Database release:

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)



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1.1 Type


1.2 Site code


1.3 Site name


1.4 First Compilation date


1.5 Update date


1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Υπουργείο Περιβάλλοντος και Ενέργειας

1.7 Site indication and designation / classification dates

Date site classified as SPA:2001-10
National legal reference of SPA designationJMD HP 37338/1807/E103/6-9-2010 (OJ 1495 B)
Date site proposed as SCI:1996-08
Date site confirmed as SCI:2006-09
Date site designated as SAC:2011-03
National legal reference of SAC designation:Law 3937/29-3-11 (OJ 60 A)


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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:


2.2 Area [ha]


2.3 Marine area [%]


2.4 Sitelength [km] (optional):

No information provided

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
GR22Ionia Nisia

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Mediterranean (0.00 %) Marine Mediterranean (0.00 %)


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3.1 Habitat types present on the site and assessment for them

Annex I Habitat types Site assessment
Code PF NP Cover [ha] Cave [number] Data quality A|B|C|D A|B|C
      RepresentativityRelative SurfaceConservationGlobal
1150  info  X     76.083  0.00 
1210  info      0.16992  0.00 
1310  info      0.0435235  0.00 
1410  info      0.710478  0.00 
1420  info      126.755  0.00 
92D0  info      0.0269863  0.00 
  • PF: for the habitat types that can have a non-priority as well as a priority form (6210, 7130, 9430) enter "X" in the column PF to indicate the priority form.
  • NP: in case that a habitat type no longer exists in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Cover: decimal values can be entered
  • Caves: for habitat types 8310, 8330 (caves) enter the number of caves if estimated surface is not available.
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation)

3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
BA229Alcedo atthis          DD 
BA054Anas acuta          DD 
BA255Anthus campestris          DD 
F1152Aphanius fasciatus          DD 
BA226Apus apus          DD   
BA028Ardea cinerea          DD 
BA028Ardea cinerea          DD 
BA169Arenaria interpres          DD 
BA243Calandrella brachydactyla          DD 
BA144Calidris alba          DD 
BA149Calidris alpina          DD 
BA147Calidris ferruginea          DD 
BA145Calidris minuta          DD 
BA861Calidris pugnax          DD 
BA146Calidris temminckii          DD   
BA138Charadrius alexandrinus          DD 
BA138Charadrius alexandrinus          DD 
BA138Charadrius alexandrinus          DD 
BA198Chlidonias leucopterus          DD 
BA122Crex crex          DD 
BA036Cygnus olor          DD 
BA738Delichon urbicum (urbica)          DD 
BA026Egretta garzetta          DD 
R1279Elaphe quatuorlineata          DD 
BA097Falco vespertinus          DD 
BA130Haematopus ostralegus          DD 
BA131Himantopus himantopus          DD 
BA251Hirundo rustica          DD 
BA862Hydrocoloeus minutus          DD 
BA156Limosa limosa          DD 
M1355Lutra lutra         
BA260Motacilla flava          DD 
BA159Numenius tenuirostris            DD       
BA391Phalacrocorax carbo sinensis          DD 
BA391Phalacrocorax carbo sinensis          DD 
BA663Phoenicopterus roseus          DD 
BA885Sternula albifrons          DD 
BA210Streptopelia turtur          DD 
BA228Tachymarptis melba          DD 
BA166Tringa glareola          DD 
BA164Tringa nebularia          DD 
BA163Tringa stagnatilis          DD 
BA167Xenus cinereus          DD 
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)


Population in the site


Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
1276Ablepharus kitaibelii                   
1276Ablepharus kitaibelii                   
1276Ablepharus kitaibelii                   
1243Algyroides nigropunctatus                   
1243Algyroides nigropunctatus                   
1243Algyroides nigropunctatus                   
Anguis fragilis                   
Anguis fragilis                   
6997Bufotes viridis                   
6997Bufotes viridis                   
6997Bufotes viridis                   
A136Charadrius dubius                   
A136Charadrius dubius                   
A136Charadrius dubius                   
Halocnemum strobilaceum                   
1251Lacerta trilineata                   
1251Lacerta trilineata                   
1251Lacerta trilineata                   
A489Larus fuscus all others                   
A489Larus fuscus all others                   
Natrix natrix                   
Natrix natrix                   
6092Platyceps najadum                   
6092Platyceps najadum                   
6092Platyceps najadum                   
Puccinellia festuciformis ssp. convoluta                   
1209Rana dalmatina                   
1209Rana dalmatina                   
1209Rana dalmatina                   
Salicornia patula                   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons


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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover

Total Habitat Cover


Other Site Characteristics

Until few years ago the wetland had been used as a salt-works operation, but in 1988 this activity was abandoned. Since then, in relation to the growth of tourism in the island, a lot of changes have taken place in this site. Although the existing information regarding the flora and vegetation of the area is restricted to that of sedimentary coast, it is evident that a very rich flora and many coastal vegetation types exist, characterized by the dominance of different halophytic species, like Arthrocnemum glaucum, A. fruticosum, Halocnemum strobilaceum, Schoenus nigricans, Juncus subulatus, Salicornia europaea, Cakile maritima, Salsola kali, etc. It is to be pointed out, however, that the sedimentary coasts constitute only a small proportion of the whole wetland and as a consequence, existing biodiversity in the area is not restricted to the vegetation types mentioned above. The lagoon(s) , the wet and salt meadows (east of the main lagoon ), the small rivers and the neighbouring hills with their characteristic vegetation (Arbutus sp., Erica sp, Quercus coccifera, Pistacia lentiscus etc.) also seem to play an important role in the structure and function of the ecosystem as a whole.

4.2 Quality and importance

Taking into consideration that:a. This area is one of the few wetlands still existing in the island of Kerkyra; b. The sand dune and salt marsh vegetation types are well developed and conserved; c. Tourism and related activities have taken over almost the majority of the sandy beaches on the island. It is evident that this area should be protected and managed in an alternative way according to the principles of sustainable development (ecotourism, traditional agriculture and stock raising, etc.). Lastly, it should be stressed that such areas seem to be significant as "refuges" not only for birds and other animal species, but also plant species (e.g. Orchidaceae). It is believed that several plant species of the ground flora of big olive plantations existing on the island have only survived in such open habitats. This is because weedkillers are widely used in order to facilitate collection of the fallen olives. Relatively few data are available on the vertebrate taxa (other than birds) existing at this site. Moreover, the above taxa (with the exception of the lizard Ablepharus kitaibelii) have been included in the lists of the Greek Presidential Decree 67/1981 and so deserve the D motivation. The toad Bufo viridis and the lizard Ablepharus kitaibelii have been evaluated by the CORINE-Biotopes Project (motivation D). Additionally, the lizard Algyroides nigropunctatus is eligible for motivation D as it is Balkan endemics. The main zoological value of this site is confined to its avifauna consisting of resident and migratory bird taxa. It should be noted that the island of Kerkyra lies in the major western route used by migratory birds in Greece. These factors justify the characterization of this site as one of the EC Important Bird Areas.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

4.4 Ownership (optional)

No information provided

4.5 Documentation (optional)

1)Λεγάκις, Α., Πολυμένη, Ρ.Μ., Ακριώτης, Τ., Τσεκόλεφ, Ι., Γαληνού, Ε. & Χαραντώνης, Θ., (2008), Μελέτη των μεταναστευτικών πουλιών στην Ελλάδα και τη Νότια Ουκρανία, Εθνικό και Καποδιστριακό Πενεπιστήμιο Αθηνών, Τμήμα Βιολογίας, Ζωολογικό Μουσείο2)Handrinos, G. & Akriotis, T., (2004), Recapture of ringed birds (1985-2004), Hellenic Bird Ringing Centre, ISBN: 96088507033) (20th April 2015) GBIF Occurrence Download 2000 Network descriptive & geographical database (2012). Ch., Chatzinikos E., Kiousis D., Dimou P., Bontzorlos V., Dedousopoulou E., Braziotis S., Xenos A., Stefanou L. Birtsas P., Vlachaki D. and Kontos K. (version Coordinators) 2015. Updated version of the descriptive database of the Natura 2000 network of the Study 9 «Monitoring and Evaluation of Bird Species Conservation Status in Greece» Ministry of Environment, Energy and Climate Change, Athens, Partnership Consulting Firms" "F.FASOULAS-N.MANTZIOS" EU - RODOULA GEORGE KONSTANTINIDOU - "ATH.TZAKOPOULOS AND Co." EU ", Thessaloniki.


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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level (optional):

Code Cover [%]

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites (optional):

No information provided

5.3 Site designation (optional)

No information provided


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6.1 Body(ies) responsible for the site management:

No information provided

6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

No, but in preparation

6.3 Conservation measures (optional)

No information provided



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