Database release:

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)



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1.1 Type


1.2 Site code


1.3 Site name


1.4 First Compilation date


1.5 Update date


1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Υπουργείο Περιβάλλοντος και Ενέργειας

1.7 Site indication and designation / classification dates

Date site classified as SPA:2002-10
National legal reference of SPA designationJMD HP 37338/1807/E103/6-9-2010 (OJ 1495 B)
Date site proposed as SCI:1997-04
Date site confirmed as SCI:2006-09
Date site designated as SAC:2011-03
National legal reference of SAC designation:Law 3937/29-3-11 (OJ 60 A)


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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:


2.2 Area [ha]


2.3 Marine area [%]


2.4 Sitelength [km] (optional):

No information provided

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
GR24Sterea Ellada

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Mediterranean (0.00 %)


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3.1 Habitat types present on the site and assessment for them

Annex I Habitat types Site assessment
Code PF NP Cover [ha] Cave [number] Data quality A|B|C|D A|B|C
      RepresentativityRelative SurfaceConservationGlobal
1240  info      13.5207  0.00 
3290  info      0.00         
5330  info      12.4855  0.00 
5420  info      2324.04  0.00 
8140  info      2.55618  0.00 
8210  info      1.64145  0.00 
92D0  info      0.123785  0.00 
9340  info      163.356  0.00 
  • PF: for the habitat types that can have a non-priority as well as a priority form (6210, 7130, 9430) enter "X" in the column PF to indicate the priority form.
  • NP: in case that a habitat type no longer exists in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Cover: decimal values can be entered
  • Caves: for habitat types 8310, 8330 (caves) enter the number of caves if estimated surface is not available.
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation)

3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
BA402Accipiter brevipes          DD 
BA226Apus apus          DD   
BA087Buteo buteo          DD 
BA087Buteo buteo          DD 
BA224Caprimulgus europaeus          DD 
BA080Circaetus gallicus          DD 
BA122Crex crex          DD 
BA738Delichon urbicum (urbica)          DD   
BA738Delichon urbicum (urbica)          DD   
BA026Egretta garzetta          DD 
R1279Elaphe quatuorlineata          DD 
BA447Emberiza caesia          DD 
BA100Falco eleonorae    212  212   
BA103Falco peregrinus          DD 
BA251Hirundo rustica          DD   
R2373Mauremys rivulata          DD 
BA260Motacilla flava          DD 
BA392Phalacrocorax aristotelis desmarestii          DD 
BA005Podiceps cristatus          DD 
BA008Podiceps nigricollis          DD 
BA210Streptopelia turtur          DD   
BA228Tachymarptis melba          DD 
R6095Zamenis situla    10   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)


Population in the site


Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
1276Ablepharus kitaibelii                   
1276Ablepharus kitaibelii                   
1276Ablepharus kitaibelii                   
Aethionema retsina                   
Aethionema retsina                   
Aubrieta scyria                   
Campanula merxmuelleri                   
Campanula merxmuelleri                   
Centaurea rechingeri                   
Centaurea rechingeri                   
A687Columba palumbus palumbus                   
A687Columba palumbus palumbus                   
6138Dolichophis caspius                   
6138Dolichophis caspius                   
6138Dolichophis caspius                   
Erysimum senoneri ssp. senoneri                   
Fritillaria ehrhartii                   
Galium reiseri                   
5365Hypsugo savii                   
5365Hypsugo savii                   
5365Hypsugo savii                   
1251Lacerta trilineata    1000             
1251Lacerta trilineata    1000             
1251Lacerta trilineata    1000             
Malcolmia macrocalyx                   
6958Mediodactylus kotschyi                   
6958Mediodactylus kotschyi                   
6958Mediodactylus kotschyi                   
Natrix natrix                   
Natrix natrix                   
1309Pipistrellus pipistrellus                   
1309Pipistrellus pipistrellus                   
1309Pipistrellus pipistrellus                   
6937Podarcis gaigeae    10000             
6937Podarcis gaigeae    10000             
Scorzonera scyria                   
Scorzonera scyria                   
Silene fabaria                   
1333Tadarida teniotis                   
1333Tadarida teniotis                   
1333Tadarida teniotis                   
1289Telescopus fallax                   
1289Telescopus fallax                   
1289Telescopus fallax                   
Typhlops vermicularis                   
Typhlops vermicularis                   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons


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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover

Total Habitat Cover


Other Site Characteristics

The island of Skyros lies in the central part of the Aegean sea and is the largest island of the North Sporades with a total area of 20.9 ha. The island of Skyros is 19 miles off shore Euboea island. The climate is typical Mediterranean with mean annual rainfall not exceeding 500 mm. A 4 km long plane, running from Achilli village up to Kalamitsa village divides the island into two parts. The north-west is covered by Aleppo pine forests and lush vegetation. The south east part is a completely contrast, mountainous rocky scenery. The site contains the mountainous block of Kochylas (792 m) as well as the south-eastern rocky shores. The whole area consists mainly of limestone. The chasmophytic flora is well developed but contains rather few plant species. The maquis formation consists mainly of Quercus coccifera, Genista sp and Olea europaea shrubs of very low height, mainly due to overgrazing. It is worth noting that the area of the ravines is covered by thickets of Quercus coccifera and Acer monspessulanum forests. The area of mountain Kochylas is where the Skyrian shepherds and goatherds graze their thousands of animals (about 40,000 goats and sheep). The unique miniature Skyrian horse ( a race of Equus cabalus, not exceeding 1,07 m height) has been living free and semi-wild in the area.Falco eleonorae population values are based on LIFE - Nature «Δράσεις προστασίας για τον Μαυροπετρίτη Falco eleonorae στην Ελλάδα» (LIFE03 NAT/GR/000091)

4.2 Quality and importance

The site is important for breeding seebirds, raptors and species associated with scrub. Species of concern include Falco eleonorae, Emberiza cineracea and Emberiza caesia. The quality and importance of the site result mainly from the big number of the local or very restricted plant endemic species. The rather few plant species of the area in comparison to the comparatively high number of local endemic indicates strong isolation. Therefore the species in common with northern Sporades and the Kyklades respectively according to Snogerup (1978) will constitute local populations which will have been isolated for long from the other part of the species. The area of Kochylas mountain is also highly esteemed for the presence of the Podarcis gaigeae, a strictly local endemic species of lizard (one of the two Aegean endemic lizard species). Although overgrazed, the site is also a place of great aesthetic value.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

4.4 Ownership (optional)

No information provided

4.5 Documentation (optional)

1)Πορτόλου, Δ., Μπουρδάκης, Σ., Βλάχος, Χ., Καστρίτης, Θ. & Δημαλέξης, Τ. (επιμ.), (2009), Οι Σημαντικές Περιοχές για τα Πουλιά της Ελλάδας: Περιοχές Προτεραιότητας για τη Διατήρηση της Βιοποικιλότητας, Ελληνική Ορνιθολογική Εταιρεία, Αθήνα, ISBN: 978960 & Βλάχος, Χ., ISBN: 97896068611302)NATURA 2000 Network descriptive & geographical database (2012). Ch., Chatzinikos E., Kiousis D., Dimou P., Bontzorlos V., Dedousopoulou E., Braziotis S., Xenos A., Stefanou L. Birtsas P., Vlachaki D. and Kontos K. (version Coordinators) 2015. Updated version of the descriptive database of the Natura 2000 network of the Study 9 «Monitoring and Evaluation of Bird Species Conservation Status in Greece» Ministry of Environment, Energy and Climate Change, Athens, Partnership Consulting Firms" "F.FASOULAS-N.MANTZIOS" EU - RODOULA GEORGE KONSTANTINIDOU - "ATH.TZAKOPOULOS AND Co." EU ", Thessaloniki.2)Ελληνική Ορνιθολογική Εταιρεία (2007) Βάση Δεδομένων Μαυροπετρίτη (2004-7). LIFE - Nature «Δράσεις προστασίας για τον Μαυροπετρίτη Falco eleonorae στην Ελλάδα» (LIFE03 NAT/GR/000091)


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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level (optional):

Code Cover [%]

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites (optional):

No information provided

5.3 Site designation (optional)

No information provided


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6.1 Body(ies) responsible for the site management:

No information provided

6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

No, but in preparation

6.3 Conservation measures (optional)

No information provided



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