Database release:

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)



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1.1 Type


1.2 Site code


1.3 Site name


1.4 First Compilation date


1.5 Update date


1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Costas HadjipanayiotouDirectorDepartment of Environment

1.7 Site indication and designation / classification dates

Date site proposed as SCI:2006-09
Date site confirmed as SCI:2008-03
Date site designated as SAC:2015-09
National legal reference of SAC designation:Ε.Ε. Παρ. ΙΙΙ(Ι) Κ.Δ.Π. 292/2015, Αρ. 4890, 4.9.2015, Αριθμός 292Ε.Ε. Παρ. ΙΙΙ(Ι) Κ.Δ.Π. 294/2015, Αρ. 4890, 4.9.2015, Αριθμός 294


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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:


2.2 Area [ha]


2.3 Marine area [%]


2.4 Sitelength [km] (optional):


2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
CY00Kypros / Kıbrıs

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Mediterranean (100.00 %)


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3.1 Habitat types present on the site and assessment for them

Annex I Habitat types Site assessment
Code PF NP Cover [ha] Cave [number] Data quality A|B|C|D A|B|C
      RepresentativityRelative SurfaceConservationGlobal
92A0  info      1.07  0.00 
92C0  info      8.559  0.00 
92D0  info      4.279  0.00 
93A0  info      5.35  0.00 
9540  info      1.07  0.00 
  • PF: for the habitat types that can have a non-priority as well as a priority form (6210, 7130, 9430) enter "X" in the column PF to indicate the priority form.
  • NP: in case that a habitat type no longer exists in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Cover: decimal values can be entered
  • Caves: for habitat types 8310, 8330 (caves) enter the number of caves if estimated surface is not available.
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation)

3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
BA229Alcedo atthis           
BA087Buteo buteo           
BA224Caprimulgus europaeus           
BA365Carduelis spinus           
R2447Coluber cypriensis      grids5x5 
R2447Coluber cypriensis           
BA212Cuculus canorus           
BA447Emberiza caesia           
BA382Emberiza melanocephala           
BA269Erithacus rubecula           
BA269Erithacus rubecula           
BA095Falco naumanni           
BA093Hieraaetus fasciatus           
BA438Hippolais pallida           
BA252Hirundo daurica           
BA338Lanius collurio           
BA339Lanius minor           
BA433Lanius nubicus           
BA246Lullula arborea           
BA271Luscinia megarhynchos           
BA271Luscinia megarhynchos           
BA230Merops apiaster           
BA319Muscicapa striata           
BA319Muscicapa striata           
BA467Oenanthe cypriaca           
BA337Oriolus oriolus           
BA470Parus ater cypriotes           
BA355Passer hispaniolensis           
BA355Passer hispaniolensis           
BA273Phoenicurus ochruros           
BA273Phoenicurus ochruros           
M1304Rhinolophus ferrumequinum      grids5x5 
BA210Streptopelia turtur           
BA210Streptopelia turtur           
BA311Sylvia atricapilla           
BA311Sylvia atricapilla           
BA311Sylvia atricapilla           
BA306Sylvia hortensis           
BA468Sylvia melanothorax           
BA286Turdus iliacus           
BA286Turdus iliacus           
BA283Turdus merula           
BA283Turdus merula           
BA285Turdus philomelos           
BA285Turdus philomelos           
BA232Upupa epops           
BA232Upupa epops           
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)


Population in the site


Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
1201Bufo viridis                   
1274Chalcides ocellatus                   
1280Coluber jugularis                   
1228Cyrtopodion kotschyi                   
2362Hyla savignyi                   
2466Malpolon monspessulanus                   
1322Myotis nattereri                   
1312Nyctalus noctula                   
2016Pipistrellus kuhlii                 
1311Pipistrellus savii                   
1329Plecotus austriacus                   
1212Rana ridibunda                   
A361Serinus serinus                   
2444Typhlops vermicularis                   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons


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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover

Total Habitat Cover


Other Site Characteristics

The site Koilada Kargoti (or Karkoti) is situated at the central part of the north slopes of the Troodos range. It comprises part of Kargotis river valley or valley of Solia and lies to the north of the Troodos forest. It starts at the north about 1.8 km southeast of Kakopetria village and stretches down Kargotis river, for a length of about 13.5 km, ending at the south around 260 m southeast of Skouriotissa village. The width of the site ranges from 2 m, at the narrower parts upstream, to almost 200 m downstream. The site is flanked by Galata, Kaliana, Sinaoros, Tempria, Korakou, Evrychou, Flasou, Linou and Katydata villages. It is located about 300 m north of Ethniko Dasiko Parko Troodous (CY5000005) and 4.5 km west of the site Madari-Papoutsa (CY2000005). It covers an area of 106.99 ha, of which 22.83 ha is state land (hali land) and the rest is private land. The lowest part, at the southern end of the site, has an altitude of 250 m and the highest, at the northernmost point, about 850 m.Geology: The upper part of the site is composed of gabbro, followed by diabase and a small zone of lower pillow lavas and the rest of the riverbed is composed by sands, silts, clays and gravels (alluvium-colluvium).More than half of the site, almost 54%, consists of cultivations, which are situated along both sides of the river and sometimes they extend on the river banks and even in the riverbed. Cultivations occupy large areas at the lower parts and are chiefly composed of olive trees and citrus species; at the upper parts, they become smaller and their composition changes to peach, apricot trees, walnuts and other fruit trees. Plantations, predominantly composed of Eucalyptus, comprise about 6% of the site and are common especially at the lower half of the site; other species planted along the riverbed are black poplar (Populus alba var. afghanica) and rarely Robinia pseudoacacia upstream. Furthermore, Ailanthus altissima, which must have been planted at some places, is clearly expanding.Residual alluvial forests (Habitat type 91E0) primarily composed of Alnus orientalis with occasional participation of Platanus orientalis, Ulmus canescens and Salix alba are found along the riverbed. Occasionally, in the middle and upper part of the site, Quercus infectoria subsp. veneris penetrates the riparian forests and sometimes cultivations in the riparian zone alternate with the riparian forests. The alien tree Ailanthus altissima is a rather frequent invader in the riparian forests and Robinia pseudoacacia occurs in the uppermost part as a rare invader or planted tree. Platanus orientalis forms small forest stands (habitat type 92C0) downstream.Forest stands of Quercus infectoria with Acer obtusifolium and Pistacia terebinthus (habitat type 93A0) occur on the riverbanks and at places with deep soil, of the middle and upper part of the site. There also scattered isolated Quercus infectoria trees or small groups of trees among the cultivations, most probably remnants of a previously more extended forest. When cultivation practices are not intensive these stands regenerate naturally.Small Pinus brutia stands (habitat type 9540) occur next to cultivations at the lower part of the site.Emergent, low reed aquatic communities with Nasturtium officinale, Apium nodiflorum, Veronica anagallis-aquatica, Persicaria salicifolia, Polygonum lapathifolium subsp. maculatum and Mentha longifolia subsp. cyprica (habitat type CY07) appear sporadically where there is permanent water flow. These communities may be commoner along the riverbed than shown on the habitat map but a more detailed survey is required to determine their exact distribution.

4.2 Quality and importance

The ecological quality and importance of the site consists of the following elements:HabitatsThe site is a mosaic of cultivations of fruit trees and natural habitats, which create a diverse rural landscape characteristic of the valley of Kargotis river which is one of the very few continuous flow rivers in Cyprus. It includes representative stands of residual alluvial forests of oriental alder (priority habitat) and a variety of other riparian habitats and also some representative forest stands of Quercus infectoria subsp. veneris. Although the landscape is partly anthropogenic, it does retain natural elements and its landscape diversity creates a variety of wildlife habitats along the valley which support a considerable number of flora and fauna species, most importantly birds.Flora:Seven endemic plant taxa have been recorded form the site: Allium willeanum, Carlina involucrata subsp. cyprica, Cyperus cyprius, Euphorbia veneris, Hedera cypria, Mentha longifolia ssp. cyprica and Onopordum cyprium. Cyperus cyprius was recorded from the site in 1880 but its occurrence was not verified during the searches for the Red Data Book of the Flora of Cyprus in 2004-2005. It is expected that more endemic species will be discovered if surveys are repeated in spring time. Fauna:The site offers habitat to the endemic reptile Heirophis cypriensis (Coluber cypriensis) and 6 bats (Myotis blythi, Myotis capaccini, Rousettus aegyptiacus, Rhinolophus ferrumequinum, Rhinolophus euryale, Miniopterus schreibersi), all of which are priority species listed on Annex II of Council directive 92/43/EEC. Moreover, it hosts two endemic mammals (Mus cypriacus and Hemiechinus auritus dorotheae) and three endemic reptiles (Chamaeleo chamaeleon recticrista, Lacerta laevis troodica and Laudakia stellio cypriaca). Also, another 6 mammals, 8 reptiles and 3 amphibians live in the site.Bird Fauna:The fact that the valley is adjacent to the forest along with the small–scale agricultural practices (orchards, olive groves and seasonal crops used as feeding grounds) and its relative proximity to Morfou bay (an entrance point for several migratory species) create a habitat attractive to several important bird species. The bird fauna composition changes gradually from the higher altitude upstream parts to the lowlands downstream. Twelve Annex I species have been recorded including 3 Cyprus endemics, the resident Parus ater cypriotes that inhabits the higher ground of the valley and Oenanthe cypriaca on more open areas with Sylvia melanothorax on the denser part of the scrub vegetation. Shrike species such as Lanius nubicus breed in the valley in high densities whereas L. minor and L. collurio are frequent passage migrants. Large resident raptors such as Hieraaetus fasciatus that nest in the forest use the valley as part of their hunting ground. Other important raptors that have been recorded in the area include the regular migrants Falco naumanii and Buteo buteo. Twenty-two migratory species have been regularly recorded in this area, including the migrant breeders Streptopelia turtur, Upupa epops, Hipollais pallida. Important resident species include Accipiter gentilis that resides on the higher valley ground close to the forest, whereas Alectoris chukar is found in high densities in the sparsely vegetated hills close to the river. Other important Species with Motivation D (section 3.3)Potamon potamios cyprius is a freshwater crab protected by the national legislation (Fisheries Law CAP 135 Regulations 273/90).

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

4.4 Ownership (optional)

No information provided

4.5 Documentation (optional)

Buffagni A. (ed.). 2006. Intercalibration of Cyprus rivers, Notice Nr: 62/2005 (Draft Report). CNR-IRSA, Italy, 131 p.Cucchi T., Orth A., Auffray J.-C., Renaud S., Fabre L., Catalan J., Hadjisterkotis E., Bonhomme F. , Vigne J.-D. 2006. A new endemic species of the subgenus Mus (Rodentia, Mammalia) on the Island of Cyprus. Zootaxa 1241: 1-36Hand R. (ed.). 2004. Supplementary notes to the flora of Cyprus IV. Willdenowia 34: 427-456Meikle R.D. 1977. Flora of Cyprus. Vol. 1. London: Bentham-Moxon Trust, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Meikle R.D. 1985. Flora of Cyprus. Vol. 2. London: Bentham-Moxon Trust, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.Rutherford A., McAllister H.A., Mill R.R. 1993. New ivies from the Mediterranean area and Macaronesia. Plantsman 15:115-128Tsintides T. 1995. The Endemic Plants of Cyprus. Nicosia: Bank of Cyprus Group & Cyprus Association of Professional Foresters.Tsintides T.C., Hadjikyriakou G.N. & Christodoulou C.S. 2002. Trees and Shrubs in Cyprus. Lefkosia: Foundation Anastasios G. Leventis & Cyprus Forest Association.Χρυσοπολίτου Β. και Η. Ηλιάδης (συντονιστές έκδοσης). 2017. Τελική Έκθεση του Έργου «Επικαιροποίηση και Χαρτογράφηση των Τυποποιημένων Έντυπων Δεδομένων, και τη συμπλήρωση πρωτοκόλλων παρακολούθησης οικοτόπων των 17 Ειδικών Ζωνών Διατήρησης (ΕΖΔ) και δύο Προτεινόμενων Τόπων Κοινοτικής Σημασίας (πΤΚΣ) του Δικτύου Natura 2000». Ελληνικό Κέντρο Βιοτόπων Υγροτόπων και ATLANTIS Συμβουλευτική Κύπρου LTD. 27 σελ. + 5 Παραρτήματα


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6.1 Body(ies) responsible for the site management:

Organisation:Department of Environment

6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

Yes Name: Δ.Σ. Περιοχής Natura 2000 ‘Koilada Kargoti’

No, but in preparation

6.3 Conservation measures (optional)

No information provided



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