Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

A

1.2 Site code

GR4120008

1.3 Site name

SAMOS: OROS KERKIS

1.4 First Compilation date

2009-08

1.5 Update date

2016-12

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Υπουργείο Περιβάλλοντος και Ενέργειας
Address:               
Email:

1.7 Site indication and designation / classification dates

Date site classified as SPA:2010-03
National legal reference of SPA designationJMD HP 37338/1807/E103/6-9-2010 (OJ 1495 B)

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:26.015000
Latitude:38.125833

2.2 Area [ha]

9117.7700

2.3 Marine area [%]

0.0000

2.4 Sitelength [km]:

0.00

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
GR41Voreio Aigaio

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Mediterranean (0.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
BA402Accipiter brevipes          DD 
BA402Accipiter brevipes          DD 
BA247Alauda arvensis          DD 
BA247Alauda arvensis          DD 
BA255Anthus campestris          DD 
BA226Apus apus          DD   
BA215Bubo bubo          DD 
BA087Buteo buteo          DD 
BA087Buteo buteo          DD 
BA087Buteo buteo          DD 
BA243Calandrella brachydactyla          DD 
BA224Caprimulgus europaeus          DD 
BA224Caprimulgus europaeus          DD 
BA080Circaetus gallicus         
BA080Circaetus gallicus          DD     
BA113Coturnix coturnix          DD   
BA738Delichon urbicum (urbica)          DD 
BA738Delichon urbicum (urbica)     
BA026Egretta garzetta          DD 
BA447Emberiza caesia    50  70   
BA447Emberiza caesia          DD 
BA379Emberiza hortulana          DD   
BA100Falco eleonorae    10  12   
BA100Falco eleonorae          DD 
BA103Falco peregrinus         
BA103Falco peregrinus         
BA097Falco vespertinus          DD 
BA321Ficedula albicollis          DD 
BA131Himantopus himantopus          DD 
BA439Hippolais olivetorum          DD   
BA251Hirundo rustica          DD 
BA233Jynx torquilla          DD   
BA338Lanius collurio          DD 
BA338Lanius collurio          DD 
BA339Lanius minor          DD 
BA433Lanius nubicus          DD 
BA433Lanius nubicus          DD 
BA156Limosa limosa          DD 
BA246Lullula arborea          DD 
BA246Lullula arborea          DD 
BA230Merops apiaster          DD 
BA230Merops apiaster          DD 
BA260Motacilla flava          DD   
BA337Oriolus oriolus          DD   
BA355Passer hispaniolensis          DD   
BA355Passer hispaniolensis          DD   
BA072Pernis apivorus         
BA072Pernis apivorus          DD     
BA392Phalacrocorax aristotelis desmarestii          DD 
BA005Podiceps cristatus          DD 
BA008Podiceps nigricollis          DD 
BA249Riparia riparia          DD   
BA210Streptopelia turtur          DD 
BA210Streptopelia turtur          DD 
BA307Sylvia nisoria          DD   
BA440Sylvia rueppelli    30  50   
BA228Tachymarptis melba    10  10   
BA228Tachymarptis melba          DD 
BA166Tringa glareola          DD 
BA164Tringa nebularia          DD 
BA165Tringa ochropus          DD 
BA163Tringa stagnatilis          DD 
BA162Tringa totanus          DD 
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

Species

Population in the site

Motivation

Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
Acantholimon echinus ssp. echinus                   
Alyssum samium                   
Anthemis rosea ssp. rosea                   
Arenaria guicciardii                   
Astragalus ptilodes                   
Centaurea xylobasis                   
A687Columba palumbus palumbus                   
A687Columba palumbus palumbus                   
A687Columba palumbus palumbus                   
A687Columba palumbus palumbus                   
Cyathophylla chlorifolia                   
Epipactis helleborine                   
Epipactis helleborine                   
Epipactis helleborine                   
Erodium sibthorpianum ssp. vetteri                   
Fritillaria bithynica                   
Galanthus elwesii                   
Genista parnassica                   
Hypericum cuisinii                   
A489Larus fuscus all others                   
A489Larus fuscus all others                   
Listera ovata                   
Muscari kerkis                   
A435Oenanthe isabellina                   
A435Oenanthe isabellina                   
Onopordum majorii                   
Papaver nigrotinctum                   
Pteris vittata                   
Pterocephalus pinardii                   
Ranunculus thasius                   
Scutellaria rubicunda ssp. icarica                   
Sideritis sipylea                   
Silene samia                   
Thymus samius                   
Tordylium hirtocarpum                   
Verbascum ikaricum                   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover
N010.84
N160.79
N091.91
N192.76
N0850.24
N2120.70
N230.02
N1722.74

Total Habitat Cover

100

Other Site Characteristics

Mount Kerkis (1434 m) is located in Western Samos and compines a summit area with oreo-mediterranean vegetation, moist valleys and forests to the north, limestone cliffs and unusually extensive areas of scree to its west side. The mountainous block of Kerkis consists mainly of schists and marbles. The site is a well forested area, characterised mainly by temperate coniferous forests (mainly Pinus brutia and Cupressus sempervirens) and sclerophyllous scrub. The zonal vegetation of the area is divided into the following four zones. 1. Oleo-Ceratonion occupies the coastal warmer areas and reaches the 250-300 m. The formations of the evergreen, sclerophyllous shrubs, occur as unmixed or underwood vegetation of the Pinus brutia forests. 2. Quercion ilicis begins at the upper limits of Oleo-Ceratonion and reaches up to 600-700 m. It is characterised by the dominance of Quercus ilex, Fraxinus ornus and Arbutus unedo. Pinus brutia is best developed in this zone. 3. Quercetalia pubescentis extends from the 600-700 m to the 900-1000 m, where the appearance of forest vegetation stops. It is characterised by the dominance of different species of deciduous shrubs Crateogus spp., Prunus spp., Rosa spp., Quercus pubescens et al. as well as isolated individuals of Pinus pallasiana ssp. nigra. 4. Daphno-Festucetalia appears on the highest tops of Kerkis above the forest limits. The dominance of spiny shrubs with a characteristic cushion form (Astragalus spp., Genista parnassica, Acantholimon androsaceum et. al. is impressive. Except Juniperus foenicea and Juniperus oxycedrus, which also appear in lower zones, Juniperus foetidisima is found with a characteristic creeping form. In that zone we found the most endemics, such as Alyssum samium, Erodium sibthorpianum subsp vetteri, Anthemis rosea and Centaurea xylobasis.

4.2 Quality and importance

This site is very important for birds of prey like the Long-legged Buzzard and for typical mediterranean scrub birds such as the Ruppell's Warbler and the Cretzschmar's Bunting. Moreover, the existence of many cliffs facilitates nesting of several species, most notable the Alpine Swift.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
LA01i
LA04i
LA05.01o
LB01i
MC03.03b
MF03.01i
MF05.04i
LJ01i
ML09b
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
LA01i

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code Cover [%]
IN0667.84

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites:

Designated at national or regional level:

Type code Site name Type Cover [%]
GR01Mikro kai Megalo Seitani Samou (Periochi A1-pyrinas)*2.77
GR07Oros Kerkis stin Samo*44.41
GR01Mikro kai Megalo Seitani Samou (Periochi A2)+7.33

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.1 Body(ies) responsible for the site management:

Organisation:FOREST DIRECTORATE OF SAMOS
Address:
Email:

6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

Yes
No, but in preparation
X
No

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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SITE DISPLAY