Database release:

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)



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1.1 Type


1.2 Site code


1.3 Site name


1.4 First Compilation date


1.5 Update date


1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Υπουργείο Περιβάλλοντος και Ενέργειας

1.7 Site indication and designation / classification dates

Date site classified as SPA:2001-10
National legal reference of SPA designationJMD HP 37338/1807/E103/6-9-2010 (OJ 1495 B)


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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:


2.2 Area [ha]


2.3 Marine area [%]


2.4 Sitelength [km] (optional):

No information provided

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
GR24Sterea Ellada

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Mediterranean (0.00 %) Marine Mediterranean (0.00 %)


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3.1 Habitat types present on the site and assessment for them

No habitat types are reported for the site

3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
BA168Actitis hypoleucos     
BA229Alcedo atthis    35  35   
BA054Anas acuta    50  100   
BA052Anas crecca    50  100   
BA053Anas platyrhynchos    50  100   
BA053Anas platyrhynchos     
BA394Anser albifrons albifrons    50  100   
BA255Anthus campestris     
BA028Ardea cinerea     
BA028Ardea cinerea     
BA028Ardea cinerea    11  11   
BA059Aythya ferina    50  100   
BA133Burhinus oedicnemus     
BA087Buteo buteo     
BA243Calandrella brachydactyla          DD 
BA243Calandrella brachydactyla          DD 
BA147Calidris ferruginea    10  10   
BA145Calidris minuta     
BA861Calidris pugnax    11  11   
BA146Calidris temminckii    13  13   
BA224Caprimulgus europaeus          DD 
BA138Charadrius alexandrinus     
BA138Charadrius alexandrinus          DD 
BA137Charadrius hiaticula     
BA198Chlidonias leucopterus     
BA082Circus cyaneus     
BA113Coturnix coturnix    10   
BA122Crex crex          DD 
BA738Delichon urbicum (urbica)          DD 
BA026Egretta garzetta    11  11   
BA026Egretta garzetta    10  450   
BA026Egretta garzetta     
BA097Falco vespertinus    10  150   
BA125Fulica atra          DD 
BA125Fulica atra    14  14   
BA125Fulica atra    50  750   
BA153Gallinago gallinago          DD 
BA153Gallinago gallinago     
BA131Himantopus himantopus     
BA251Hirundo rustica          DD 
BA862Hydrocoloeus minutus     
BA022Ixobrychus minutus     
BA338Lanius collurio     
BA339Lanius minor     
BA179Larus ridibundus    500  1000   
BA156Limosa limosa     
BA855Mareca penelope    50  100   
BA069Mergus serrator          DD 
BA230Merops apiaster    10  10   
BA260Motacilla flava          DD 
BA260Motacilla flava    20  20   
BA768Numenius arquata arquata     
BA768Numenius arquata arquata     
BA023Nycticorax nycticorax    10   
BA337Oriolus oriolus     
BA094Pandion haliaetus          DD 
BA355Passer hispaniolensis          DD 
BA663Phoenicopterus roseus     
BA141Pluvialis squatarola     
BA005Podiceps cristatus    50   
BA008Podiceps nigricollis          DD 
BA857Spatula clypeata    50  100   
BA193Sterna hirundo    10   
BA885Sternula albifrons     
BA210Streptopelia turtur    10   
BA161Tringa erythropus     
BA161Tringa erythropus          DD 
BA166Tringa glareola    15  15   
BA165Tringa ochropus     
BA165Tringa ochropus          DD 
BA163Tringa stagnatilis     
BA162Tringa totanus    10  10   
BA162Tringa totanus     
BA162Tringa totanus     
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)


Population in the site


Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
A136Charadrius dubius               
A136Charadrius dubius               
A136Charadrius dubius               
A687Columba palumbus palumbus                   
A687Columba palumbus palumbus                   
A058Netta rufina    10  10             
A058Netta rufina    10  10             
A058Netta rufina    10  10             
A004Tachybaptus ruficollis    17  17             
A004Tachybaptus ruficollis    10  10             
A004Tachybaptus ruficollis    10  10             
A004Tachybaptus ruficollis    10  10             
A004Tachybaptus ruficollis    17  17             
A004Tachybaptus ruficollis    17  17             
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons


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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover

Total Habitat Cover


Other Site Characteristics

The site is located at the northern edge of Euboea (Evvoia) island. The marine part covers around 38% of the site, the lagoons cover 18% and the terrestrial part is 38%. The site includes the lagoons Megalo Livari, Strongylo and Mikro Livari, and the estuary of Xirias (Kalas) River. The lagoons contain brackish water and their fresh water originates from springs and small streams. They are surrounded by cultivated fields.Megalo Livari was extensively exploited in the past for fish production, but digging, landfilling, and changes of the orifice have been conducted for the intensification of fish culture. Road construction, habitation and tourism activities are extended towards the lagoon. In addition, a fish hatchery was constructed at the northern edge of the lagoon. The conservation status of the wetland vegetation around the lagoon, of the reedbeds has seriously deteriorated. Halophilous vegetation is also present.Mikro Livari lagoon is a private area where drainage works have been done. Also, roads were constructed near Mikro Livari and Strongylo. Marsh and reedbeds surround the lagoons, and sand beach and sand dunes extend along coastal zone of the site. Xirias river has an intermittent flow.NOTES:* Reed beds (Phragmites australis), another habitat type not included in Annex I of Directive 92/43/EEC, are present in the site.

4.2 Quality and importance

This an important site for passage and wintering waterbirds. Species of concern include: Cygnus olor.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

4.4 Ownership (optional)

No information provided

4.5 Documentation (optional)

1)Handrinos, G. & Akriotis, T., (1997), The Birds of Greece, Christopher HELM publishers, A & C Black, London, ISBN: 07136392962)Handrinos, G. & Akriotis, T., (2004), Recapture of ringed birds (1985-2004), Hellenic Bird Ringing Centre, ISBN: 96088507033)Vlachos Ch., Chatzinikos E., Kiousis D., Dimou P., Bontzorlos V., Dedousopoulou E., Braziotis S., Xenos A., Stefanou L. Birtsas P., Vlachaki D. and Kontos K. (version Coordinators) 2015. Updated version of the descriptive database of the Natura 2000 network of the Study 9 «Monitoring and Evaluation of Bird Species Conservation Status in Greece» Ministry of Environment, Energy and Climate Change, Athens, Partnership Consulting Firms" "F.FASOULAS-N.MANTZIOS" EU - RODOULA GEORGE KONSTANTINIDOU - "ATH.TZAKOPOULOS AND Co." EU ", Thessaloniki.4)NATURA 2000 Network descriptive & geographical database (2012).


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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level (optional):

Code Cover [%]

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites (optional):

Designated at national or regional level:

Type code Site name Type Cover [%]
GR99Pyrinas ygroviotopou Mikro kai Megalo Livari Dimou Istiaias kai koinotitas Asminiou*22.38

5.3 Site designation (optional)

No information provided


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6.1 Body(ies) responsible for the site management:

No information provided

6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

No, but in preparation

6.3 Conservation measures (optional)

No information provided



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