Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

C

1.2 Site code

CY6000002

1.3 Site name

ALYKES LARNAKAS

1.4 First Compilation date

2000-02

1.5 Update date

2017-06

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Costas HadjipanayiotouDirectorDepartment of Environment
Address:               
Email:director@environment.moa.gov.cy

1.7 Site indication and designation / classification dates

Date site classified as SPA:2005-12
National legal reference of SPA designation No information provided
Date site proposed as SCI:2004-05
Date site confirmed as SCI:2008-03
Date site designated as SAC:2015-09
National legal reference of SAC designation:Ε.Ε. Παρ. ΙΙΙ(Ι) Κ.Δ.Π. 292/2015, Αρ. 4890, 4.9.2015, Αριθμός 292Ε.Ε. Παρ. ΙΙΙ(Ι) Κ.Δ.Π. 294/2015, Αρ. 4890, 4.9.2015, Αριθμός 294

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:33.622200
Latitude:34.883300

2.2 Area [ha]

1560.2200

2.3 Marine area [%]


No information provided

2.4 Sitelength [km] (optional):

30.41

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
CY00Kypros / Kıbrıs

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Mediterranean (100.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.1 Habitat types present on the site and assessment for them

Annex I Habitat types Site assessment
Code PF NP Cover [ha] Cave [number] Data quality A|B|C|D A|B|C
      RepresentativityRelative SurfaceConservationGlobal
1150  info  X     577  0.00 
1210  info      15.6  0.00 
1310  info      0.00 
1410  info      15.6  0.00 
1420  info      343  0.00 
2110  info      0.00 
5420  info      0.00 
6220  info  X     15.6  0.00 
  • PF: for the habitat types that can have a non-priority as well as a priority form (6210, 7130, 9430) enter "X" in the column PF to indicate the priority form.
  • NP: in case that a habitat type no longer exists in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Cover: decimal values can be entered
  • Caves: for habitat types 8310, 8330 (caves) enter the number of caves if estimated surface is not available.
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation)

3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
BA247Alauda arvensis           
BA229Alcedo atthis           
BA054Anas acuta           
BA054Anas acuta           
BA056Anas clypeata           
BA056Anas clypeata           
BA052Anas crecca           
BA052Anas crecca           
BA050Anas penelope           
BA050Anas penelope           
BA053Anas platyrhynchos           
BA053Anas platyrhynchos           
BA053Anas platyrhynchos           
BA055Anas querquedula           
BA051Anas strepera           
BA041Anser albifrons           
BA043Anser anser           
BA258Anthus cervinus           
BA258Anthus cervinus           
BA257Anthus pratensis           
BA257Anthus pratensis           
BA259Anthus spinoletta           
BA259Anthus spinoletta           
BA256Anthus trivialis           
BA226Apus apus           
BA226Apus apus           
BA228Apus melba           
BA028Ardea cinerea           
BA028Ardea cinerea           
BA029Ardea purpurea           
BA169Arenaria interpres           
BA059Aythya ferina           
BA059Aythya ferina           
BA061Aythya fuligula           
BA061Aythya fuligula           
BA061Aythya fuligula           
BA060Aythya nyroca           
BA067Bucephala clangula           
BA133Burhinus oedicnemus           
BA133Burhinus oedicnemus           
BA149Calidris alpina           
BA149Calidris alpina           
BA147Calidris ferruginea           
BA147Calidris ferruginea           
BA145Calidris minuta           
BA145Calidris minuta           
BA146Calidris temminckii           
BA138Charadrius alexandrinus           
BA138Charadrius alexandrinus           
BA138Charadrius alexandrinus           
BA138Charadrius alexandrinus           
BA136Charadrius dubius           
BA136Charadrius dubius           
BA137Charadrius hiaticula           
BA137Charadrius hiaticula           
BA196Chlidonias hybridus           
BA198Chlidonias leucopterus           
BA031Ciconia ciconia           
BA081Circus aeruginosus           
BA231Coracias garrulus           
BA113Coturnix coturnix           
BA036Cygnus olor           
BA253Delichon urbica           
BA027Egretta alba           
BA027Egretta alba           
BA026Egretta garzetta           
BA447Emberiza caesia           
BA125Fulica atra           
BA125Fulica atra           
BA125Fulica atra           
BA153Gallinago gallinago           
BA153Gallinago gallinago           
BA154Gallinago media           
BA154Gallinago media           
BA123Gallinula chloropus           
BA123Gallinula chloropus           
BA123Gallinula chloropus           
BA189Gelochelidon nilotica           
BA131Himantopus himantopus           
BA131Himantopus himantopus           
BA251Hirundo rustica           
BA251Hirundo rustica           
BA022Ixobrychus minutus           
BA339Lanius minor           
BA433Lanius nubicus           
BA459Larus cachinnans           
BA459Larus cachinnans           
BA183Larus fuscus           
BA176Larus melanocephalus           
BA176Larus melanocephalus           
BA177Larus minutus           
BA177Larus minutus           
BA179Larus ridibundus           
BA179Larus ridibundus           
BA156Limosa limosa           
BA242Melanocorypha calandra           
BA070Mergus merganser           
BA230Merops apiaster           
BA280Monticola saxatilis           
BA281Monticola solitarius           
BA262Motacilla alba           
BA262Motacilla alba           
BA058Netta rufina           
BA160Numenius arquata           
BA160Numenius arquata           
BA023Nycticorax nycticorax           
BA023Nycticorax nycticorax           
BA467Oenanthe cypriaca           
BA277Oenanthe oenanthe           
P2329Ophrys kotschyi                 
BA019Pelecanus onocrotalus           
BA151Philomachus pugnax           
BA151Philomachus pugnax           
BA273Phoenicurus ochruros           
BA274Phoenicurus phoenicurus           
BA034Platalea leucorodia           
BA032Plegadis falcinellus           
BA032Plegadis falcinellus           
BA007Podiceps auritus           
BA005Podiceps cristatus           
BA120Porzana parva           
BA118Rallus aquaticus           
BA118Rallus aquaticus           
BA118Rallus aquaticus           
BA132Recurvirostra avosetta           
BA276Saxicola torquata           
BA210Streptopelia turtur           
BA311Sylvia atricapilla           
BA311Sylvia atricapilla           
BA311Sylvia atricapilla           
BA309Sylvia communis           
BA306Sylvia hortensis           
BA468Sylvia melanothorax           
BA004Tachybaptus ruficollis           
BA004Tachybaptus ruficollis           
BA048Tadorna tadorna           
BA048Tadorna tadorna           
BA166Tringa glareola           
BA164Tringa nebularia           
BA164Tringa nebularia           
BA165Tringa ochropus           
BA165Tringa ochropus           
BA163Tringa stagnatilis           
BA162Tringa totanus           
BA162Tringa totanus           
BA286Turdus iliacus           
BA283Turdus merula           
BA232Upupa epops           
BA142Vanellus vanellus           
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

Species

Population in the site

Motivation

Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
A411Alectoris chukar                   
A218Athene noctua                   
Barlia robertiana                   
1201Bufo viridis                   
A364Carduelis carduelis                   
A363Carduelis chloris                   
A289Cisticola juncidis                   
1280Coluber jugularis                   
1285Coluber nummifer                   
1228Cyrtopodion kotschyi                   
2439Eumeces schneideri                   
A096Falco tinnunculus                   
Filago mareotica                   
A244Galerida cristata                   
Hemidactylus turcicus                   
2362Hyla savignyi                   
2441Mabuya vittata                   
2466Malpolon monspessulanus                   
Ophrys apifera                   
Ophrys fusca                   
Ophrys sphegodes                   
Orchis italica                   
Orthetrum chrysostigma                   
1212Rana ridibunda                   
Serapias parviflora                   
Serapias vomeracea                   
A361Serinus serinus                   
A303Sylvia conspicillata                   
A265Troglodytes troglodytes                   
2444Typhlops vermicularis                   
2010Vipera lebetina                   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover
N0237.00
N0323.00
N040.00
N051.00
N070.00
N080.00
N091.00
N1512.00
N203.00
N220.00
N2323.00
N0237.00
N0323.00
N040.00
N051.00
N070.00
N080.00
N091.00
N1512.00
N203.00
N220.00
N2323.00

Total Habitat Cover

200

Other Site Characteristics

The site Alykes Larnakas includes two salt lakes and the adjacent wetland and is situated to the south of Larnaka and to the east of Meneou and Dromolaxia villages. The International Airport, the Larnaka Wastewater Treatment Plant and a Desalination plant are located within it. The site covers an area of about 1560 ha of which 670 ha is water (when fully flooded) and nearly 300 ha are natural halophytic scrubland.Boundaries: The boundary of the State Forest from Kamares as far as the road Larnaca-Airport forms part of north eastern boundaries of the site. From this point it follows the road leading to the airport for about 500m, then it follows the road leading to the north fence of the airport, and continues along the fence to the coast, then it follows the coast to the south as far as the small salt-lake to the south of the site. From this point it follows the earthern road around this small salt-lake, crosses the road Meneou-Spyros beach towards the fence of the airport, continues along the fence and then along an earthern road which leads to the Meneou-Larnaca road. From there it follows the road Meneou-Larnaca up to the junction to Dhromolaxia, then it follows the road to Dhromolaxia and continues along the road around the Eucalyptus plantation as far as the Tekke of Larnaca. From Tekke it follows the water-canal to the northwest as far as the earthern road to Dhromolaxia. From this point continues to the north for 100m and then follows the road to the east for about 500m and it then continues to the north back to Kamares.Geology - Soils: The soils in the area are either alluvial deposits consisting of sands, silts, clays and gravels or terrace deposits consisting of calcarenites, sands and gravels.Climate: The annual precipitation in the area ranges between 300-350mm per year and therefore the region can be characterized as a semi arid. The warmest period is between June-August and the mean daily maximum temperature of the hottest month (August) is 34 °C, while the mean daily minimum is 16 °C and the mean daily is 25 °C. The mean daily maximum temperature of the coldest month (February) is 18 °C, the mean daily minimum is 8 °C and the mean daily is 13 °C.The salt lakes (habitat type 1150) are recharged by rainfall, surface runoff and possibly by seawater intrusion. Seawater seepage is possible due to the partly leaky character of the sifty sand lenses embedded in this impervious complex. They have a seasonally variable water depth (max 1 m) and accordingly variable salinity concentrations (20 ppt - 350 ppt). Salinity and its fluctuation is one of the major factors concerning the function of the ecological system of the lakes. Three species are regularly present in these salts lakes and they are important for the ecosystem function due to their role in the food web: Dunaniella salina (a unicellular algae), Artemia salina and Branchianella spinosa. Dunaniella salina is the base of the food chain. The brine shrimp Artemia salina, serves as the main food supply of the Greater flamingo. In the water there is also the plant Zannichellia palustris, a submerged perennial or ephemeral herb, typical to fresh and brackish water.Halophilous scrub (1420) is the main vegetation in the wetland and includes various communities characterised by Arthrocnemum macrostachyum, Halocnemum strobilaceum, Sarcocornia fruticosa, Suaeda vera and, rarely, Suaeda aegyptiaca. Halophilous and halo-nitrophilous pioneer therophytic communities (1310) occur in mosiacs with the scrub or the margins of the scrub towards the lakes. They are composed of Halopeplis amplexicaulis, Salicornia europaea, Sphoenopus divaricatus, Mesembryanthemum nodiflorum, Limonium avei. At few places, at the margins of the lakes there are some small salt meadows communities (1410) with Juncus rigidus, Juncus heldreichianus, Juncus subulatus, Plantago maritima ssp. crassifolia, Juncus hybridus, Juncus acutus and Artrhocnemum macrostachyum. At the northern part of the site small reed beds (CY02) develop with Bolboschoenus maritimus or/and Phragmites australis and Carex spp. At the western edge of the site there is a variably innundated grazed area with grassland mainly composed of therophytes (6220). Plantago lagopus, Hordeum murinum ssp. glaucum are dominant, with frequent participation of Bromus intermedius, Bromus sterilis, Bromus diandrus, Lolium rigidum and also of species as Polygonum aviculare, P. equisetiforme, Phalaris minor. Human influence is evident in the communities composition which includes segetals and ruderals such as: Centaurea hyalolepis, Beta vulgaris ssp. maritima, Capsella bursa-pastoris, Prosopis farcta, Notobasis syriaca, Calendula arvensis, Sonchus oleraceus.The sandy beach has been intersected all along by a road and the coastal communities are restricted to a narrow zone and rather degraded. There is a drift line zove with Cakile maritima (1210) and then primary dune communities (2110) with Elymus farctus and/or Zygophyllum album as sand-fixing species. At the margins with the salt lake Parapholis incurva, Limonium virgatum, Inula crithmoides and Arthrocnemum macrostachyum participate to the sand dune vegetation.On the west there some phrygana formations (5420) with Sarcopoterium spinosum, Thymus capitatus, Helichrysum italicum, Asparagus stipularis, Rhamnus oleoides.

4.2 Quality and importance

Alykes Larnakas consist one of the largest wetland systems of Cyprus but also one of the most severely stressed by human activities. The two "Alykes" (salt-lakes) of Larnaka are the second in size and importance in Cyprus after the salt lake of Akrotiri at Limassol.The following elements indicate the ecological quality and importance of the site:1) The variety of extended and representative halophilous wetland habitat types. These habitats occur at few sites in Cyprus.2) The avifauna of the site with more than 100 bird species (31 of them listed on Annex I 79/409/EEC or new additions to the Annex) is important at national as well as at international level, especially for migratory and for water birds. For this reason the site was recently designated a Ramsar area. The salt lakes consist one of the few locations in Cyprus where migrating birds can be seen when stopping over in order to feed and rest. Most famous is Phoenicopterus ruber (flamingo) who stays there from November till the end of March, although, a rich local and migrating avifauna can be also seen during the winter. Phoenicopterus ruber has a large population in the site and it is here that in 2001 was observed breeding for the first time in Cyprus. The site is very important for migrating Charadrius alexandrinus and Himantopus himantopus, Philomachus pugnax, Tringa stagnatilis and Tringa nebularia. Other important migratory birds are Herons, Slender - billed gulls, Larks, Pipits, Wheatears and Warblers.3) The rest of the vertebrate fauna of the site includes 19 species of amphibians and reptiles while the invertebrate fauna includes 63 important insects, 35 of them endemic and 8 endemic land snails.4) A very small population of Ophrys kotchyi (an accepted new addition to Annex II 92/43/EEC) grows in the site.Other Important Species with Motivation D (3.3., 3.4)Plants: Filago mareotica is a rare species in Cyprus, otherwise occuring in Egypt and Libya.Insects: Sphodromantis viridis, Blepharopsis mendica, Danaus chrysippus, Chilades galba, Pelopidas thrax, Megacephala euphratica, Broscus nobilis, Bubas bubaloides, Julodis ehrenbergi, Thurntaxisia alexandri, Acmaeodera quadrizonata, Dendarus orientalis, Erodius fabricii, Pimelia bajula, Scaurus puncticollis, Tentyria cylindrica, Mesomorphus longulus, Trachyderma philistina, Cardiophorus sacratus are taxa at the margins of their area of distribution. Orthetrum chrysostigma is a threatened taxon according to Van Tol & Verdonk (1988) and in Cyprus they are at the margins of their area of distribution. Zizeeria karsandra is a threatened taxonaccording to Heath (1981) and in Cyprus they are at the margins of their area of distribution. Pendoton bidens sulcifrons, Tetrigus cypriu, Stenosis sulcata, Helladia millefolii alziari are subendemic taxa (endemic to Cyprus and neighbouring countries). Libelloides macaronius is an important (Koomen & van Helsdinger, 1996) threatened taxon listed on the European Red List of Globally Threatened Animals and Plants and on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Animals (1988). Thersamonia thersamon is a threatened taxon according to Heath (1981). Orthetrum sabina, Ypthima asterope are rare taxa (isolated and local to restricted geographic areas or biotopes) and at the margins of their area of distribution.Notes: The snake Macrovipera lebetina lebetina is included in section 3.3 as Vipera lebetina.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
LA01i
MA04i
LA07i
LA08i
MD01.02i
LD02.01i
MD04.01i
LE01.02i
HE03.01b
LE03.03i
LF03.01i
LF03.02i
LF03.02.01i
LF03.02.03i
LF04i
MG01.02i
LG02.10i
HG05.01i
LG05.04i
MH04i
LH05i
HH06.01i
MH06.02b
LJ01i
LJ02i
LA01i
MA04i
LA07i
LA08i
MD01.02i
LD02.01i
MD04.01i
LE01.02i
HE03.01b
LE03.03i
LF03.01i
LF03.02i
LF03.02.01i
LF03.02.03i
LF04i
MG01.02i
LG02.10i
HG05.01i
LG05.04i
MH04i
LH05i
HH06.01i
MH06.02b
LJ01i
LJ02i
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

4.4 Ownership (optional)


No information provided

4.5 Documentation (optional)

Alziar G. 1999. Compte rendu du 4eme Iter Mediterraneum. Bocconea 11: 5-83. [3.4]Anonymous. 2001. Http:bornova.ege.edutr/-bgocmen/herptiles.cyprus [Herpetofauna: 3.3, 3.4]Arenberger E. & Wimmer J. 1999. Nachtrag zyr Mikrolepidopterenfauna Zypern. Z.Arb. Gem. Ost. Ent. 51: 41-46. [Insects: 3.3, 3.4, 4.2]Arenberger E. 1994. Zusammenfassende Darstellung der Mikrolepidopterenfauna Zyperns. Ann. Musei Goulandris 9: 253-336. [Insects: 3.3, 3.4, 4.2]Arenberger E. 1998. Zwei neue Mikrolepidopteren aus Zypern (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae, Pterophoridae). Stapfia 55: 305-311. [Insects: 3.3, 3.4, 4.2]Baldizzone G. 1985. I Microlepidotteri di Cipro: III parte Coleophoridae. Ann. Musei Goulandris 7: 263-270. [Insects: 3.3, 3.4, 4.2]Bank R.A. & Hovestadt A. 1991. Notes on the Enidae, 3: Revision of the Enidae of Cyprus (Gastropoda: Pupiloidea) (plate1-4). Schr. Malacozool. 4: 1-25. [3.4]Bank R.A. & Menkhorst H.P.G.M. 1991. Bemerkungen uber rezente Arten der Gattung Pleurodiscus (Gastropoda, Pulmonata: Pupilloidea). Basteria 55: 61-71. [3.4]Berger P. 1988. Contribution a l' histoire naturell de l' ile de Chypre. Coleoptera: Cerambycidae Buprestidae Elateridae. Biocosme mesogeen 5: 77-83. [Insects: 3.3, 3.4, 4.2]Boehme W. & Wiedl H. 1994. Status and zoogeography of the herpetofauna of Cyprus with taxonomic and natural history notes on selected species (Genera: Rana, Coluber, Natrix, Vipera). Amphibia & Reptilia. Zool. Middle East 10: 31-52. [3.3, 3.4]Boyce P. 1994. The genus Arum (Araceae) in Greece and Cyprus. Ann. Musei Goulandris 9: 27-38.Brullo S. 1991. Valantia eburnea (Rubiaceae), a new species from Cyprus. Willdenowia 20: 73-76. [3.4]Brullo S., Pavone P. & Salmeri C. 1993. Three new species of Allium (Alliaceae) from Cyprus. Candollea 48: 279-290. [3.4]Charalampides M. 1989. Cyprus. In: Important Bird Areas in Europe. Priority sites for conservation. Vol. 2: Southern Europe. Heath M.F., Evans M.I., Goccom D.G., Payne A.J. & Peet N.B. (eds). Bird Life Conservation Series No. 8. [4.2]Christodoulou S.Ch. 2000. Unpublished data on the insects. Lefkosia. [3.3, 3.4, 4.2]Chrtek J. & Slavik B. 1981. Contribution to the flora of Cyprus. Preslia 53: 45-65.Chrtek J. & Slavik B. 1993. Contribution to the flora of Cyprus 2. Flora Mediterranea 3: 239-259.Chrtek J. & Slavik B. 1994. Contribution to the flora of Cyprus 3. Flora Mediterranea 4: 9-20.Costa M., Gehu J.M., Peris J.B., Biondi E. & Arnold N. 1984. Sobre la vegetation thermomediterranea littoral le la Isla del Chipre. Doc. Phytosoc. 8: 365-376. [3.1, 4.1]Council of Europe. 1992. Convention on the Conservation of European Wildlife and Natural Habitats. Appendix I (revised 1992 Strasbourg).Cyprus Ornithological Society (Kypriakos Ornithologikos Syndesmos). 1995. Annual Report. [3.2.a, 3.2.b, 3.3, 4.2]Cyprus Ornithological Society (Kypriakos Ornithologikos Syndesmos). 1996. Annual Report. [3.2.a, 3.2.b, 3.3, 4.2]Cyprus Ornithological Society (Kypriakos Ornithologikos Syndesmos). 1997. Annual Report. [3.2.a, 3.2.b, 3.3, 4.2]Cyprus Ornithological Society (Kypriakos Ornithologikos Syndesmos). 1997. Birds of Cyprus Checklist 1997. Table of monthly sightings & yearly occurrences 1991-1996. [3.2a,b 3.3, 3.4]Cyprus Ornithological Society (Kypriakos Ornithologikos Syndesmos). 1998. Annual Report. [3.2.a, 3.2.b, 3.3, 4.2]Cyprus Ornithological Society (Kypriakos Ornithologikos Syndesmos). 1999. Annual Report. [3.2.a, 3.2.b, 3.3, 4.2]Cyprus Ornithological Society (Ptinologikos Syndesmos Kyprou). 1990. Annual Report. [3.2.a, 3.2.b, 3.3, 4.2]Iezekiel S., Makris C., Antoniou A., (2004), Important Bird Areas of European Union Importance in Cyprus, published by BirdLife Cyprus, 2004.Dajoz R. 1989. Le genre Dastarcus Walker (Col. Colydiidae) en Turquie et a Chypre. Entomologiste 45: 35-38. [Insects: 3.3, 3.4, 4.2]Delforge P. 1990. Contribution to the knowledge of the south-west of Cyprus and remarks on some Mediterranean species. Les Naturalistes belges 71: 103-1044.Demetropoulos A. & Hadjichristoforou M. 1994. Larnaka Salt Lake. In: Directory of specially protected areas in the Mediterranean RAC/SPA, MAP/UNEP.Department of Agriculture. Insects Collection. Ministry of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Lefkosia. [Insects: 3.3, 3.4, 4.2]Deschka G. 1974. Neue Lithocolletiden von Zypern (Lepidoptera, Lithocolletidae. Entomologische Berichten Deel 3: 174-179. [Insects: 3.3, 3.4, 4.2]Economic Commision for Europe. 1991. European red list of globally threatened animals and plants. United Nations, New York. p. 150.Eddie J. 2000. Butterflies of Cyprus 1998 (Records of a year's sightings). The Amateur Entomologists' Society Pamphlet No.15. [Insects: 3.3, 3.4, 4.2]Flint P.F. & Stewart P.F. 1992. The Birds of Cyprus - an annotated check-list. B.O.U. Check-list No 6 (2nd Edition). British Ornithologists’ Union. p. 234. [3.2.a, 3.2.b, 3.3, 4.2]Geological Survey Department. 1995. Geologia tis Kyprou (The Geology of Cyprus). Ministry of Agriculture, Natural Resources and Environment, Lefkosia. [4.1]Georgiadis Ch.Ch. 1994. I epigenis chlorida tis Kyprou (Ôhe adventive flora of Cyprus). PhD thesis. University of Athens.Georgiadis Th. & Hadjikyriacou G. 1993. Centaurea akamantis (Compositae), a new species from Cyprus. Wildenowia 23: 157-162.Georgiou G.P. 1977. The insects and mites of Cyprus. Kiphissia, Athens. [Insects: 3.3, 3.4, 4.2]Georgiou G.P. 2000. Personal communication on the insects. Lemessos. [3.3, 3.4, 4.2]Gittenberger E. 1991. On Cyprian Helicellinae (Mollusca: Gastropoda: Pulmonata: Helicidae), making a new start. Zool. Meded. 65(7): 99-128. [3.4]Golz P. & Reinhard H.R. 1989. Uber Einige Besonderheiten im Ostmediterranen Ophrys Scolopax – Komplex (About some features within the East-Mediterranean Complex of Ophrys scolopax). AHO 21: 1040-1967.Gramp S. 1994. Handbook of the Birds of Europe the Middle East and North Africa. Birds of the Western Palearctic. Vols I-VIII. Oxford University Press Inc., New York. Greuter W., Burdet H.M. & Long G. 1984, 1986, 1989. Med-Checklist. A critical inventory of vascular plants of the circum-mediterranean countries. Vols 1, 3, 4. Geneve: Conservatoire et Jardin Botanique, Med-Checklist Trust of OPTIMA.Grimm R. 1991. Tenebrioniden von der Insel Zypern (Insecta: Coleoptera). Biocosme mesogeen 8: 15-49. [Insects: 3.3, 3.4, 4.2]Hadjikyriakou G. 1997. I chlorida tis Kyprou mesa apo katalogous kai pinakes (The Flora of Cyprus through catalogues and tables). Limassol, Cyprus. p. 232.Heath J. 1981. Threatened Rhopalocera (butterflies) of Europe. Council of Europe, Nature and Environment, no 23. p. 157. [Insects: 3.3, 3.4, 4.2]Iezekiel S. 2001. Unpublished data on the ornithology of Cyprus. [3.2a,b 3.3, 3.4, 4.2]IUCN -WCMC. 1988. IUCN Red List of Threatened Animals. IUCN. p. 154.IUCN-WCMC. 1997. Cyprus: Conservation status listing of Plants. Compiled from the World Conservation Monitoring Centre Plants Database. Status report as of 24 February, 1997.Jeanne C. 1986. Contribution a l' histoire naturell de l' ile de Chypre. Les coleopteres carabiques. Biocosme mesogeen 3: 1-33. [Insects: 3.3, 3.4, 4.2]Kadereit J.W. 1986. A revision of Papaver section Argemonidium. Notes RBG Ebinb. 44(1): 25-43.Kadis Ch.C. 1995. I anaparagogiki viologia ton afstiros prostatevomenon fyton tis kypriakis chloridas (On the reproductive biology of the strictly protected plants of Cyprus). PhD thesis. University of Athens.Koomen P. & van Helsdinger P.J. 1996. Listing of biotopes in Europe according to their significance for invertebrates. Council of Europe, Nature and Environment, no 77. p. 74. [Insects: 3.3, 3.4, 4.2]Kourtellarides L. 1998. Breeding Birds of Cyprus with check-list of the birds of Cyprus. Bank of Cyprus Group and Cyprus Ornithological Society. Nicosia, Cyprus. p. 299.Kourtellarides L. 1998. Breeding Birds of Cyprus with check-list of the birds of Cyprus. Bank of Cyprus Group and Cyprus Ornithological Society. Nicosia, Cyprus. p. 299. [3.2a,b 3.3, 3.4]Makris Ch. 2001. Unpublished data on insects. Lemessos. [3.3, 3.4, 4.2]Manil L. 1990. Les Rhopaloceres de Chypre. Linnaea Belgica Pars XII, No 8: 313-391. [Insects: 3.3, 3.4, 4.2]Mavromoustakis G. Insects Collection, Ministry of Agriculture and Natural Resources. Department of Agriculture, Lefkosia. [Insects: 3.3, 3.4, 4.2]Meikle R.D. 1977, 1985. Flora of Cyprus. Vols 1 & 2. The Bentham-Moxon Trust, Royal Botanic Gardens, Êew. p. 1969.Meteorological Service. 1993. Meteorological data for the Troodos Mountain range. Ministry of Agriculture, Natural Resources and Environment, Cyprus.Neophytou P. Insects collection. Municipal Museum of Natural History Larnaka. [Insects: 3.3, 3.4, 4.2]Pantelas V., Papachristophorou T. & Christodoulou P. 1993. Cyprus Flora in Colour, the Endemics. p. 104. ISBN 9963 – 7931 – 0 – X.Parker R. 1983. The Butterflies of Cyprus. Entomologist's Gazette 34: 17-53. [Insects: 3.3, 3.4, 4.2]Scholz H. 1995. Bromus regnii (Gramineae), a new endemic serpentine annual Brome-grass from Cyprus. Willdenowia 25: 235-238.Shakides Th. Insects collection, Agricultural University of Athens. [Insects: 3.3, 3.4, 4.2]Tsintides T. & Kourtellarides L. 1998. The Endemic Plants of Cyprus. Bank of Cyprus & Cyprus Association of Professional Foresters. Nicosia. p. 123. ISBN 9963-42-067-2.Tucker G. & Heath M. 1994. Birds in Europe. Their Conservation Status. BirdLife Conservation Series No. 3. BirdLife International. p. 600. [3.2a,b 3.3, 3,4, 4.2]Van Tol J. & Verdonk M.J. 1988. The protection of dragonflies (Odonata) and their biotopes. Council of Europe, Nature and Environment, no 38. p. 181. [Insects: 3.3, 3.4, 4.2]Vyronos G. 1990. I chlorida tis oroseiras Troodous. (The Troodos Mountain range). Advanced project, University of Patras.Zilch A. 1952. Die Typen und Typoide des Natur-Museums Senckenberg, 8: Mollusca, Helicinae ((Gastropoda: Pupiloidea) (plate1-4). Schr. Malacozool. 4: 1-25. [3.4]Zimmerman R. 1999. The Larnaca Seawater Desalination Plant. Environmental impact Assessment Israel.IACO Environmental and Water Consultants Ltd & Πτηνολογικός Σύνδεσμος Κύπρου (2016). Ετοιμασία Στόχων Διατήρησης & Διαχειριστικών Σχεδίων για τις Ζώνες Ειδικής Προστασίας (ΖΕΠ) που έχουν καθοριστεί στην Κύπρο σύμφωνα με την Οδηγία 2009/147/ΕΚ (Αρ. Διαγωνισμού 13.25.006.02.02). Υπηρεσία Θήρας & Πανίδας, Υπουργείο Εσωτερικών, 1453 Λευκωσία.
http://www.moa.gov.cy/moa/environment/environmentnew.nsf/index_gr/index_gr?opendocument
http://www.moa.gov.cy/moa/environment/environmentnew.nsf/index_gr/index_gr?opendocument
http://www.moa.gov.cy/moa/environment/environmentnew.nsf/index_gr/index_gr?opendocument
http://www.moa.gov.cy/moa/environment/environmentnew.nsf/index_gr/index_gr?opendocument

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level (optional):

Code Cover [%]
CY0551.00
CY0541.00
CY99100.00

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites (optional):

Designated at national or regional level:

Type code Site name Type Cover [%]
CY05PERMANENT GAME RESERVE OF LARNAKA SALT LAKE*41.00
CY99ALYKES LARNAKAS-100.00
CY05A/A 3272*51.00

Designated at international level:

Type Site name Type Cover [%]
ramsarLarnaka Salt lake+38.00
otherIBA+100.00

5.3 Site designation (optional)

The salt lakes of Larnaka (668 ha) are designated as a Barcelona Convention Special Protected Area (UNEP Directory).Also, the area of the two salt lakes has recently been proposed and accepted as a Ramsar site named “Larnaka Salt Lake”.Larnaka Salt Lakes have also been characterised as an Important Bird Area (Birdlife International) and the whole site is proposed as a Special Protection Area (SPA, Dir. 79/409 EEC).Finally the site is a designated either as permanent game reserve area or as a temporary game reserve area.

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.1 Body(ies) responsible for the site management:

Organisation:Department of Fisheries and Marine Research
Address:
Email:director@dfmr.moa.gov.cy
Organisation:Department of Environment
Address:
Email:director@environment.moa.gov.cy
Organisation:Game and Fauna Services
Address:
Email:wildlife.thira@cytanet.com.cy

6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

X
Yes Name: Δ.Σ. Περιοχής Natura 2000 ‘Alykes Larnakas’
Link: http://www.moa.gov.cy/moa/environment/environmentnew.nsf/All/523C67F6DE748DDCC22580840032C35A?OpenDocument

Name: Δ.Σ. Περιοχής Natura 2000 ‘Αλυκές Λάρνακας’
Link: http://www.moi.gov.cy/moi/Wildlife/wildlife_new.nsf/All/6D33B5DB087AA3C6C22580E60031B10C?OpenDocument

No, but in preparation
No

6.3 Conservation measures (optional)

In 1997 a Management Plan was approved by the Council of Ministers for the prodection of the Larnaca Lakes. The implementation of the above plan has already started and is still going on.

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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INSPIRE ID:
Map delivered as PDF in electronic format (optional)
Yes
X
No

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