Database release:

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)



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1.1 Type


1.2 Site code


1.3 Site name


1.4 First Compilation date


1.5 Update date


1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Costas HadjipanayiotouDirectorDepartment of Environment

1.7 Site indication and designation / classification dates

Date site proposed as SCI:2006-09
Date site confirmed as SCI:2008-03
Date site designated as SAC:2015-09
National legal reference of SAC designation:Ε.Ε. Παρ. ΙΙΙ(Ι) Κ.Δ.Π. 292/2015, Αρ. 4890, 4.9.2015, Αριθμός 292Ε.Ε. Παρ. ΙΙΙ(Ι) Κ.Δ.Π. 294/2015, Αρ. 4890, 4.9.2015, Αριθμός 294


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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:


2.2 Area [ha]


2.3 Marine area [%]


2.4 Sitelength [km] (optional):


2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
CY00Kypros / Kıbrıs

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Mediterranean (100.00 %)


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3.1 Habitat types present on the site and assessment for them

Annex I Habitat types Site assessment
Code PF NP Cover [ha] Cave [number] Data quality A|B|C|D A|B|C
      RepresentativityRelative SurfaceConservationGlobal
3140  info      0.188  0.00 
3290  info      0.188  0.00 
5220  info  X     0.188  0.00 
5330  info      0.377  0.00 
5420  info      6.797  0.00 
6220  info  X     3.776  0.00 
92D0  info      7.174  0.00 
9540  info      0.755  0.00 
  • PF: for the habitat types that can have a non-priority as well as a priority form (6210, 7130, 9430) enter "X" in the column PF to indicate the priority form.
  • NP: in case that a habitat type no longer exists in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Cover: decimal values can be entered
  • Caves: for habitat types 8310, 8330 (caves) enter the number of caves if estimated surface is not available.
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation)

3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
BA133Burhinus oedicnemus           
BA082Circus cyaneus           
BA211Clamator glandarius           
R2447Coluber cypriensis    grids1x1 
BA231Coracias garrulus           
BA447Emberiza caesia           
I6199Euplagia quadripunctaria                     
BA093Hieraaetus fasciatus           
BA418Hoplopterus spinosus           
BA339Lanius minor           
BA433Lanius nubicus           
R5710Macrovipera lebetina      grids1x1           
R4007Natrix natrix cypriaca    grids1x1 
BA467Oenanthe cypriaca    grids1x1 
BA273Phoenicurus ochruros           
M1304Rhinolophus ferrumequinum    grids1x1 
M1303Rhinolophus hipposideros    grids1x1 
M4002Rousettus aegyptiacus    grids1x1 
BA276Saxicola torquata           
BA210Streptopelia turtur           
BA468Sylvia melanothorax           
BA285Turdus philomelos           
BA285Turdus philomelos           
BA287Turdus viscivorus           
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)


Population in the site


Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
1201Bufo viridis                   
1274Chalcides ocellatus                   
1280Coluber jugularis                   
1285Coluber nummifer                   
Datisca cannabina                   
2362Hyla savignyi                   
2466Malpolon monspessulanus                   
2016Pipistrellus kuhlii                 
1212Rana ridibunda                   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons


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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover

Total Habitat Cover


Other Site Characteristics

The site Potamos Peristeronas is located on the north foothills of the Troodos range, about 2 km west of Agia Marina Xyliatou and 1.4 km east of Kato Moni villages. It is located 1.9 km west of Periochi Mitserou (CY2000003) and 3.1 km north east of the site Madari-Papoutsa (CY2000005). The site follows Peristerona River, which is a branch of Serrachis River, for a length of 2.8 km and its width ranges from about 60 m to 200 m. The centre of the site is located at the bridge of the junction road to Agia Marina Xyliatou (next to the main road Peristerona-Alona).It covers an area of 37.76 ha, of which 8.04 ha is state land (hali land) and the rest is private land. The lowest part is at the north end of the site with an altitude of 360 m and the highest at the southernmost point at about 400 m.Geology: The greatest part of the site is composed of lower pillow lavas whereas the northernmost part is composed of upper pillow lavas.Vegetation:About one third of the site, along both sides of the river, is composed of cultivations of cereals and fruit trees, mainly olive and almond trees and a very small part of the riverbed is planted with exotic Eucalyptus spp.The riverbed is dominated by riparian shrubs of Tamarix spp. And Nerium oleander (habitat type 92D0) and by reed beds of Phragmites australis (habitat type CY02), which colonize the moister parts of the riverbed; along most of the riverbed these habitats form alternating small patches. Other species scattered in the wetland are Pulicaria dysenterica subsp. uliginosa, Rubus sanctus, Inula viscosa, Mentha longifolia subsp. cyprica, Veronica anagallis-aquatica. The habitat type 3140 'Hard oligo-mesotrophic waters with benthic vegetation of Chara spp.' is present in the area. The riparian forest trees Platanus orientalis and Salix alba occur only as isolated individuals. Nitrophilous annual and perennial formations with Datisca cannabina, Persicaria lapathifolia, Plantago major subsp. intermedia and Rumex sp., Persicaria convolvulus, Epilobium sp. (habitat type 3290) occur locally along the riverbed. Also the habitat type 3140 is present. The uncultivated flanks of the river and the dry, rocky sides are dominated by Sarcopoterium spinosum phrygana (habitat type 5420), with participation of many other shrubs and subshrubs such as Phagnalon rupestre subsp. rupestre, Noaea mucronata, Helianthemum obtusifolium, Teucrium micropodioides, Micromeria spp., Fumana spp. Helichrysum conglobatum, Asparagus stipularis, Thymus capitatus and Rhamnus oleoides subsp. graecus. Also, there is sporadic occurrence of Crataegus azarolus and Ziziphus lotus.Xerophilous grasslands (habitat type 6220), colonise large and small openings of phrygana forming a mosaic. The commonest species of this habitat are Helianthemum salicifolium, Trifolium spp., Atractylis cancellata, Hyparrhenia hirta Bromus spp., Aegilops spp., Stipa capensis and many other Gramineae, as well as Asphodelus aestivus and Urginea maritima. However, the species composition of grasslands could not be accurately specified as field surveys were undertaken in late autumn, when most annuals have already vanished.At a few places, on dry slopes, xerophilous Crataegus azarolus var. aronia scrub (habitat 5330) is formed; these communities are dominated by Crataegus azarolus along with many herbs, grasses and phryganic shrubs.Small stands of Pinus brutia (habitat type 9540) occur on the slopes along the river; the understorey vegetation is mainly composed by Cistus spp., Sarcopoterium spinosum, Phagnalon rupestre subsp. rupestre, Pistacia terebinthus, Noaea mucronata and Crataegus azarolus.Ziziphus lotus, with ground cover of more than 30%, (habitat type 5220) forms only one colony and it is accompanied by Asparagus stipularis and Rhamnus oleoides subsp. graecus. Ziziphus lotus occurs also sporadically as an individual shrub within the site.

4.2 Quality and importance

The site includes a variety of small cover but quite representative wetland habitats and habitats characteristic of the drier, semi-arid zone of Cyprus. The landscape, including the cultivations, is quite diverse and supports significant numbers of protected fauna species, in particular the endangered snake Natrix natrix cypriaca. In detail, the ecological quality and importance of the site consists in the following elements:Vegetation - Flora:The Zizyphus lotus matorral (priority habitat), xerophilous Crataegus azarolus var. aronia scrub, the phrygana vegetation and xerophilous grassland (priority habitat) have a floristic composition of the wider Mesaoria plain. The riparian wetlands include the rare communities of Datisca cannabina, a species threatened at world level (IUCN-WCMC database) and vulnerable (VU) in Cyprus. Within the site Datisca cannabina has been found at few places along the riverbed; Peristerona River hosts one of its ten known locations on the island. Also, seven endemic plant taxa have been recorded form the site. The number of endemics is expected to increase if surveys are repeated in spring time.Fauna:The site comprises an important habitat for the endemic grass snake, Natrix natrix cypriaca, which has been included in the Annex II of the Directive 92/43/EEC as a priority species. The grass snake, Natrix natrix cypriaca, is still critically endangered because its population is highly fragmented, occupies a small area of occupancy and maintains a low number of mature individuals. Based on recent findings (Blosat 2005) the vital area of the largest subpopulation in the Troodos area starts at the bridge leading to Agia Marina until Fterikoudi stream and continues along Fterikoudi stream and at the upper streams of Palaichori and the smaller side branches. The site Potamos Peristeronas includes 5-10 % of this area. Moreover, bats Rhinolophus hipposideros and Rhinolophus ferrumequinum and the endemic snake Coluber cypriensis are found in the area. In addition, the site offers habitat to two endemic mammals (Mus cypriacus and Hemiechinus auritus dorotheae) and three endemic reptiles (Chamaeleo chamaeleon recticrista, Lacerda laevis troodica and Laudakia stellio cypriaca). Also another 4 mammals, 6 reptiles and 3 amphibians live in the site.Bird FaunaIn this small site 10 Annex I 79/409 species have been recorded, including the 2 Cyprus endemic species, Oenanthe cypriaca and Sylvia melanothorax. Hieraaetus fasciatus that nest on higher ground wooded areas use this area as part of their hunting ground. Other important raptors that have been recorded in the area include Circus cyaneus that winters regularly in the region. Hoplopterus spinosus has been recorded breeding in the small man-made ponds near the river. Also, Burchinus oedicnemus, an important resident with a shrinking habitat, is breeding in the area, along with the summer visitor Coracias garullus that utilizes the steep river banks for nesting. Shrike species such as Lanius nubicus breed in the scarce trees in low densities whereas L. minor is relatively common passage migrant. Six migratory species have been regularly recorded in this area, including Streptopelia turtur, Clamator glandarius, Phoenicurus ochrurus, Saxicola torquata, Turdus philomelos, and Turdus viscivorus. Clamator glandarius is a common nest parasite of magpies Pica pica that are in high numbers in the area. Other important Species with Motivation D (section 3.3) Is the Potamon potamios cyprius is a freshwater crab protected by the national legislation (Fisheries Law CAP 135 Regulations 273/90).

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

4.4 Ownership (optional)

Any Public0
Joint or Co-Ownership0

4.5 Documentation (optional)

Blosat B. 2005. Establishing a captive-Breeding Program for the Endangered Cypriot Grass Snake Natrix natrix cypriaca. Report prepared for the Department of Fisheries and Marine Research, Cyprus, pp. 115.Cucchi T., Orth A., Auffray J.-C., Renaud S., Fabre L., Catalan J., Hadjisterkotis E., Bonhomme F. , Vigne J.-D. 2006. A new endemic species of the subgenus Mus (Rodentia, Mammalia) on the Island of Cyprus. Zootaxa 1241: 1-36Devillers-Terschuren J., Devillers P. 2003. Group of Experts for the setting up of the Emerald Network of Areas of Special Conservation Interest Application and development of the Palaearctic habitat classification in the course of the setting up of the Emerald Project. Cyprus, 2002-2003 Revision. T-PVS Emerald 13e.03. StrasbourgMeikle R.D. 1977. Flora of Cyprus. Vol. 1. London: Bentham-Moxon Trust, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Meikle R.D. 1985. Flora of Cyprus. Vol. 2. London: Bentham-Moxon Trust, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.Tsintides T. 1995. The Endemic Plants of Cyprus. Nicosia: Bank of Cyprus Group & Cyprus Association of Professional Foresters.Tsintides T., Christodoulou C., Delipetrou P. & Georgiou K (ed). 2006. The Red Data Book of the Flora of Cyprus. Lefkosia: Cyprus Forest Association. ISBN 9963-9288-0-3, in pub.Tsintides T.C., Hadjikyriakou G.N. & Christodoulou C.S. 2002. Trees and Shrubs in Cyprus. Lefkosia: Foundation Anastasios G. Leventis & Cyprus Forest Association.WL Delft hydraulics, ENVECO SA, D. Argyropoulos & Associates. 2004. Implementation of Articles 5 & 6 of the Water Framework Directive 2000/60/EC specialised consultancy services under contract No. 39/03/61 for: the MANRE Water Development department of Cyprus Reference conditions, November 2004.Χρυσοπολίτου Β. και Η. Ηλιάδης (συντονιστές έκδοσης). 2017. Τελική Έκθεση του Έργου «Επικαιροποίηση και Χαρτογράφηση των Τυποποιημένων Έντυπων Δεδομένων, και τη συμπλήρωση πρωτοκόλλων παρακολούθησης οικοτόπων των 17 Ειδικών Ζωνών Διατήρησης (ΕΖΔ) και δύο Προτεινόμενων Τόπων Κοινοτικής Σημασίας (πΤΚΣ) του Δικτύου Natura 2000». Ελληνικό Κέντρο Βιοτόπων Υγροτόπων και ATLANTIS Συμβουλευτική Κύπρου LTD. 27 σελ. + 5 Παραρτήματα


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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level (optional):

Code Cover [%]

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites (optional):

No information provided

5.3 Site designation (optional)

The river is protected by the Law 82/30 for Public Rivers Protection (National Designation code CY41). The river is designated water body CY_3-7-11_R3 (small rain volume, non-continuous flow) under the Water Framework Directive 2000/60.


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6.1 Body(ies) responsible for the site management:

Organisation:Department of Environment

6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

Yes Name: Δ.Σ. Περιοχής Natura 2000 ‘Potamos Peristeronas’

No, but in preparation

6.3 Conservation measures (optional)

No information provided



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