Database release:

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)



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1.1 Type


1.2 Site code


1.3 Site name


1.4 First Compilation date


1.5 Update date


1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Costas HadjipanayiotouDirector Department of Environment

1.7 Site indication and designation / classification dates

Date site classified as SPA:2009-12
National legal reference of SPA designation No information provided
Date site proposed as SCI:2016-02
Date site confirmed as SCI:2021-01
Date site designated as SAC:2021-07
National legal reference of SAC designation:ΚΔΠ 338/21


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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:


2.2 Area [ha]


2.3 Marine area [%]


2.4 Sitelength [km] (optional):

No information provided

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
CY00Kypros / Kıbrıs

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Mediterranean (100.00 %)


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3.1 Habitat types present on the site and assessment for them

Annex I Habitat types Site assessment
Code PF NP Cover [ha] Cave [number] Data quality A|B|C|D A|B|C
      RepresentativityRelative SurfaceConservationGlobal
1210  info  X     0.559  0.00 
1240  info  X     0.472  0.00 
2110  info  X     0.199  0.00 
3170  info      0.053  0.00 
5210  info  X     3.064  0.00 
5420  info  X     26.009  0.00 
  • PF: for the habitat types that can have a non-priority as well as a priority form (6210, 7130, 9430) enter "X" in the column PF to indicate the priority form.
  • NP: in case that a habitat type no longer exists in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Cover: decimal values can be entered
  • Caves: for habitat types 8310, 8330 (caves) enter the number of caves if estimated surface is not available.
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation)

3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
BA229Alcedo atthis      DD 
BA255Anthus campestris      DD 
BA029Ardea purpurea      DD 
BA133Burhinus oedicnemus      DD 
BA243Calandrella brachydactyla      DD 
BA138Charadrius alexandrinus      DD 
P4082Crepis pusilla    200  400   
BA026Egretta garzetta      DD 
BA321Ficedula albicollis      DD 
BA442Ficedula semitorquata      DD 
BA131Himantopus himantopus      DD 
BA338Lanius collurio      DD 
BA433Lanius nubicus      DD 
BA246Lullula arborea      DD 
M1310Miniopterus schreibersii    100  150   
M1307Myotis blythii    70   
M1321Myotis emarginatus    50  60   
BA467Oenanthe cypriaca      DD 
BA140Pluvialis apricaria      DD 
BA132Recurvirostra avosetta      DD 
M1306Rhinolophus blasii    50  60   
M1304Rhinolophus ferrumequinum     
M1303Rhinolophus hipposideros    10  15   
BA468Sylvia melanothorax      DD 
BA440Sylvia rueppelli      DD 
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)


Population in the site


Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
1276Ablepharus kitaibelii               
5535Acanthodactylus schreiberi               
5537Acomys nesiotes               
Alopecurus utriculatus               
Anthemis tricolor               
Asperula cypria               
1201Bufo viridis               
Carabus anatolicus anatolicus               
1274Chalcides ocellatus               
1235Chamaeleo chamaeleon               
1280Coluber jugularis               
Crassula vaillantii               
Crithopsis delileana               
6124Crocidura russula cypria               
6154Cyrtodactylus kotschyi               
Enarthrocarpus arcuatus               
Helianthemum ledifolium subsp. lasiocarpum               
Helianthemum obtusifolium               
2382Hemidactylus turcicus               
Hemiechinus auritus dorotheae               
6153Hemorrhois nummifer               
Hyacinthella millingenii               
2362Hyla savignyi               
5679Lacerta laevis troodica             
5682Laudakia stellio cypriaca             
Limosella aquatica               
2441Mabuya vittata               
5710Macrovipera lebetina               
2466Malpolon monspessulanus               
5737Mus cypriacus               
Onopordum cyprium               
5772Ophisops elegans schlueteri             
Ornithogalum pedicellare               
Papaver cyprium             
Phaleria provincilais cypria               
2016Pipistrellus kuhlii               
5360Rana bedriagae               
Sedum eriocarpum subsp. porphyreum               
6094Telescopus fallax cyprianus             
Teucrium divaricatum subsp. canescens               
Teucrium micropodioides               
2444Typhlops vermicularis               
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons


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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover

Total Habitat Cover


Other Site Characteristics

Ethniko Dasiko Parko Potamos Liopetriou (Potamos Liopetriou National Forest Park) is located 3.5 km south of Liopetri village and about 4 km east of Xylofagou village; about 70.5% of the area of the site lies within Ammochostos district and the rest within Larnaka district. The site covers an area of 74.54 ha, which is a state forest land (National Forest Park). The geology of site consists of biostrome and biotherm reef limestone of the Pakhna Formation.Climate (meteorological data 1961-1990, normal values): The mean yearly rainfall of the area is 401 mm and the mean maximum monthly rainfall, which occurs during November, is 136 mm. The mean daily maximum temperature (September) is 32.7 °C, the mean daily minimum temperature (December) 6.5 °C, the highest maximum temperature (August) is 40.5 °C, the highest minimum temperature (February) is 1.5 °C and the minimum ground temperature (December) is 4.6 °C with three frost days per year.Vegetation:The dominant, natural vegetation of the site is phrygana (habitat type 5420), which occur behind the narrow coastal zone. They are mainly dominated by Sarcopoterium spinosum, which forms locally extensive colonies; other typical shrubs are Thymbra capitata (=Coridothymus capitatus), Teucrium micropodioides, Phagnalon rupestre and Helichrysum stoechas subsp. barrelieri (=H. conglobatum). There is also a wide range of herbaceous plants including many annuals (Stipa capensis, Trachynia distachya, Trifolium spp. etc), which are characteristic of xerophytic grasslands (habitat type 6220); however, they occur only in small patches and therefore could not be mapped as a separate habitat type.Phrygana are usually found in mixture with plantations (mainly exotic species) and scattered groups of Juniperus phoenicea (habitat type 5210).Mediterranean temporary ponds (habitat type 3170) are usually confined to small depressions on hard limestone (locally known as kafkalla). They are characterised by a wide range species, depending on water depth and flooding period, such as Ranunculus peltatus subsp. fucoides, Damasonium burgaei (=D. alisma), Elatine macropoda, Limosella aquatica (Vulnerable), Crassula vaillantii (Vulnerable), Juncus bufonius, Lyhtrum hyssopifolia, Lythrum tribracteatum, Sedum microcarpum, Sedum eriocarpum subsp. porphyreum, Sedum caespitosum, Bellis annua subsp. minuta, Plantago lagopus, Plantago coronopus, Hordeum marinum and Alopecurus utriculatus (Vulnerable). In addition, Marsilea aegyptiaca was recorded only in two ponds; this species is a new addition to the flora of Cyprus, recorded only from this area in 2011. The rocky part of the coastal zone is usually colonised by Crithmum maritimum and sporadically Limonium spp. (habitat type 1240) along with some annual species such as Anthemis rigida and Parapholis incurva. Annual vegetation of drift lines (habitat type 1210) occurs along the sandy coast and consists of Cakile maritima, Salsola tragus (=S. kali), Matthiola tricuspidata and Papaver cyprium (Vulnerable, endemic). There are also, embryonic shifting dunes (habitat type 2110) composed mainly of Elymus farctus, Echium angustifolium, Centaurea aegialophila and Eryngium maritimum, with infrequent participation of Limbarda crithmoides subsp. longifolia (=Inula crithmoides) and Zygophyllum album (=Tetraena alba). A substantial part of the site (34.2%) is covered by plantations consisting mainly of exotic species such as Acacia saligna (dominant) and Pinus pinea and indigenous such as Cusperssus sempervirens. Also, synanthropic vegetation (7.5%) (mainly dry grasslands and wasteland) and cultivations (17.8%) mainly cereals occur to the north and west parts of the site.

4.2 Quality and importance

The elements determining the ecological quality and importance of the site are:1) The presence of Mediterranean temporary ponds (3170) in high density. The habitat is represented with all the characteristic species (except for Callitriche brutia) some of which are included in the Red Data Book of the Flora of Cyprus. Also, the presence of representative phryganic communities (5420), Juniperus phoenicea matorral (5210) and the limited occurrence of coastal and sand dune habitats (1210, 1240, 2110). 2) The site hosts one of the five locations of Crepis pusilla (Annex II 92/32/EEC) in the area under the effective control of the Government of the Republic of Cyprus; the species is also included in the Red Data Book of the Flora of Cyprus as Vulnerable. Six bat species (Annex II 92/43/EEC) use the site only for feeding (recorded as C: concentration, the numbers given refer to the number of individuals recorded in nearby caves of Cape Pyla, which is found within the British Military Base). Also, eighteen bird species (Annex I, Birds Directive) have been recorded from the site. 3) Seven plant taxa listed as threatened in the Red Data Book of the Flora of Cyprus (motivation A) have been recorded from the site: Alopecurus utriculatus (VU), Crassula vaillantii (VU), Crithopsis delileana (VU), Enarthrocarpus arcuatus (VU), Helianthemum ledifolium subsp. lasiocarpum (EN), Limosella aquatica (VU), Papaver cyprium (=P. rhoeas subsp. cyprium) (VU, endemic). Also, nine endemic plants (motivation B) occur in the site (Anthemis tricolor, Asperula cypria, Helianthemum obtusifolium, Hyacinthella millingenii, Onopordum cyprium, Ornithogallum pedicellare, Sedum eriocarpum subsp. porphyreum, Teucrium divaricatum subsp. canescens, Teucrium micropodioides). 4) The vertebrate fauna of the site includes fourteen species of Annex IV 92/43/EEC (11 reptiles, 2 amphibians and 1 bat)5) In addition, there are seven protected species with motivation c (5 reptiles: Hemidactylus turcicus, Mabuya vittata, Macrovipera lebetina, Malpolon monspessulanus =Malpolon insignitus, Typhlops vermicularis, 1 amphibian: Rana bedriagae, and 1 mammal: Crocidura russula cypria = Crocidura suaveolens cypria), three endemic mammals (Acomys nesiotes, Mus cypriacus, Hemiechinus auridus dorotheae) and two endemic insects (Carabus anatolicus anatolicus, Phaleria provincilais cypria).

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

4.4 Ownership (optional)

Any Public0
Joint or Co-Ownership0

4.5 Documentation (optional)

Christodoulou C.S. 2011. Marsilea aegyptiaca. In: R. Hand (ed.). Supplementary notes to the flora of Cyprus VII. Willdenowia, 41: 342.Christodoulou C.S., Christofides Y. & Hand R. 2009. Crepis pusilla. In: R. Hand (ed.). Supplementary notes to the flora of Cyprus VI. Willdenowia, 39: 314.Meikle R.D. 1977. Flora of Cyprus. Vol. 1. London: Bentham-Moxon Trust, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.Meikle R.D. 1985. Flora of Cyprus. Vol. 2. London: Bentham-Moxon Trust, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.Tsintides T., Christodoulou C.S., Delipetrou P. and Georgiou K. (eds). 2007. The Red Data Book of the Flora of Cyprus. Lefkosia: Cyprus Forestry Association.Nicolaou H., Paphilis P. and Lymperakis P. 2014. Reptiles and Amphibians of Cyprus. Lefkosia: Cyprus Herpetological Society, (in Greek).


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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level (optional):

Code Cover [%]

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites (optional):

Designated at national or regional level:

Type code Site name Type Cover [%]

5.3 Site designation (optional)

No information provided


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6.1 Body(ies) responsible for the site management:

Organisation:Department of Forests, Ministry of Agriculture Rural Development and Environment

6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

No, but in preparation

6.3 Conservation measures (optional)

No information provided



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