Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

C

1.2 Site code

GR2530002

1.3 Site name

LIMNI STYMFALIA

1.4 First Compilation date

1995-03

1.5 Update date

2020-07

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Υπουργείο Περιβάλλοντος και Ενέργειας
Address:               
Email:

1.7 Site indication and designation / classification dates

Date site classified as SPA:2002-10
National legal reference of SPA designationJMD HP 37338/1807/E103/6-9-2010 (OJ 1495 B)
Date site proposed as SCI:1996-08
Date site confirmed as SCI:2006-09
Date site designated as SAC:2011-03
National legal reference of SAC designation:Law 3937/29-3-11 (OJ 60 A)

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:22.463337
Latitude:37.858203

2.2 Area [ha]

1283.1300

2.3 Marine area [%]

0.0000

2.4 Sitelength [km] (optional):


No information provided

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
GR25Peloponnisos

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Mediterranean (0.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.1 Habitat types present on the site and assessment for them

Annex I Habitat types Site assessment
Code PF NP Cover [ha] Cave [number] Data quality A|B|C|D A|B|C
      RepresentativityRelative SurfaceConservationGlobal
3150  info      72.9941  0.00 
6420  info      61.1141  0.00 
8210  info      0.578311  0.00 
92A0  info      24.3366  0.00 
  • PF: for the habitat types that can have a non-priority as well as a priority form (6210, 7130, 9430) enter "X" in the column PF to indicate the priority form.
  • NP: in case that a habitat type no longer exists in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Cover: decimal values can be entered
  • Caves: for habitat types 8310, 8330 (caves) enter the number of caves if estimated surface is not available.
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation)

3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
BA168Actitis hypoleucos          DD 
BA247Alauda arvensis          DD 
BA229Alcedo atthis          DD 
BA052Anas crecca    51  100   
BA053Anas platyrhynchos    51  100   
BA053Anas platyrhynchos    16  20   
BA226Apus apus          DD 
BA028Ardea cinerea          DD 
BA028Ardea cinerea          DD 
BA028Ardea cinerea     
BA059Aythya ferina          DD 
BA061Aythya fuligula          DD   
BA215Bubo bubo          DD 
BA087Buteo buteo     
BA087Buteo buteo     
BA861Calidris pugnax          DD 
BA224Caprimulgus europaeus          DD 
BA080Circaetus gallicus          DD 
BA082Circus cyaneus          DD 
BA082Circus cyaneus          DD 
BA036Cygnus olor          DD   
BA738Delichon urbicum (urbica)          DD 
BA026Egretta garzetta    300     
R1279Elaphe quatuorlineata          DD 
BA447Emberiza caesia          DD 
BA379Emberiza hortulana          DD 
R1220Emys orbicularis    11  50 
BA103Falco peregrinus     
BA097Falco vespertinus          DD 
BA097Falco vespertinus     
BA125Fulica atra    101  250   
BA125Fulica atra    600  600   
BA125Fulica atra    1001  10000   
BA153Gallinago gallinago          DD 
BA153Gallinago gallinago          DD 
BA131Himantopus himantopus          DD   
BA251Hirundo rustica          DD 
BA251Hirundo rustica          DD 
BA022Ixobrychus minutus    10  12   
BA338Lanius collurio          DD 
BA868Leiopicus medius          DD 
BA156Limosa limosa          DD 
BA246Lullula arborea          DD 
BA246Lullula arborea          DD 
BA855Mareca penelope    51  100   
R2373Mauremys rivulata    11  50 
BA230Merops apiaster          DD 
BA260Motacilla flava          DD 
BA023Nycticorax nycticorax     
BA023Nycticorax nycticorax          DD 
BA355Passer hispaniolensis          DD 
BA355Passer hispaniolensis          DD 
F5333Pelasgus stymphalicus          DD 
BA072Pernis apivorus          DD 
BA005Podiceps cristatus    30  40   
BA005Podiceps cristatus          DD 
BA005Podiceps cristatus          DD 
BA008Podiceps nigricollis    51  100   
BA008Podiceps nigricollis          DD 
BA857Spatula clypeata          DD 
BA210Streptopelia turtur          DD   
BA210Streptopelia turtur          DD   
R1217Testudo hermanni    251  500 
R1218Testudo marginata    101  250 
BA161Tringa erythropus          DD 
BA166Tringa glareola          DD 
BA164Tringa nebularia          DD 
BA165Tringa ochropus          DD 
BA165Tringa ochropus          DD 
BA162Tringa totanus          DD 
R6095Zamenis situla          DD 
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

Species

Population in the site

Motivation

Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
Abies cephalonica                   
1276Ablepharus kitaibelii                   
1276Ablepharus kitaibelii                   
1276Ablepharus kitaibelii                   
1258Algyroides moreoticus                   
1258Algyroides moreoticus                   
1258Algyroides moreoticus                   
1258Algyroides moreoticus                   
Arenaria filicaulis ssp. graeca                   
Asperula arcadiensis                   
2361Bufo bufo                   
2361Bufo bufo                   
6997Bufotes viridis                   
6997Bufotes viridis                   
6997Bufotes viridis                   
1353Canis aureus                   
1353Canis aureus                     
A136Charadrius dubius                   
A136Charadrius dubius                   
A136Charadrius dubius                   
A687Columba palumbus palumbus                   
A687Columba palumbus palumbus                   
1283Coronella austriaca                   
1283Coronella austriaca                   
1283Coronella austriaca                   
1342Dryomys nitedula                   
1342Dryomys nitedula                   
1342Dryomys nitedula                   
1327Eptesicus serotinus                   
1327Eptesicus serotinus                   
1327Eptesicus serotinus                   
6079Hellenolacerta graeca                   
6079Hellenolacerta graeca                   
5669Hierophis gemonensis                   
5669Hierophis gemonensis                   
1203Hyla arborea                   
1203Hyla arborea                   
1203Hyla arborea                   
5365Hypsugo savii                   
5365Hypsugo savii                   
5365Hypsugo savii                   
1251Lacerta trilineata    1001  10000             
1251Lacerta trilineata    1001  10000             
1251Lacerta trilineata    1001  10000             
A152Lymnocryptes minimus                   
A152Lymnocryptes minimus                   
A152Lymnocryptes minimus                   
1341Muscardinus avellanarius                   
1341Muscardinus avellanarius                   
1341Muscardinus avellanarius                   
Natrix natrix      10000             
Natrix natrix      10000             
1292Natrix tessellata                   
1292Natrix tessellata                   
1292Natrix tessellata                   
1312Nyctalus noctula                   
1312Nyctalus noctula                   
1312Nyctalus noctula                   
Onobrychis ebenoides                   
1269Ophisaurus apodus                   
1269Ophisaurus apodus                   
1269Ophisaurus apodus                   
2016Pipistrellus kuhlii                   
2016Pipistrellus kuhlii                   
2016Pipistrellus kuhlii                   
1309Pipistrellus pipistrellus                   
1309Pipistrellus pipistrellus                   
1309Pipistrellus pipistrellus                   
5009Pipistrellus pygmaeus                   
5009Pipistrellus pygmaeus                   
5009Pipistrellus pygmaeus                   
1254Podarcis peloponnesiaca      10000             
1254Podarcis peloponnesiaca      10000             
1254Podarcis peloponnesiaca      10000             
1254Podarcis peloponnesiaca      10000             
1248Podarcis taurica      10000             
1248Podarcis taurica      10000             
1248Podarcis taurica      10000             
A006Podiceps grisegena                   
A006Podiceps grisegena                   
A006Podiceps grisegena                   
1209Rana dalmatina                   
1209Rana dalmatina                   
1209Rana dalmatina                   
1208Rana graeca                   
1208Rana graeca                   
1208Rana graeca                   
A004Tachybaptus ruficollis               
A004Tachybaptus ruficollis               
A004Tachybaptus ruficollis    14  14             
A004Tachybaptus ruficollis    50  100             
A004Tachybaptus ruficollis    50  100             
A004Tachybaptus ruficollis    14  14             
A004Tachybaptus ruficollis    50  100             
A004Tachybaptus ruficollis    14  14             
A004Tachybaptus ruficollis               
1333Tadarida teniotis                   
1333Tadarida teniotis                   
1333Tadarida teniotis                   
Typhlops vermicularis    1001  10000             
Typhlops vermicularis    1001  10000             
1295Vipera ammodytes                   
1295Vipera ammodytes                   
1295Vipera ammodytes                   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover
N0630.89
N088.58
N1559.03
N160.01
N171.48
N220.01

Total Habitat Cover

100

Other Site Characteristics

The lake Stymfalia is a part of a plateau situated in the southern part of Korinthia Prefecture and surrounded by the mountains of Killini (Zireia), Oligyrtos, Mavrovounio and Garrias. The main substrate of the area is calcareous rock which belongs to the Gavrovo - Tripoli geological zone. The bottom of the lake is covered with recently deposited alluminum. There are many karstic wells surrounding the lake which input fresh water. The surface area of the lake fluctuates seasonally being larger during the winter, while during summer it reduces by large. From time to time the lake is even totally drained. During the droughts of 1988-1990, the lake was completely dry and was used for agricultural purposes by the inhabitants of the nearby villages. The lake covers an area from 25% to about 45% of the surface area of the site depending on the season, but it may even be totally drained. From the rest of the area around the lake occur coniferous forest in the higher altitudes, phrygana broad-leaved formations rocky ecosytems and the remaining is under cultivation.

4.2 Quality and importance

The area is very important for resting and nesting birds, especially migratory species. Amongst the various elements of the bird-fauna the threatened ("Vulnerable") heron Ardea purpurea is particularly noteworthy. The area in question is used for fish-farming, and could also be used for scientific, educational and recreational purposes. According to the available data, only some fish, amphibian and reptilian taxa are known to occur in this site.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
LA04.01o
HA06.01b
HA07b
HA08b
MA10.01b
MC03.03b
HJ02.04I
HJ03.01.01b
ML09b
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
LUb

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

4.4 Ownership (optional)


No information provided

4.5 Documentation (optional)

1)Vasilakis, K., Panayotopoulou, M. & Tsakona, G. (1994), Important Areas for the Birds of Greece. An introduction to important biotopes of Greece, Hellenic Ornithological Society , ISBN: 9608559707 2)Vlachos Ch., Chatzinikos E., Kiousis D., Dimou P., Bontzorlos V., Dedousopoulou E., Braziotis S., Xenos A., Stefanou L. Birtsas P., Vlachaki D. and Kontos K. (version Coordinators) 2015. Updated version of the descriptive database of the Natura 2000 network of the Study 9 «Monitoring and Evaluation of Bird Species Conservation Status in Greece» Ministry of Environment, Energy and Climate Change, Athens, Partnership Consulting Firms" "F.FASOULAS-N.MANTZIOS" EU - RODOULA GEORGE KONSTANTINIDOU - "ATH.TZAKOPOULOS AND Co." EU ", Thessaloniki.3)NATURA 2000 Network descriptive & geographical database (2012). http://www.ypeka.gr/Default.aspxtabid=432&language=el-GR

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level (optional):

Code Cover [%]
GR9585.58

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites (optional):

Designated at national or regional level:

Type code Site name Type Cover [%]
GR95Limni Stymfalia - Apelevro oros Dimou Stymfalias Korinthias kai Koinotitas Aleas Argolidas*85.58

5.3 Site designation (optional)


No information provided

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.1 Body(ies) responsible for the site management:

Organisation:FOREST DIRECTORATE OF KORINTHOS
Address:
Email:

6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

Yes
No, but in preparation
X
No

6.3 Conservation measures (optional)


No information provided

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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SITE DISPLAY