Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

A

1.2 Site code

GR4120006

1.3 Site name

NISOS FOURNOI KAI NISIDES THYMAINA ALATONISI, THYMAINAKI, STRONGYLO, PLAKA, MAKRONISI, MIKROS KAI MEGALOS ANTHROPOFAGOS, AGIOS MINAS KAI THALASSIA PERIOCHI

1.4 First Compilation date

2001-10

1.5 Update date

2016-12

1.7 Site indication and designation / classification dates

Date site classified as SPA:2001-10
National legal reference of SPA designationJMD HP 37338/1807/E103/6-9-2010 (OJ 1495 B)

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:26.470140
Latitude:38.941213

2.2 Area [ha]

24068.9100

2.3 Marine area [%]

81.3800

2.4 Sitelength [km]:

0.00

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
GR41Voreio Aigaio

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Mediterranean (0.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
BA226Apus apus          DD 
BA028Ardea cinerea          DD 
BA028Ardea cinerea          DD 
BA087Buteo buteo          DD 
BA243Calandrella brachydactyla          DD 
BA224Caprimulgus europaeus          DD 
BA080Circaetus gallicus          DD     
BA083Circus macrourus          DD     
BA738Delichon urbicum (urbica)          DD 
BA026Egretta garzetta          DD       
BA447Emberiza caesia          DD 
BA100Falco eleonorae    327  327   
BA103Falco peregrinus     
BA251Hirundo rustica          DD 
BA251Hirundo rustica          DD 
BA862Hydrocoloeus minutus          DD 
BA022Ixobrychus minutus          DD       
BA339Lanius minor     
BA339Lanius minor          DD 
BA179Larus ridibundus          DD       
BA260Motacilla flava          DD 
BA023Nycticorax nycticorax          DD       
BA094Pandion haliaetus          DD     
BA355Passer hispaniolensis          DD 
BA072Pernis apivorus          DD     
BA392Phalacrocorax aristotelis desmarestii    25  50   
BA391Phalacrocorax carbo sinensis          DD 
BA005Podiceps cristatus          DD 
BA008Podiceps nigricollis          DD 
BA210Streptopelia turtur          DD   
BA210Streptopelia turtur          DD   
BA228Tachymarptis melba    30  30   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

Species

Population in the site

Motivation

Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
A687Columba palumbus palumbus                   
A687Columba palumbus palumbus                   
A435Oenanthe isabellina                   
A435Oenanthe isabellina                   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover

Total Habitat Cover

0

Other Site Characteristics

Fournoi consist a complex of 16 small islands SE of Icaria island. Its noteworthy to mention, that even though their total surface is relatively small, their coasts (about 126 Km in length) are characterised by most typical aegean cliffs, reefs and cavities. The dominant vegetation is prygana and maquis with some olive-groves and cereal fields.The site engulfs the entire coastal marine area of Fournoi and Thymaina islands, apart from the area surrounding the northern peninsula of Fournoi from the Gulf of Skalofono in the west up to the Gulf of Vathylakkos in the east. The area encloses all 18 islets located in the region. The island of Fournoi has an extremely convoluted coastline, shaped in part by the flow of streams, some of which are perennial, forming small valleys, numerous small gulfs and headlands. Surrounding islets are characterised by calcareous rocks and steep, as well as low, rocky shores. The small Islets are mainly covered by halophytic vegetation, while the larger ones by sparse phrygana, providing ample habitat for nesting and roosting seabirds. Fallen boulders and numerous crevices create burrows, which are used by breeding shearwaters. The water depth is generally small, the continental shelf gently inclining to reach 290 m in the southern part. The site comprises a refuge for the Mediterranean Monk Seal, a significant population of which breeds here. Dolphins are often seen feeding in the area, such as the Striped Dolphin and the Common Bottle-nosed Dolphin. Falco eleonorae population values are based on LIFE - Nature «se pstasa a t apett Falco eleonorae st da» (LIFE03 NAT/GR/000091)

4.2 Quality and importance

This is an important area for breeding seabirds and species typical of Mediterranean scrub.This is an important site for all 6 seablrd species occurring in Greece. A large mixed colony of Cory's and Yelkouan Shearwaters is located on one of the islets, holding an estimated population of 800-1,000 pairs of each species. These are the third largest colonies for both species on a national scale. The greatest raft count recorded reaches 2,500 Individuals on one single evening at a small distance from the colony islet Both species are frequently observed feeding In the area Individually or in large flocks of up to 200 birds. The area holds the second largest breeding population of the Audouln's Gull In Greece (16-86 pairs), which has been monitored since 1996. The local breeding population has often moved between breeding islets, overall using at least three of them. The population size seems to have declined over the last decade mainly owing to the selection of suboptimal sites to breed due to competition with Yellow-legged Gulls, as well as the Increased disturbance occurring at the site.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
MJ03.01.01i
MJ03.02i
MF02i
MG05.02i
MI01i
HA02b
HC03.03bb
HE01b
HI01b
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code Cover [%]
GR00100.00

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

Yes
No, but in preparation
X
No

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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SITE DISPLAY