Database release:

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)



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1.1 Type


1.2 Site code


1.3 Site name


1.4 First Compilation date


1.5 Update date


1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Υπουργείο Περιβάλλοντος και Ενέργειας

1.7 Site indication and designation / classification dates

Date site classified as SPA:1987-10
National legal reference of SPA designationJMD HP 37338/1807/E103/6-9-2010 (OJ 1495 B)


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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:


2.2 Area [ha]


2.3 Marine area [%]

No information provided

2.4 Sitelength [km]:


2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Mediterranean (0.00 %) Mediterranean (0.00 %) Mediterranean (0.00 %)
Mediterranean (0.00 %) Mediterranean (0.00 %) Mediterranean (0.00 %)
Mediterranean (0.00 %) Mediterranean (0.00 %) Mediterranean (0.00 %)


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3.1 Habitat types present on the site and assessment for them

No information provided

3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
BA168Actitis hypoleucos          DD   
BA223Aegolius funereus          DD   
BA229Alcedo atthis          DD   
BA255Anthus campestris          DD   
BA259Anthus spinoletta          DD   
BA256Anthus trivialis          DD   
BA226Apus apus          DD   
BA028Ardea cinerea          DD         
BA215Bubo bubo          DD   
BA087Buteo buteo    19  21         
BA224Caprimulgus europaeus          DD   
BA479Cecropis daurica          DD   
BA080Circaetus gallicus           
BA212Cuculus canorus          DD   
BA738Delichon urbicum (urbica)          DD   
BA239Dendrocopos leucotos          DD   
BA429Dendrocopos syriacus          DD   
BA236Dryocopus martius          DD   
BA379Emberiza hortulana          DD   
BA269Erithacus rubecula          DD   
BA103Falco peregrinus           
BA099Falco subbuteo          DD   
BA657Fringilla coelebs all others          DD   
BA251Hirundo rustica          DD   
BA233Jynx torquilla          DD   
BA338Lanius collurio          DD   
BA868Leiopicus medius          DD   
BA246Lullula arborea          DD   
BA271Luscinia megarhynchos          DD   
BA230Merops apiaster          DD   
BA280Monticola saxatilis          DD   
BA262Motacilla alba          DD   
BA261Motacilla cinerea          DD   
BA319Muscicapa striata          DD   
BA277Oenanthe oenanthe          DD   
BA337Oriolus oriolus          DD   
BA214Otus scops          DD   
BA072Pernis apivorus          DD   
BA273Phoenicurus ochruros          DD   
BA572Phylloscopus collybita s. str.          DD   
BA275Saxicola rubetra          DD   
BA210Streptopelia turtur          DD   
BA351Sturnus vulgaris          DD   
BA304Sylvia cantillans          DD   
BA309Sylvia communis          DD   
BA228Tachymarptis melba          DD   
BA285Turdus philomelos          DD   
BA282Turdus torquatus          DD   
BA232Upupa epops          DD   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)


Population in the site


Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
A899Accipiter gentilis all others                   
A899Accipiter gentilis all others                   
A899Accipiter gentilis all others                   
A898Accipiter nisus all others                   
A898Accipiter nisus all others                   
A898Accipiter nisus all others                   
A136Charadrius dubius                   
A136Charadrius dubius                   
A136Charadrius dubius                   
A207Columba oenas                   
A207Columba oenas                   
A207Columba oenas                   
A687Columba palumbus palumbus                   
A687Columba palumbus palumbus                   
A376Emberiza citrinella                   
A376Emberiza citrinella                   
A096Falco tinnunculus                   
A096Falco tinnunculus                   
A096Falco tinnunculus                   
A313Phylloscopus bonelli                   
A313Phylloscopus bonelli                   
A266Prunella modularis                   
A266Prunella modularis                   
A250Ptyonoprogne rupestris                   
A250Ptyonoprogne rupestris                   
A478Spinus spinus                   
A478Spinus spinus                   
A311Sylvia atricapilla                   
A311Sylvia atricapilla                   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons


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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover

Total Habitat Cover


Other Site Characteristics

The examined area lies north of the town of Ioannina, in the region of Zagori. It was established as a National Park in 1973. The core zone comprises the Vikos gorge which is about 10 km long and has vertical rocky cliffs many hundreds of metres high. It begins between the villages Monodendri and Koukouli and ends near the village of Vikos. At the bottom of the gorge runs a torrent that, near the exit, becomes a permanent river (Voidomatis). The peripheral zone is larger and includes the Aoos ravine, the area of the villages of Mikro Papingo and Megalo Papingo, as well as a narrow zone around the Vikos gorge. The ravine of Aoos lies between the mountains Trapezitsa and Gkamila and is formed from the River Aoos. It begins very close to Konitsa and is 10 km long, 8 km of which are included in the National Park. The northern side of Gamila consists of vertical slopes and high peaks rising above the Aoos ravine. Small mountain streams run from the peaks down to the River Aoos. In the area, there is also an interesting small valley called "Laka tou Tsoumani" and, higher up, a small permanent mountain lake called "Drakolimni". Various types of vegetation cover the examined area. There are riparian forests of Salix, Alnus, Populus and Platanus, sclerophylous schrubs and woods of either deciduous and coniferous trees or mixed woods. The variability of deciduous trees in the mixed woodland zone is surprising. Ostrya carpinifolia, Fraxinus excelsior, Carpinus betulus, Carpinus orientalis, Juglans regia, Tilia tomentosa, several Acer species (A. campestris, A. pseudoplatanus etc.) and many other trees cover considerable areas. Formations of Aesculus hippocastanum, Juglans regia and Fraxinus excelsior occur in the narrow, warm, humid shaded ravines and abrupt slopes of the beech zone.

4.2 Quality and importance

This region is one of the most important ecosystems because of its rare flora and fauna. The landscape is probably the most magnificent in Greece. The geographical isolation of the area, the relatively small human influence and the great variation of biotopes and microclimatic conditions favour the growth of different plant species. So, the area is a place where many rare plants are gathered and conserved; some of them are considered threatened taxa. The ravine of Aoos remains in nearly virgin condition and in its extensive forests we can find every kind of Greek tree, as well as more rare plants and animals than in Vikos gorge.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

4.4 Ownership (optional)

No information provided

4.5 Documentation

Heath, M. F. and Evans, M. I., eds. 2000. Important Bird Areas in Europe: Priority sites for conservation. 2: Southern Europe. Cambridge, UK: BirdLife International. BirdLife Conservation Series No. 8, p. 791. fa sstat s atstas dats ed, tp a tp st pstatee pe t t ea d (2008) e Fa ps t aepst a a pst. pe t . p . -aa paas (monitoring) t pada st pe t ea d (2008) e Fa ps t .. ast. - aa aas a t pßs a pa eede s st ataaf, epst paas a aef daes ) t ad (Rupicapra rupicapra balcanica ), ) t ßda (Lutra lutra) G) t ed pada – e fas sta ed t 92/43/, st pe t ea d a t efeea p aptee a t Ds 3, t pfas tepstasa st pas t p 1 se a t stasa a ats t ßptta t stasa a dats t ßptta t ea d, t a teatta 9 stasa Fs eßt a ptta, t .. FS 2007-2013


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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code Cover [%]

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites:

Designated at national or regional level:

Type code Site name Type Cover [%]
GR95Iliochoriou - Vrysochoriou Dimou Tymfis*15.57
GR08Zones Ia, Ib kai Ic Ethnikou Parkou Pindou*32.59
GR92Perifereiakes zones P1, P2, P3 kai P4 Ethnikou Parkou Pindou*2.20
GR96Ethniko Parko Pindou*94.88
GR95Charadra Aoou (Konitsas-Eleftherou-Papigkou)*11.16

5.3 Site designation (optional)

No information provided


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6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

No, but in preparation

6.3 Conservation measures (optional)

Management study of the forests of Melissourgos, Athamania, Pachtouri



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