Database release:

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)



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1.1 Type


1.2 Site code


1.3 Site name


1.4 First Compilation date


1.5 Update date


1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Υπουργείο Περιβάλλοντος και Ενέργειας

1.7 Site indication and designation / classification dates

Date site proposed as SCI: No information provided
Date site confirmed as SCI: No information provided
Date site designated as SAC: No information provided
National legal reference of SAC designation:Law 3937/29-3-11 (OJ 60 A)


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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:


2.2 Area [ha]


2.3 Marine area [%]


2.4 Sitelength [km] (optional):

No information provided

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
GR13Dytiki Makedonia

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Mediterranean (0.00 %)


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3.1 Habitat types present on the site and assessment for them

Annex I Habitat types Site assessment
Code PF NP Cover [ha] Cave [number] Data quality A|B|C|D A|B|C
      RepresentativityRelative SurfaceConservationGlobal
4060  info      445.42  0.00 
6220  info  X     115.91  0.00 
6230  info  X     1729.25  0.00 
62A0  info      2613.63  0.00 
6430  info      97.28  0.00 
7140  info      0.06  0.00 
8140  info      16.64  0.00 
8220  info      193.29  0.00 
8230  info      27.96  0.00 
9110  info      2894.69  0.00 
9130  info      1130.92  0.00 
9140  info      89.85  0.00 
91M0  info      0.03  0.00 
9270  info      0.00 
9280  info      145.61  0.00 
92A0  info      16.74  0.00 
  • PF: for the habitat types that can have a non-priority as well as a priority form (6210, 7130, 9430) enter "X" in the column PF to indicate the priority form.
  • NP: in case that a habitat type no longer exists in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Cover: decimal values can be entered
  • Caves: for habitat types 8310, 8330 (caves) enter the number of caves if estimated surface is not available.
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation)

3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)


Population in the site


Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
Abies borisii-regis                   
Aldrovalda vesiculosa                   
Alkanna corcyrensis                   
Alyssum doerfleri                   
Anchusella variegata                   
Anthemis cretica subsp. Columnae                   
Anthyllis vulneraria ssp. bulgarica                   
Asarum europaeum subsp. europaeum var. europaeum                   
Astragalus lacteus                   
Atropa bella-donna                   
Centaurea prespana                   
Cephalanthera damasonium                   
Cephalanthera longifolia                   
Cerastium banaticum subsp. speciosum                   
Cerastium decalvans                   
Convallaria majalis                   
Cynoglottis barrelieri subsp. serpentinicola                   
Dianthus cruentus                   
Dianthus myrtinervius ssp. myrtinervius                   
Epilobium palustre                   
Erodium guicciardii                   
Erysimum microstylum                   
Fritillaria graeca                   
Fritillaria thessala subsp. ionica                   
Galium intricatum                   
Genista tinctoria                   
Gentiana punctata                   
Geranium aristatum                   
Helleborus odorus subsp. cyclophyllus                   
Herniaria parnassica subsp. parnassica                   
Hypericum rumeliacum                   
Hyssopus officinalis                   
Iris reichenbachii                   
Lesquereuxia syriaca                   
Leucojum aestivum subsp. aestivum                   
Lilium candidum                   
Lilium carniolicum subsp. albanicum                   
Lilium chalcedonicum                   
Lilium martagon                   
Ludwigia palustris                   
Mentha suaveolens                   
Narcissus poeticus subsp. radiiflorus                   
Neottia nidus-avis                   
Nepeta spuneri                   
Onobrychis alba subsp. calcarea                   
Onosma heterophylla                   
Onosma visianii                   
Orchis mascula                   
Orchis morio subsp. morio                   
Orchis pinetorum                   
Orchis quadripunctata                   
Orchis simia                   
Orchis tridentata subsp. tridentata                   
Orchis ustulata                   
Orlaya daucorlaya                   
Ornithogalum oligophyllum                   
Ornithogalum refractum                   
Petrorhagia illyrica subsp. illyrica                   
Phelypaea coccinea    400  1000           
Platanthera chlorantha                   
Potentilla aurea subsp. chrysocraspeda                   
Ranunculus trichophyllus                   
Rhinanthus minor                   
Rhinanthus pindicus                   
Rhinanthus sintenisii                   
Rosa arvensis                   
1849Ruscus aculeatus                   
Sagittaria sagittifolia                   
Salvinia natans                   
Saxifraga federici-augusti                   
Saxifraga federici-augusti subsp. grisebachii                   
Sempervivum ciliosum                   
Sideritis raeseri                   
Silene fabarioides                   
Silene radicosa                   
Spirodella polyrhiza                   
Stachys plumosa                   
Taraxacum pindicola                   
Telekia speciosa                   
Thymus leucotrichus                   
Thymus thracicus                   
Trapa natans                   
Trifolium badium                   
Trifolium pignantii                   
Utricularia vulgaris                   
Verbascum epixanthinum                   
Verbascum graecum                   
Veronica bellidioides                   
Viola eximia                   
Viola macedonica                   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons


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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover

Total Habitat Cover


Other Site Characteristics

As a result of the wide variety of biotopes and topography the site has a very rich flora and fauna as well as a diversity of habitats. The lakes are important for breeding water birds. In total many bird species have been observed in the lakes and in the surrounding forests. Particularly important are the collonies of Pelecanus crispus and P. onocrotalus. The area is rich in historic and religious monuments. The ichtyofauna of these lakes is significant because of the high degree of endemism. In the level of subspecies, 80% of fish taxa are endemic. According to Economidis (1991), the valid name of the following taxa 1) Salmo macrostigma is Salmo trutta peristericus 2) Phoxinellus spp. is Paraphoxinus epiroticus prespensis 3) Cobitis taenia is Cobitis meridionalis which are endemic in the area. Concerning the fauna the quality of the site is indicated by the occurence of the invertebrate Pseudochazara geyeri which is the western edge of extension and the invertebrate Kirinia climene which is refered to Heath J. 1981. Threatened Rhopalocera (butterflies) of Europe, Council of Europe. Concerning the wild growing plants the quality of the site is indicated by the occurrence of the Ruscus aculeatus (Annex V of Directive 92/43/EEC) and other important taxa. Among them, 10 taxa (eg. Anchusella variegata, Centaurea prespana, Scorzonera crocifolia, Taraxacum dialeptum, Verbascum epixanthinum, Trinia frigida, Fritillaria thessala subsp. ionica) are greek endemics, 10 taxa (Alyssum doerfleri, Astragalus lacteus, Centaurea prespana, Cynoglottis barrelieri subsp. serpentinicola, Dianthus myrtinervius subsp. myrtinervius, Erodium guicciardi, Rhinanthus pindicus, Salvinia natans, Sempervivum marmoreum, Trapa natans) are included in the WCMC and/or European Red Data list, 8 taxa (Atropa bella - donna, Convallaria majalis, Dactylorhiza cordigera, Gentiana lutea, Gentiana punctata, Lilium chalcedonicum, Lilium martagon, Narcissus poeticus subsp. radiiflorus) are protected by the Greek Presidental Decree (67/1981), 8 taxa (eg. Lesquereuxia syriaca, Androvalda vesiculosa) are rare in Greece and/or reach their extreme distribution limits in Northern Greece, more than 40 taxa (eg. Achillea holosericea, Helleborus odorus subsp. cyclophyllus) are Balkan endemics.

4.2 Quality and importance

No information provided

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

4.4 Ownership (optional)

No information provided

4.5 Documentation (optional)

No information provided


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6.1 Body(ies) responsible for the site management:

No information provided

6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

No, but in preparation

6.3 Conservation measures (optional)

No information provided



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