Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

A

1.2 Site code

GR1270012

1.3 Site name

OROS CHOLOMONTAS

1.4 First Compilation date

1997-02

1.5 Update date

2016-12

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Υπουργείο Περιβάλλοντος και Ενέργειας
Address:               
Email:

1.7 Site indication and designation / classification dates

Date site classified as SPA:1997-02
National legal reference of SPA designationJMD HP 37338/1807/E103/6-9-2010 (OJ 1495 B)

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:21.841111
Latitude:40.914167

2.2 Area [ha]

26206.0200

2.3 Marine area [%]

0.0000

2.4 Sitelength [km]:

0.00

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
GR12Kentriki Makedonia

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Mediterranean (0.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
BA402Accipiter brevipes           
BA247Alauda arvensis          DD   
BA255Anthus campestris          DD 
BA226Apus apus          DD   
BA226Apus apus          DD   
BA028Ardea cinerea          DD       
BA215Bubo bubo          DD 
BA087Buteo buteo     
BA087Buteo buteo     
BA224Caprimulgus europaeus          DD 
BA080Circaetus gallicus     
BA082Circus cyaneus     
BA113Coturnix coturnix          DD 
BA738Delichon urbicum (urbica)          DD 
BA239Dendrocopos leucotos          DD 
BA429Dendrocopos syriacus          DD 
BA026Egretta garzetta          DD       
BA379Emberiza hortulana          DD 
BA098Falco columbarius          DD 
BA098Falco columbarius          DD 
BA100Falco eleonorae          DD       
BA103Falco peregrinus     
BA097Falco vespertinus          DD 
BA321Ficedula albicollis          DD 
BA320Ficedula parva          DD 
BA442Ficedula semitorquata          DD 
BA442Ficedula semitorquata          DD 
BA251Hirundo rustica          DD 
BA251Hirundo rustica          DD 
BA233Jynx torquilla          DD 
BA338Lanius collurio          DD 
BA338Lanius collurio          DD 
BA339Lanius minor          DD 
BA179Larus ridibundus          DD 
BA868Leiopicus medius          DD 
BA246Lullula arborea          DD 
BA246Lullula arborea          DD 
BA230Merops apiaster          DD 
BA260Motacilla flava          DD 
BA337Oriolus oriolus          DD 
BA337Oriolus oriolus          DD       
BA355Passer hispaniolensis          DD 
BA072Pernis apivorus    12     
BA072Pernis apivorus          DD 
BA234Picus canus          DD     
BA210Streptopelia turtur          DD 
BA210Streptopelia turtur          DD 
BA228Tachymarptis melba          DD 
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

Species

Population in the site

Motivation

Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
Abies borisii-regis                   
Achillea chrysocoma                   
Arabis bryoides                   
Cephalanthera longifolia                   
Cephalanthera longifolia                   
A207Columba oenas                   
A207Columba oenas                   
A207Columba oenas                   
A687Columba palumbus palumbus                   
A687Columba palumbus palumbus                   
Corydalis integra                   
Crocus veluchensis                   
Epipactis helleborine                   
Epipactis helleborine                   
Epipactis helleborine                   
Epipactis microphylla                   
Epipactis microphylla                   
Himantoglossum hircinum                   
Lilium martagon                   
Limodorum abortivum                   
Listera ovata                   
Neottia nidus-avis                   
Neottia nidus-avis                   
Ophrys scolopax ssp. cornuta                   
Orchis laxiflora ssp. palustris                   
Orchis mascula                   
Orchis mascula                   
Orchis papilionacea                   
Orchis quadripunctata                   
Orchis quadripunctata                   
Platanthera bifolia                   
Platanthera chlorantha                   
Platanthera chlorantha                   
Rosa arvensis                   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover
N1912.37
N090.10
N0837.33
N230.17
N1625.29
N1210.49
N2111.71
N172.55

Total Habitat Cover

100.00999999999999

Other Site Characteristics

In this region there is the forest of Aristotelian Univ. of Thessaloniki (Department of Forestry and Natural Environment). Cholomontas consists of forested hills with open forest structure and maquis. There aren't rivers or lakes. From a geological point of view Cholomontas belongs to the Serbo-Macedonian mass and Peri-rodope zone. The climate is the same as the inland areas of N. Greece. It is an intermediate climate type between those of the Mediterranean and the continent. The high altitudes (above 900 m) belong to the very humid zone, in winter, while the lower altitudes belong to the dry zone with mild winter climate. The biotope of Fagion hellenicum is without Abies borisii regis. A common hardwood type in NE Chalkidiki is a mixture of beech with oak and more rare with chestnut. These species because of their durability and strength is used for many items, ranging from boxes and coffins and materials for building construction. However, the more common use is for the mines of this region. Much more of a dozen of different hardwoods are found here and include Carpinus duinensis, Ostrya carpinifolia, Tilia tomentosa, Acer campestre, Acer pseudoplatanus, Rhus coriaria etc.

4.2 Quality and importance

Cholomontas is a very important low mountain, near the city of Thessaloniki. Thus, a lot of people visit the region for the recreation. Native wildlife can be made a perceptible component of the forest scene by creating favourable habitats for birds and other small animals at roadside parks, rest areas and picnic sites. For larger species habitats should be created in glades, marshes or forest openings visible from the road. Although some Christmas trees can be obtained from thinning operations on private or public woodlands, most trees are carefully raised on Christmas tree plantations that are in many places of Cholomon. Picea abies, Abies sp. and Pinus sp. are the evergeen coniferous that are most often cultivated for these purposes. Concerning the fauna the quality of the site is indicated by the occurrence of the invertebrate. Corydalis integra, Rosa arvensis (motivation D) are included in the WCMC and/or European Red Data list. Himantoglossum hircinum, Lilium martagon, Ophrys scolopax ssp. cornuta, Orchis laxiflora ssp. palustris, Platanthera bifolia, Platanthera chlorantha (motivation D) are protected by the Greek Presidental Decree (67/1981), 10 taxa (Abies borisii-regis, Achillea chrysocoma, Arabis bryoides, Crocus veluchensis (motivation D) are Balkan endemics.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
MA01b
HA04b
MA04.03o
MA05.03o
MA07b
MA08b
MA10o
LB02.02i
LC01.01i
HC01.04o
LC01.04.01b
HC03.03b
LE01b
LE02i
MF03.01i
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
MA01o
MA07o
MA08o
HB01b
HB01i

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code Cover [%]
GR9518.19
IN0694.05

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites:

Designated at national or regional level:

Type code Site name Type Cover [%]
GR95Polygyros Dimou Polygyrou*13.01
GR95Cholomontas Dimou Arnaias*0.05
GR95Chavria Dimou Arnaias & Panagias+5.14
GR92Perifereiaki zoni C Ethnikou Parkou ygrotopon ton limnon Koroneias - Volvis kai ton Makedonikon Tempon*0.06

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.1 Body(ies) responsible for the site management:

Organisation:1. ARISTOTLE UNIVERSITY OF THESSALONIKI - FACULTY OF FORESTRY AND NATURAL ENVIRONMENT, 2. FOREST SERVICE OF ARNAIA, 3. FOREST SERVICE OF POLYGYROS
Address:
Email:

6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

Yes
No, but in preparation
X
No

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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SITE DISPLAY