Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

A

1.2 Site code

GR4310013

1.3 Site name

ASTEROUSIA ORI (KOFINAS)

1.4 First Compilation date

2009-06

1.5 Update date

2016-12

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Υπουργείο Περιβάλλοντος και Ενέργειας
Address:               
Email:

1.7 Site indication and designation / classification dates

Date site classified as SPA:2010-03
National legal reference of SPA designationJMD HP 37338/1807/E103/6-9-2010 (OJ 1495 B)

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:25.117778
Latitude:34.977500

2.2 Area [ha]

28463.9400

2.3 Marine area [%]

0.0000

2.4 Sitelength [km]:

0.00

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
GR43Kriti

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Mediterranean (0.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
BA402Accipiter brevipes          DD         
BA247Alauda arvensis          DD       
BA247Alauda arvensis          DD       
BA229Alcedo atthis          DD         
BA255Anthus campestris    230  230  i/sq.km       
BA226Apus apus          DD       
BA226Apus apus    22  22  i/sq.km       
BA028Ardea cinerea          DD         
BA087Buteo buteo    14  14         
BA243Calandrella brachydactyla          DD       
BA243Calandrella brachydactyla    15  20  i/sq.km       
BA224Caprimulgus europaeus          DD       
BA224Caprimulgus europaeus          DD       
BA082Circus cyaneus          DD       
BA083Circus macrourus          DD       
BA738Delichon urbicum (urbica)          DD       
BA026Egretta garzetta          DD       
BA447Emberiza caesia          DD         
BA379Emberiza hortulana    15  20  i/sq.km   
BA379Emberiza hortulana          DD 
BA511Falco cherrug           
BA100Falco eleonorae          DD       
BA103Falco peregrinus     
BA097Falco vespertinus          DD       
BA321Ficedula albicollis          DD         
BA442Ficedula semitorquata          DD         
BA439Hippolais olivetorum          DD         
BA251Hirundo rustica          DD       
BA022Ixobrychus minutus          DD         
BA233Jynx torquilla          DD         
BA338Lanius collurio          DD       
BA338Lanius collurio          DD       
BA339Lanius minor          DD         
BA246Lullula arborea          DD       
BA230Merops apiaster          DD       
BA260Motacilla flava          DD       
BA023Nycticorax nycticorax          DD         
BA337Oriolus oriolus          DD         
BA355Passer hispaniolensis          DD         
BA355Passer hispaniolensis          DD         
BA072Pernis apivorus          DD       
BA249Riparia riparia          DD         
BA210Streptopelia turtur          DD       
BA210Streptopelia turtur          DD       
BA440Sylvia rueppelli    15  20  i/sq.km   
BA440Sylvia rueppelli    40  45  i/sq.km   
BA228Tachymarptis melba          DD       
BA228Tachymarptis melba    55  55  i/sq.km       
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

Species

Population in the site

Motivation

Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
Anacamptis pyramidalis                   
Anacamptis pyramidalis                   
Arenaria guicciardii                   
Arum creticum                   
Asperula rigida                   
Barlia robertiana                   
Barlia robertiana                   
Campanula creutzburgii                   
Campanula saxatilis ssp. saxatilis                   
Campanula saxatilis ssp. saxatilis                   
Campanula saxatilis ssp. saxatilis                   
Campanula saxatilis ssp. saxatilis                   
Centaurea argentea                   
A687Columba palumbus palumbus                   
A687Columba palumbus palumbus                   
4082Crepis pusilla                   
4082Crepis pusilla                   
Crepis tybakiensis                   
Crepis tybakiensis                   
Ebenus cretica                   
Ebenus cretica                   
Erysimum candicum ssp. candicum                   
Filago aegaea ssp. aristata                   
Filago aegea ssp. aristata                   
Hypericum jovis                   
Hypericum jovis                   
Lactuca acanthifolia                   
Lactuta acanthifolia                   
Malcolmia flexuosa ssp. naxensis                   
Nepeta melissifolia                   
A435Oenanthe isabellina                   
A435Oenanthe isabellina                   
Ophrys fusca                   
Ophrys fusca                   
Ophrys tenthredinifera                   
Ophrys tenthredinifera                   
Orchis italica                   
Orchis italica                   
Petromarula pinnata                   
Scabiosa minoana ssp. asterusica                   
Scabrosa minoana ssp. asterusica                   
Sedum praesidis                   
Silene vulgaris ssp. suffrutescens                   
Staehelina fruticosa                   
Veronica kavusica                   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover
N0941.89
N0847.58
N010.69
N219.84

Total Habitat Cover

100

Other Site Characteristics

The site includes the Asterousia Ori massif on southern Crete. The marine area covers less than 1% of the site. The rocks consist mainly of limestones and dolomites, and the lowland eastern area is covered by Neogene sediments. Mount Kofinas, the highest summit (1231 m), is a bare, rugged mountain. At some areas the slopes are covered with pioneer vegetation with Sedum spp. (habitat type 8220).On its southern slopes there are woods with Pinus brutia and small patches of Cupressus sempervirens. The dominant vegetation type is phrygana and there are many areas affected by regular overgrazing by sheep and goats. There are also intermittent streams running down to the sea.There are caves in southern Asterousia, most of them very important from the archaeological view.The coastline is rocky and indended with bays and small capes and numerous caves. Notably, there is a small thicket of Phoenix theophrastii at Agios Nikitas cove (near Achendrias).The marine habitats, posidonia beds and reefs are in excellent condition and monk seals live in the marine caves. There are also many rocky cliffs and gorges. The gorges present continuous changes of landscape, especially Agiofarango gorge (the name literally means the "saint's gorge").

4.2 Quality and importance

A very important site for rare birds of prey, most notably the Lammergeier, the Griffon Vulture and the Lanner Falcon. Significant populations of other raptors like the Golden Eagle, the Bonelli's Eagle and the Peregrine Falcon. One of the most important areas for the Chough whose distribution in Greece is limited. It is also a very important area for the Ruppell's Warbler (one of the largest concentrations of breeding pairs in Greece), the Ortolan Bunting and many more migrant species during spring and fall, including storks and herons. The Asterousia Ori is an important stopover site for the endangered Egyptian vulture that passes through the area during autumn migration.A small population of Monk Seals is also present.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
MA06.01.01i
MA07i
MA08i
LA09i
HA10.01i
HC03.03b
HD01i
HD01.01i
LD01.02i
LE01o
LE01.01i
MA01i
HA04i
HA04.01i
ME01.02i
MF02.03o
MF03.01i
MF06o
MG02.08b
MH06.01i
LJ01i
ML09i
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
LA09i
HD01.01i
LE01o
MF02.03o
MG02.08b

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code Cover [%]
IN06100.00
GR9518.03

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites:

Designated at national or regional level:

Type code Site name Type Cover [%]
GR95Dytika Asterousia - Agiofarango tou Dimou Moiron*6.71
GR95Asterousia Dimon Asterousion kai Kofina*9.23
GR95Vigla-Kryo Nero (Antiskariou)*2.09

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.1 Body(ies) responsible for the site management:

Organisation:FOREST DIRECTORATE OF IRAKLEIO
Address:
Email:

6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

Yes
No, but in preparation
X
No

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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SITE DISPLAY