Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

B

1.2 Site code

GR2550006

1.3 Site name

OROS TAYGETOS SPILAIO TRACHILAS SPILAIO VATSINIDI

1.4 First Compilation date

1994-10

1.5 Update date

2020-07

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Υπουργείο Περιβάλλοντος και Ενέργειας
Address:               
Email:

1.7 Site indication and designation / classification dates

Date site proposed as SCI:1996-08
Date site confirmed as SCI:2006-09
Date site designated as SAC:2011-03
National legal reference of SAC designation:Law 3937/29-3-11 (OJ 60 A)

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:22.324759
Latitude:36.944826

2.2 Area [ha]

53688.4800

2.3 Marine area [%]

0.0000

2.4 Sitelength [km]:

0.00

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
GR25Peloponnisos

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Mediterranean (0.00 %) Mediterranean (0.00 %) Mediterranean (0.00 %)
Mediterranean (0.00 %) Mediterranean (0.00 %) Mediterranean (0.00 %)
Mediterranean (0.00 %) Mediterranean (0.00 %) Mediterranean (0.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.1 Habitat types present on the site and assessment for them

Annex I Habitat types Site assessment
Code PF NP Cover [ha] Cave [number] Data quality A|B|C|D A|B|C
      RepresentativityRelative SurfaceConservationGlobal
4090  info      4019.43  0.00 
5420  info      7831.5  0.00 
6230  info  X     4.61843  0.00 
7220  info  X     0.00         
8140  info      20.7171  0.00 
8210  info      325.772  0.00 
8310  info      3.00           
91M0  info      1798.99  0.00 
92C0  info      240.448  0.00 
9340  info      2018.78  0.00 
9530  info  X     6890.03  0.00 
9540  info      57.0296  0.00       
  • PF: for the habitat types that can have a non-priority as well as a priority form (6210, 7130, 9430) enter "X" in the column PF to indicate the priority form.
  • NP: in case that a habitat type no longer exists in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Cover: decimal values can be entered
  • Caves: for habitat types 8310, 8330 (caves) enter the number of caves if estimated surface is not available.
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation)

3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
I1088Cerambyx cerdo           
P1786Crepis crocifolia    1850  2400   
R1279Elaphe quatuorlineata          DD   
I6199Euplagia quadripunctaria          DD   
P6927Himantoglossum jankae    55  55   
I1083Lucanus cervus           
M1355Lutra lutra           
I6966Osmoderma eremita Complex           
R1217Testudo hermanni    501  1000   
R1218Testudo marginata    1001  10000   
R6095Zamenis situla          DD   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

Species

Population in the site

Motivation

Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
Abies cephalonica                   
1276Ablepharus kitaibelii                   
1276Ablepharus kitaibelii                   
1276Ablepharus kitaibelii                   
Acantholimon echinus ssp. echinus                   
Achillea umbellata                   
1258Algyroides moreoticus                   
1258Algyroides moreoticus                   
1258Algyroides moreoticus                   
1258Algyroides moreoticus                   
Allium gomphrenoides                   
Alyssum taygeteum                   
Amelanchier chelmea                   
Anguis cephallonica                   
Anguis cephallonica                   
Anthemis brachmannii                   
Anthemis cretica ssp. cretica                   
Anthemis laconica                   
Aquilegia ottonis ssp. taygetea                   
Arabis subflava                   
Asperula aristata ssp. thessala                   
Asperula aristata ssp. thessala                   
Asperula boryana                   
Asperula taygetea                   
Astragalus taygeteus                   
Athamanta arachnoidea                   
Athamanta arachnoidea                   
Beta nana                   
Biarum spruneri                   
Bolanthus laconicus                   
2361Bufo bufo                   
2361Bufo bufo                   
6997Bufotes viridis                   
6997Bufotes viridis                   
6997Bufotes viridis                   
Campanula papillosa                   
Campanula papillosa                   
Campanula radicosa                   
Campanula stenosiphon                   
Campanula topaliana ssp. cordifolia                   
1353Canis aureus    16                 
1353Canis aureus    16               
Centaurea raphanina ssp. mixta                   
Cerastium candidissimum                   
Cerastium pedunculare                   
Cirsium hypopsilum                   
Colchicum parlatoris                   
Crepis heldreichiana                   
Crepis heldreichiana                   
Crocus boryi                   
Crocus niveus                   
Crocus sieberi ssp. nivalis                   
Dianthus biflorus                   
Dianthus serratifolius ssp. abbreviatus                   
1342Dryomys nitedula                   
1342Dryomys nitedula                   
1342Dryomys nitedula                   
Echinops sphaerocephalus ssp. taygeteus                   
1327Eptesicus serotinus                   
1327Eptesicus serotinus                   
1327Eptesicus serotinus                   
Erodium chrysanthum                   
Erysimum pectinatum                   
Erysimum pusillum                   
1277Eryx jaculus                   
1277Eryx jaculus                   
1277Eryx jaculus                   
Fritillaria graeca                   
Galanthus reginae-olgae ssp. reginae-olgae                   
Galium peloponnesiacum                   
Genista halacsyi                   
Geocaryum peloponnesiacum                   
Geum coccineum                   
Gypsophila nana                   
Helianthemum hymettium                   
6079Hellenolacerta graeca                   
6079Hellenolacerta graeca                   
Hemidactylus turcicus                   
Hemidactylus turcicus                   
Heptaptera colladonioides                   
Hieracium chalasinense                   
5669Hierophis gemonensis                   
5669Hierophis gemonensis                   
1203Hyla arborea                   
1203Hyla arborea                   
1203Hyla arborea                   
Hymenonema laconicum                   
Hypericum vesiculosum                   
5365Hypsugo savii    30  500             
5365Hypsugo savii    30  500             
5365Hypsugo savii    30  500             
Inula verbascifolia ssp. methanea                   
Jurinea taygetea                   
Jurinea taygetea                   
1251Lacerta trilineata                   
1251Lacerta trilineata                   
1251Lacerta trilineata                   
Lithodora zahnii                   
Lysimachia serpyllifolia                   
6958Mediodactylus kotschyi                   
6958Mediodactylus kotschyi                   
6958Mediodactylus kotschyi                   
Minuartia confusa                   
Minuartia juniperina                   
Minuartia pichleri                   
Minuartia stellata                   
1341Muscardinus avellanarius                   
1341Muscardinus avellanarius                   
1341Muscardinus avellanarius                   
Natrix natrix                   
Natrix natrix                   
Nepeta camphorata                   
Nonea cesatiana                   
1331Nyctalus leisleri                   
1331Nyctalus leisleri                   
1331Nyctalus leisleri                   
1312Nyctalus noctula                   
1312Nyctalus noctula                   
1312Nyctalus noctula                   
Odontites linkii ssp. linkii                   
Onosma leptantha                   
1271Ophiomorus punctatissimus                   
1271Ophiomorus punctatissimus                   
1271Ophiomorus punctatissimus                   
1269Ophisaurus apodus                   
1269Ophisaurus apodus                   
1269Ophisaurus apodus                   
Origanum lirium                   
Origanum scabrum                   
Origanum scabrum                   
Ornithogalum prasinantherum                   
Orobanche baumanniorum                   
Paeonia mascula ssp. hellenica                   
Paronychia albanica ssp.graeca                   
2016Pipistrellus kuhlii                   
2016Pipistrellus kuhlii                   
2016Pipistrellus kuhlii                   
1309Pipistrellus pipistrellus                   
1309Pipistrellus pipistrellus                   
1309Pipistrellus pipistrellus                   
5009Pipistrellus pygmaeus    10  500             
5009Pipistrellus pygmaeus    10  500             
5009Pipistrellus pygmaeus    10  500             
6092Platyceps najadum                   
6092Platyceps najadum                   
6092Platyceps najadum                   
Poa thessala                   
1256Podarcis muralis                   
1256Podarcis muralis                   
1256Podarcis muralis                   
1254Podarcis peloponnesiaca                   
1254Podarcis peloponnesiaca                   
1254Podarcis peloponnesiaca                   
1254Podarcis peloponnesiaca                   
Polygala cristagalli                   
Polygonum idaeum                   
1209Rana dalmatina                   
1209Rana dalmatina                   
1209Rana dalmatina                   
1208Rana graeca                   
1208Rana graeca                   
1208Rana graeca                   
Ranunculus subhomophyllus                   
Rhamnus sibthorpianus                   
Rindera graeca                   
2351Salamandra salamandra                   
2351Salamandra salamandra                   
Saxifraga sibthorpii                   
Scabiosa crenata ssp. breviscapa                   
Scaligeria moreana                   
Scilla messeniaca                   
Scilla reuteri                   
Scrophularia taygetea                   
Scutellaria rubicunda ssp. rupestris                   
Sideritis clandestina ssp. clandestina                   
Silene congesta ssp. moreana                   
Silene integripetala                   
Silene radicosa ssp. radicosa                   
Silene taygetea                   
Stachys candida                   
Stachys canescens                   
1333Tadarida teniotis    10  500             
1333Tadarida teniotis    10  500             
1333Tadarida teniotis    10  500             
1289Telescopus fallax                   
1289Telescopus fallax                   
1289Telescopus fallax                   
Teucrium aroanium                   
Teucrium aroanium                   
Thamnosciadium junceum                   
Thlaspi graecum                   
Thymus leucotrichus                   
Trifolium parnassii                   
Trinia frigida                   
Tulipa orphanidea                   
Typhlops vermicularis                   
Typhlops vermicularis                   
Verbascum acaule                   
Verbascum daenzeri                   
Verbascum epixanthinum                   
Verbascum speciosum ssp. megaphlomos                   
Veronica thymifolia                   
Viola chelmea                   
Viola sfikasiana                   
1295Vipera ammodytes                   
1295Vipera ammodytes                   
1295Vipera ammodytes                   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover
N0827.66
N090.01
N1511.39
N161.04
N1735.42
N1821.89
N222.13
N230.46

Total Habitat Cover

100.00000000000001

Other Site Characteristics

Oros Taigetos is a mountain range including the highest peaks of Peloponnisos (2407 m). Geologically, it is a continuation of the Gavrovo-Tripoli zone composed of phyllites, plated limestones and flysch. Together with mountain range of Parnonas it is the oldest area of Peloponnissos. Its length is about 40 km and its southern limits touch Mt. Sangias while the northern one is the Langada gorge. The forest present on the mountain is mainly composed of Pinus nigra ssp. pallasiana and the Greek fir Abies cephalonica.

4.2 Quality and importance

Mt.Taigetos includes a large variety of biotopes offering shelter in many Greek endemic plant taxa, some of these being locally endemic to Taigetos. Taxa referred in paragraph 3.3 (D) are Balkan endemics or have scattered populations in Greece and surrounding countries. A new genus is mentioned. The above taxa have not yet been included in any Red Data Book despite their small populations and their vulnerability and variety, which place them in the category of "Endangered" taxa. The non-bird vertebrate fauna of this site is quite distinct since it is abundant and diverse, including both rare and threatened taxa. Some reptiles living in this site are listed in Annex II of the Directive 92/43/EEC (section 3.2). Moreover, many vertebrate taxa recorded in this site are evaluated as Other Important Taxa according to the motivation system used in sections 3.3. One of these taxa, the jackal, Canis aureus, is mentioned in the Greek Red Data Book under the threat category "Vulnerable" (motivation A). Some other taxa are endemic to Greece (motivation B). The great majority of the important taxa are mentioned in the Bern Convention and/or the Greek Presidential Decree 67/1981 (motivations C and D, respectively). Many other taxa are marked by D for a number of additional reasons, namely: the legless lizard Ophiomorus punctatissimus, which occurs in a relatively small area of Greece where the species shows the westernmost end of its distribution range. Finally, specific taxa (Bufo viridis, Rana dalmatina, Ablepharus kitaibelii and Felis silvestris) are additionally marked with D since they have already been evaluated by the CORINE-Biotope Project. The invertebrate species listed in sections 3.3 with motivation D are protected by the Greek Presidential Decree 67/1981. Cave Trachilas: Hosts at least five bat species of Annex II of the Directive 92/43 (500 Myotis blythii, 500 Miniopterus schreibersii, 100 Myotis emarginatus, 100 Rhinolophus euryale, 100 Rhinolophus ferrumequinum) and is among the 20 most important bat colonies in Greece. Cave Vatsinidi: hosts at least four species of bats of Annex II to Directive 92/43 (200 Miniopterus schreibersii, 10 Rhinolophus euryale, 10 Rhinolophus ferrumequinum, Rhinolophus blasii).

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
MF03.02.03b
LUb
MA04.02i
HF03.02i
LK04.03i
MK04.01i
MA10.01b
ML09b
LK05i
LXb
MJ01.01i
MG01.04.02i
MG05.07i
MG01.04.03i
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
LUb

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code Cover [%]
GR953.08

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites:

Designated at national or regional level:

Type code Site name Type Cover [%]
GR95Agios Ioannis - Agios Georios periochi Lada, Karveliou, Artemisias Dimou Kalamatas*1.63
GR95Ntoumpitsia (Exochoriou)*1.45

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.1 Body(ies) responsible for the site management:

Organisation:MANAGEMENT BODY OF ETHNIKOS DRYMOS PARNITHAS
Address:
Email:

6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

Yes
No, but in preparation
X
No

6.3 Conservation measures (optional)

Management plan for the National Forest Park - 1996.

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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SITE DISPLAY