Database release:

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)



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1.1 Type


1.2 Site code


1.3 Site name


1.4 First Compilation date


1.5 Update date


1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Costas HadjipanayiotouDirectorDepartment of Environment

1.7 Site indication and designation / classification dates

Date site classified as SPA:2007-10
National legal reference of SPA designation No information provided


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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:


2.2 Area [ha]


2.3 Marine area [%]


2.4 Sitelength [km] (optional):


2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
CY00Kypros / Kıbrıs

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Mediterranean (100.00 %)


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3.1 Habitat types present on the site and assessment for them

No habitat types are reported for the site

3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
BA086Accipiter nisus           
BA247Alauda arvensis           
BA229Alcedo atthis           
BA055Anas querquedula           
BA255Anthus campestris           
BA258Anthus cervinus           
BA257Anthus pratensis           
BA256Anthus trivialis           
BA226Apus apus           
BA228Apus melba           
BA228Apus melba           
BA221Asio otus           
BA087Buteo buteo           
BA087Buteo buteo           
BA403Buteo rufinus     
BA403Buteo rufinus   
BA224Caprimulgus europaeus           
BA365Carduelis spinus           
BA080Circaetus gallicus           
BA081Circus aeruginosus           
BA082Circus cyaneus           
BA083Circus macrourus           
BA211Clamator glandarius           
BA373Coccothraustes coccothraustes           
BA231Coracias garrulus           
BA113Coturnix coturnix           
BA113Coturnix coturnix           
BA212Cuculus canorus           
BA253Delichon urbica           
BA447Emberiza caesia           
BA269Erithacus rubecula           
BA100Falco eleonorae           
BA103Falco peregrinus     
BA099Falco subbuteo           
BA099Falco subbuteo           
BA097Falco vespertinus           
BA321Ficedula albicollis           
BA322Ficedula hypoleuca           
BA359Fringilla coelebs           
BA359Fringilla coelebs           
BA123Gallinula chloropus           
BA078Gyps fulvus           
BA093Hieraaetus fasciatus     
BA438Hippolais pallida           
BA252Hirundo daurica           
BA251Hirundo rustica           
BA233Jynx torquilla           
BA338Lanius collurio           
BA339Lanius minor           
BA433Lanius nubicus           
BA433Lanius nubicus           
BA341Lanius senator           
BA246Lullula arborea           
BA271Luscinia megarhynchos           
BA272Luscinia svecica           
BA230Merops apiaster           
BA230Merops apiaster           
BA383Miliaria calandra           
BA073Milvus migrans           
BA281Monticola solitarius           
BA262Motacilla alba           
BA261Motacilla cinerea           
BA260Motacilla flava           
BA260Motacilla flava           
BA319Muscicapa striata           
BA023Nycticorax nycticorax           
BA467Oenanthe cypriaca           
BA278Oenanthe hispanica           
BA435Oenanthe isabellina           
BA337Oriolus oriolus           
BA214Otus scops           
BA355Passer hispaniolensis           
BA355Passer hispaniolensis           
BA072Pernis apivorus           
BA273Phoenicurus ochruros           
BA274Phoenicurus phoenicurus           
BA315Phylloscopus collybita           
BA316Phylloscopus trochilus           
BA317Regulus regulus           
BA275Saxicola rubetra           
BA276Saxicola torquata           
BA155Scolopax rusticola           
BA210Streptopelia turtur           
BA311Sylvia atricapilla           
BA310Sylvia borin           
BA304Sylvia cantillans           
BA309Sylvia communis           
BA308Sylvia curruca           
BA306Sylvia hortensis           
BA305Sylvia melanocephala           
BA468Sylvia melanothorax           
BA307Sylvia nisoria           
BA440Sylvia rueppelli           
BA286Turdus iliacus           
BA286Turdus iliacus           
BA283Turdus merula           
BA285Turdus philomelos           
BA284Turdus pilaris           
BA287Turdus viscivorus           
BA287Turdus viscivorus           
BA213Tyto alba               
BA232Upupa epops           
BA232Upupa epops           
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)


Population in the site


Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
A218Athene noctua                   
A366Carduelis cannabina                   
A364Carduelis carduelis                   
A363Carduelis chloris                   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons


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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover

Total Habitat Cover


Other Site Characteristics

Zoni Eidikis Prostasias Cha-Potami is situated at the southeast boundary of Pafos District and in the western part of Lemesos disctict. About 65% of the site lies within eparchia Lemesou (Lemesos district) and the rest in eparchia Pafou (Pafos district). For the sites’ boundary see map. The river-course (Cha-Potami) is mostly curvy and at many places the riverbed is fairly narrow with steep and very high sides. It is a relatively undistrurbed mixed habitat with trees, maquis as well as phrygana vegetation. Olea and Ceratonia forest (Habitat type 9320) is the dominant vegetation on the slopes along the river. Olea europaea is the dominant species, Ceratonia siliqua and Pistacia lentiscus are also common. The upper part of the riverbed is dominated by Oriental plane woods (Habitat type 92C0). At the lower part, which is much narrower and gorge like, the vegetation alternates between riparian plane forest and galleries of Nerium oleander and Tamarix (Habitat type 92D0). Platanus orientalis and Nerium oleander dominate locally but at places, where the riverbed is narrow and there is water accumulation, Alnus orentalis and Salix alba are dominant. At a few spots with stagnant water Chara sp. and Nasturtium officinale (Habitat type 3140) are found. On small, moist rock faces along the river there are small communities of Adiantutum capillus-veneris.

4.2 Quality and importance

The site is one of the most remote, less affected by humans, island wide and extends along CHA POTAMI River from a few Kms from the coast, up to about 20 Kms inland. The river usually has a permanent flow, thus supporting a rich flora and fauna. The extensive, steep cliff formations along the river offer good nesting habitat for Buteo rufinus that is recorded with 4-5 pairs at the site. Bonelli’s eagles breed on the site as well (1 pair) whereas on the higher parts of the site, Hierraaetus fasciatus from neighboring forest areas use this rich ecosystem for forage. Falco peregrinus breeds along the river highest cliffs (2-3 pairs). Gyps fulvus use the area for forage since on CHA POTAMI site livestock grazing is a traditional practice. In the past the site had one of G. fulvus breeding sites. The site is vital as it is used by vultures crossing the area of their main colony site in Episkopi cliffs to the interior of the island. Within the site, in the vicinity of DORA village there is a vulture restaurant constructed and operated by the Game Fund. Other important Annex I species that breed in high densities in the area are Lanius nubicus, Emberiza caesia, Sylvia melanothorax, Oenanthe cypriaca and Coracias garullus. Migrating raptors use the site as a migrating corridor in high numbers during their fall migration, especially Pernis apivorus, B. vulpinus and also F. vespertinus. Shrikes are regularly observed in high numbers during migration, especially L. minor, L. senator (also a migrant breeder at the site), L. collurio. Important resident species (non Annex I) include Accipiter gentilis, Falco subbuteo, Alectoris chukar and Francolinus francolinus. The site has also been designated by the Game Fund as one of the important migrating bird corridors.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

4.4 Ownership (optional)

No information provided

4.5 Documentation (optional)

Christodoulou C.S. (Ed)., Georghiou K., Dimopoulos P., Legakis A., Makris Ch., Iezekiel S. A., Themistocleous C., Panagiotou Ch. 2001. NATURA 2000 Standard Data Form “CY4000002: Cha-Potami”. Printout from Database BIOCYPRUS.Cyprus Ornithological Society (Ptinologikos Sindesmos Kiprou). Annual Reports, 1997 - 2007.David A. Bannerman & W. Mary Bannerman. ‘Birds of Cyprus’. 1958. Printed by Oliver and Boyd Ltd., Edinburgh., 385 pp.David J. Whaley and J. C. Dawes. 2003. Cyprus Breeding Birds Atlas. Cyprus., 40pp.Game Fund Service, unpublished data on ornithology and counts in Cyprus. 1999 – 2007.Hellicar, M. 2004, ‘Poulia kai georgia stin Kipro’, Ptinologikos Sindesmos Kiprou. 24 pp. ‘(Birds and Agriculture in Cyprus. Birdlife Cyprus publication).Kassinis N. 2007. Long-legged Buzzard breeding distribution and abundance in Cyprus. 17th International Conference of the European Bird Census Council, Bird Numbers 2007 – ‘Monitoring for Conservation and Management’, 17-22 April 2007, Chiavenna, Italy.Kourtellarides L. 1998. Breeding Birds of Cyprus with check-list of the birds of Cyprus. Bank of Cyprus Group and Cyprus Ornithological Society. Nicosia, Cyprus. p. 299.Panayides P. 2005. ‘Sisxetismos kai ensomatosi ton simperasmaton tis diaskepsis pou egine sto Bergen-Op-Zoom (25 Xronia tis Odigias gia ta Agria Ptina (Odigia 79/409/EEC) me ton xorotaksiko sxediasmo tis ipaithrou’. Tameio Thiras, Ipourgeio Esoterikon. 27pp. (Report for the adoption and integration of the Conclusions of the Bergen-Op-Zoom Meeting (25 Years of the Birds Directive – 79/409/EEC) with Cyprus countryside planning, Game Fund - Ministry of the Interior).Panayides, P. 2005. Six aspects of land use and development activity that result in adverse effects to Cypriot wildlife resources. In Proceedings of the XXVth International Congress of the International Union of Game Biologists – IUGB and the IXth International Symposium Perdix, Vol. II, November 2005, 182-196.Peter Flint & Peter Stewart. ‘The Birds of Cyprus’, British Ornithologists’ Union, (Second Edition), 1992. ISBN 090 744 61 40., 234 pp.Tameio Thiras. 2006 ‘Xartis perasmaton dieleusis apodimitikon ptinon apo tin Kipro.’ Ipourgeio Esoterikon. (Map of bird migrating corridors in Cyprus. Game Fund, Ministry of the Interior).IACO Environmental and Water Consultants Ltd & Πτηνολογικός Σύνδεσμος Κύπρου (2016). Ετοιμασία Στόχων Διατήρησης & Διαχειριστικών Σχεδίων για τις Ζώνες Ειδικής Προστασίας (ΖΕΠ) που έχουν καθοριστεί στην Κύπρο σύμφωνα με την Οδηγία 2009/147/ΕΚ (Αρ. Διαγωνισμού Υπηρεσία Θήρας & Πανίδας, Υπουργείο Εσωτερικών, 1453 Λευκωσία.


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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level (optional):

Code Cover [%]

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites (optional):

Designated at national or regional level:

Type code Site name Type Cover [%]

5.3 Site designation (optional)

No information provided


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6.1 Body(ies) responsible for the site management:

Organisation:Game and Fauna Services
Organisation:Department of Environment

6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

Yes Name: Δ.Σ. Περιοχής Natura 2000 ‘ΖΕΠ Χα-Ποταμι’

No, but in preparation

6.3 Conservation measures (optional)

Management of the state forest is made according to the forest law which concerns the management of all the Minor State Forests.



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Map delivered as PDF in electronic format (optional)