Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

A

1.2 Site code

GR2440005

1.3 Site name

KATO ROUS KAI EKVOLES SPERCHEIOU POTAMOU

1.4 First Compilation date

1997-02

1.5 Update date

2020-07

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Υπουργείο Περιβάλλοντος και Ενέργειας
Address:               
Email:

1.7 Site indication and designation / classification dates

Date site classified as SPA:1997-02
National legal reference of SPA designationJMD HP 37338/1807/E103/6-9-2010 (OJ 1495 B)

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:22.502628
Latitude:38.836327

2.2 Area [ha]

10990.5400

2.3 Marine area [%]


No information provided

2.4 Sitelength [km] (optional):


No information provided

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
GR24Sterea Ellada

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Mediterranean (0.00 %) Marine Mediterranean (0.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.1 Habitat types present on the site and assessment for them


No habitat types are reported for the site

3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
BA402Accipiter brevipes         
BA168Actitis hypoleucos     
BA168Actitis hypoleucos          DD 
BA247Alauda arvensis          DD 
BA247Alauda arvensis    250  250   
BA229Alcedo atthis          DD 
BA229Alcedo atthis     
BA054Anas acuta    50  100   
BA052Anas crecca    1500  1500   
BA053Anas platyrhynchos    16  16   
BA053Anas platyrhynchos    130  150   
BA053Anas platyrhynchos    200  200   
BA394Anser albifrons albifrons    62  62   
BA042Anser erythropus          DD 
BA255Anthus campestris         
BA028Ardea cinerea    150  150   
BA028Ardea cinerea    50  50   
BA222Asio flammeus          DD 
BA061Aythya fuligula    26  26   
BA061Aythya fuligula    15  20   
BA396Branta ruficollis          DD 
BA215Bubo bubo     
BA133Burhinus oedicnemus         
BA087Buteo buteo         
BA087Buteo buteo          DD     
BA087Buteo buteo    10  10       
BA243Calandrella brachydactyla    80  80       
BA144Calidris alba    10  10   
BA149Calidris alpina    500  500   
BA147Calidris ferruginea    500  500   
BA145Calidris minuta    27  27   
BA145Calidris minuta    50  50   
BA861Calidris pugnax    100  100   
BA146Calidris temminckii          DD 
BA727Charadrius (Eudromias) morinellus          DD   
BA138Charadrius alexandrinus    20  20   
BA138Charadrius alexandrinus    15  15   
BA137Charadrius hiaticula          DD 
BA198Chlidonias leucopterus    10  10   
BA080Circaetus gallicus     
BA082Circus cyaneus     
BA859Clanga clanga     
BA113Coturnix coturnix    10  10       
BA122Crex crex          DD     
BA038Cygnus cygnus     
BA036Cygnus olor    46  46   
BA738Delichon urbicum (urbica)          DD     
BA239Dendrocopos leucotos          DD     
BA429Dendrocopos syriacus          DD     
BA026Egretta garzetta    70  70   
BA026Egretta garzetta    15  15   
BA026Egretta garzetta    31  31   
BA026Egretta garzetta    35  35   
BA511Falco cherrug     
BA098Falco columbarius     
BA100Falco eleonorae         
BA103Falco peregrinus          DD     
BA103Falco peregrinus         
BA097Falco vespertinus    30  30   
BA321Ficedula albicollis    250  250   
BA442Ficedula semitorquata    100  100   
BA125Fulica atra    27  27   
BA125Fulica atra    200  250   
BA153Gallinago gallinago    20  20   
BA002Gavia arctica     
BA130Haematopus ostralegus    10       
BA130Haematopus ostralegus         
BA130Haematopus ostralegus         
BA131Himantopus himantopus          DD     
BA131Himantopus himantopus    10  20       
BA251Hirundo rustica          DD 
BA862Hydrocoloeus minutus          DD 
BA862Hydrocoloeus minutus          DD 
BA022Ixobrychus minutus     
BA338Lanius collurio    10  10       
BA338Lanius collurio          DD     
BA179Larus ridibundus    500  500   
BA156Limosa limosa    10  10   
BA156Limosa limosa    50  50   
BA246Lullula arborea    100  100   
BA246Lullula arborea          DD 
BA855Mareca penelope    1000  1000   
BA855Mareca penelope          DD 
BA767Mergellus albellus          DD 
BA069Mergus serrator    21  21   
BA069Mergus serrator     
BA230Merops apiaster         
BA875Microcarbo pygmaeus          DD     
BA875Microcarbo pygmaeus          DD     
BA260Motacilla flava    20  20       
BA768Numenius arquata arquata    250  250   
BA159Numenius tenuirostris          DD 
BA023Nycticorax nycticorax    10  10   
BA071Oxyura leucocephala          DD 
BA094Pandion haliaetus     
BA094Pandion haliaetus     
BA355Passer hispaniolensis          DD 
BA072Pernis apivorus          DD 
BA072Pernis apivorus     
BA391Phalacrocorax carbo sinensis    100  100   
BA663Phoenicopterus roseus          DD 
BA663Phoenicopterus roseus    350  350   
BA140Pluvialis apricaria    50  50   
BA141Pluvialis squatarola    40  40   
BA005Podiceps cristatus    50  50   
BA008Podiceps nigricollis    15       
BA249Riparia riparia          DD 
BA249Riparia riparia          DD 
BA193Sterna hirundo    20  20   
BA885Sternula albifrons    30  30   
BA210Streptopelia turtur          DD     
BA161Tringa erythropus    24  24   
BA161Tringa erythropus    50  50   
BA166Tringa glareola    50  50   
BA164Tringa nebularia    20  20   
BA164Tringa nebularia          DD 
BA165Tringa ochropus     
BA165Tringa ochropus          DD 
BA162Tringa totanus    100  100   
BA162Tringa totanus    15  15   
BA162Tringa totanus    20  30   
BA162Tringa totanus     
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

Species

Population in the site

Motivation

Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
A067Bucephala clangula                   
A067Bucephala clangula                   
A067Bucephala clangula                   
A136Charadrius dubius    10  10             
A136Charadrius dubius    50  60             
A136Charadrius dubius    10  10             
A136Charadrius dubius                   
A136Charadrius dubius    50  60             
A136Charadrius dubius                   
A136Charadrius dubius    10  10             
A136Charadrius dubius    50  60             
A136Charadrius dubius                   
A687Columba palumbus palumbus                   
A687Columba palumbus palumbus                   
A687Columba palumbus palumbus                   
A687Columba palumbus palumbus                   
A489Larus fuscus all others                   
A489Larus fuscus all others                   
A058Netta rufina               
A058Netta rufina               
A058Netta rufina               
A004Tachybaptus ruficollis    79  79             
A004Tachybaptus ruficollis               
A004Tachybaptus ruficollis    16  16             
A004Tachybaptus ruficollis    16  16             
A004Tachybaptus ruficollis    16  16             
A004Tachybaptus ruficollis    79  79             
A004Tachybaptus ruficollis               
A004Tachybaptus ruficollis               
A004Tachybaptus ruficollis    79  79             
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover
N0127.71
N020.31
N037.13
N046.93
N061.12
N083.80
N093.97
N125.24
N137.68
N1527.68
N166.01
N212.31
N230.12

Total Habitat Cover

100.00999999999999

Other Site Characteristics

Maliakos Bay covers about 9,000 ha. It is a small enclosed embayment connected to the Aegean Sea and N. Evoikos Gulf by two small openings on the east. In the outer eastern part the average depth is 30 m and in the inner western part it does not exceed 25 m; the bottom is covered mostly by soft sediments. Spercheios River meets the sea in the SW corner of the bay. The innermost part of the bay close to the mouth of the river is the shallowest one.The town of Stylida is located on the NW side of the bay. Its port is the most important in the bay, hosting cargo ship and fishing boats. The fishing activity of the bay is conducted by registered fishing boats. Fish and shellfish production of the bay is high. There are fishing restrictions for the inner part (nearly half of the total of the bay). The estuary and its surrounding area forms a diverse landscape. There are two types of natural vegetation. The first one is located along the river bank while the second covers the area of the salt meadows. The former is dominated by Salix sp., Populus sp., Rubus sp., Agnus sp., Phragmites spp., Typha sp. and the latter by Phragmites australis close to the river and by Arthrocremnum sp., Tamarix sp. and Salicornia sp. in the rest of the area. Most the area outside the core is intensively cultivated-mainly ricefields. The land around the estuary is occupied mainly by dry cropland and grasslands while a small portion is covered by olive trees..Around the estuary there are ten villages ; most of their residents are occupied chiefly by agricultural labour. The last part of the estuary, close to the mouth of the river and where the land meets the sea, forms a shallow lagoon-like embayment called Livari; the depth in the biggest part of it is 5m. Here hunting is forbidden by law.Hunting is also illegal in the estuary and its neighbouring parishes.

4.2 Quality and importance

The quality and importance of the site is focused on the following reasons:a) Maliakos Bay supports a significant fish and shellfish production; there is also a very good potential for the development of aquaculture.b) Livari, the innermost part of Maliakos Bay, is a natural sea park for the reproduction of fish and the development of their juvenilles). The estuary of Spercheios River offers ideal environmental parameters for many species of the avifauna many of which are protected. Actually, the estuary has been characterised as an Important Bird Area (IBA).

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
HA01i
LA04i
HA07i
HA08i
HA09i
MC03.03b
HD01.01i
LD01.02i
MD03.01i
ME03.01i
ME03.04i
MF01i
MF02.03i
MF03.01i
MJ02.01.02i
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
LA04i
MD01.01i
MF01i

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

4.4 Ownership (optional)


No information provided

4.5 Documentation (optional)

1)Πορτόλου, Δ., Μπουρδάκης, Σ., Βλάχος, Χ., Καστρίτης, Θ. & Δημαλέξης, Τ. (επιμ.), (2009), Οι Σημαντικές Περιοχές για τα Πουλιά της Ελλάδας: Περιοχές Προτεραιότητας για τη Διατήρηση της Βιοποικιλότητας, Ελληνική Ορνιθολογική Εταιρεία, Αθήνα, ISBN: 978960 & Βλάχος, Χ., ISBN: 97896068611302)Handrinos, G. & Akriotis, T., (1997), The Birds of Greece, Christopher HELM publishers, A & C Black, London, ISBN: 07136392963)Vlachos, C., Thomaidis, C., Birtsas, P., Paralykidis, N., Karabatzakis, Th., Logothetis, G., Christoforidou, G., Giapis, A., Α., Ricci, J.C., Triplet, P. & Czajkowski, A. (2014), Data on the population, migration, game harvest and conservation degree of game species. Projects "ARTEMIS" (1995-2013) and "Phenology of Bird Migration in Greece" (2005 - present day) 4)Handrinos, G. & Akriotis, T., (2004), Recapture of ringed birds (1985-2004), Hellenic Bird Ringing Centre, ISBN: 96088507035)Dimalexis, A., Bousbouras, D., Kastritis, T., Manolopoulos, A. & Saravia, V. (editors), (2009). Final project report for the evaluation of 69 Important Bird Areas as Special Protection Areas. Hellenic Ministry for the Environment, Physical Planningand Public Works, Athens6)Yfantis, G. & Kazantzidis, S.(2004), Census of herons colonies in Greece. Final Report. Hellenic Ornithological Society, Ministry of Environment, Physical Planning and Public Works. Athens. 53 pp 7)Δημαλέξης, Α. Μπούσμπουρας, Δ., Καστρίτης, Θ., Μανωλόπουλος, Α. & Saravia, V, (2009), Τελική αναφορά προγράμματος επαναξιολόγησης 69 σημαντικών περιοχών για τα πουλιά για τον χαρακτηρισμό τους ως Ζωνών Ειδικής Προστασίας της Ορνιθοπανίδας8)Vasilakis, K., Panayotopoulou, M. & Tsakona, G. (1994), Important Areas for the Birds of Greece. An introduction to important biotopes of Greece, Hellenic Ornithological Society , ISBN: 9608559707 9)Vlachos Ch., Chatzinikos E., Kiousis D., Dimou P., Bontzorlos V., Dedousopoulou E., Braziotis S., Xenos A., Stefanou L. Birtsas P., Vlachaki D. and Kontos K. (version Coordinators) 2015. Updated version of the descriptive database of the Natura 2000 network of the Study 9 «Monitoring and Evaluation of Bird Species Conservation Status in Greece» Ministry of Environment, Energy and Climate Change, Athens, Partnership Consulting Firms" "F.FASOULAS-N.MANTZIOS" EU - RODOULA GEORGE KONSTANTINIDOU - "ATH.TZAKOPOULOS AND Co." EU ", Thessaloniki.10)NATURA 2000 Network descriptive & geographical database (2012). http://www.ypeka.gr/Default.aspxtabid=432&language=el-GR

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level (optional):

Code Cover [%]
GR9513.78
IN0695.75

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites (optional):

Designated at national or regional level:

Type code Site name Type Cover [%]
GR95Gefyra Spercheiou (Magoula Karali-Lianokladiou-Ladikou-Zileftou-Rodonias)*2.94
GR95Ekvoles Spercheiou-Anthlili-Roditsa+10.84

5.3 Site designation (optional)


No information provided

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.1 Body(ies) responsible for the site management:

Organisation:1. FOREST DIRECTORATE OF FTHIOTIDA, 2. DIRECTORATE OF AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT OF FTHIOTIDA, 3. FISHERIES DIRECTORATE OF FTHIOTIDA
Address:
Email:

6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

Yes
No, but in preparation
X
No

6.3 Conservation measures (optional)


No information provided

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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SITE DISPLAY