros / Kıbrıs

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Mediterranean (100.00 %)


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3.1 Habitat types present on the site and assessment for them

Annex I Habitat types Site assessment
Code PF NP Cover [ha] Cave [number] Data quality A|B|C|D A|B|C
      RepresentativityRelative SurfaceConservationGlobal
3290  info      0.36  0.00 
5220  info  X     0.36  0.00 
5330  info      10.109  0.00 
5420  info      18.775  0.00 
6220  info  X     9.387  0.00 
6420  info      0.36  0.00 
8220  info      0.36  0.00 
92A0  info      0.36  0.00 
92D0  info      2.888  0.00 
9320  info      0.2  0.00 
9540  info      3.61  0.00 
  • PF: for the habitat types that can have a non-priority as well as a priority form (6210, 7130, 9430) enter "X" in the column PF to indicate the priority form.
  • NP: in case that a habitat type no longer exists in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Cover: decimal values can be entered
  • Caves: for habitat types 8310, 8330 (caves) enter the number of caves if estimated surface is not available.
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation)

3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
BA224Caprimulgus europaeus           
BA082Circus cyaneus           
R2447Coluber cypriensis           
R2447Coluber cypriensis           
BA212Cuculus canorus           
BA447Emberiza caesia           
BA382Emberiza melanocephala           
BA269Erithacus rubecula           
BA269Erithacus rubecula           
I6199Euplagia quadripunctaria                     
BA103Falco peregrinus           
BA438Hippolais pallida           
BA252Hirundo daurica           
BA338Lanius collurio           
BA433Lanius nubicus           
BA246Lullula arborea           
BA230Merops apiaster           
BA230Merops apiaster           
R4007Natrix natrix cypriaca    50  100 
BA467Oenanthe cypriaca           
BA273Phoenicurus ochruros           
BA273Phoenicurus ochruros           
BA274Phoenicurus phoenicurus           
M4002Rousettus aegyptiacus           
BA210Streptopelia turtur           
BA210Streptopelia turtur           
BA311Sylvia atricapilla           
BA311Sylvia atricapilla           
BA283Turdus merula           
BA283Turdus merula           
BA285Turdus philomelos           
BA285Turdus philomelos           
BA232Upupa epops           
BA232Upupa epops           
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)


Population in the site


Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
5537Acomys nesiotes             
Arabis pumila                   
1201Bufo viridis                   
1274Chalcides ocellatus                   
1280Coluber jugularis                   
1285Coluber nummifer                   
2362Hyla savignyi                   
2466Malpolon monspessulanus                   
1322Myotis nattereri                   
2016Pipistrellus kuhlii                 
1311Pipistrellus savii                   
1212Rana ridibunda                   
1333Tadarida teniotis                 
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons


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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover

Total Habitat Cover


Other Site Characteristics

The site Koilada Potamou Maroullenas is located on the north foothills of the Troodos range, about 1 km northwest of Kalo Chorio, Klirou and Malounta villages and 1.5 km southeast of Agrokipia village. It is located 2.8 km southeast of Periochi Mitserou (CY2000003) and 6 km northwest of the site Dasos Machaira (CY2000004). The site includes part of Akaki river, a branch of Serrachis river downstream Kalo Chorio dam, for a length of 4.3 km and runs parallel to the road Lefkosia-Palaichori; also, it includes three small side-streams. The width of the site ranges from about 60 m to almost 300 m. The riverbed is mostly pebbly and the river runs between steep slopes at most of its length. The lowest part is at the northeast end of the site with an altitude of about 400 m and the highest at the southwest point at about 460 m.Geology: The greatest part of the site is composed of lower pillow lavas whereas the northeast end is composed of upper pillow lavas and the southwest part consists of basalt group (more than 50% of diabase dykes with pillow lava screens).About 15% of the site, along both sides of the river, is composed of cultivations of cereals and fruit trees, mainly olive and almond trees and a very small part of the riverbed (0.25%) is planted with exotic Eucalyptus spp. The vegetation of a large proportion of the riverbed (about 18% of the site), for a length of about 2.4 km, has recently been destroyed by the construction works for a new dam (Akaki-Malounda dam). The rest of the riverbed is dominated by riparian galleries of Tamarix spp. and Nerium oleander, Arundo donax, Polygonum equisetiforme (habitat type 92D0) together with reed beds of Phragmites australis (habitat type CY02), which colonise the moister parts of the riverbed; along most of the undisturbed riverbed these habitats form alternating small patches. The riparian forest species Alnus orientalis and Platanus orientalis occur as isolated individuals, especially upstream where the duration of the water flow is longer and it is constantly moist. There is only one small riparian forest stand with Salix alba galleries (habitat type 92A0) at the lowermost part of the site.At the upper part of the site wet grasslands are formed locally at the alluvial field. The classification of these communities to syntaxa and to habitat types and their mapping requires more detailed work. Provisionally, they can be classified to two habitat types, according to the dominant species. The tall humid herb grassland of the Mollinio-Holoschoenion with the species Pulicaria dysenterica subsp. uliginosa, Inula viscosa, Mentha longifolia subsp. cyprica, Scirpus holoschoenus, Blackstonia acuminata (habitat type 6420) and the nitrophilous annual and perennial formations with the species Polypogon semiverticillatus, Plantago major, Persicaria lapathifolia, Epilobium tetragonum (Palaearctic classification 24.532, habitat type 3290). Other species participating in the alluvial bank vegetation are Veronica anagallis-aquatica, Cyperus glaber, Chenopodium album, Polygonum convolvulus, Lythrum hyssopifolia. Finally, two small patches of Solenopsis bivonae with Adiantum nigrum and Scirpus holoschoenus, representing chasmophytic vegetation of water-sprayed or water flushed rocks (Adiantetea, Habitat type CY03) are also found at springs at the upper part of the site.Phrygana vegetation (habitat type 5420) dominated by Sarcopoterium spinosum occur on the uncultivated sides of the river and the dry, rocky slopes. Other species participating in phrygana are Phagnalon rupestre, Noaea mucronata, Micromeria myrtifolia, M. chionistrae (on rocky, steep slopes), Thymus integer, Teucrium divaricatum, Cistus spp., Asparagus stipularis, Fumana spp., Halichrysum italicum, Rhamnus oleoides subsp. graecus, Pterocephalus multiflorus (rare). Also there is sporadic occurrence of Ptilostemon chamaepeuce var. cyprius (on rocky, steep slopes), Pistacia terebinthus, Crataegus azarolus and Ziziphus lotus.Xerophilous grasslands (habitat type 6220), colonise large and small openings of phrygana forming a mosaic. They are characterised by Hyparrhenia hirta, Taeniatherum crinitum, Trifolium spp. and Helianthemum salicifolium, but there is also participation of many annual and perennial plants such as Alyssum simplex, Plantago afra, Poa bulbosa var. vivipara, Atractylis cancellata, Bromus spp., Aegilops sp., Stipa capensis, Allium willeanum, Paronychia macrosepala, Silene spp. and Scilla autumnalis. However, the species composition of grasslands could not be accurately specified as field surveys were undertaken in late autumn, when most annuals had already vanished.Xerophilous Crataegus azarolus var. aronia scrub (habitat 5330) colonises the dry slopes, chiefly of northwest aspect. These communities are characterised by Crataegus azarolus and a large number of shrubs and subshrubs such as Sarcopoterium spinosum, Cistus spp., Rhamnus oleoides subsp. graecus, Phagnalon rupestre, Rubia tenuifolia, Thymus integer, Teucrium divaricatum ssp. canescens, Helichrysum italicum, Ephedra fragilis subsp. campylopoda, Fumana spp., and rarely Prasium majus. In addition, numerous herbaceous plants flourish in small and large openings.Chasmophyic communities (habitat type 8220) occur on steep rock faces at the southwest part of the site. They are characterised by Arabis puprurea, Sedum cyprium, Micromeria chionistrae and Umbilicus rupestris, also Ptilostemon chamaepeuce var. cyprius participates occasionally (The identification of Arabis purpurea is provisional as the plants were dry and basal leaves weathered; the plants found may belong to Arabis cypria, a chasmophyte known as endemic of the Pentadaktylos range). Ziziphus lotus forms a single colony with low ground cover (habitat type 5220); it is accompanied by Asparagus stipularis, Rhamnus oleoides subsp. graecus and other phryganic shrubs. Ziziphus lotus occurs also sporadically as an individual shrub within the site. Small stands of Pinus brutia (habitat type 9540) occur on the slopes along the river; their understorey is composed of Cistus spp., Sarcopoterium spinosum, Phagnalon rupestre subsp. rupestre, Helichrysum italicum, Pistacia terebinthus, Noaea mucronata and Crataegus azarolus.A small part of the site consists of bare, unvegetated pillow lava slopes. However, ephemeral communities may appear on these slopes during spring time.

4.2 Quality and importance

The site includes a variety of small cover but quite representative wetland habitats and habitats characteristic of the drier, semi-arid zone of Cyprus. The landscape, including the cultivations, is quite diverse and supports significant numbers of protected fauna species, in particular the endangered reptile Natrix natrix cypriaca.In detail, the ecological quality and importance of the site consists in the following elements:Vegetation:The Zizyphus lotus matorral (priority habitat) the phrygana vegetation and xerophilous grassland (priority habitat) have a floristic composition of the wider Mesaoria plain. Although the vegetation of a large part of the riverbed has been destroyed for the construction of a dam, a substantial part remains fairly undisturbed hosting thermo-Mediterranean riparian galleries and reed beds as well as small patches of wet grasslands.Furthermore, the steep, rocky riversides support chasmophytic communities which are mainly composed of endemic plants.Flora:Thirteen endemic plant taxa have been recorded form the site. The number of endemics is expected to increase if surveys are repeated during spring time.Fauna:The site comprises an important habitat for the endemic grass snake, Natrix natrix cypriaca, which has been included in the Annex II of the Directive 92/43/EEC as a priority species. The grass snake, Natrix natrix cypriaca, is still critically endangered because its population is highly fragmented, occupies a small area of occupancy and maintains a low number of mature individuals. The subpopulation at this site seems to be the second largest in Troodos area, based on recent findings (Blosat 2005).In addition, the site offers habitat to two endemic mammals (Mus cypriacus and Hemiechinus auritus dorotheae) and three endemic reptiles (Chamaeleo chamaeleon recticrista, Lacerda laevis troodica and Laudakia stellio cypriaca). Also another 4 mammals, 6 reptiles and 3 amphibians live in the site.Bird Fauna:Nine Annex I species have been recorded including one Cyprus endemic, the resident Oenanthe cypriaca. Resident raptors such as Falco peregninus breed on nearby cliffs whereas hen harriers Circus cyaneus winter regularly in the area. Shrike species include the common migrant breeder masked shrike Lanius nubicus and the regular passage migrants L. minor and L. collurio that are recorded in low numbers. Other species that have been recorded in the area included the nocturnal migrant breeder Caprimulgus europeus, the common resident species Lullula arborea and the summer visitor Emperiza caesia. Thirteen migratory species have been regularly recorded in this area, including the migrant breeders Streptopelia turtur, Merops apiaster, Upupa epops, Hirundo daurica, Emperiza melanocephala and Hippolais pallida.Other important Species with Motivation D (section 3.3)Potamon potamios cyprius is a freshwater crab protected by the national legislation (Fisheries Law CAP 135 Regulations 273/90).

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

4.4 Ownership (optional)

No information provided

4.5 Documentation (optional)

Blosat B. 2005. Establishing a captive-Breeding Program for the Endangered Cypriot Grass Snake Natrix natrix cypriaca. Report prepared for the Department of Fisheries and Marine Research, Cyprus, pp. 115.Cucchi T., Orth A., Auffray J.-C., Renaud S., Fabre L., Catalan J., Hadjisterkotis E., Bonhomme F. , Vigne J.-D. 2006. A new endemic species of the subgenus Mus (Rodentia, Mammalia) on the Island of Cyprus. Zootaxa 1241: 1-36Devillers-Terschuren J., Devillers P. 2003. Group of Experts for the setting up of the Emerald Network of Areas of Special Conservation Interest Application and development of the Palaearctic habitat classification in the course of the setting up of the Emerald Project. Cyprus, 2002-2003 Revision. T-PVS Emerald 13e.03. StrasbourgMeikle R.D. 1977. Flora of Cyprus. Vol. 1. London: Bentham-Moxon Trust, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Meikle R.D. 1985. Flora of Cyprus. Vol. 2. London: Bentham-Moxon Trust, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.Tsintides T. 1995. The Endemic Plants of Cyprus. Nicosia: Bank of Cyprus Group & Cyprus Association of Professional Foresters.Tsintides T.C., Hadjikyriakou G.N. & Christodoulou C.S. 2002. Trees and Shrubs in Cyprus. Lefkosia: Foundation Anastasios G. Leventis & Cyprus Forest Association.WL Delft hydraulics, ENVECO SA, D. Argyropoulos & Associates. 2004. Implementation of Articles 5 & 6 of the Water Framework Directive 2000/60/EC specialised consultancy services under contract No. 39/03/61 for: the MANRE Water Development department of Cyprus Reference conditions, November 2004.Δεληπέτρου Π., Βαγιανού Φ., Τόρης Ν., Τζιωρτζιής Ι., Ιακωβίδης Ά., Μουσκουντής Μ., Παπαθεοδούλου Α., Φυττής Γ., Πίττα Ε., Κωνσταντίνου Κ., Γιανναπάς Μ., (2016), Έκθεση Ολοκλήρωσης της Σύμβασης με Αρ. Τ.Π. 26/2015 με τίτλο «Παρακολούθηση και επικαιροποίηση της Χαρτογράφησης και των Τυποποιημένων Έντυπων Δεδομένων, συμπλήρωση πρωτοκόλλων παρακολούθησης οικοτόπων και ειδών χλωρίδας των περιοχών του Δικτύου Natura 2000 «Άλυκος Ποταμός – Άγιος Σωζόμενος - CY2000002, Κοιλάδα Ποταμού Μαρούλλενας - CY2000010, Περιοχή Σκούλλη - CY4000009, Ξερός Ποταμός - CY4000007, Κοιλάδα Διαρίζου - CY4000003, Λίμνη Ορόκλινης - CY6000011 και Λίμνη Παραλιμνίου - CY3000008». I.A.CO Environmental & Water Consultants Ltd. +9 Παραδοτέα


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6.1 Body(ies) responsible for the site management:

Organisation:Department of Environment
Organisation:Department of Fisheries and Marine Research

6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

Yes Name: Δ.Σ. Περιοχής Natura 2000 ‘Koilada Potamou Maroullenas’

No, but in preparation

6.3 Conservation measures (optional)

No information provided



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