Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

C

1.2 Site code

GR1340001

1.3 Site name

ETHNIKOS DRYMOS PRESPON

1.4 First Compilation date

1995-01

1.5 Update date

2016-12

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Υπουργείο Περιβάλλοντος και Ενέργειας
Address:               
Email:

1.7 Site indication and designation / classification dates

Date site classified as SPA:1987-10
National legal reference of SPA designationJMD HP 37338/1807/E103/6-9-2010 (OJ 1495 B)
Date site proposed as SCI:1996-08
Date site confirmed as SCI:2006-09
Date site designated as SAC:2011-03
National legal reference of SAC designation:Law 3937/29-3-11 (OJ 60 A)

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:21.077222
Latitude:40.772222

2.2 Area [ha]

26635.9400

2.3 Marine area [%]

0.0000

2.4 Sitelength [km]:

0.00

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
GR13Dytiki Makedonia

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Mediterranean (0.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.1 Habitat types present on the site and assessment for them

Annex I Habitat types Site assessment
Code PF NP Cover [ha] Cave [number] Data quality A|B|C|D A|B|C
      RepresentativityRelative SurfaceConservationGlobal
3150  info      70.8045  0.00 
3170  info  X     0.00         
3290  info      0.00         
4090  info      232.582  0.00 
5110  info      776.702  0.00 
6170  info      24.8183  0.00 
6220  info  X     182.062  0.00 
6230  info  X     33.7376  0.00 
6260  info  X     152.246  0.00 
62A0  info      2419.98  0.00 
6420  info      97.9964  0.00 
6430  info      0.00         
8140  info      0.927414  0.00 
8210  info      52.1524  0.00 
8220  info      31.3848  0.00 
8310  info      0.00         
9110  info      144.479  0.00 
9130  info      23.4892  0.00 
9150  info      221.27  0.00 
91E0  info  X     33.4899  0.00 
91M0  info      5591.14  0.00 
9250  info      162.951  0.00 
9280  info      862.802  0.00 
92A0  info      161.798  0.00 
9560  info  X     2199.24  0.00 
  • PF: for the habitat types that can have a non-priority as well as a priority form (6210, 7130, 9430) enter "X" in the column PF to indicate the priority form.
  • NP: in case that a habitat type no longer exists in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Cover: decimal values can be entered
  • Caves: for habitat types 8310, 8330 (caves) enter the number of caves if estimated surface is not available.
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation)

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover
N0632.62
N083.01
N098.56
N100.74
N158.92
N1632.85
N1712.48
N220.39
N230.43

Total Habitat Cover

100

Other Site Characteristics

Ethniko Parko Prespon includes the lakes Mikri and part of Megali Prespa separated by a sandy bar of alluvial deposits and surrounded by high mountains. Extensive reed beds of Phragmites australis, Typha angustifolia, Scirpus lacustris, Carex spp., occupy the margins of lakes. There are, also, characteristic formations of rooted aquatic plants with large floating leaves, often with a stratum of submerged species (Ceratophyllum, Myriophyllum, Potamogeton).

4.2 Quality and importance

As a result of the wide variety of biotopes and topography the site has a very rich flora and fauna as well as a diversity of habitats. The lakes are important for breeding water birds. In total many bird species have been observed in the lakes and in the surrounding forests. Particularly important are the collonies of Pelecanus crispus and P. onocrotalus. The area is rich in historic and religious monuments. The ichtyofauna of these lakes is significant because of the high degree of endemism. In the level of subspecies, 80% of fish taxa are endemic. Concerning the fauna the quality of the site is indicated by the occurrence of the invertebrate Pseudochazara geyeri which is the western edge of extension and the invertebrate Kirinia climene which is refered to Heath J. 1981. Threatened Rhopalocera (butterflies) of Europe, Council of Europe. Concerning the wild growing plants the quality of the site is indicated by the occurrence of the Ruscus aculeatus (Annex V of Directive 92/43/EEC) and other important taxa. Among them, 2 taxa (eg. Centaurea prespana, Verbascum epixanthinum) are greek endemics, 10 taxa (Alyssum doerfleri, Astragalus lacteus, Centaurea prespana, Cynoglottis barrelieri subsp. Serpentinicola, Dianthus myrtinervius subsp. Myrtinervius, Erodium guicciardi, Rhinanthus pindicus, Salvinia natans, Sempervivum marmoreum, Trapa natans) are included in the WCMC and/or European Red Data list, 8 taxa (Atropa bella - donna, Convallaria majalis, Dactylorhiza cordigera, Gentiana lutea, Gentiana punctata, Lilium chalcedonicum, Lilium martagon, Narcissus poeticus subsp. Radiiflorus) are protected by the Greek Presidental Decree (67/1981), 8 taxa (eg. Lesquereuxia syriaca, Androvalda vesiculosa) are rare in Greece and/or reach their extreme distribution limits in Northern Greece, more than 40 taxa (eg. Achillea holosericea, Helleborus odorus subsp. Cyclophyllus) are Balkan endemics.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
HA01i
HA04.03b
MA07I
LA08i
HA09i
MA10.01b
HBo
HBi
HC03.03o
LD01.01b
MD01.02b
ME06.01I
ME06.02I
HF03.01o
MF03.01b
MF03.02.03b
LG01.04.03I
LG02.02o
LG02.02b
LG02.07i
LG05.04I
LG05.07b
LG05.07I
LG05.11b
MI03.01b
HJ03.01I
MJ03.02b
LJ03.02.03b
LK01.01i
MK02.01b
LK02.03i
MK03.06b
ML09b
ML09o
LXb
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
MA04i
MA04.02I
HA09i
LG02.02o
HG02.06i
LG05.07b
LH05.01b
LJ02.05.02i
HK01.01b
MK02.01b
LK02.03i
LUb

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code Cover [%]
GR0519.16
GR1178.98
GR959.24
IN0019.63
IN010.05

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites:

Designated at national or regional level:

Type code Site name Type Cover [%]
GR02Ethniko Parko Limnon Mikris kai Megalis Prespas - Zones Apolytis Prostasias tis Fysis A1, A2, A3+1.04
GR08Ethniko Parko Limnon Mikris kai Megalis Prespas - Zones Prostasias tis Fysis B1, B3, B5, B7*16.16
GR08Ethniko Parko Limnon Mikris kai Megalis Prespas - Zones Prostasias tis Fysis B2, B4, B6*69.10
GR99Ethniko Parko Limnon Mikris kai Megalis Prespas - Prostatevomenoi Fysikoi Schimatismoi kai Stoicheia tou Topiou S5, S6+0.29
GR99Ethniko Parko Limnon Mikris kai Megalis Prespas - Zones Oikoanaptyxis OIK1, OIK2, OIK3, OIK4, OIK5, OIK6*12.00
GR96Ethniko Parko limnon Mikris kai Megalis Prespas*98.59
GR05Prespes*19.16
GR11Prespes*78.98
GR95Sfikas Dimou Prespon*9.24

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.1 Body(ies) responsible for the site management:

Organisation:1. FOREST DIRECTORATE OF FLORINA, 2. MANAGEMENT BODY OF “ETHNIKOS DRYMOS PRESPON”
Address:
Email:

6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

X
Yes Name: Management plan of the Prespa national park
Link:

No, but in preparation
No

6.3 Conservation measures (optional)

Specific forest management plans for 7 forested complexes (1. Antartiko - Vatochorion 2005-2014 2. Anatoliko Prespon 2000-2009 3. Dytiko Prespon 1996-2005 4.Seltsas Antartikon 1999-2008 5. Vrontero 2003-2012 6. Karyes - Orovnik 7. Aghios Athanassios. Management of grazing. The Society for the Protection of Prespa is acting for the sustainable economic development of the local communities and the protection of the natural environment of Prespa area.

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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SITE DISPLAY