Database release:

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)



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1.1 Type


1.2 Site code


1.3 Site name


1.4 First Compilation date


1.5 Update date


1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Υπουργείο Περιβάλλοντος και Ενέργειας

1.7 Site indication and designation / classification dates

Date site classified as SPA:2001-10
National legal reference of SPA designationJMD HP 37338/1807/E103/6-9-2010 (OJ 1495 B)


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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:


2.2 Area [ha]


2.3 Marine area [%]


2.4 Sitelength [km] (optional):

No information provided

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Mediterranean (0.00 %)


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3.1 Habitat types present on the site and assessment for them

No habitat types are reported for the site

3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
BA168Actitis hypoleucos    150  150   
BA168Actitis hypoleucos          DD 
BA247Alauda arvensis          DD     
BA229Alcedo atthis          DD 
BA229Alcedo atthis          DD 
BA229Alcedo atthis    80  80   
BA054Anas acuta    1000  1000   
BA052Anas crecca          DD 
BA052Anas crecca    1000  1000   
BA053Anas platyrhynchos    130  130   
BA053Anas platyrhynchos    40  50   
BA053Anas platyrhynchos    173  173   
BA255Anthus campestris          DD 
BA255Anthus campestris          DD 
BA226Apus apus          DD 
BA226Apus apus          DD 
BA028Ardea cinerea    200  200   
BA028Ardea cinerea    10  12   
BA028Ardea cinerea    600  600   
BA059Aythya ferina    2500  2500   
BA061Aythya fuligula         
BA215Bubo bubo     
BA133Burhinus oedicnemus     
BA087Buteo buteo          DD 
BA087Buteo buteo          DD 
BA243Calandrella brachydactyla          DD 
BA243Calandrella brachydactyla          DD 
BA144Calidris alba          DD 
BA144Calidris alba    20  20   
BA149Calidris alpina          DD 
BA149Calidris alpina    50  50   
BA147Calidris ferruginea    2000  2000   
BA145Calidris minuta    2000  2000   
BA145Calidris minuta          DD 
BA861Calidris pugnax    10000  10000   
BA146Calidris temminckii          DD 
BA224Caprimulgus europaeus          DD 
BA727Charadrius (Eudromias) morinellus          DD 
BA138Charadrius alexandrinus          DD 
BA138Charadrius alexandrinus    100  100   
BA138Charadrius alexandrinus    14  16   
BA137Charadrius hiaticula          DD 
BA137Charadrius hiaticula    50  50   
BA198Chlidonias leucopterus    100  100   
BA080Circaetus gallicus     
BA082Circus cyaneus          DD 
BA082Circus cyaneus     
BA083Circus macrourus          DD 
BA083Circus macrourus          DD 
BA859Clanga clanga          DD     
BA113Coturnix coturnix          DD     
BA113Coturnix coturnix          DD     
BA122Crex crex          DD     
BA038Cygnus cygnus          DD 
BA738Delichon urbicum (urbica)          DD     
BA738Delichon urbicum (urbica)          DD     
BA026Egretta garzetta    250  250   
BA026Egretta garzetta    2000  2000   
BA026Egretta garzetta    10  20   
BA447Emberiza caesia          DD 
BA379Emberiza hortulana          DD       
BA098Falco columbarius          DD     
BA100Falco eleonorae          DD 
BA103Falco peregrinus     
BA097Falco vespertinus    200  200   
BA321Ficedula albicollis          DD 
BA320Ficedula parva          DD     
BA125Fulica atra    20  20   
BA125Fulica atra    3000  3000   
BA153Gallinago gallinago          DD 
BA002Gavia arctica     
BA131Himantopus himantopus    40  50   
BA131Himantopus himantopus    400  400   
BA439Hippolais olivetorum          DD 
BA251Hirundo rustica    90  100       
BA251Hirundo rustica    50000  50000       
BA862Hydrocoloeus minutus          DD     
BA862Hydrocoloeus minutus          DD     
BA022Ixobrychus minutus     
BA022Ixobrychus minutus          DD 
BA233Jynx torquilla          DD 
BA233Jynx torquilla          DD 
BA338Lanius collurio          DD     
BA338Lanius collurio          DD     
BA339Lanius minor          DD 
BA339Lanius minor          DD 
BA182Larus canus          DD     
BA179Larus ridibundus          DD   
BA179Larus ridibundus    600  600     
BA157Limosa lapponica     
BA156Limosa limosa    500  500   
BA246Lullula arborea          DD     
BA855Mareca penelope    500  600   
BA069Mergus serrator     
BA875Microcarbo pygmaeus          DD       
BA260Motacilla flava          DD 
BA260Motacilla flava          DD 
BA768Numenius arquata arquata    600  600   
BA768Numenius arquata arquata    20  20   
BA023Nycticorax nycticorax    250  250   
BA094Pandion haliaetus    35  35   
BA094Pandion haliaetus     
BA355Passer hispaniolensis          DD 
BA072Pernis apivorus    50  50   
BA392Phalacrocorax aristotelis desmarestii          DD 
BA391Phalacrocorax carbo sinensis    321  321   
BA391Phalacrocorax carbo sinensis    30  40   
BA663Phoenicopterus roseus    464  464   
BA663Phoenicopterus roseus    417  417   
BA140Pluvialis apricaria          DD 
BA140Pluvialis apricaria          DD 
BA141Pluvialis squatarola          DD 
BA141Pluvialis squatarola    40  40   
BA005Podiceps cristatus    10  10       
BA008Podiceps nigricollis    30  30   
BA119Porzana porzana          DD 
BA249Riparia riparia    60000  60000   
BA249Riparia riparia    130  140   
BA193Sterna hirundo          DD 
BA885Sternula albifrons          DD 
BA210Streptopelia turtur          DD 
BA210Streptopelia turtur          DD 
BA440Sylvia rueppelli          DD 
BA440Sylvia rueppelli          DD 
BA228Tachymarptis melba          DD 
BA161Tringa erythropus    300  300   
BA166Tringa glareola    11000  11000   
BA164Tringa nebularia    400  400   
BA164Tringa nebularia          DD 
BA165Tringa ochropus    150  150   
BA165Tringa ochropus          DD 
BA163Tringa stagnatilis    500  500   
BA162Tringa totanus          DD 
BA162Tringa totanus          DD 
BA162Tringa totanus    600  600   
BA892Zapornia parva          DD 
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)


Population in the site


Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
A143Calidris canutus                   
A143Calidris canutus                   
A143Calidris canutus                   
A136Charadrius dubius    500  500             
A136Charadrius dubius    10  10             
A136Charadrius dubius    10  10             
A136Charadrius dubius    500  500             
A136Charadrius dubius    500  500             
A136Charadrius dubius    10  10             
A207Columba oenas                   
A207Columba oenas                   
A207Columba oenas                   
A687Columba palumbus palumbus                   
A687Columba palumbus palumbus                   
A489Larus fuscus all others                   
A489Larus fuscus all others                   
A066Melanitta fusca               
A066Melanitta fusca               
A066Melanitta fusca               
A058Netta rufina               
A058Netta rufina               
A058Netta rufina               
A158Numenius phaeopus    10  10             
A158Numenius phaeopus    10  10             
A158Numenius phaeopus    10  10             
A435Oenanthe isabellina                   
A435Oenanthe isabellina                   
A004Tachybaptus ruficollis    10  10             
A004Tachybaptus ruficollis    30  30             
A004Tachybaptus ruficollis    30  30             
A004Tachybaptus ruficollis    30  30             
A004Tachybaptus ruficollis    10  10             
A004Tachybaptus ruficollis    10  10             
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons


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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover

Total Habitat Cover


Other Site Characteristics

The site is located in the soutwestern part of Peloponnisos. The western part of the bay is closed by the elongated island of Sfaktiria which has an orientation parallel to that of the opposite coast. This island is hilly, with a height of 106m, and has a calcareous substrate. A very characteristic vegetation of Juniperus phoenicea mixed with Euphorbia dendroides, Ruta chalepensis, Phlomis fruticosa and other phrygana species exists on this island. The entrance to the bay is at the southern edge of the site, and is partly, closed by the islet of Pylos, almost opposite the small town of the same name. To the north-west of the site, the coastal lagoon "Divari" of Pylos or of Gialova is situated. This is a shallow, brackish lake (with marshes), partly drying up in the summer. Around the lake, formations of mud- and sand-flats occur, mixed with salt marshes and salt forest of Tamarix species. Cliffs and rocky shores are present at the north of the lagoon, and give the appearance of being a continuation of the island of Sfaktiria. Well-developed sand-dunes occur between the lagoon and the sea-shore, and here healthy formations of Juniperus phoenicea and Platanus sp. grow..

4.2 Quality and importance

This is an important site for wintering and passage waterbirds. Species of concern include: Egretta garzetta, Egretta alba, Plegadis falcinellus, Glareola pratincola, Tringa stagnatilis, Tringa glareola and Gelochelidon nilotica.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

4.4 Ownership (optional)

No information provided

4.5 Documentation (optional)

1)Πορτόλου, Δ., Μπουρδάκης, Σ., Βλάχος, Χ., Καστρίτης, Θ. & Δημαλέξης, Τ. (επιμ.), (2009), Οι Σημαντικές Περιοχές για τα Πουλιά της Ελλάδας: Περιοχές Προτεραιότητας για τη Διατήρηση της Βιοποικιλότητας, Ελληνική Ορνιθολογική Εταιρεία, Αθήνα, ISBN: 978960 & Βλάχος, Χ., ISBN: 97896068611302)Handrinos, G. & Akriotis, T., (1997), The Birds of Greece, Christopher HELM publishers, A & C Black, London, ISBN: 07136392963)Vlachos, C., Thomaidis, C., Birtsas, P., Paralykidis, N., Karabatzakis, Th., Logothetis, G., Christoforidou, G., Giapis, A., Α., Ricci, J.C., Triplet, P. & Czajkowski, A. (2014), Data on the population, migration, game harvest and conservation degree of game species. Projects "ARTEMIS" (1995-2013) and "Phenology of Bird Migration in Greece" (2005 - present day) 4)Handrinos, G. & Akriotis, T., (2004), Recapture of ringed birds (1985-2004), Hellenic Bird Ringing Centre, ISBN: 96088507035)Καρδακάρη, Ν. (επιμ), (2000), Τα πουλιά στο Διβάρι της Μεσσηνίας: αναφορά στην ορνιθοπανίδα της σημαντικής για τα πουλιά περιοχής Λιμνοθάλασσα Γιάλοβα και νήσος Σφακτηρία, Ελληνική Ορνιθολογική Εταρεία, ISBN: 960-86631-1-36) (20th April 2015) GBIF Occurrence Download, K., Panayotopoulou, M. & Tsakona, G. (1994), Important Areas for the Birds of Greece. An introduction to important biotopes of Greece, Hellenic Ornithological Society , ISBN: 9608559707 8)Vlachos Ch., Chatzinikos E., Kiousis D., Dimou P., Bontzorlos V., Dedousopoulou E., Braziotis S., Xenos A., Stefanou L. Birtsas P., Vlachaki D. and Kontos K. (version Coordinators) 2015. Updated version of the descriptive database of the Natura 2000 network of the Study 9 «Monitoring and Evaluation of Bird Species Conservation Status in Greece» Ministry of Environment, Energy and Climate Change, Athens, Partnership Consulting Firms" "F.FASOULAS-N.MANTZIOS" EU - RODOULA GEORGE KONSTANTINIDOU - "ATH.TZAKOPOULOS AND Co." EU ", Thessaloniki.9)NATURA 2000 Network descriptive & geographical database (2012).


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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level (optional):

Code Cover [%]

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites (optional):

Designated at national or regional level:

Type code Site name Type Cover [%]
GR95Limni Ntivari-Valtos (Pylou-Romanou)*61.80

5.3 Site designation (optional)

No information provided


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6.1 Body(ies) responsible for the site management:

No information provided

6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

No, but in preparation

6.3 Conservation measures (optional)

No information provided



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