Database release:

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)



Back to top

1.1 Type


1.2 Site code


1.3 Site name


1.4 First Compilation date


1.5 Update date


1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Υπουργείο Περιβάλλοντος και Ενέργειας

1.7 Site indication and designation / classification dates

Date site classified as SPA:2010-03
National legal reference of SPA designationJMD HP 37338/1807/E103/6-9-2010 (OJ 1495 B)


Back to top

2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:


2.2 Area [ha]


2.3 Marine area [%]


2.4 Sitelength [km] (optional):

No information provided

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Mediterranean (0.00 %) Marine Mediterranean (0.00 %)


Back to top

3.1 Habitat types present on the site and assessment for them

No habitat types are reported for the site

3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
BA168Actitis hypoleucos          DD         
BA247Alauda arvensis          DD         
BA229Alcedo atthis          DD         
BA229Alcedo atthis          DD         
BA054Anas acuta          DD         
BA052Anas crecca    50  50 
BA053Anas platyrhynchos    50  50 
BA053Anas platyrhynchos    20  20 
BA394Anser albifrons albifrons          DD         
BA255Anthus campestris          DD         
BA257Anthus pratensis          DD         
BA259Anthus spinoletta          DD         
BA226Apus apus          DD         
BA226Apus apus          DD         
BA028Ardea cinerea   
BA169Arenaria interpres          DD         
BA059Aythya ferina          DD         
BA061Aythya fuligula          DD         
BA215Bubo bubo          DD         
BA087Buteo buteo           
BA243Calandrella brachydactyla          DD         
BA144Calidris alba          DD         
BA149Calidris alpina          DD         
BA147Calidris ferruginea          DD         
BA145Calidris minuta          DD         
BA861Calidris pugnax          DD         
BA146Calidris temminckii          DD         
BA224Caprimulgus europaeus          DD         
BA479Cecropis daurica          DD         
BA479Cecropis daurica          DD         
BA138Charadrius alexandrinus          DD         
BA137Charadrius hiaticula   
BA198Chlidonias leucopterus          DD         
BA080Circaetus gallicus           
BA082Circus cyaneus          DD         
BA083Circus macrourus          DD         
BA859Clanga clanga   
BA113Coturnix coturnix          DD         
BA480Cyanecula svecica          DD         
BA036Cygnus olor   
BA738Delichon urbicum (urbica)          DD         
BA738Delichon urbicum (urbica)          DD         
BA026Egretta garzetta    12  12 
BA447Emberiza caesia          DD         
BA447Emberiza caesia          DD         
BA382Emberiza melanocephala          DD         
BA098Falco columbarius          DD         
BA100Falco eleonorae          DD         
BA103Falco peregrinus   
BA097Falco vespertinus          DD         
BA321Ficedula albicollis          DD         
BA125Fulica atra    200  200 
BA125Fulica atra    40  40 
BA153Gallinago gallinago          DD         
BA002Gavia arctica          DD 
BA130Haematopus ostralegus          DD         
BA131Himantopus himantopus    15  15 
BA439Hippolais olivetorum          DD         
BA251Hirundo rustica          DD         
BA251Hirundo rustica          DD         
BA862Hydrocoloeus minutus          DD         
BA487Iduna pallida s. str.          DD         
BA022Ixobrychus minutus          DD         
BA233Jynx torquilla          DD         
BA338Lanius collurio          DD         
BA339Lanius minor          DD         
BA433Lanius nubicus          DD         
BA341Lanius senator          DD         
BA341Lanius senator          DD         
BA179Larus ridibundus    50  50 
BA179Larus ridibundus    30  30 
BA157Limosa lapponica          DD         
BA156Limosa limosa          DD         
BA246Lullula arborea          DD         
BA855Mareca penelope          DD         
BA230Merops apiaster          DD         
BA875Microcarbo pygmaeus   
BA262Motacilla alba          DD         
BA261Motacilla cinerea          DD         
BA260Motacilla flava          DD         
BA260Motacilla flava          DD         
BA319Muscicapa striata          DD         
BA319Muscicapa striata          DD         
BA768Numenius arquata arquata          DD         
BA023Nycticorax nycticorax          DD         
BA278Oenanthe hispanica          DD         
BA277Oenanthe oenanthe          DD         
BA337Oriolus oriolus          DD         
BA214Otus scops    DD         
BA094Pandion haliaetus          DD         
BA355Passer hispaniolensis          DD         
BA072Pernis apivorus          DD         
BA392Phalacrocorax aristotelis desmarestii          DD         
BA391Phalacrocorax carbo sinensis   
BA663Phoenicopterus roseus          DD         
BA273Phoenicurus ochruros          DD         
BA274Phoenicurus phoenicurus          DD         
BA005Podiceps cristatus   
BA008Podiceps nigricollis   
BA119Porzana porzana          DD         
BA249Riparia riparia          DD         
BA857Spatula clypeata    30  30 
BA193Sterna hirundo          DD         
BA885Sternula albifrons          DD         
BA210Streptopelia turtur          DD         
BA440Sylvia rueppelli          DD         
BA228Tachymarptis melba          DD         
BA228Tachymarptis melba          DD         
BA161Tringa erythropus          DD         
BA166Tringa glareola    30  30 
BA164Tringa nebularia          DD         
BA164Tringa nebularia          DD         
BA165Tringa ochropus          DD         
BA165Tringa ochropus          DD         
BA163Tringa stagnatilis          DD         
BA162Tringa totanus          DD         
BA162Tringa totanus          DD         
BA892Zapornia parva          DD         
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)


Population in the site


Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
A218Athene noctua             
A218Athene noctua             
A067Bucephala clangula                   
A067Bucephala clangula                   
A067Bucephala clangula                   
A136Charadrius dubius                   
A136Charadrius dubius                   
A136Charadrius dubius                   
A289Cisticola juncidis                   
A289Cisticola juncidis                   
A211Clamator glandarius                   
A211Clamator glandarius                   
A207Columba oenas                   
A207Columba oenas                   
A207Columba oenas                   
A687Columba palumbus palumbus                   
A687Columba palumbus palumbus                   
A655Lanius excubitor meridionalis                   
A655Lanius excubitor meridionalis                   
A655Lanius excubitor meridionalis                   
A489Larus fuscus all others                   
A489Larus fuscus all others                   
A150Limicola falcinellus                   
A150Limicola falcinellus                   
A058Netta rufina                   
A058Netta rufina                   
A058Netta rufina                   
A158Numenius phaeopus                   
A158Numenius phaeopus                   
A158Numenius phaeopus                   
A155Scolopax rusticola                   
A155Scolopax rusticola                   
A306Sylvia hortensis                   
A306Sylvia hortensis                   
A306Sylvia hortensis                   
A004Tachybaptus ruficollis    20  20           
A004Tachybaptus ruficollis    20  20           
A004Tachybaptus ruficollis    20  20           
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons


Back to top

4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover

Total Habitat Cover


Other Site Characteristics

The area is located at the NE part of Attiki, 40km from Athens, at Marathon plain and is fringed by the low-lying mountains of Karoumpalo, Pounta and Drakonera to the north-east. The central part of the site is covered by the remaining part of the once extensive Marathon wetland, which has been suffering from drainage works (canalization) since 1923. The slightly brackish Drakonera spring, located at the foothills of Drakonera hill, today features a reduced discharge evident only during wet periods. A sandy coastal zone extends from east to west at the southern part and Kynossoura peninsula delineates the south-eastern part. A longitudinal zone near Makaria spring of a total surface of 450ha at the western part of the wetland had been until 2004 occupied by a small airport. In 2004 the Olympic Rowing Center was constructed at the area formerly occupied by the airport. A USA military communication base of a total surface of 100 ha had been operating for several years at the central part of the wetland. The Schinias coastal zone consists of sandy-gravelly dunes of Olocene age. Northwards, the swamp area is covered by silty-clayey, and locally sandy, alluvial deposits of the same age. Eastwards, the Mytika’s and Drakonera’s hills consist of the upper-cretaceous marbles of Agia Marina, which are locally covered by scree and talus cones. The area belongs to the broader geographical region of Attiki, and shares its typical climatological conditions. The climate is Mediterranean, with prominent features the dry-hot summers and the mild-rainy winters. The atmosphere’s average annual temperature ranges from 16.5˚C to 19˚C. The coldest month of the year is January, while the hottest months are July and August. Annual precipitation averages around 378mm, while humidity ranges between 59% - 64%. Cloudy days average around 50 annually, while sunny days around 130, giving a total of 2,920 sunlight hours each year. Prior to 1923 the discharge of both Makaria and Drakonera springs had been providing the wetland with slightly brackish water, which was subsequently conducted to the sea via lake Stomi, that formed near the eastern coast of the site. It is estimated that Makaria spring alone had been supplying the wetland with 6-7 millions of cubic meters of water every year. Runoffs from the upstream mountain catchment had been an additional source of water. In order to convert the swamp to agricultural land a drainage channel was constructed in 1923 along the western border of the site. This channel was conducting the Makaria sping waters directly to the sea. Subsequently, a network of flood protection and drainage channels was constructed upstream the wetland, which also drove the flood waters directly into the sea. Secondary flood protection and drainage channels were embedded to that network during the 60’s and the 70’s in order to protect the military installations and the airport, which were meanwhile constructed inside the wetland area. As a result, the wetland’s freshwater supply was restricted to the precipitation received by the plain (which quantified for about 0,7 million of cubic meters of water annually), while at the same time it received significant quantities of sea water both subterraneously and through the superficial communication of Stomi lake. Consequently, the permanent salt lake of Stomi was converted to a seasonal pond and the wetland area shrunk significantly due to the dry conditions and the land reclamation that followed. The remaining wetland was flooded during the rainy season and dried up in the summer. It featured a variable salinity, with salty or brackish water generally dominating most of its parts and the fresh or slightly brackish element being restricted to a small area around Makaria spring, along a drainage ditch west of Drakonera hill and, to a lesser degree, along other drainage channels. The above described hydrological status and changes in land use shaped the former natural habitat type status of the wetland and influenced the site’s sandy coastal zone. As mentioned above, in 2004 the Olympic Rowing Center was constructed at the area formerly occupied by the airport. Inside the Olympic Rowing Centre two artificial water bodies were constructed. The water from Makaria spring is directed, through hydraulic constructions, to the Olympic complex water bodies and then channeled to the central wetland. The following have also taken place: the removal of the airport’s constructions and runway, removal of the idle military installation and area’s soil mitigation, the abolishment of an extensive network of telecommunication antenna mounting structures, which were fragmenting the biotope and heavily disturbing the wild fauna. The construction of the Olympic complex and the permanent presence of two water bodies, channeling fresh/brackish water to the wetland has benefited the National Park’s biodiversity. At least thirty-five bird species were favored, including the strictly protected Aythya nyroca. Furthermore it is observed that the surface area of reedbeds has noticeably increased. Halophytic vegetation occupies the central and most extensive part of the wetland, as a result of the heavy drainage activities and human pressure on the area during the past 80 years. Halophytic communities often form mosaics: salt meadows with Juncus (habitat type 1410) and salt scrubs are intermixed, giving way to glasswort swards (habitat type 1420) near Stomi lake, where the vegetation is established on a substrate of decomposing sea-grasses (mainly Posidonia oceanica). Juncus maritimus is the dominant species, while other characteristic species include Juncus heldreichianus, Limonium narbonense, Aster tripolium, Scirpoides holoshoenus, Scirpus littoralis, Bolboschoenus maritimus (=Scirpus maritimus), Puccinelia distans, Plantago crassifolia. The salt scrub is the main vegetation type, dominated by Sarcocornia perennis (at the lower sites) and Arthrocnemum macrostachyum (at the higher, better aerated sites), while other species participating are Puccinelia festuciformis, P. distans, Limoniun narbonense, L. virgatum, L. bellidifolium, Centaurium spicatum, Suaeda vera, Salsola soda, Atriplex portucaloides. Annual halophilous pioneer communities (habitat type 1310) with Cressa cretica develop along dry channel beds and sometimes in patches with increased salinity that remain inundated longer. Other Saginetea species, such as Spergularia salina, Parapholis incurve, P. filiformis, Salsola soda, appear among the salt scrub but rarely form representative communities. Reedbeds with Phragmites australis and Typha angustifolia (Corine 53.1) occupy chiefly parts of the central and north-western part of the wetland, with evidence that they are expanding. Tamarisk galleries (habitat type 92D0) develop at channel banks and at embankments throughout the wetland and notably at the main channel of Makaria spring with Tamarix tetrandra (mainly at the eastern part) and Tamarix hampeana (mainly at the western part). These two habitats form mosaics at the north-western part of the site. Freshwater aquatic habitats develop at Makaria spring and along its drainage channel. At stagnant waters at the small pond created at Makaria spring Magnopatamion vegetation with Potamogeton nodosus (habitat type 3150) occurs. Along the channel, at slow flowing points, there are floating communities of Apion nodiflori (habitat type 3260) with a benthic mat of Chara (habitat type 3140 is included in 3260). Close to the estuary the flow is not permanent and there develop Potamogeton pectinatus and Nasturtium officinale communities (habitat 3290). Typical communities of the habitat “Mediterranean temporary ponds” (habitat type 3170) have not been identified in the wetland. A single small patch of dwarf pioneer annuals characterized by Crassula sp. and Herniaria hirsute has been located at a road bank (SW part of the site) on sandy, temporarily water logged substrate. Also, small communities with Juncus bufonius, Poa annua, Plantago coronopus develop at small temporary ponds among the juniper matorral at the lower parts of Drakonera. These communities, with the participation of Isoeto-NanoJuncetea species, could be assigned as habitat vegetation (such as Juncus articulatus, Mentha pulegium, Serapias lingua, Centaurium pulchellum, Lotus angustissimus) have been reported from the site. The site’s coastal sandy part maintains successive zones of ammophilous habitats. At a zone of 50 meters from the sea there is only naked sand with loose driftline communities of Cakile maritime, Matthiola tricuspidata, Salsola kali (habitat type 1210), followed by ridges of low embryonic dunes (habitat type 2110) with Elytrigia juncea (=Elymus farctus), Eryngium maritimum, Medicago marina. Pseudorlaya pumila, Lotus halophilus, Allium staticiforme, Rhagadiolus stellatus, Silene colarara also participate in the ammophilous communities. To the western part, closer to the mouth of Makaria channel and in front of the Park’s inhabited zone the structure of the dunes is even more degraded. There develop ammophilous communities with Cyperus capitatus and Sporobolus pungens and a low dune front with Centaurea spinosa. Behind this zone and all along the coast there are low, stabilized dunes, forested with Pinus pinea at the western part and Pinus halepensis at the eastern part (the two pines intermix towards the center). The understory is composed of maquis species, mainly Pistacia lentiscus and also Quercus coccifera, Juniperus phoenicea, Myrtus communis, Rhamnus alaternus, Rubia peregrine, Ruscus aculeatus, Smilax aspera, Asparagus acutifolius and by phryganic species such as Helichrysum stoechas, Phagnalon graecum, Anthyllis hermaniae, Cistus incanus, C. salvifolius, Coridothymus capitatus. The herb layer includes species such as Cyclamen hederifolium, C. graecum, Ophrys lutea, Serapias lingua. A zone at the northern part of the Pinus pinea forest is covered by low to medium height matorral dominated by Pistacia lentiscus (habitat type 2260). Malcolmietalia annual grasslands (habitat type 2230) with dominance of Silene colorata, Anthemis tomentosa, Medicago littoralis, develop mainly at extended patches on mostly flat, stabilized sand of the rear dune at the western part of the site. In the more disturbed zone towards the wetland synanthropic grassland of Stellarietea mediae develops to the expense of the typical dune grassland. Isolated Juniperus oxycedrus ssp. macrocarpa individuals and small stands of Pinus pinea grow at these places. It should be noted that the dune therophytic grasslands of Malcolmietalia (2230) of the site, belonging to the synclass of Thero-Brachypodietea, were previously assigned as habitat type 6220, which is of similar floristic composition. However since these communities are part of the dune system, there are better described as habitat type 2230. In a narrow zone between the embryonic dunes and the forest there are small stands of Juniperus oxycedrus ssp. macrocarpa (habitat type 2250) with Pistacia lentiscus. Pistacia lentiscus formations in sand dunes consist habitat type 2260. These formations most probably constitute remnants of previously well-developed post dunal communities of the type found elsewhere in the Aegean. The Kynosoura peninsula is covered across its greatest part by maquis, medium to high, at places scattered but generally quite thick. Juniperus phoenicea (habitat type 5210) is dominant in most of the stands while other shrubs participating are Pistacia lentiscus, P. terebinthus, Ceratonia siliqua, Olea europaea ssp. oleaster, Ephedra foemina, Quercus coccifera, Rhamnus alaternus, Calicotome villosa, Prunus webbii, Prasium majus. In the herb layer and at openings a multitude of therophytes, grasses and geophytes develop, including the endemics Fritillaria obliqua and Scorzonera crocifolia, as well as some orchids. Phryganas Satureja Juliana, S. nervosa, S. graeca, Euphorbia acanthothamnos, H. stoechas, Phagnalon graecum, Coridothymus capitatus, Teucrium capitatum, T. divaricatum develop in the understory and at openings of the maquis mainly at the western part. At open rocky places with boulders, at the crest of the promontory and also at some slopes Euphorbia dendroides dominates the scrub, growing along with Anagyris foetida, Phlomis fruticosa, Ephedra foemina. At the same sites small chasmophytic communities with Asplenium cetarach, Cheilanthes acrostica, Cosentinia vellea, Umbilicus rupestris develop at rock crevices. The scrub descents the steep slopes over the sea. Juniper matoral of similar composition but generally thinner and lower (due to recent fire and grazing) covers Drakonera hill as well. Chasmophytic vegetation of good representativity develops at a small rock face at the hillcrest. Therophytic grassland patches (Thero-Brachypodietea, habitat type 6220) grow at openings of the scrub but at the flat areas of the foothills Stellarietea and Artemisetea species take over. Schinias wetland has traditionally been an important waterfowl and waterbird migration station. Visitors include Plegadis falcinellus, Botaurus stellaris, several Ardeidae, Rallidae, Ciconiidae, Anatidae, Tringa, Calidris species, as well as numerous birds of prey (mainly Falconidae). Site’s significance has been upgraded after the pre-mentioned interventions to the hydrological regime. Wintering avifauna among others includes the protected Acrocephalus melanopogon. Although small in numbers, the presence of several species of birds of prey at the surrounding hills is significant. These species, which prey on the wetland plain, among others include Circaetus gallicus, Buteo rufinus, Falco peregrinus, Bubo bubo, as well as the more common Buteo buteo, Falco tinunculus, Tyto alba, Otus scops. At the maquis vegetation covering the hillsides protected species typical of this habitat type breed, such as Sylvia hortensis and Sylvia rueppelli. Along the channel’s and the ponds’ banks one can find the reptiles Emys orbicularis, Mauremys caspica, Testudo hermanni, Testudo marginata, Elaphe situla, as well as the endemic fish Pelasgus marathonicus.

4.2 Quality and importance

Schinias wetland is the largest coastal wetland of Attica and one of the largest in eastern Greece. The area is an important stopover during the spring and fall migration when thousands of birds move to their summer and winter grounds respectively. During springtime many wader species rest, refuel and seek shelter in the marshes.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

4.4 Ownership (optional)

No information provided

4.5 Documentation (optional)

1) Economidou E. La vegetation halophytique de l’ Attique et sa protection. Colloques phytosociologiques. IV. Les vases salees. Lille (1975). 2) Brofas G. & Karetsos G. Symvoli sti dierevnisi tis oikologias tou Schinia – Marathona (Contribution to the investigation of the ecology of Schinias – Marathonas). Geotechnic Scientific Issue, 4:46-54. (1991).3) Haritonidou P. Environmental protection of the Great Marsh at Schinias. Can its vanishing flora and fauna be saved Ann. Museum Goulandris 6:45-52. (1983).4) Phitos D. To Dasos Schinia – Ena chameno orama (Schinias forest – A lost dream). I Physis, 43:7-33. (1988).5) Koumpli-Sovantzi L. & Irini Vallanatou. Floristic notes from aquatic stands of Central Greece (Sterea Ellas). CANDOLLEA, 49:195-207. (1994).6) Bigger T.R.L. Notes and observations on some early summer greek butterflies. Entomologists Gazette, 25:97-100~ (3.3) (1974).7) Archives of Greek Zoological Society (3,4). 8) CORINE Information System, European Environmental Agency, CORINE Biotopes 1991 (3, 4). 9) Economidis P. S Check-list of freshwater fishes of Greece. Hell. Soc. Prot. Nat. Spec. publ.48. (1991).10) Georghiou K. Checklist of Endemic, Rare and Threatened Plants of Greece. Draft. University of Athens. (3.3, 3.4, 4.2), (1995).11) Special Environmental Study of the biotope of Schinias (Organization of Athens, 1990- update 1998). 12) Environmental Impact Assessment Study of the Olympic Rowing Centre and Canoe – Kayak (Olympic Games Athens 2004 Organizing Committee, 2000). 13) Schinias’ Biotope Management Plan (Organization of Athens, 2000). 14) PROJECT: “Habitat type Identification & description in areas of nature conservation interest” (Ministry of Environment, Planning & Public Works, 2001). Contractors: Oikos Ltd. (study 3). A.P.C. Ltd, Anagnostopoulos Ltd (study 5), EPEM A.E – D. Georgopoulos (study 6). 15) S. Bourdakis & S. Vareltzidou, Greece Pp.261-333 in M. F Heath and M.I Evans, eds. Important Bird Areas in Europe: Priority sites for conservation. 2.: Southern Europe. Cambridge, UK: BirdLife International (BirdLife Conservation Series No 8), (2000).16) Environmental Monitoring of the National Park of Schinias – Marathon. Hellenic Centre for Marine Research, (2009).17) Τechnical and economical survey for the exploitation of the National Park of Schinias – Marathon. EPTA Ltd. (2009).18) Management Board of the National Park of Schinias – Marathon Monitoring Programm. Unpublished data, (2014-2015).19) Organising Management Bodies and planning their first phase of operation. Ministry of Environment, Energy and Climate Change, (2013).20) Stavrakas L. (2009). Action Plan for the Special Protection Area «GR3000016 Ygrotopos Schinia». In: Dimalexis A., Bousbouras D., Kastritis T., Manolopoulos A. & Saravia V. (editors). Final project report for the evaluation of 69 Important Bird Areas as Special Protection Areas. Hellenic Ministry for the Environment, Physical Planning and Public Works, Athens


Back to top

5.1 Designation types at national and regional level (optional):

Code Cover [%]

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites (optional):

Designated at national or regional level:

Type code Site name Type Cover [%]
GR96Ethniko Parko Schinia Marathona*68.53
GR08Zones A1, A2, A3, A4 kai A5 Ethnikou Parkou Schinia - Marathona*52.07

5.3 Site designation (optional)

No information provided


Back to top

6.1 Body(ies) responsible for the site management:


6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

No, but in preparation

6.3 Conservation measures (optional)

Implementation of the Presidential Decree 395/2000



Back to top No information provided