Database release:

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)



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1.1 Type


1.2 Site code


1.3 Site name


1.4 First Compilation date


1.5 Update date


1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Υπουργείο Περιβάλλοντος και Ενέργειας

1.7 Site indication and designation / classification dates

Date site proposed as SCI:2002-07
Date site confirmed as SCI:2006-09
Date site designated as SAC:2011-03
National legal reference of SAC designation:Law 3937/29-3-11 (OJ 60 A)


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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:


2.2 Area [ha]


2.3 Marine area [%]


2.4 Sitelength [km] (optional):

No information provided

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Mediterranean (0.00 %) Marine Mediterranean (0.00 %)


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3.1 Habitat types present on the site and assessment for them

Annex I Habitat types Site assessment
Code PF NP Cover [ha] Cave [number] Data quality A|B|C|D A|B|C
      RepresentativityRelative SurfaceConservationGlobal
1110  info      79.3358  0.00 
1120  info  X     105.781  0.00 
1150  info  X     0.161706  0.00 
1170  info      0.00 
1210  info      0.00999987  0.00   
1240  info      6.14136  0.00 
1310  info      0.276115  0.00   
1410  info      359.117  0.00   
1420  info      11.4935  0.00   
2110  info      1.23449  0.00   
2250  info  X     0.0349021  0.00 
2260  info      6.00243  0.00   
2270  info  X     95.4146  0.00   
3150  info      14.2718  0.00   
3260  info      0.980353  0.00   
5210  info      186.115  0.00   
5330  info      11.709  0.00   
5420  info      0.147234  0.00 
8210  info      0.170081  0.00   
8310  info      1.00           
92D0  info      23.3266  0.00   
  • PF: for the habitat types that can have a non-priority as well as a priority form (6210, 7130, 9430) enter "X" in the column PF to indicate the priority form.
  • NP: in case that a habitat type no longer exists in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Cover: decimal values can be entered
  • Caves: for habitat types 8310, 8330 (caves) enter the number of caves if estimated surface is not available.
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation)

3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
R1227Chelonia mydas          DD         
R1220Emys orbicularis          DD 
R2373Mauremys rivulata          DD 
R1217Testudo hermanni          DD 
R1218Testudo marginata          DD 
R6095Zamenis situla          DD 
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)


Population in the site


Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
1276Ablepharus kitaibelii                   
1276Ablepharus kitaibelii                   
1276Ablepharus kitaibelii                   
Allium bourgeaui ssp. cycladicum                   
6302Anacamptis pyramidalis                   
6302Anacamptis pyramidalis                   
Anax imperator                   
Anchusella variegata                   
Anchusella variegata                   
6997Bufotes viridis                   
6997Bufotes viridis                   
6997Bufotes viridis                   
1274Chalcides ocellatus                   
1274Chalcides ocellatus                   
1274Chalcides ocellatus                   
Cyclamen hederifolium                   
1852Fritillaria obliqua                   
1852Fritillaria obliqua                   
5669Hierophis gemonensis                   
5669Hierophis gemonensis                   
Hipparchia aristaeus                   
5358Hyla arborea                   
5358Hyla arborea                   
5358Hyla arborea                   
1251Lacerta trilineata                   
1251Lacerta trilineata                   
1251Lacerta trilineata                   
Malcolmia graeca                   
6958Mediodactylus kotschyi                   
6958Mediodactylus kotschyi                   
6958Mediodactylus kotschyi                   
Melilotus graecus                   
1292Natrix tessellata                   
1292Natrix tessellata                   
1292Natrix tessellata                   
1269Ophisaurus apodus                   
1269Ophisaurus apodus                   
1269Ophisaurus apodus                   
Orchis laxiflora                   
Orchis laxiflora                   
1028Pinna nobilis                   
1028Pinna nobilis                   
1028Pinna nobilis                   
6092Platyceps najadum                   
6092Platyceps najadum                   
1849Ruscus aculeatus                     
Scorzonera crocifolia                   
Scorzonera crocifolia                   
Serapias parviflora                   
Serapias parviflora                   
1295Vipera ammodytes                   
1295Vipera ammodytes                   
1295Vipera ammodytes                   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons


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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover

Total Habitat Cover


Other Site Characteristics

The area is located at the NE part of Attiki, 40km from Athens, at Marathon plain and is fringed by the low-lying mountains of Karoumpalo, Pounta and Drakonera to the north-east. The central part of the site is covered by the remaining part of the once extensive Marathon wetland, which has been suffering from drainage works (canalization) since 1923. The slightly brackish Drakonera spring, located at the foothills of Drakonera hill, today features a reduced discharge evident only during wet periods. A sandy coastal zone extends from east to west at the southern part and Kynossoura peninsula delineates the south-eastern part. A longitudinal zone near Makaria spring of a total surface of 450ha at the western part of the wetland had been until 2004 occupied by a small airport. In 2004 the Olympic Rowing Center was constructed at the area formerly occupied by the airport. A USA military communication base of a total surface of 100 ha had been operating for several years at the central part of the wetland. The Schinias coastal zone consists of sandy-gravelly dunes of Olocene age. Northwards, the swamp area is covered by silty-clayey, and locally sandy, alluvial deposits of the same age. Eastwards, the Mytika’s and Drakonera’s hills consist of the upper-cretaceous marbles of Agia Marina, which are locally covered by scree and talus cones. The area belongs to the broader geographical region of Attiki, and shares its typical climatological conditions. The climate is Mediterranean, with prominent features the dry-hot summers and the mild-rainy winters. The atmosphere’s average annual temperature ranges from 16.5˚C to 19˚C. The coldest month of the year is January, while the hottest months are July and August. Annual precipitation averages around 378mm, while humidity ranges between 59% - 64%. Cloudy days average around 50 annually, while sunny days around 130, giving a total of 2,920 sunlight hours each year. Prior to 1923 the discharge of both Makaria and Drakonera springs had been providing the wetland with slightly brackish water, which was subsequently conducted to the sea via lake Stomi, that formed near the eastern coast of the site. It is estimated that Makaria spring alone had been supplying the wetland with 6-7 millions of cubic meters of water every year. Runoffs from the upstream mountain catchment had been an additional source of water. In order to convert the swamp to agricultural land a drainage channel was constructed in 1923 along the western border of the site. This channel was conducting the Makaria sping waters directly to the sea. Subsequently, a network of flood protection and drainage channels was constructed upstream the wetland, which also drove the flood waters directly into the sea. Secondary flood protection and drainage channels were embedded to that network during the 60’s and the 70’s in order to protect the military installations and the airport, which were meanwhile constructed inside the wetland area. As a result, the wetland’s freshwater supply was restricted to the precipitation received by the plain (which quantified for about 0,7 million of cubic meters of water annually), while at the same time it received significant quantities of sea water both subterraneously and through the superficial communication of Stomi lake. Consequently, the permanent salt lake of Stomi was converted to a seasonal pond and the wetland area shrunk significantly due to the dry conditions and the land reclamation that followed. The remaining wetland was flooded during the rainy season and dried up in the summer. It featured a variable salinity, with salty or brackish water generally dominating most of its parts and the fresh or slightly brackish element being restricted to a small area around Makaria spring, along a drainage ditch west of Drakonera hill and, to a lesser degree, along other drainage channels. The above described hydrological status and changes in land use shaped the former natural habitat type status of the wetland and influenced the site’s sandy coastal zone. As mentioned above, in 2004 the Olympic Rowing Center was constructed at the area formerly occupied by the airport. Inside the Olympic Rowing Centre two artificial water bodies were constructed. The water from Makaria spring is directed, through hydraulic constructions, to the Olympic complex water bodies and then channeled to the central wetland. The following have also taken place: the removal of the airport’s constructions and runway, removal of the idle military installation and area’s soil mitigation, the abolishment of an extensive network of telecommunication antenna mounting structures, which were fragmenting the biotope and heavily disturbing the wild fauna. The construction of the Olympic complex and the permanent presence of two water bodies, channeling fresh/brackish water to the wetland has benefited the National Park’s biodiversity. At least thirty-five bird species were favored, including the strictly protected Aythya nyroca. Furthermore it is observed that the surface area of reedbeds has noticeably increased. Halophytic vegetation occupies the central and most extensive part of the wetland, as a result of the heavy drainage activities and human pressure on the area during the past 80 years. Halophytic communities often form mosaics: salt meadows with Juncus (habitat type 1410) and salt scrubs are intermixed, giving way to glasswort swards (habitat type 1420) near Stomi lake, where the vegetation is established on a substrate of decomposing sea-grasses (mainly Posidonia oceanica). Juncus maritimus is the dominant species, while other characteristic species include Juncus heldreichianus, Limonium narbonense, Aster tripolium, Scirpoides holoshoenus, Scirpus littoralis, Bolboschoenus maritimus (=Scirpus maritimus), Puccinelia distans, Plantago crassifolia. The salt scrub is the main vegetation type, dominated by Sarcocornia perennis (at the lower sites) and Arthrocnemum macrostachyum (at the higher, better aerated sites), while other species participating are Puccinelia festuciformis, P. distans, Limoniun narbonense, L. virgatum, L. bellidifolium, Centaurium spicatum, Suaeda vera, Salsola soda, Atriplex portucaloides. Annual halophilous pioneer communities (habitat type 1310) with Cressa cretica develop along dry channel beds and sometimes in patches with increased salinity that remain inundated longer. Other Saginetea species, such as Spergularia salina, Parapholis incurve, P. filiformis, Salsola soda, appear among the salt scrub but rarely form representative communities. Reedbeds with Phragmites australis and Typha angustifolia (Corine 53.1) occupy chiefly parts of the central and north-western part of the wetland, with evidence that they are expanding. Tamarisk galleries (habitat type 92D0) develop at channel banks and at embankments throughout the wetland and notably at the main channel of Makaria spring with Tamarix tetrandra (mainly at the eastern part) and Tamarix hampeana (mainly at the western part). These two habitats form mosaics at the north-western part of the site. Freshwater aquatic habitats develop at Makaria spring and along its drainage channel. At stagnant waters at the small pond created at Makaria spring Magnopatamion vegetation with Potamogeton nodosus (habitat type 3150) occurs. Along the channel, at slow flowing points, there are floating communities of Apion nodiflori (habitat type 3260) with a benthic mat of Chara (habitat type 3140 is included in 3260). Close to the estuary the flow is not permanent and there develop Potamogeton pectinatus and Nasturtium officinale communities (habitat 3290). Typical communities of the habitat “Mediterranean temporary ponds” (habitat type 3170) have not been identified in the wetland. A single small patch of dwarf pioneer annuals characterized by Crassula sp. and Herniaria hirsute has been located at a road bank (SW part of the site) on sandy, temporarily water logged substrate. Also, small communities with Juncus bufonius, Poa annua, Plantago coronopus develop at small temporary ponds among the juniper matorral at the lower parts of Drakonera. These communities, with the participation of Isoeto-NanoJuncetea species, could be assigned as habitat vegetation (such as Juncus articulatus, Mentha pulegium, Serapias lingua, Centaurium pulchellum, Lotus angustissimus) have been reported from the site. The site’s coastal sandy part maintains successive zones of ammophilous habitats. At a zone of 50 meters from the sea there is only naked sand with loose driftline communities of Cakile maritime, Matthiola tricuspidata, Salsola kali (habitat type 1210), followed by ridges of low embryonic dunes (habitat type 2110) with Elytrigia juncea (=Elymus farctus), Eryngium maritimum, Medicago marina. Pseudorlaya pumila, Lotus halophilus, Allium staticiforme, Rhagadiolus stellatus, Silene colarara also participate in the ammophilous communities. To the western part, closer to the mouth of Makaria channel and in front of the Park’s inhabited zone the structure of the dunes is even more degraded. There develop ammophilous communities with Cyperus capitatus and Sporobolus pungens and a low dune front with Centaurea spinosa. Behind this zone and all along the coast there are low, stabilized dunes, forested with Pinus pinea at the western part and Pinus halepensis at the eastern part (the two pines intermix towards the center). The understory is composed of maquis species, mainly Pistacia lentiscus and also Quercus coccifera, Juniperus phoenicea, Myrtus communis, Rhamnus alaternus, Rubia peregrine, Ruscus aculeatus, Smilax aspera, Asparagus acutifolius and by phryganic species such as Helichrysum stoechas, Phagnalon graecum, Anthyllis hermaniae, Cistus incanus, C. salvifolius, Coridothymus capitatus. The herb layer includes species such as Cyclamen hederifolium, C. graecum, Ophrys lutea, Serapias lingua. A zone at the northern part of the Pinus pinea forest is covered by low to medium height matorral dominated by Pistacia lentiscus (habitat type 2260). Malcolmietalia annual grasslands (habitat type 2230) with dominance of Silene colorata, Anthemis tomentosa, Medicago littoralis, develop mainly at extended patches on mostly flat, stabilized sand of the rear dune at the western part of the site. In the more disturbed zone towards the wetland synanthropic grassland of Stellarietea mediae develops to the expense of the typical dune grassland. Isolated Juniperus oxycedrus ssp. macrocarpa individuals and small stands of Pinus pinea grow at these places. It should be noted that the dune therophytic grasslands of Malcolmietalia (2230) of the site, belonging to the synclass of Thero-Brachypodietea, were previously assigned as habitat type 6220, which is of similar floristic composition. However since these communities are part of the dune system, there are better described as habitat type 2230. In a narrow zone between the embryonic dunes and the forest there are small stands of Juniperus oxycedrus ssp. macrocarpa (habitat type 2250) with Pistacia lentiscus. Pistacia lentiscus formations in sand dunes consist habitat type 2260. These formations most probably constitute remnants of previously well-developed post dunal communities of the type found elsewhere in the Aegean. The Kynosoura peninsula is covered across its greatest part by maquis, medium to high, at places scattered but generally quite thick. Juniperus phoenicea (habitat type 5210) is dominant in most of the stands while other shrubs participating are Pistacia lentiscus, P. terebinthus, Ceratonia siliqua, Olea europaea ssp. oleaster, Ephedra foemina, Quercus coccifera, Rhamnus alaternus, Calicotome villosa, Prunus webbii, Prasium majus. In the herb layer and at openings a multitude of therophytes, grasses and geophytes develop, including the endemics Fritillaria obliqua and Scorzonera crocifolia, as well as some orchids. Phryganas Satureja Juliana, S. nervosa, S. graeca, Euphorbia acanthothamnos, H. stoechas, Phagnalon graecum, Coridothymus capitatus, Teucrium capitatum, T. divaricatum develop in the understory and at openings of the maquis mainly at the western part. At open rocky places with boulders, at the crest of the promontory and also at some slopes Euphorbia dendroides dominates the scrub, growing along with Anagyris foetida, Phlomis fruticosa, Ephedra foemina. At the same sites small chasmophytic communities with Asplenium cetarach, Cheilanthes acrostica, Cosentinia vellea, Umbilicus rupestris develop at rock crevices. The scrub descents the steep slopes over the sea. Juniper matoral of similar composition but generally thinner and lower (due to recent fire and grazing) covers Drakonera hill as well. Chasmophytic vegetation of good representativity develops at a small rock face at the hillcrest. Therophytic grassland patches (Thero-Brachypodietea, habitat type 6220) grow at openings of the scrub but at the flat areas of the foothills Stellarietea and Artemisetea species take over. Schinias wetland has traditionally been an important waterfowl and waterbird migration station. Visitors include Plegadis falcinellus, Botaurus stellaris, several Ardeidae, Rallidae, Ciconiidae, Anatidae, Tringa, Calidris species, as well as numerous birds of prey (mainly Falconidae). Site’s significance has been upgraded after the pre-mentioned interventions to the hydrological regime. Wintering avifauna among others includes the protected Acrocephalus melanopogon. Although small in numbers, the presence of several species of birds of prey at the surrounding hills is significant. These species, which prey on the wetland plain, among others include Circaetus gallicus, Buteo rufinus, Falco peregrinus, Bubo bubo, as well as the more common Buteo buteo, Falco tinunculus, Tyto alba, Otus scops. At the maquis vegetation covering the hillsides protected species typical of this habitat type breed, such as Sylvia hortensis and Sylvia rueppelli. Along the channel’s and the ponds’ banks one can find the reptiles Emys orbicularis, Mauremys caspica, Testudo hermanni, Testudo marginata, Elaphe situla, as well as the endemic fish Pelasgus marathonicus.

4.2 Quality and importance

The site of Schinias National Park retains an important ecological quality despite its proximity to the city of Athens. In fact its importance and priority for conservation is heightened by its proximity. The site’s ecological value is mainly based on the following features: 1) An abundance of habitat types, which alternate in a relatively small area. The forest of Pinus pinea, though currently at a declining conservation status, is quite representative and moreover one of the few in Greece and unique in Central Greece. The sand dune system, despite its degraded structure, is composed of a variety of communities (only the remnant of a previously well-developed system) and is the only one surviving in Attika region, featuring species already extinct from everywhere else in the wider area. The coastal wetland is the largest and most important in Attika region with typical halophytic communities. The tamarisk galleries constitute an ideal forest at places where soil salinity prevents the development of other trees and comprises a refuge for birds and other fauna species. The remaining stands are spectacular at places (these too have disappeared from other sites in Attika region). The freshwater aquatic habitats have just adequate representativity and low floristic diversity but with favorable conservation prospects. The J. phoenicea matoral is well conserved and hosts a multitude of species that make Kynosoura a natural botanical garden. 2) The flora is rich in common species and also includes some endemic, rare and protected plants. 3) Fauna presence is rich, in spite of the severe degradation and continuous heavy human pressure. The site has a high potential of becoming an important bird migration station as it lies on the Eastern Europe-Balkan Peninsula-Africa central migration axis and comprises one of the very few freshwater stations in the Attika region (and the Eastern Greece in general). One of the facts for the inclusion of the site in the national IBA (Important Bird Areas) catalogue. It is estimated that the area's ecological potential is much greater than what its currently degraded status implies and that it will manifest as soon as the wetland’s original hydrology is restored. However improvement has been noticed since the construction of the Olympic complex. The area’s role as a breeding and migration site for many aquatic birds could be further upgraded. 4) Cultural, educational and social aspects of the area. The area holds some very strong historical associations (Marathon battle – 490 BC) and lies near to important archaeological sites (Marathon tomb, Rhamnous). Furthermore, it is ideal for educational and research purposes in the area of biology and nature conservation. Finally, it is one of the most important sea recreation areas for the inhabitants of Athens and one of the few in the area that still retain their aesthetic value and the classical beauty of the Attican landscape. The Presidential Decree for the designation of the site as a National Park and the Ministerial Decision set its Management Plan and Operation Rules. However, a lot of effort still needs to be made for their adequate implementation, so that human pressure on the biotope minimizes and the area can serve as a model Integration – pole for the concepts of ecology, environmental education, culture, sustainable development and mild recreation activities. Other important fauna and flora species: Hipparchia aristaeus and Anax imperator: Protected by the Greek Law (Presidential Decree 67/1981). Anacamptis pyramidalis, Cyclamen hederifolium, Orchis laxiflora, Serapias lingua, Serapias parviflora

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

4.4 Ownership (optional)

No information provided

4.5 Documentation (optional)

1) Economidou E. La vegetation halophytique de l’ Attique et sa protection. Colloques phytosociologiques. IV. Les vases salees. Lille (1975). 2) Brofas G. & Karetsos G. Symvoli sti dierevnisi tis oikologias tou Schinia – Marathona (Contribution to the investigation of the ecology of Schinias – Marathonas). Geotechnic Scientific Issue, 4:46-54. (1991).3) Haritonidou P. Environmental protection of the Great Marsh at Schinias. Can its vanishing flora and fauna be saved Ann. Museum Goulandris 6:45-52. (1983).4) Phitos D. To Dasos Schinia – Ena chameno orama (Schinias forest – A lost dream). I Physis, 43:7-33. (1988).5) Koumpli-Sovantzi L. & Irini Vallanatou. Floristic notes from aquatic stands of Central Greece (Sterea Ellas). CANDOLLEA, 49:195-207. (1994).6) Bigger T.R.L. Notes and observations on some early summer greek butterflies. Entomologists Gazette, 25:97-100~ (3.3) (1974).7) Archives of Greek Zoological Society (3,4). 8) CORINE Information System, European Environmental Agency, CORINE Biotopes 1991 (3, 4). 9) Economidis P. S Check-list of freshwater fishes of Greece. Hell. Soc. Prot. Nat. Spec. publ.48. (1991).10) Georghiou K. Checklist of Endemic, Rare and Threatened Plants of Greece. Draft. University of Athens. (3.3, 3.4, 4.2), (1995).11) Special Environmental Study of the biotope of Schinias (Organization of Athens, 1990- update 1998). 12) Environmental Impact Assessment Study of the Olympic Rowing Centre and Canoe – Kayak (Olympic Games Athens 2004 Organizing Committee, 2000). 13) Schinias’ Biotope Management Plan (Organization of Athens, 2000). 14) PROJECT: “Habitat type Identification & description in areas of nature conservation interest” (Ministry of Environment, Planning & Public Works, 2001). Contractors: Oikos Ltd. (study 3). A.P.C. Ltd, Anagnostopoulos Ltd (study 5), EPEM A.E – D. Georgopoulos (study 6). 15) S. Bourdakis & S. Vareltzidou, Greece Pp.261-333 in M. F Heath and M.I Evans, eds. Important Bird Areas in Europe: Priority sites for conservation. 2.: Southern Europe. Cambridge, UK: BirdLife International (BirdLife Conservation Series No 8), (2000).16) Environmental Monitoring of the National Park of Schinias – Marathon. Hellenic Centre for Marine Research, (2009).17) Τechnical and economical survey for the exploitation of the National Park of Schinias – Marathon. EPTA Ltd. (2009).18) Management Board of the National Park of Schinias – Marathon Monitoring Programm. Unpublished data, (2014-2015).19) Organising Management Bodies and planning their first phase of operation. Ministry of Environment, Energy and Climate Change, (2013).20) Stavrakas L. (2009). Action Plan for the Special Protection Area «GR3000016 Ygrotopos Schinia». In: Dimalexis A., Bousbouras D., Kastritis T., Manolopoulos A. & Saravia V. (editors). Final project report for the evaluation of 69 Important Bird Areas as Special Protection Areas. Hellenic Ministry for the Environment, Physical Planning and Public Works, Athens.


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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level (optional):

Code Cover [%]

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites (optional):

Designated at national or regional level:

Type code Site name Type Cover [%]
GR96Ethniko Parko Schinia Marathona*100.00
GR08Zones A1, A2, A3, A4 kai A5 Ethnikou Parkou Schinia - Marathona*81.33

5.3 Site designation (optional)

No information provided


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6.1 Body(ies) responsible for the site management:


6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:


No, but in preparation

6.3 Conservation measures (optional)

Restoration of the wetland's water status



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