Database release:

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)



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1.1 Type


1.2 Site code


1.3 Site name


1.4 First Compilation date


1.5 Update date


1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Υπουργείο Περιβάλλοντος και Ενέργειας

1.7 Site indication and designation / classification dates

Date site classified as SPA:1987-10
National legal reference of SPA designationJMD HP 37338/1807/E103/6-9-2010 (OJ 1495 B)


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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:


2.2 Area [ha]


2.3 Marine area [%]


2.4 Sitelength [km] (optional):

No information provided

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Mediterranean (0.00 %)


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3.1 Habitat types present on the site and assessment for them

No habitat types are reported for the site

3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
BA402Accipiter brevipes          DD 
BA223Aegolius funereus          DD 
BA247Alauda arvensis          DD 
BA247Alauda arvensis          DD 
BA229Alcedo atthis          DD 
BA255Anthus campestris          DD 
BA226Apus apus          DD 
BA215Bubo bubo          DD 
BA215Bubo bubo          DD 
BA133Burhinus oedicnemus          DD 
BA087Buteo buteo          DD 
BA243Calandrella brachydactyla          DD 
BA861Calidris pugnax          DD 
BA224Caprimulgus europaeus          DD 
BA080Circaetus gallicus     
BA082Circus cyaneus          DD 
BA082Circus cyaneus          DD 
BA083Circus macrourus          DD 
BA113Coturnix coturnix          DD 
BA738Delichon urbicum (urbica)          DD 
BA738Delichon urbicum (urbica)          DD 
BA239Dendrocopos leucotos          DD 
BA429Dendrocopos syriacus          DD 
BA236Dryocopus martius          DD 
BA026Egretta garzetta          DD 
BA447Emberiza caesia          DD 
BA379Emberiza hortulana          DD 
BA098Falco columbarius          DD 
BA100Falco eleonorae          DD 
BA103Falco peregrinus          DD 
BA097Falco vespertinus          DD 
BA321Ficedula albicollis          DD 
BA320Ficedula parva          DD 
BA442Ficedula semitorquata          DD 
BA131Himantopus himantopus          DD 
BA439Hippolais olivetorum          DD 
BA251Hirundo rustica          DD 
BA251Hirundo rustica          DD 
BA233Jynx torquilla          DD 
BA338Lanius collurio           
BA339Lanius minor          DD 
BA433Lanius nubicus          DD   
BA868Leiopicus medius          DD 
BA246Lullula arborea          DD 
BA230Merops apiaster          DD 
BA260Motacilla flava          DD 
BA260Motacilla flava          DD 
BA337Oriolus oriolus          DD 
BA094Pandion haliaetus          DD 
BA355Passer hispaniolensis          DD 
BA072Pernis apivorus          DD 
BA234Picus canus          DD 
BA249Riparia riparia    100  100   
BA249Riparia riparia          DD 
BA210Streptopelia turtur          DD 
BA228Tachymarptis melba          DD 
BA166Tringa glareola          DD 
BA892Zapornia parva          DD 
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)


Population in the site


Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
A211Clamator glandarius                   
A211Clamator glandarius                   
A687Columba palumbus palumbus                   
A687Columba palumbus palumbus                   
A687Columba palumbus palumbus                   
A687Columba palumbus palumbus                   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons


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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover

Total Habitat Cover


Other Site Characteristics

The site contains the forest complex of the north-eastern side of Ossa mountain; it starts from the sea level and goes up to the highest summit, Profitis Ilias (1980 m). The summit is bare rock and the existing vegetation belongs to the Astragalo-Daphnion. At the lower altitudes the main vegetation type is the broad-leaved evergreen woodland. Here the majority of the relevant species that grow in Greece like Acer sp., Quercus sp., Corrylus sp., Arbutus sp., Erica sp., Fraxinus sp., Phillyrea sp., Ulmus sp., Cornus sp. etc are found. At higher altitudes the human impact is distinctive since the control and grafting of Castanea sativa have lead to pure groups of the species, especially in the parts of the forest that belong to the local communities. The trees are used mainly for chestnut collection and less for their wood. Where the human impact is lighter Castanea grows together with Tilia in a typical Tilio-Castanetum at 300 - 500m (described by habitat type 9180 and characterized by Tilia tomentosa).The next vegetation level, reaching up to the 650m, is Quercetum-montanum with Quercus species, mainly Q. conferta, Q. sessiliflora and Q. pubescens. Beech forests with hungarian oak (habitat type 9280) are encountered over Quercion ilicis at the slopes that face the sea and over Ostryo-carpinion orientalis at the areas away from the sea. Quercus forests are also found at altitudes of 200 - 300 in the wet regions of Ossa.At higher altitudes (650 - 1600m) we find psychrophilous, hydrophilous vegetation. The dominant forest species is the beech; Fagus moesiaca together with F. sylvatica and F. orientalis at the higher and lower altitudes respectively. In Ossa, as well as in the rest of East Thessaly, the limit of Fagion moesiacae is not the line of summer cloud formations (as it is in Albania, for example); small formations of Fagus sp. are found in ravines even at altitudes as low as 280 m. The pure beech forest becomes mixed in the zone of 1000 - 1450 m where Fagus trees are found together with fir-trees (Abies borisii-regis). There is also Abies cephallonica forest (the endemic greek fir) covering a small part of the site (Corine code 42.18, a habitat type not included in Annex I). The Abies forest was in recess during the last years because of its exploitation, but recently it has started to reestablish itself. Above the end of the forest line is the subalpine zone with a great variety of species.On Ossa there are also found Carpinus orientalis, ravine forests of Aesculus orientalis and formations of Pteridium aquilinun and Berberis cretica. At low percentages there are also some broad-leaved species such as Acer, Sorbus, Fraxinus and riverside vegetation along the streams. NOTE ON BIOGEOGRAPHIC REGION: Ossa mountain, characterized Quercion cerris and Fagetalia, could be considered part of the sub-continental and continental biogeographic region.NOTE ON FAGUS1. Strid A. 1986. Mountain Flora of Greece, 1:51. In Greece there is Fagus sylvatica ssp. sylvatica (above 1000 m in Greek mainland southwards to Oxia and Pilion). F. sylvatica ssp. orientalis is a closely related subspecies and intermediate froms (often called F. moesiaca) occur where the two subspecies meet (e.g., Balkan peninsula). Typical F. sylvatica ssp. sylvatica is found in western and central districts above 1000 m, while intermediate forms resembling F. sylvatica ssp. orientalis occur below 1000 m.2. Med-Checklist 3:225. Three subspecies of Fagus sylvatica are recognized, ssp. sylvatica, ssp. moesiaca and ssp. orientalis, all occuring in Greece (Gr).3. Flora Europaea, 1:72. Two subsepcies of Fagus sylvatica are recognized, ssp. sylvatica and ssp. orientalis, both occuring in Greece. Fagus moesiaca is considered an intermediate form between the two subspecies.

4.2 Quality and importance

The aesthetic forest of Ossa is a real botanical garden. The favorable environmental and climatic conditions of the area and namely the high percentage of rainfall, a result of the eastern winds, have lead to the remarkable forest complex of Ossa. The landscape and the geomorphology of the site are interesting since they create locally numerous special habitats that lead to high biodiversity in the vegetation types, in the flora and in the fauna. The complex presents an exceptional variety of habitats and plant species. It has an alternating landscape with extensive closed forests of beech and fir on the eastern side and small fields on the plateau, while the summit is bare rock. The Ossa complex is mainly composed of pure and mixed woodland of broad-leaved trees as well as broad-leaved and coniferous trees. The soil is very good for forestry. Its productivity is considered poor and unsuitable for agricultural or cattle-raising exploitation. Besides its botanical interest based on the presence of endemic and/or rare species and the variety of vascular and lower plants, the site is protected as a Special Protected Area (SPA) and characterized as an Important Bird Area (IBA) and harbours a great number of birds. For some of them, Ossa is one of the 5 most important sites in the region or one of only 100 or less sites in the EC. OTHER IMPORTANT SPECIES WITH MOTIVATION D Plants: Aesculus hippocastanum is a mediterranean endemic species native only in the Balkan peninsula in Europe (Greece, former Jugoslavia, Albania, Bulgaria). There are only few local trees in the area and planting young ones is needed in order for the species to survive. Androsace villosa is a species scattered on the mountains of C and S Europe between 1800 - 2200 m on stabilized screes and limestone rocks. The endemic species Astragalus lacteus is protected by the Greek Law (Presidential Decree 67/81) and is also included in the IUCN Red Data List (1993) in the category of threatened species and in the European Red List of Globally Threatened Species characterised as rare. Astragalus mayeri, Crocus veluchensis, Silene radicosa ssp. radicosa, Crocus cvijicii, Sideritis scardica, Dianthus integer ssp. minutiflorus, Colchicum doerfleri, are balkan endemics. Marrubium thessalum is endemic to N. & C. Greece and S. Albania.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

4.4 Ownership (optional)

No information provided

4.5 Documentation (optional)

1)Handrinos, G. & Akriotis, T., (2004), Recapture of ringed birds (1985-2004), Hellenic Bird Ringing Centre, ISBN: 96088507032)Georgiev, K. & Iankov, P., (2009), Species Action Plan for the semi-collared flycatcher Ficedula semitorquata in the European Union, Birdlife International3)Vlachos Ch., Chatzinikos E., Kiousis D., Dimou P., Bontzorlos V., Dedousopoulou E., Braziotis S., Xenos A., Stefanou L. Birtsas P., Vlachaki D. and Kontos K. (version Coordinators) 2015. Updated version of the descriptive database of the Natura 2000 network of the Study 9 «Monitoring and Evaluation of Bird Species Conservation Status in Greece» Ministry of Environment, Energy and Climate Change, Athens, Partnership Consulting Firms" "F.FASOULAS-N.MANTZIOS" EU - RODOULA GEORGE KONSTANTINIDOU - "ATH.TZAKOPOULOS AND Co." EU ", Thessaloniki.4)NATURA 2000 Network descriptive & geographical database (2012).


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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level (optional):

Code Cover [%]

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites (optional):

Designated at national or regional level:

Type code Site name Type Cover [%]
GR23Ossa Larisas*73.80
GR12Koilada Tempon Larisas*0.97
GR12Dasika symplegma Ossas Larisas*66.24

5.3 Site designation (optional)

No information provided


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6.1 Body(ies) responsible for the site management:


6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

No, but in preparation

6.3 Conservation measures (optional)

No information provided



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