Database release:

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)



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1.1 Type


1.2 Site code


1.3 Site name


1.4 First Compilation date


1.5 Update date


1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Costas HadjipanayiotouDirectorDepartment of Environment

1.7 Site indication and designation / classification dates

Date site proposed as SCI:2004-05
Date site confirmed as SCI:2008-03
Date site designated as SAC:2015-09
National legal reference of SAC designation:Ε.Ε. Παρ. ΙΙΙ(Ι) Κ.Δ.Π. 292/2015, Αρ. 4890, 4.9.2015, Αριθμός 292Ε.Ε. Παρ. ΙΙΙ(Ι) Κ.Δ.Π. 294/2015, Αρ. 4890, 4.9.2015, Αριθμός 294


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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:


2.2 Area [ha]


2.3 Marine area [%]


2.4 Sitelength [km] (optional):


2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
CY00Kypros / Kıbrıs

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Mediterranean (100.00 %)


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3.1 Habitat types present on the site and assessment for them

Annex I Habitat types Site assessment
Code PF NP Cover [ha] Cave [number] Data quality A|B|C|D A|B|C
      RepresentativityRelative SurfaceConservationGlobal
5330  info      52.76  0.00 
5420  info      4.36  0.00 
9540  info      32.38  0.00 
  • PF: for the habitat types that can have a non-priority as well as a priority form (6210, 7130, 9430) enter "X" in the column PF to indicate the priority form.
  • NP: in case that a habitat type no longer exists in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Cover: decimal values can be entered
  • Caves: for habitat types 8310, 8330 (caves) enter the number of caves if estimated surface is not available.
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation)

3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
BA257Anthus pratensis           
BA257Anthus pratensis           
BA226Apus apus           
BA226Apus apus           
P2131Astragalus macrocarpus ssp. lefkarensis    1800  2000 
BA224Caprimulgus europaeus           
BA224Caprimulgus europaeus           
BA081Circus aeruginosus           
BA082Circus cyaneus           
BA083Circus macrourus           
BA211Clamator glandarius           
BA231Coracias garrulus           
BA231Coracias garrulus           
BA212Cuculus canorus           
BA253Delichon urbica           
BA253Delichon urbica           
BA447Emberiza caesia           
BA382Emberiza melanocephala           
BA382Emberiza melanocephala           
BA269Erithacus rubecula           
BA100Falco eleonorae           
BA097Falco vespertinus           
BA359Fringilla coelebs           
BA438Hippolais pallida           
BA438Hippolais pallida           
BA252Hirundo daurica           
BA252Hirundo daurica           
BA251Hirundo rustica           
BA251Hirundo rustica           
BA338Lanius collurio           
BA339Lanius minor           
BA433Lanius nubicus           
BA433Lanius nubicus           
BA341Lanius senator           
BA246Lullula arborea           
BA230Merops apiaster           
BA383Miliaria calandra           
BA383Miliaria calandra           
BA262Motacilla alba           
BA262Motacilla alba           
BA319Muscicapa striata           
BA467Oenanthe cypriaca           
BA435Oenanthe isabellina           
BA277Oenanthe oenanthe           
BA337Oriolus oriolus           
BA355Passer hispaniolensis           
P2209Phlomis brevibracteata    1000  1100 
BA273Phoenicurus ochruros           
BA274Phoenicurus phoenicurus           
BA315Phylloscopus collybita           
BA315Phylloscopus collybita           
BA316Phylloscopus trochilus           
M1303Rhinolophus hipposideros                 
BA275Saxicola rubetra           
BA276Saxicola torquata           
BA155Scolopax rusticola           
BA210Streptopelia turtur           
BA311Sylvia atricapilla           
BA311Sylvia atricapilla           
BA304Sylvia cantillans           
BA309Sylvia communis           
BA308Sylvia curruca           
BA305Sylvia melanocephala           
BA468Sylvia melanothorax           
BA283Turdus merula           
BA285Turdus philomelos           
BA213Tyto alba                       
BA232Upupa epops           
BA232Upupa epops           
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)


Population in the site


Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
A411Alectoris chukar                   
Anacamptis pyramidalis                   
A218Athene noctua                   
Barlia robertiana                   
A366Carduelis cannabina                   
A364Carduelis carduelis                   
A363Carduelis chloris                   
A288Cettia cetti                   
Charaxes jasius                   
A289Cisticola juncidis                   
1280Coluber jugularis                   
1228Cyrtopodion kotschyi                   
A096Falco tinnunculus                   
2466Malpolon monspessulanus                   
Neotinea maculata                   
Ophrys apifera                   
Orchis italica                   
2331Orchis punctulata                   
A330Parus major                   
Pontia chloridice                   
A361Serinus serinus                   
A303Sylvia conspicillata                   
2010Vipera lebetina                   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons


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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover

Total Habitat Cover


Other Site Characteristics

The site is located between the villages of Kalavasos and Asgata, at the easternmost part of Lemesos District. It is composed of two neighbouring but not adjacent parts, a larger one near Asgata village, where Astragalus macrocarpus ssp. lefkarensis occurs, and a smaller one to the southwest, which hosts a small population of Phlomis brevibracteata (the coordinates of the larger part are noted in section 2.1; the coordinates of the smaller part are Longitude: E 33 14' 21.97'' Latitude: 34 45' 13.78'').As far as geology is concerned, Lefkara formation (chalks, marls, marly chalks, chalky marls with cherts in places as bands or nodules) is the main geological element in the area.Apparently, the climax community of the area is the maquis (Oleo-Ceratonion). Nevertheless, after an extensive fire 12 years ago which affected most of the site, the dominant habitat type is thermo-Mediterranean scrub (habitat type 5330) with a mixture of densely growing Genista fasselata, Cistus creticus, Calicotome villosa, Lithodora hispidula and Ptilostemon chamaepeuce. Olea europaea, Ceratonia siliqua, Pistacia terebinthus and Pistacia lentiscus are also sporadically present. This scrub has also established in the abandoned orchards and vineyards of the area. Among the scrub there develop a few Pinus brutia patches (habitat type 9540).

4.2 Quality and importance

The most remarkable elements, regarding the ecological quality and importance of the site, are:- The presence of two very rare, endemic taxa (accepted new additions to Annex II 92/43/EEC): Astragalus macrocarpus ssp. lefkarensis and Phlomis brevibracteata. These taxa are characterised as "strictly protected" by the Bern Convention, while A. macrocarpus ssp. lefkarensis is included in the "European Red List of Globally Threatened Animals and Plants". Both taxa ara included in the Red Data Book of the Threatened Plants of Cyprus, A. macrocarpus subsp. lefkarensis characterised as vulnerable (VU: D2) and P. brevibracteata characterised as vulnerable [VU: C2a(i)]. The site is of utmost importance for Astragalus macrocarpus ssp. lefkarensis, since it is one of its only 6 locations on the island and includes its largest subpopulation (1000 individuals). The subpopulation of Phlomis brevibracteata is small but one of the only 12 on the island.- The great number of plants endemic to Cyprus which are found in the area (see 3.4).- The numerous orchid species growing within the site (see 3.3). - The presence of well-conserved garigues, which dominate over the greater part of the site.- The fair number of important (protected or endemic) fauna species present in the area. Among them the Roussetus aegyptiacus (fruit bat), a new addition to Annex II 92/43/EEC. Other important species with motivation DPendoton bidens sulcifrons, Acmaeodera guillebeaui, Stenosis sulcata, Blaps splichali, Helladia millefolii alziari are subendemic taxa (endemic to Cyprus and neighbouring countries). Thersamonia thersamon is a threatened taxon according to Heath (1981). Cerambyx welensi in Cyprus occurs at the margins of its area of distribution. Prinobius myardi is a threatened taxon according to Speight (1989). Empusa fasciata is an important (Koomen & van Helsdinger, 1996) threatened taxon listed on the European Red List of Globally Threatened Animals and Plants. Anthaxia lucens phoenica, Acmaeodera quadrizonata, Cerambyx nodulosus, Purpuricenus longevittatus nudicolis, Trachyderma philistina, Cardiophorus sacratus, Cryptalus parreysi are taxa at the margins of their area of distribution

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

4.4 Ownership (optional)

No information provided

4.5 Documentation (optional)

Anonymous. 2001. Http:bornova.ege.edutr/-bgocmen/herptiles.cyprus [Herpetofauna: 3.3, 3.4]Arianoutsou M., Delipetrou P., Dimopoulos P., Tsiourlis G., Panitsa M., Konstantinides P., Karagiannakidou V., Panagiotides P. & Economidou E. 1996. The application of NATURA 2000 in Greece: analysis of habitats. [3.1]Bank R.A. & Hovestadt A. 1991. Notes on the Enidae, 3: Revision of the Enidae of Cyprus (Gastropoda: Pupiloidea) (plate1-4). Schr. Malacozool. 4: 1-25. [3.4]Boehme W. & Wiedl H. 1994. Status and zoogeography of the herpetofauna of Cyprus with taxonomic and natural history notes on selected species (Genera: Rana, Coluber, Natrix, Vipera). Amphibia & Reptilia. Zool. Middle East 10: 31-52. [3.3, 3.4]Christodoulou S.Ch. 2000. Unpublished data on the insects. Lefkosia. [3.3, 3.4, 4.2]Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of wild fauna and flora (CITES).Council of Europe. 1992. Convention on the Conservation of European Wildlife and Natural Habitats. Appendix I (revised 1992 Strasbourg). [4.2]Cyprus Ornithological Society (Kypriakos Ornithologikos Syndesmos). 1997. Birds of Cyprus Checklist 1997. Table of monthly sightings & yearly occurrences 1991-1996. [3.2.a, 3.2.b, 3.3]Department of Agriculture. Insects Collection. Ministry of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Lefkosia. [Insects: 3.3, 3.4, 4.2]Economic Commision for Europe. 1991. European red list of globally threatened animals and plants. United Nations, New York. p. 150.Economic Commision for Europe. 1991. European red list of globally threatened animals and plants. United Nations, New York. p. 150. [4.2]Eddie J. 2000. Butterflies of Cyprus 1998 (Records of a year's sightings). The Amateur Entomologists' Society Pamphlet No.15. [Insects: 3.3, 3.4, 4.2]Flint P.F. & Stewart P.F. 1992. The birds of Cyprus - an annotated check-list. B.O.U. Check-list No 6 (2nd Edition). British Ornithologists' Union. p. 234. [3.2.a, 3.2.b, 3.3]Gittenberger E. 1991. On Cyprian Helicellinae (Mollusca: Gastropoda: Pulmonata: Helicidae), making a new start. Zool. Meded. 65(7): 99-128. [3.4]Hadjikyriakou G. 1997. I chlorida tis Kyprou mesa apo katalogous kai pinakes (The Flora of Cyprus through catalogues and tables). Limassol, Cyprus. p. 232.[3.3.CY, 4.2]Hansen K., Hansen R., Kreutz C.A.J., Ruckbrodt U. & Ruckbrodt D. 1990. Beitrag zur kenntnis und Verbreitung der Orchideenflora von Zypern mit Interims-Verbreitungskarten. AHO 22: 73-171. [3.3, 3.3.CY, 4.2]Heath J. 1981. Threatened Rhopalocera (butterflies) of Europe. Council of Europe, Nature and Environment, no 23. p. 157. [Insects: 3.3, 3.4, 4.2]Huston M.A. (ed). 1994. Biological diversity. The coexistence of species on changing landscapes. Cambridge University Press, Great Britain. P. 679. ISBN: 0-521-36930-4.IUCN-WCMC. 1997. Cyprus: Conservation status listing of Plants. Compiled from the World Conservation Monitoring Centre Plants Database. Status report as of 24 February, 1997. [4.2]Kadis Ch.C. 1995. I anaparagogiki viologia ton afstiros prostatevomenon fyton tis kypriakis chloridas (On the reproductive biology of the strictly protected plants of Cyprus). PhD thesis. University of Athens. [4.2, 4.3, 6.1]Koomen P. & van Helsdinger P.J. 1996. Listing of biotopes in Europe according to their significance for invertebrates. Council of Europe, Nature and Environment, no 77. p. 74. [Insects: 3.3, 3.4, 4.2]Kourtellarides L. 1997. Birds nesting in Cyprus. Bank of Cyprus, Cyprus Ornithological Society. [3.2.a, 3.2.b, 3.3]Makris Ch. 2001. Unpublished data on insects. Lemessos. [3.3, 3.4, 4.2]Makris Ch. 2001. Unpublished data on insects. Lemessos. [3.3.CY]Manil L. 1990. Les Rhopaloceres de Chypre. Linnaea Belgica Pars XII, No 8: 313-391. [Insects: 3.3, 3.4, 4.2]Manil L. 1990. Les Rhopaloceres de Chypre. Linnaea Belgica, Pars XII, No 8: 313-391. [3.3.CY]Meikle R.D. 1977. Flora of Cyprus. Vol. 1. The Bentham - Moxon Trust Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. [3.3.CY, 4.2]Meikle R.D. 1985. Flora of Cyprus. Vol. 2. The Bentham - Moxon Trust Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. [3.3.CY, 4.2]Neophytou P. Insects collection. Municipal Museum of Natural History Larnaka. [Insects: 3.3, 3.4, 4.2]Parker R. 1983. The butterflies of Cyprus. Entomologist's Gazette 34: 16-53. [3.3.CY]Parker R. 1983. The Butterflies of Cyprus. Entomologist's Gazette 34: 17-53. [Insects: 3.3, 3.4, 4.2]Speight M.C.D. 1989. Saproxylic invertebrates and their conservation. Council of Europe, Nature and Environment, no 42. p. 72. [Insects: 3.3, 3.4, 4.2]Χρυσοπολίτου Β. και Η. Ηλιάδης (συντονιστές έκδοσης). 2017. Τελική Έκθεση του Έργου «Επικαιροποίηση και Χαρτογράφηση των Τυποποιημένων Έντυπων Δεδομένων, και τη συμπλήρωση πρωτοκόλλων παρακολούθησης οικοτόπων των 17 Ειδικών Ζωνών Διατήρησης (ΕΖΔ) και δύο Προτεινόμενων Τόπων Κοινοτικής Σημασίας (πΤΚΣ) του Δικτύου Natura 2000». Ελληνικό Κέντρο Βιοτόπων Υγροτόπων και ATLANTIS Συμβουλευτική Κύπρου LTD. 27 σελ. + 5 Παραρτήματα


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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level (optional):

Code Cover [%]

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites (optional):

Designated at national or regional level:

Type code Site name Type Cover [%]
CY05A/A 5651/0.00
CY05A/A 5057*0.00

5.3 Site designation (optional)

No information provided


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6.1 Body(ies) responsible for the site management:

Organisation:Department of Environment

6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

Yes Name: Δ.Σ. Περιοχής Natura 2000 ‘Periochi Asgatas’

No, but in preparation

6.3 Conservation measures (optional)

No information provided



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Map delivered as PDF in electronic format (optional)