Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

A

1.2 Site code

GR3000013

1.3 Site name

KYTHIRA KAI GYRO NISIDES: PRASONISI, DRAGONERA, ANTIDRAGONERA, AVGO, KAPELLO, KOUFO KAI FIDONISI

1.4 First Compilation date

1997-03

1.5 Update date

2020-07

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Υπουργείο Περιβάλλοντος και Ενέργειας
Address:               
Email:

1.7 Site indication and designation / classification dates

Date site classified as SPA:1997-02
National legal reference of SPA designationJMD HP 37338/1807/E103/6-9-2010 (OJ 1495 B)

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:23.023982
Latitude:36.279797

2.2 Area [ha]

5372.9500

2.3 Marine area [%]


No information provided

2.4 Sitelength [km] (optional):


No information provided

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
GR30Attiki

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Mediterranean (0.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.1 Habitat types present on the site and assessment for them


No habitat types are reported for the site

3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
BA402Accipiter brevipes          DD 
BA247Alauda arvensis          DD 
BA229Alcedo atthis          DD 
BA229Alcedo atthis          DD 
BA255Anthus campestris          DD 
BA226Apus apus          DD 
BA226Apus apus          DD 
BA028Ardea cinerea          DD 
BA028Ardea cinerea          DD 
BA133Burhinus oedicnemus          DD       
BA087Buteo buteo          DD 
BA087Buteo buteo          DD 
BA243Calandrella brachydactyla          DD 
BA224Caprimulgus europaeus          DD 
BA080Circaetus gallicus          DD 
BA080Circaetus gallicus          DD 
BA083Circus macrourus          DD 
BA113Coturnix coturnix          DD 
BA122Crex crex          DD 
BA738Delichon urbicum (urbica)          DD 
BA447Emberiza caesia          DD     
BA379Emberiza hortulana          DD       
BA100Falco eleonorae    32  32   
BA103Falco peregrinus     
BA321Ficedula albicollis          DD 
BA320Ficedula parva          DD 
BA439Hippolais olivetorum          DD 
BA251Hirundo rustica          DD 
BA251Hirundo rustica          DD 
BA022Ixobrychus minutus          DD       
BA233Jynx torquilla          DD 
BA338Lanius collurio          DD 
BA339Lanius minor          DD 
BA246Lullula arborea          DD 
BA230Merops apiaster          DD 
BA023Nycticorax nycticorax          DD       
BA072Pernis apivorus    500  800   
BA392Phalacrocorax aristotelis desmarestii    30  50   
BA005Podiceps cristatus          DD 
BA008Podiceps nigricollis          DD 
BA249Riparia riparia          DD 
BA210Streptopelia turtur          DD 
BA210Streptopelia turtur          DD 
BA440Sylvia rueppelli          DD       
BA228Tachymarptis melba          DD 
BA228Tachymarptis melba          DD 
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

Species

Population in the site

Motivation

Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
A687Columba palumbus palumbus                   
A687Columba palumbus palumbus                   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover
N0850.00
N0925.51
N171.02
N216.12
N2317.35

Total Habitat Cover

100

Other Site Characteristics

This site comprises north and eastern part of Kythira island and seven rocky islets which are located off the island of Kythira and belong to the Prefecture of Attiki. Prassonisi is the smallest islet, and Avgo the biggest.All the islets are uninhabited. Human interference is not intense; it is confined to grazing by a small number of goats.On the islets of the site, as it happens on small islands in general, there are distinct vegetation zones: 1) a littoral zone, inhabited by true halophytes (Limonium sp., Lotus cytisoides, Frankenia hirsuta etc.), 2) a sublittoral zone, which is not washed by sea-water but is influenced by the salt spray and is inhabited by halophytes, as well as phrygana species, 3)an interior zone, characterised by phrygana species, such as Euphorbia dendroides (found in impressive formations on Dragonera and Antidragonera), Coridothymus capitatus, Teucrium divaricatum, Teucrium polium etc. The interior zone is missing from Prassonisi because of its small size. There is an extended sublittoral zone with "islet specialist" plant species, such as Brassica cretica ssp. aegea, Allium commutatum and Anthemis scopulorum.Falco eleonorae population values are based on LIFE - Nature «Δράσεις προστασίας για τον Μαυροπετρίτη Falco eleonorae στην Ελλάδα» (LIFE03 NAT/GR/000091)

4.2 Quality and importance

This is an important site for breeding seabirds and species associated with coastal cliffs. The site is a migratory bottleneck, where many hundreds of raptors regularly pass in autumn. Species of concern include: Calonectris diomedea, Puffinus yelkouan, Phalacrocorax aristotelis, Falco eleonorae, Falco peregrinus, Larus audouinii and Emberiza caesia.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
HA02.01b
HA05.03b
HC03.03bb
HE01b
HG01b
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

4.4 Ownership (optional)


No information provided

4.5 Documentation (optional)

1)Πορτόλου, Δ., Μπουρδάκης, Σ., Βλάχος, Χ., Καστρίτης, Θ. & Δημαλέξης, Τ. (επιμ.), (2009), Οι Σημαντικές Περιοχές για τα Πουλιά της Ελλάδας: Περιοχές Προτεραιότητας για τη Διατήρηση της Βιοποικιλότητας, Ελληνική Ορνιθολογική Εταιρεία, Αθήνα, ISBN: 978960 & Βλάχος, Χ., ISBN: 97896068611302)Handrinos, G. & Akriotis, T., (1997), The Birds of Greece, Christopher HELM publishers, A & C Black, London, ISBN: 07136392964)NATURA 2000 Network descriptive & geographical database (2012). http://www.ypeka.gr/Default.aspxtabid=432&language=el-GR4)Vlachos Ch., Chatzinikos E., Kiousis D., Dimou P., Bontzorlos V., Dedousopoulou E., Braziotis S., Xenos A., Stefanou L. Birtsas P., Vlachaki D. and Kontos K. (version Coordinators) 2015. Updated version of the descriptive database of the Natura 2000 network of the Study 9 «Monitoring and Evaluation of Bird Species Conservation Status in Greece» Ministry of Environment, Energy and Climate Change, Athens, Partnership Consulting Firms" "F.FASOULAS-N.MANTZIOS" EU - RODOULA GEORGE KONSTANTINIDOU - "ATH.TZAKOPOULOS AND Co." EU ", Thessaloniki.2)Ελληνική Ορνιθολογική Εταιρεία (2007) Βάση Δεδομένων Μαυροπετρίτη (2004-7). LIFE - Nature «Δράσεις προστασίας για τον Μαυροπετρίτη Falco eleonorae στην Ελλάδα» (LIFE03 NAT/GR/000091)

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level (optional):

Code Cover [%]
GR9553.62

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites (optional):

Designated at national or regional level:

Type code Site name Type Cover [%]
GR95Tholaria, Agia Moni, Agios Georgios, Megali Dragonera, Antidragonera, Prasonisi Dimou Kythiron*53.62

5.3 Site designation (optional)


No information provided

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.1 Body(ies) responsible for the site management:

Organisation:FOREST SERVICE OF PEIRAIAS
Address:
Email:

6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

Yes
No, but in preparation
X
No

6.3 Conservation measures (optional)


No information provided

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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SITE DISPLAY