Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

B

1.2 Site code

GR2550005

1.3 Site name

THINES KYPARISSIAS (NEOCHORI - KYPARISSIA)

1.4 First Compilation date

1995-04

1.5 Update date

2016-12

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Υπουργείο Περιβάλλοντος και Ενέργειας
Address:               
Email:

1.7 Site indication and designation / classification dates

Date site proposed as SCI:1997-04
Date site confirmed as SCI:2006-09
Date site designated as SAC:2011-03
National legal reference of SAC designation:Law 3937/29-3-11 (OJ 60 A)

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:21.678611
Latitude:37.268333

2.2 Area [ha]

1290.0700

2.3 Marine area [%]

0.0000

2.4 Sitelength [km]:

0.00

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
GR23Dytiki Ellada
GR25Peloponnisos

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Mediterranean (0.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.1 Habitat types present on the site and assessment for them

Annex I Habitat types Site assessment
Code PF NP Cover [ha] Cave [number] Data quality A|B|C|D A|B|C
      RepresentativityRelative SurfaceConservationGlobal
1210  info      5.0975  0.00 
1240  info      6.70287  0.00 
2110  info      93.174  0.00 
2120  info      0.00         
2220  info      0.00         
2250  info  X     23.7173  0.00 
2260  info      13.8201  0.00 
2270  info  X     92.728  0.00 
5210  info      6.40904  0.00 
92A0  info      0.00         
92C0  info      0.372154  0.00 
92D0  info      11.0749  0.00 
9320  info      18.2031  0.00 
9340  info      0.395122  0.00 
9540  info      8.63162  0.00 
  • PF: for the habitat types that can have a non-priority as well as a priority form (6210, 7130, 9430) enter "X" in the column PF to indicate the priority form.
  • NP: in case that a habitat type no longer exists in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Cover: decimal values can be entered
  • Caves: for habitat types 8310, 8330 (caves) enter the number of caves if estimated surface is not available.
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation)

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover
N0421.60
N050.12
N060.01
N1560.17
N1712.97
N182.53
N232.60

Total Habitat Cover

100.00000000000003

Other Site Characteristics

This site is a part of the Western Peloponnisos coastline, where very favourable ecological conditions for sand-dune development prevail. The coasts of the examined site of Western Peloponnisos, more than anywhere else along the Greek coasts, are exposed to open sea and consequently to the prevailing SW winds that cause sand-dune formation. Nearly all the soils of the area investigated belong to the sandy soil class, resulting from physical rock weathering. They consist of small angular fragments derived from rock which are later transported by wind or water. The landscape of this site is composed of the following units: Ammophilous ammonitrophilous vegetation of low and high sand-dunes, phrygana and macquis vegetation, P. halepensis forests on sandy substrate and other landscape units such as cultivated land, villages, etc. The height of the sand-dunes of the examined site ranges from 1 to 8 (-10) m above sea-level and, depending on their height and the presence of humus and plant remains, various plant associations and other syntaxa occur, for example: Agropyretum mediterraneum, Ammophiletum arrundinaceae, Cakiletea maritimae, Euphorbia terracina-Silene nicaeensis. A more or less distinct zonal pattern can be observed from the sea to the inland, i.e., a strip of sand, followed by low sand dunes, and high sand dunes, with ammophilous vegetation, then high sand dunes with Pinus halepensis forests.

4.2 Quality and importance

The main ecological value of this site is due to the sand-dune ecosystems. In Greece, sand dune ecosystems are decreasing in number and area, and in some cases have disappeared altogether. On these coasts of the Western Peloponnese, well-developed sand-dune formations still survive. The presence of well-structured coastal Alepo pine forests at a distance of not more than 100-200m from the sea growing on the top of high stabilized sand-dune formations, is of high aesthetic value. The mosaic of vegetation in this site is fairly unique, and it is representative of well-preserved sand-dune ecosystems, in Greece. Pancratium maritimum is included in Section 3.3 with the motivation D since it is a species whose populations have been considerably reduced along the Greek coasts. In some of the documented localities of this taxon reported by many investigators of the hellenic flora, it is no longer present. The zoological importance of this site is assessed by the fact that it is considered one of the most significant nesting beaches for the sea turtle Caretta caretta in Greece and in the eastern Mediterranean. Indeed, for the part of beach lying between the estuaries of the rivers Nedas and Arkadikos (about 10km in length), a significant nest production rate of 228-700 nests per reproductive season has been reported (a beach is considered as an important nesting area for Caretta caretta if it shows mean values of nesting density higher than 5 nests/km/season). This turtle is a priority species in the Directive 92/43/E.E.C. and also a threatened animal (threat category: "Endangered"). Among the remaining taxa evaluated as Other Important (section 3.3) there are some Greek endemic lizard species. All taxa are protected by the Bern Convention, and are therefore marked with the C motivation, while all except Vipera ammodytes are also protected by Greek legislation (Presidential Decree 67/1981) and so receive motivation D. Rana dalmatina and Natrix tessellata are additionally indicated by D since they are mentioned in the handbook of the CORINE-Biotopes Project. Similarly, the legless lizard Ophiomorus punctatissimus also obtains the D motivation since the former taxon shows the westernmost end of its distribution area (covering southern Greece and southwestern Turkey only) in Peloponnisos, and the latter taxon since it is an endemic element of the SW Balkans. The invertebrate species listed in section 3.3 with motivation C are protected by the Bern Convention. The invertebrate species listed in section 3.3 with motivation D are protected by the Greek Presidential Decree 67/1981. This area includes one of the most important nesting sites of Caretta caretta turtle in Greece and in the eastern Mediterranean.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
MA01I
HA01o
HA01i
MA04o
LB01.02i
LC01.01i
HC01.01i
MD01.02i
MD01.03i
MEi
LE04i
LF03.01i
HF03.02.05o
MF05.01o
LG01.03i
HG01.03.02i
MG02.08i
HG02.08i
MG02.10i
LG05i
LG05.01i
MG05.04i
LG05.05i
LG05.11o
MH03.03o
MH06.01i
MH06.02i
MI02i
LJ01i
MJ01o
HJ03.01.01b
HK03.04i
HL08i
LM01.01i
MXEo
MXOo
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code Cover [%]
GR00100.00

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

Yes
No, but in preparation
X
No

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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SITE DISPLAY