Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

B

1.2 Site code

GR2530003

1.3 Site name

AKROKORINTHOS

1.4 First Compilation date

1995-02

1.5 Update date

2016-12

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Υπουργείο Περιβάλλοντος και Ενέργειας
Address:               
Email:

1.7 Site indication and designation / classification dates

Date site proposed as SCI:1997-04
Date site confirmed as SCI:2006-09
Date site designated as SAC:2011-03
National legal reference of SAC designation:Law 3937/29-3-11 (OJ 60 A)

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:22.865556
Latitude:37.880556

2.2 Area [ha]

601.5900

2.3 Marine area [%]

0.0000

2.4 Sitelength [km]:

0.00

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
GR25Peloponnisos

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Mediterranean (0.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.1 Habitat types present on the site and assessment for them

Annex I Habitat types Site assessment
Code PF NP Cover [ha] Cave [number] Data quality A|B|C|D A|B|C
      RepresentativityRelative SurfaceConservationGlobal
5420  info      298.532  0.00 
8210  info      53.6341  0.00 
9540  info      30.7551  0.00 
  • PF: for the habitat types that can have a non-priority as well as a priority form (6210, 7130, 9430) enter "X" in the column PF to indicate the priority form.
  • NP: in case that a habitat type no longer exists in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Cover: decimal values can be entered
  • Caves: for habitat types 8310, 8330 (caves) enter the number of caves if estimated surface is not available.
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation)

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover
N0856.83
N1540.74
N170.01
N222.42

Total Habitat Cover

100

Other Site Characteristics

The area of Akrokorinthos geologically belongs to the ancient areas of Peloponnisos similar to those of Mts. Parnon and Taygetos. The area consists of a hill with an altitude of 574m, mainly of hard calcareous substrate, forming steep slopes rich in chasmophytic vegetation. Near the top of this rocky formation a Venetian castle is present, and at the top the ruins of an ancient Greek temple exist.

4.2 Quality and importance

The area is of great archaeological interest since it is combined with the antiquities of Ancient Korinthos. It is an area of natural beauty and hosts a number of Greek endemic plant taxa with the most important being Stachys virgata which is a very rare taxon also mentioned for Argolida but not found recently. This taxon should be given special treatment since it may be about to face extinction.Other Important amphibian and reptile taxa are known to occur in the area (section 3.3). The lizard Podarcis peloponnesiaca is Greek endemic (motivation B). All these taxa are protected by the Bern Convention therefore receiving motivation C while all but two (Ophisaurus apodus and Typhlops vermicularis) are protected by the Greek Presidential Decree 67/1981 as well, and these are allocated motivation D. The same motivation, D, is given to the following taxa for additional reasons: the toad Bufo viridis is mentioned in the handbook of the CORINE-Biotopes Project, the legless lizard Ophiomorus punctatissimus shows the westernmost part of its generally rather restricted area of distribution in Peloponnisos. In conclusion, the presently available data indicate that an interesting herpetofauna lives in this site, characterized by both endemic and geographically restricted taxa. The invertebrate species listed in section 3.3 with motivation C are protected by the Bern Convention.The invertebrate species listed in sections 3.3 with motivation D are protected by the Greek Presidential Decree 67/1981. Pieris krueperi is also included in the IUCN Red List.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
MA08i
LE03.03i
ME06.01I
ME06.02I
MG01.04.03I
MG05.04I
MG05.07I
MG05.09I
HJ03.01.01b
LK03.06i
LK05i
LL09i
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
LUb

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code Cover [%]
GR00100.00

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

Yes
No, but in preparation
X
No

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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SITE DISPLAY