Database release:

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)



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1.1 Type


1.2 Site code


1.3 Site name


1.4 First Compilation date


1.5 Update date


1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Υπουργείο Περιβάλλοντος και Ενέργειας

1.7 Site indication and designation / classification dates

Date site classified as SPA:2001-10
National legal reference of SPA designationJMD HP 37338/1807/E103/6-9-2010 (OJ 1495 B)
Date site proposed as SCI:1997-04
Date site confirmed as SCI:2006-09
Date site designated as SAC:2011-03
National legal reference of SAC designation:Law 3937/29-3-11 (OJ 60 A)


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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:


2.2 Area [ha]


2.3 Marine area [%]

No information provided

2.4 Sitelength [km] (optional):

No information provided

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
GR23Dytiki Ellada

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Mediterranean (0.00 %) Mediterranean (0.00 %) Mediterranean (0.00 %)
Mediterranean (0.00 %) Mediterranean (0.00 %) Mediterranean (0.00 %)
Mediterranean (0.00 %) Mediterranean (0.00 %) Mediterranean (0.00 %)


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3.1 Habitat types present on the site and assessment for them

Annex I Habitat types Site assessment
Code PF NP Cover [ha] Cave [number] Data quality A|B|C|D A|B|C
      RepresentativityRelative SurfaceConservationGlobal
1150  info  X     7.83495  0.00 
1410  info      0.679134  0.00 
1420  info      4.4543  0.00 
  • PF: for the habitat types that can have a non-priority as well as a priority form (6210, 7130, 9430) enter "X" in the column PF to indicate the priority form.
  • NP: in case that a habitat type no longer exists in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Cover: decimal values can be entered
  • Caves: for habitat types 8310, 8330 (caves) enter the number of caves if estimated surface is not available.
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation)

3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
BA168Actitis hypoleucos    10  10     
BA054Anas acuta    35  35     
BA052Anas crecca    285  285     
BA053Anas platyrhynchos    45  45     
BA053Anas platyrhynchos       
BA255Anthus campestris          DD   
BA028Ardea cinerea    200  500     
BA059Aythya ferina    190  190     
BA243Calandrella brachydactyla          DD   
BA243Calandrella brachydactyla          DD   
BA147Calidris ferruginea    100  300     
BA145Calidris minuta    600  2000     
BA138Charadrius alexandrinus    27  27     
BA138Charadrius alexandrinus    15  15     
R1227Chelonia mydas          DD         
BA198Chlidonias leucopterus    100  300     
BA122Crex crex          DD   
BA036Cygnus olor    25  25     
BA026Egretta garzetta       
BA026Egretta garzetta    200  850     
BA125Fulica atra    150  150     
BA125Fulica atra       
BA131Himantopus himantopus    10  10     
BA131Himantopus himantopus    30  150     
BA251Hirundo rustica    150  150     
BA022Ixobrychus minutus       
BA022Ixobrychus minutus          DD   
BA179Larus ridibundus       
BA179Larus ridibundus    20  20     
BA246Lullula arborea          DD   
BA260Motacilla flava    400  400     
BA260Motacilla flava          DD   
BA768Numenius arquata arquata       
BA355Passer hispaniolensis          DD   
BA355Passer hispaniolensis       
BA391Phalacrocorax carbo sinensis       
BA391Phalacrocorax carbo sinensis       
BA663Phoenicopterus roseus    16  16     
BA005Podiceps cristatus          DD   
BA008Podiceps nigricollis          DD   
BA119Porzana porzana          DD   
BA249Riparia riparia          DD   
BA857Spatula clypeata    40  40     
BA193Sterna hirundo       
BA885Sternula albifrons    25  25     
BA885Sternula albifrons    10  10     
BA210Streptopelia turtur          DD   
BA166Tringa glareola    600  1500     
BA164Tringa nebularia          DD   
BA164Tringa nebularia    20  40     
BA162Tringa totanus          DD   
BA892Zapornia parva          DD   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)


Population in the site


Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
1353Canis aureus                     
1353Canis aureus                   
A136Charadrius dubius               
A136Charadrius dubius    20  20             
A136Charadrius dubius               
A136Charadrius dubius    20  20             
A136Charadrius dubius               
A136Charadrius dubius    20  20             
5365Hypsugo savii                   
5365Hypsugo savii                   
5365Hypsugo savii                   
A150Limicola falcinellus    20             
A150Limicola falcinellus    20             
A058Netta rufina               
A058Netta rufina                   
A058Netta rufina               
A058Netta rufina                   
A058Netta rufina               
A058Netta rufina                   
2016Pipistrellus kuhlii                   
2016Pipistrellus kuhlii                   
2016Pipistrellus kuhlii                   
1309Pipistrellus pipistrellus                   
1309Pipistrellus pipistrellus                   
1309Pipistrellus pipistrellus                   
5009Pipistrellus pygmaeus                   
5009Pipistrellus pygmaeus                   
5009Pipistrellus pygmaeus                   
A004Tachybaptus ruficollis    20  20             
A004Tachybaptus ruficollis    20  20             
A004Tachybaptus ruficollis    20  20             
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons


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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover

Total Habitat Cover


Other Site Characteristics

The site is a small triangular area at the cape Gyftissa near the town of Aigio, in the Gulf of Korinth. It comprises a small coastal lagoon, temporarily drying out in summer, which is surrounded by reeds and saltmarsh vegetation. Reed communities with Phragmites australis cover a significant area, mainly at the east and north part of the lagoon. Close to the reed belts, stands with Scirpus maritimus are observed mainly on its north and northwest side. At its southern part, a narrow zone with Phragmites australis is developed between the lagoon and the road that separates the site from the neighbouring cultivated area. At the margins of the road clusters of Arundo donax, Eleagnus angustifolius and Tamarix are observed. A small degraded cluster of Tamarix also occurs at the southern part of the site. Salt marshes with Juncus acutus, J. maritimus, Limonium vulgare, L. angustifolium s.l., Arthrocnemum fruticosum, Inula crithmoides, Aster tripolium, etc. are developed mainly at the north and east sides of the lagoon. In the eastern parts of the described site the small sandy beach (width of the sandy zone = 20m) is colonized by the plant association Agropyretum mediterraneum. From the sea inland, the vegetation is successional and we have a mixture of ammophilous species with species of brackish water (wet meadows with Juncus sp.), a pure zone with Juncus acutus, Juncus maritimus and J. heldreichianus and an extensive reed belt. The aquatic vegetation with submerged and free-floating leaved species, covers a large area of the water of the site and is composed of Myriophyllum spicatum and Ruppia cirhosa.

4.2 Quality and importance

The site, in spite of its small size, constitutes a very important ecosystem, gathering all the main characteristics of a typical wetland. The reed belts and saltmarshes are in a good state and from an ornithological point of view they are very significant, because they offer refuge to migrating waders. The ease of approaching of this wetland is an advantage for its observation. The wetland of Alyki, although rather small, is of high ornithological importance, especially as a staging area for migratory birds. Many taxa have been observed so far visiting the area during the winter and spring. Among them are ducks, pochards, coots, herons, ibises, waders and sometimes even swans and flamingos. Many other common marsh birds, gulls and harriers together with a variety of passerines make up the diverse avifauna observed in this site. The site is important for overwintering ducks, migrating waders and other passage migrants. Species of concern include: Gelochelidon nilotica. Some of the species recorded are threatened in Greece. This species diversity, which is the highest among the Peloponnesian wetlands, combined with the facility of bird observation, make the Alyki salt-marsh a remarkable area for scientific, educational and amusement purposes. Some non-bird vertebrate taxa considered as Other Important Species (section 3.3) have been recorded in this site. All species have the C motivation since they are protected by the Bern Convention. Taxa are allocated the D motivation as they are protected by Greek law (Presidential Decree 67/1981). The same motivation characterizes the lizard Ablepharus kitaibelii because this animal is included in the lists of the CORINE-Biotopes Project's handbook.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

4.4 Ownership (optional)

No information provided

4.5 Documentation (optional)

1) t, ., pd, S., , ., astt, T. & a, . (ep.), (2009), Sat e a ta t da: e teatta a t ats t ptta, taea, a, ISBN: 978960 & , ., ISBN: 9789606861130 2) Handrinos, G. & Akriotis, T., (1997), The Birds of Greece, Christopher HELM publishers, A & C Black, London, ISBN: 0713639296 3) Vasilakis, K., Panayotopoulou, M. & Tsakona, G. (1994), Important Areas for the Birds of Greece. An introduction to important biotopes of Greece, Hellenic Ornithological Society , ISBN: 9608559707 4) Vlachos Ch., Chatzinikos E., Kiousis D., Dimou P., Bontzorlos V., Dedousopoulou E., Braziotis S., Xenos A., Stefanou L. Birtsas P., Vlachaki D. and Kontos K. (version Coordinators) 2015. Updated version of the descriptive database of the Natura 2000 network of the Study 9 Monitoring and Evaluation of Bird Species Conservation Status in Greece Ministry of Environment, Energy and Climate Change, Athens, Partnership Consulting Firms" "F.FASOULAS-N.MANTZIOS" EU - RODOULA GEORGE KONSTANTINIDOU - "ATH.TZAKOPOULOS AND Co." EU ", Thessaloniki. 5) NATURA 2000 Network descriptive & geographical database (2012).


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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level (optional):

Code Cover [%]

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites (optional):

Designated at national or regional level:

Type code Site name Type Cover [%]
GR95Alyki (Aigiou)*99.78

5.3 Site designation (optional)

No information provided


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6.1 Body(ies) responsible for the site management:


6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

No, but in preparation

6.3 Conservation measures (optional)

Study for the protection against fire of Manolada - Strofylia dunes.



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