Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

B

1.2 Site code

ES4250012

1.3 Site name

Mina de la nava de Ricomalillo

1.4 First Compilation date

2000-12

1.5 Update date

2020-11

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Junta de Comunidades de Castilla- La Mancha. Consejería de Desarrollo Sostenible. D.G. de Medio Natural y Biodiversidad
Address:               
Email:rednaturaclm@jccm.es

1.7 Site indication and designation / classification dates

Date site proposed as SCI:2000-12
Date site confirmed as SCI:2006-07
Date site designated as SAC:2015-05
National legal reference of SAC designation:Decreto 26/2015, de 07/05/2015, por el que se declaran como Zonas Especiales de Conservación (ZEC) de la Red Natura 2000 en Castilla-La Mancha, 40 Lugares de Importancia Comunitaria (LIC), se propone a la Comisión Europea la modificación de los límites de 14 de estos espacios y se modifican los límites de 8 Zonas de Especial Protección para las Aves (ZEPA). [NID 2015/5845]
Explanation(s):Plan de gestión aprobado mediante la Orden de 07/05/2015, de la Consejería de Agricultura, por la que se aprueban los Planes de Gestión de 41 espacios de la Red Natura 2000 en Castilla-La Mancha. [NID 2015/5849]

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:-4.953000
Latitude:39.661100

2.2 Area [ha]

3.0800

2.3 Marine area [%]

0.0000

2.4 Sitelength [km]:

0.40

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
ES42Castilla-La Mancha

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Mediterranean (100.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.1 Habitat types present on the site and assessment for them

Annex I Habitat types Site assessment
Code PF NP Cover [ha] Cave [number] Data quality A|B|C|D A|B|C
      RepresentativityRelative SurfaceConservationGlobal
8310  info      1.00 
  • PF: for the habitat types that can have a non-priority as well as a priority form (6210, 7130, 9430) enter "X" in the column PF to indicate the priority form.
  • NP: in case that a habitat type no longer exists in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Cover: decimal values can be entered
  • Caves: for habitat types 8310, 8330 (caves) enter the number of caves if estimated surface is not available.
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation)

3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
M1310Miniopterus schreibersii    140  220 
M1321Myotis emarginatus   
M1324Myotis myotis   
M1305Rhinolophus euryale    80 
M1304Rhinolophus ferrumequinum    161  350 
M1303Rhinolophus hipposideros    10 
M1302Rhinolophus mehelyi   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

Species

Population in the site

Motivation

Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
Meta bourneti               
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover
N22100.00

Total Habitat Cover

100

Other Site Characteristics

Refugio de quirópteros en mina abandonada cuya boca es de reducidas dimensiones, dando paso a una galería principal de unos 400 metros de longitud, de la cual parten galerías laterales, alguna de las cuales presenta pozos de profundidad indeterminada. En algunos tramos, la techumbre se ha derrumbado, apareciendo grandes bloques.

4.2 Quality and importance

Se trata de una antigua mina de oro cuyos trabajos extractivos datan de la época romana y se extendieron hasta mediados del siglo XX, si bien en esta última época los resultados obtenidos fueron más bien escasos, extrayéndose únicamente ejemplares de oro nativo para enviar a los museos. La mayor actividad minera se produjo en la segunda mitad del siglo XIX, que es cuando se excavaron las grandes galerías existentes, en particular el socavón denominado Dos de Mayo, que es el mejor conservado en la actualidad.Al cesar la actividad minera, el paso del tiempo ha ido provocando que se tapen las entradas por sucesivos derrumbes, quedando en la actualidad solo un pequeño espacio de acceso al socavón Dos de Mayo. Esto ha reducido las perturbaciones a las escasas visitas de aficionados y científicos, permitiéndose así el uso de las galerías como refugio de especies de quirópteros, entre los que destacan el murciélago grande de herradura, Rhinolophus ferromequinum, el murciélago mediterráneo de herradura, Rhinolophus euryale, el murciélago de cueva, Miniopterus schreibersi,así como Rhinolophus mehelyi, Rhinolophus hipposideros, Myotis emarginatus y Myotis myotis.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
LB02.04I
LC01.04I
LG01.02I
LG01.04.02i
LG01.04.03i
LG05.04I
ML05i
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

4.4 Ownership (optional)

Type[%]
PublicNational/Federal0
State/Province0
Local/Municipal0
Any Public1.95
Joint or Co-Ownership0
Private98.05
Unknown0
sum100

4.5 Documentation

Oscar de Paz, Jesus de Lucas, Begoña del Horno. Estudio de las poblaciones de quirópteros cavernicolas en los principales refugios de las provincias de cuenca, ciudad real, toledo, guadalajara (años 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007 y 2008)VVAA. “Buenasbodas. El oro de los montes de Toledo”. Cuaderno de Campo. Bocamina, revista del Grupo de Mineralogía de Madrid.

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code Cover [%]
ES00100.00

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.1 Body(ies) responsible for the site management:

Organisation:Junta de Comunidades de Castilla- La Mancha. Consejería de Desarrollo Sostenible. D.G. de Medio Natural y Biodiversidad
Address:
Email:rednaturaclm@jccm.es

6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

X
Yes Name: Plan de gestión del espacio Red Natura "Mina de la nava de Ricomalillo", ES4250012
Link: http://www.castillalamancha.es/node/197679

No, but in preparation
No

6.3 Conservation measures (optional)

Medidas de gestión y conservación contempladas en el plan de gestión del espacio Red Natura.

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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SITE DISPLAY