Database release:

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)



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1.1 Type


1.2 Site code


1.3 Site name


1.4 First Compilation date


1.5 Update date


1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Costas HadjipanayiotouDirectorDepartment of Environment

1.7 Site indication and designation / classification dates

Date site classified as SPA:2007-10
National legal reference of SPA designation No data


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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:


2.2 Area [ha]


2.3 Marine area [%]


2.4 Sitelength [km]:


2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
CY00Kypros / Kıbrıs

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Mediterranean (100.00 %)


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3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
BA085Accipiter gentilis           
BA086Accipiter nisus           
BA293Acrocephalus melanopogon           
BA247Alauda arvensis           
BA229Alcedo atthis           
BA226Apus apus           
BA227Apus pallidus           
BA087Buteo buteo           
BA087Buteo buteo           
BA403Buteo rufinus   
BA224Caprimulgus europaeus    100  250 
BA365Carduelis spinus           
BA365Carduelis spinus           
BA469Certhia brachydactyla dorotheae    200  500 
BA081Circus aeruginosus           
BA082Circus cyaneus           
BA082Circus cyaneus           
BA083Circus macrourus           
BA211Clamator glandarius           
BA373Coccothraustes coccothraustes           
BA373Coccothraustes coccothraustes           
BA207Columba oenas           
BA231Coracias garrulus           
BA231Coracias garrulus           
BA113Coturnix coturnix           
BA113Coturnix coturnix           
BA113Coturnix coturnix           
BA212Cuculus canorus           
BA253Delichon urbica           
BA447Emberiza caesia    400  1000 
BA379Emberiza hortulana           
BA382Emberiza melanocephala           
BA269Erithacus rubecula           
BA103Falco peregrinus   
BA096Falco tinnunculus                     
BA359Fringilla coelebs           
BA359Fringilla coelebs           
BA359Fringilla coelebs           
BA078Gyps fulvus           
BA093Hieraaetus fasciatus   
BA438Hippolais pallida           
BA438Hippolais pallida           
BA252Hirundo daurica           
BA251Hirundo rustica           
BA251Hirundo rustica           
BA233Jynx torquilla           
BA338Lanius collurio           
BA339Lanius minor           
BA433Lanius nubicus    500  1500 
BA433Lanius nubicus           
BA341Lanius senator           
BA291Locustella fluviatilis           
BA292Locustella luscinioides           
BA246Lullula arborea    100  300 
BA246Lullula arborea           
BA271Luscinia megarhynchos           
BA271Luscinia megarhynchos           
BA230Merops apiaster           
BA230Merops apiaster           
BA383Miliaria calandra           
BA280Monticola saxatilis           
BA281Monticola solitarius           
BA281Monticola solitarius           
BA262Motacilla alba           
BA261Motacilla cinerea           
BA260Motacilla flava           
BA319Muscicapa striata           
BA467Oenanthe cypriaca    2000  3000 
BA278Oenanthe hispanica           
BA435Oenanthe isabellina           
BA277Oenanthe oenanthe           
BA337Oriolus oriolus           
BA337Oriolus oriolus           
BA214Otus scops           
BA094Pandion haliaetus           
BA470Parus ater cypriotes    1500  3000 
BA355Passer hispaniolensis           
BA072Pernis apivorus           
BA273Phoenicurus ochruros           
BA274Phoenicurus phoenicurus           
BA315Phylloscopus collybita           
BA315Phylloscopus collybita           
BA314Phylloscopus sibilatrix           
BA316Phylloscopus trochilus           
BA266Prunella modularis           
BA317Regulus regulus           
BA275Saxicola rubetra           
BA276Saxicola torquata           
BA155Scolopax rusticola           
BA155Scolopax rusticola           
BA210Streptopelia turtur           
BA210Streptopelia turtur           
BA311Sylvia atricapilla           
BA311Sylvia atricapilla           
BA310Sylvia borin           
BA309Sylvia communis           
BA308Sylvia curruca           
BA306Sylvia hortensis           
BA468Sylvia melanothorax    2000  3000 
BA307Sylvia nisoria           
BA440Sylvia rueppelli           
BA286Turdus iliacus           
BA286Turdus iliacus           
BA283Turdus merula           
BA283Turdus merula           
BA283Turdus merula           
BA285Turdus philomelos           
BA285Turdus philomelos           
BA284Turdus pilaris           
BA284Turdus pilaris           
BA282Turdus torquatus           
BA287Turdus viscivorus           
BA287Turdus viscivorus           
BA232Upupa epops           
BA232Upupa epops           
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)


Population in the site


Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
A411Alectoris chukar                   
A218Athene noctua                   
A366Carduelis cannabina                   
A364Carduelis carduelis                   
A363Carduelis chloris                   
A288Cettia cetti                   
A350Corvus corax                     
A361Serinus serinus                   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons


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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover

Total Habitat Cover


Other Site Characteristics

The main features of the site are Madari and Papoutsa peaks with an altitude of 1613 and 1554 m respectively. Rainfall in the area varies between 600 - 900 mm. The first snowfall usually occurs at the beginning of December and covers the highest peaks. The maximum temperature is 32 C in summer and the mean minimum temperature in winter is 0-3 C.The geological substrate of the area is variable and consists of ploutonic and volcanic rocks and diabase with characteristic dikes.The site includes mainly forest ecosystems of Pinus brutia and Quercus alnifolia in pure or mixed form.The forest of Pinus brutia (9540) constitutes the Aegean pine zone which starts at 500 m and reaches up to circa 1400 m, depending on the exposition (higher altitudes at south expositions and lower at north ones). The understorey consists of Quercus alnifolia, Arbutus andrachne, Pistacia terebinthus, Genista fasselata etc. Some of the characteristic plants of this zone are Cistus spp., Rhus coriaria, Astragalus lusitanicus ssp. orientalis, Smilax aspera, Lonicera etrusca, Thymus integer, Sedum cyprium, Salvia fruitions, Anthemis plutonia.Juniperus excelsa (5213) appears at 1300 m and reaches up to the summit of Madari at 1610 m, either as isolated individuals or in smaller or larger stands or mixed with Quercus alnifolia.Quercus alnifolia occurs at altitudes between 700-1500 m in pure stands (9390) or mixed with Pinus brutia, Juniperus excelsa or Cupressus sempervirens.The forest of Pinus nigra ssp. pallasiana (9536) occupies two small areas. The understorey consists of Quercus alnifolia, Juniperus oxycedrus, Berberis cretica, Rosa canina, Cotoneaster racemiflorus var. nummularius etc.Juniperus oxycedrus (5211) occurs around 1000-1200 m either as isolated individuals or in small stands mixed with Q. alnifolia, Pistacia terebinthus, Cistus creticus, Pterocephalus multiflorus ssp. multiflorus.Cupressus sempervirens appears as isolated individuals or forms small or large stands (9290) or it is mixed with Quercus alnifolia and Pinus brutia.There is also hydrophilous riparian vegetation with Alnus orientalis and Platanus orientalis (92C0) from the lowest part of the site up to 1300 m.Chasmophytic vegetation of silicolous inland cliffs (8220) occupies small spaces on rocks and are dominated by Micromeria chionistrae, Asplenium spp., Sedum cyprium etc. There are screes (8140) at some places with communities characterised by Nepeta troodi, Cephalorynchus cyprius, Geranium lucidum, Veronica hederifolia, Veronica cymbalaria. Also Galium aparine, Corydalis rutifolia, Thlaspi cyprium, Paeonia mascula participate at places.

4.2 Quality and importance

This site is important for the Bonelli’s eagle (Hieraaetus fasciatus) which nests in the site (2 pairs). This site is also one of the best breeding sites for the endemic Cyprus wheatear (Oenanthe cypriaca), and also for other very important Annex I species like the endemic subspecies short-toed treecreper (Certhia brachydactyla dorotheae), the Cretzschmar’s bunding (Emberiza caesia), the woodlark (Lullula arborea) and peregrine falcon (Falco peregrinus). The place of the eagle-nest (Aetofolia) in the Papoutsa mountain was one of the breeding grounds, some 20-30 years ago of the Griffon vulture. The area also supports one of the last breeding pairs of the raven (Corvus corax) in Cyprus so it should be protected from deterioration and disturbance. The extended cliffs of the site are one of the most important sites of breeding of the Blue rock thrush (Monticola solitarius) and Buteo rufinus (2-3 pairs).Part of the site is also designated as bird migrating corridor. A big proportion of the area is also designated as Important Bird Area (Birdlife Cyprus).

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

4.5 Documentation

Cyprus Ornithological Society (Ptinologikos Sindesmos Kiprou). Annual Reports, 1997 - 2007.David A. Bannerman & W. Mary Bannerman. ‘Birds of Cyprus’. 1958. Printed by Oliver and Boyd Ltd., Edinburgh., 385 pp.David J. Whaley and J. C. Dawes. 2003. Cyprus Breeding Birds Atlas. Cyprus., 40pp.Game Fund Service, unpublished data on ornithology and counts in Cyprus. 1999 – 2007.Hellicar, M. 2004, ‘Poulia kai georgia stin Kipro’, Ptinologikos Sindesmos Kiprou. 24 pp. ‘(Birds and Agriculture in Cyprus. Birdlife Cyprus publication).Kassinis N. 2007. Long-legged Buzzard breeding distribution and abundance in Cyprus. 17th International Conference of the European Bird Census Council, Bird Numbers 2007 – ‘Monitoring for Conservation and Management’, 17-22 April 2007, Chiavenna, Italy.Kourtellarides L. 1998. Breeding Birds of Cyprus with check-list of the birds of Cyprus. Bank of Cyprus Group and Cyprus Ornithological Society. Nicosia, Cyprus. p. 299.Panayides P. 2005. ‘Sisxetismos kai ensomatosi ton simperasmaton tis diaskepsis pou egine sto Bergen-Op-Zoom (25 Xronia tis Odigias gia ta Agria Ptina (Odigia 79/409/EEC) me ton xorotaksiko sxediasmo tis ipaithrou’. Tameio Thiras, Ipourgeio Esoterikon. 27pp. (Report for the adoption and integration of the Conclusions of the Bergen-Op-Zoom Meeting (25 Years of the Birds Directive – 79/409/EEC) with Cyprus countryside planning, Game Fund - Ministry of the Interior).Panayides, P. 2005. Six aspects of land use and development activity that result in adverse effects to Cypriot wildlife resources. In Proceedings of the XXVth International Congress of the International Union of Game Biologists – IUGB and the IXth International Symposium Perdix, Vol. II, November 2005, 182-196.Papacristoforou T. (Editor), Iezekiel S.A. (Fauna), Forestry Dept., Panayiotou Ch. (Enalion). NATURA 2000 Standard Data Form “CY2000005. Madari Papoutsa.” Printout from Database BIOCYPRUS.Peter Flint & Peter Stewart. ‘The Birds of Cyprus’, British Ornithologists’ Union, (Second Edition), 1992. ISBN 090 744 61 40., 234 pp.Tameio Thiras. 2006 ‘Xartis perasmaton dieleusis apodimitikon ptinon apo tin Kipro.’ Ipourgeio Esoterikon. (Map of bird migrating corridors in Cyprus. Game Fund, Ministry of the Interior).Iezekiel S., Makris C., Antoniou A., (2004), Important Bird Areas of European Union Importance in Cyprus, published by BirdLife Cyprus, 2004.Zotos S. 2006. ‘Simantikes Perioches gia ta poulia tis Kiprou’. Ptinologikos Sindesmos Kiprou. 132 pp. (Important Bird Areas in Cyprus. Birdlife Cyprus publication).IACO Environmental and Water Consultants Ltd & Πτηνολογικός Σύνδεσμος Κύπρου (2016). Ετοιμασία Στόχων Διατήρησης & Διαχειριστικών Σχεδίων για τις Ζώνες Ειδικής Προστασίας (ΖΕΠ) που έχουν καθοριστεί στην Κύπρο σύμφωνα με την Οδηγία 2009/147/ΕΚ (Αρ. Διαγωνισμού Υπηρεσία Θήρας & Πανίδας, Υπουργείο Εσωτερικών, 1453 Λευκωσία.


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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code Cover [%]

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites:

Designated at national or regional level:

Type code Site name Type Cover [%]


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6.1 Body(ies) responsible for the site management:

Organisation:Game and Fauna Services
Organisation:Department of Environment

6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

Yes Name: Δ.Σ. Περιοχής Natura 2000 ‘Βουνοκορφές Μαδαρής - Παπούτσας‘

No, but in preparation



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