Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

B

1.2 Site code

GR2410001

1.3 Site name

LIMNES YLIKI KAI PARALIMNI – SYSTIMA VOIOTIKOU KIFISOU -KATAVOTHRA ALIARTOU

1.4 First Compilation date

1995-01

1.5 Update date

2016-12

1.7 Site indication and designation / classification dates

Date site proposed as SCI:1999-10
Date site confirmed as SCI:2006-09
Date site designated as SAC:2011-03
National legal reference of SAC designation:Law 3937/29-3-11 (OJ 60 A)

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:23.247345
Latitude:40.674222

2.2 Area [ha]

12669.9200

2.3 Marine area [%]

0.0000

2.4 Sitelength [km]:

0.00

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
GR24Sterea Ellada
GR24Sterea Ellada
GR24Sterea Ellada

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Mediterranean (0.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.1 Habitat types present on the site and assessment for them

Annex I Habitat types Site assessment
Code PF NP Cover [ha] Cave [number] Data quality A|B|C|D A|B|C
      RepresentativityRelative SurfaceConservationGlobal
3130  info      26.0728  0.00 
3150  info      1114.28  0.00 
3170  info  X     0.00         
3260  info      3.19395  0.00 
3280  info      0.0843328  0.00 
3290  info      0.308973  0.00 
5210  info      40.8098  0.00 
5330  info      0.00         
5420  info      0.00         
8210  info      2.58914  0.00 
92A0  info      127.496  0.00 
92C0  info      0.00         
92D0  info      23.9071  0.00 
9320  info      452.601  0.00 
9540  info      0.00         
  • PF: for the habitat types that can have a non-priority as well as a priority form (6210, 7130, 9430) enter "X" in the column PF to indicate the priority form.
  • NP: in case that a habitat type no longer exists in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Cover: decimal values can be entered
  • Caves: for habitat types 8310, 8330 (caves) enter the number of caves if estimated surface is not available.
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation)

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover
N0629.00
N0819.00
N151.00
N167.27
N174.00
N1818.18
N193.00
N210.10
N2213.00
N235.45

Total Habitat Cover

100

Other Site Characteristics

The site contains the lakes Yliki and Paralimni and the springs Piges ton Chariton connected by the river Voiotikos Kifissos that runs into Yliki. The mountains around the lakes are basically bare. The rest of the surrounding area is part of the plain of the now drained lake Kopais and is cultivated land. Kifissos has been canalised where it drains the plain. Around Paralimni there are some small vineyards. Before 1993, lake Paralimni could have been described by the habitat type 3150 of Directive 92/43/EEC (with Parvapotamion, Corine code 22.422, and not with Magnopotamion). The species characterizing the vegetation are: Potamogeton crispus, P. nodosus, Ceratophyllum demersum, Miriophyllum spicatum. Habitat type 3280 describes the characteristic vegetation of a constantly flowing Mediterranean river with Paspalo-Agrostidion and hanging curtains of Salix alba and populus alba. Viotikos Kifissos has this characteristic vegetation, but without constantly running waters. Habitat type 3170 describes an area with the species Cyperus fuscus, Crypsis alopecuroides and Menta pulegium. 5332 is used to describe low -not exceeding 1 m-, sparsely covereddiss-dominated Quercus coccifera garrigue (not including the species Ampelodesmus).

4.2 Quality and importance

The area has the following endemic species of fish: Scardinius graecus, endemic to the lakes; Barbus graecus endemic to the region; Rutilus beoticus, Rutilus ylikiensis endemic to Greece. Barbus graecus and Rutilus ylikiensis are considered locally threatened. Here lives a genetically differentiated population of the dice snace Natrix tesselata. Kifissos river is an important site for the presence of otters, Lutra lutra. The caves around the lake Yliki have an endemic species of Coleoptera, Laemostenus vignai. In the area around Orhomenos (Dionysos) an endemic species of Orthoptera Dolichopoda vandeli is present. The two lakes and the rivers Voiotikos Kifissos and Melas form a continuous system of inland waters. As a wetland the lakes Yliki and Paralimni are nowadays less important although they are considered EC important bird areas and have some raptor species as well. It is also the southernmost nesting area of storks in Greece. The lake Paralimni was completely drained in 1993 due to the draught and a significant part of it is presently cultivated. The remaining underground water is pumped off for the irrigation of the nearby cultivations and also used for the water supply of Chalkida. Provided that the waters of Paralimni will be left to recover and resume their former status the area could still retain its previous significance for migratory birds. Lake Yliki is used for the water supply of Athens and Paralimni for the water supply of Chalkida. Sink Aliartos: the Cave during the warm months of the year hosts parent colony of approximately 3000 individuals of the species Myotis blythii, Myotis myotis and Miniopterus schreibersii. In winter there have been observed a few individuals of the species Rhinolophus blasii, Rhinolophus ferrumequinum and Rhinolophus hipposideros.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
MA01i
HA02.01b
HA02.01o
MA02.01i
LA04.01.05I
HA07b
HA07o
HA10.01o
HA10.01b
HC03.03o
MD01.02b
MD01.02i
LE03.03i
MF02i
MF03.01I
HF03.02.03I
LG01i
LG01.04.02i
MG05.04i
MH01b
MH01i
HH01.01b
HH01.05b
MH01.05I
MH01.08b
MH05.01i
LH05.01i
HI01b
MI03.01b
LJ01.01i
HJ02o
HJ02b
HJ02i
MJ02.03b
HJ02.03i
MJ02.04b
HJ02.11i
HJ03.01b
HJ03.01.01I
HK03.06I
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
ME03.03i
LUb

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code Cover [%]
GR9510.31

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites:

Designated at national or regional level:

Type code Site name Type Cover [%]
GR95Kokkinovrachos (Thivon)*8.73
GR95Mytikas-Ftelia-Vrystika (Kokkinou-Akraifniou)*0.06
GR95Kantalos-Agios Georgios-Pyramida-Stroma (Kastrou)*0.55
GR95Orchomenos (Dionysou-Prosiliou-Akontiou)*0.96

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

Yes
No, but in preparation
X
No

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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SITE DISPLAY