Database release:

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)



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1.1 Type


1.2 Site code


1.3 Site name


1.4 First Compilation date


1.5 Update date


1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Υπουργείο Περιβάλλοντος και Ενέργειας

1.7 Site indication and designation / classification dates

Date site proposed as SCI:1996-08
Date site confirmed as SCI:2006-09
Date site designated as SAC:2011-03
National legal reference of SAC designation:Law 3937/29-3-11 (OJ 60 A)


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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:


2.2 Area [ha]


2.3 Marine area [%]


2.4 Sitelength [km] (optional):

No information provided

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
GR24Sterea Ellada

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Mediterranean (0.00 %)


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3.1 Habitat types present on the site and assessment for them

Annex I Habitat types Site assessment
Code PF NP Cover [ha] Cave [number] Data quality A|B|C|D A|B|C
      RepresentativityRelative SurfaceConservationGlobal
3290  info      0.00         
4090  info      345.534  0.00 
5210  info      3.11414  0.00 
5420  info      1.79973  0.00 
8140  info      128.888  0.00 
8210  info      2.86929  0.00 
91M0  info      9.824  0.00 
9260  info      278.351  0.00 
92C0  info      11.843  0.00 
9540  info      165.829  0.00 
  • PF: for the habitat types that can have a non-priority as well as a priority form (6210, 7130, 9430) enter "X" in the column PF to indicate the priority form.
  • NP: in case that a habitat type no longer exists in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Cover: decimal values can be entered
  • Caves: for habitat types 8310, 8330 (caves) enter the number of caves if estimated surface is not available.
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation)

3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
P6283Nepeta argolica ssp. dirphya    20000  30000 
R1217Testudo hermanni    101  250   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)


Population in the site


Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
Abies cephalonica                   
Achillea umbellata                   
Anthemis cretica ssp. cretica                   
Asperula suffruticosa                   
2361Bufo bufo                   
2361Bufo bufo                   
6997Bufotes viridis                   
6997Bufotes viridis                   
6997Bufotes viridis                   
Campanula constantini                   
Cerastium candidissimum                   
Cirsium heldreichii                   
Crocus sieberi ssp. atticus                   
Damasonium alisma                   
Daphne jasminea                   
Dianthus biflorus                   
6138Dolichophis caspius                   
6138Dolichophis caspius                   
6138Dolichophis caspius                   
Draba parnassica                   
1342Dryomys nitedula                   
1342Dryomys nitedula                   
1342Dryomys nitedula                   
1363Felis silvestris                   
1363Felis silvestris                   
1363Felis silvestris                   
Fritillaria euboeica                   
Fritillaria euboeica                   
Fritillaria euboeica                   
Genista millii                   
Geranium humbertii                   
1263Lacerta viridis                   
1263Lacerta viridis                   
1263Lacerta viridis                   
Lilium chalcedonicum                   
Lysimachia serpyllifolia                   
1269Ophisaurus apodus                   
1269Ophisaurus apodus                   
1269Ophisaurus apodus                   
Origanum scabrum                   
Origanum scabrum                   
Paeonia mascula ssp. hellenica                   
Poa thessala                   
1256Podarcis muralis                   
1256Podarcis muralis                   
1256Podarcis muralis                   
Pterocephalus brevis                   
Rindera graeca                   
2351Salamandra salamandra                   
2351Salamandra salamandra                   
Senecio eubaeus                   
Senecio eubaeus                   
Sideritis euboea                   
Sideritis euboea                   
Silene dirphya                   
Silene multicaulis ssp. genistifolia                   
Stachys tetragona                   
Viola chelmea                   
Viola euboea                   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons


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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover

Total Habitat Cover


Other Site Characteristics

The aesthetic forest, Dasos Stenis, which covers half of the site, is situated at the south slope of Dirfys mountain. A variety of inclines, ranging from smooth to steep, characterize this mountainous area. The parent material of the soil consists of clay and crystal schists with scattered occurence of Permion, Upper Triassic, and Jurassic limestones. The existence of numerous springs, small streams and ravines crossing the forest surface is notable. The dominant tree species in the woody area are Pinus halepensis, Castanea sativa, Abies cephalonica (at high altitudes), Quercus sp., and Platanus orientalis. The other half of the site, located at higher altitudes and including the peak Delfi mainly consists of steep limestone screes. It must be noted that the Abies cephalonica forest (Corine 91 code 42.18) is a habitat type not included in Annex I.

4.2 Quality and importance

The site gains special ecological and aesthetic interest from the combination of its floristic diversity with the geomorphological and hydrological features. In this area, there exist many representative habitat types, which support numerous local endemic or greek endemic plant species. The presence of both endemic invertebrates and endemic vertebrates which, although their exact populations are still indeterminate, are under threat (they are protected by the Bern Convention) should be greatly emphasized, since many of them have limited distribution areas.OTHER IMPORTANT SPECIES WITH MOTIVATION D.Plants:Damasonium alisma is characterized as vulnerable in Greece (IUCN, 1993). Pterocephalus brevis is included in the CORINE biotopes checklist of threatened plants and is protected by the national Presidential Decree 67/81. Campanula constantini,Rindera graeca, Stachys tetragonaare protected by the national Presidential Decree 67/81 and are characterized as rare species in Greece, in Europe and in the World (IUCN, 1998, 1993). Poa thessala, Crocus sieberi ssp. sublimis are balkan endemics. Anthemis cretica ssp. cretica is a Balkan endemic (it currently includes the species A. panachaica and A. meteorica which are included in the IUCN list of threatened plants as rare and are protected by the Greek Law -Presidential decree 67/81).Cirsium heldreichii is protected by the national Presidential Decree 67/81. Asperula suffruticosa and Paeonia mascula ssp. hellenica are endemic species protected by the national Presidential Decree 67/81 and characterized as threatened, with indeterminate status (IUCN, 1998, 1993).

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

4.4 Ownership (optional)

No information provided

4.5 Documentation (optional)

No information provided


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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level (optional):

Code Cover [%]

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites (optional):

Designated at national or regional level:

Type code Site name Type Cover [%]
GR12Dasos Stenis Evvoias*44.70
GR95Stenis Dirfyos (Chalkidas)*44.70

5.3 Site designation (optional)

No information provided


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6.1 Body(ies) responsible for the site management:

No information provided

6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

No, but in preparation

6.3 Conservation measures (optional)

No information provided



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