Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

A

1.2 Site code

GR4320009

1.3 Site name

VOREIOANATOLIKO AKRO KRITIS

1.4 First Compilation date

1995-05

1.5 Update date

2016-12

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Υπουργείο Περιβάλλοντος και Ενέργειας
Address:               
Email:

1.7 Site indication and designation / classification dates

Date site classified as SPA:1987-10
National legal reference of SPA designationJMD HP 37338/1807/E103/6-9-2010 (OJ 1495 B)

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:26.247500
Latitude:35.258056

2.2 Area [ha]

3714.3200

2.3 Marine area [%]

0.0000

2.4 Sitelength [km]:

0.00

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
GR43Kriti

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Mediterranean (0.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
BA168Actitis hypoleucos          DD 
BA229Alcedo atthis          DD 
BA255Anthus campestris    450  500  i/sq.km   
BA226Apus apus    10  10   
BA226Apus apus    250  300  i/sq.km   
BA087Buteo buteo     
BA243Calandrella brachydactyla          DD 
BA149Calidris alpina          DD 
BA147Calidris ferruginea          DD 
BA145Calidris minuta          DD 
BA861Calidris pugnax          DD 
BA146Calidris temminckii          DD 
BA224Caprimulgus europaeus          DD 
BA138Charadrius alexandrinus          DD 
BA137Charadrius hiaticula          DD 
BA198Chlidonias leucopterus          DD 
BA080Circaetus gallicus     
BA082Circus cyaneus     
BA113Coturnix coturnix          DD 
BA122Crex crex          DD 
BA738Delichon urbicum (urbica)          DD 
BA026Egretta garzetta          DD 
BA379Emberiza hortulana          DD 
BA100Falco eleonorae    750  750   
BA100Falco eleonorae    40  60   
BA103Falco peregrinus     
BA153Gallinago gallinago          DD 
BA251Hirundo rustica          DD 
BA862Hydrocoloeus minutus          DD 
BA022Ixobrychus minutus          DD 
BA233Jynx torquilla          DD 
BA338Lanius collurio          DD 
BA339Lanius minor          DD 
BA179Larus ridibundus          DD 
BA246Lullula arborea    20  25  i/sq.km   
BA246Lullula arborea    40  40  i/sq.km   
BA230Merops apiaster          DD 
BA260Motacilla flava    40  50   
BA768Numenius arquata arquata          DD 
BA023Nycticorax nycticorax          DD 
BA337Oriolus oriolus          DD 
BA355Passer hispaniolensis    50  60     
BA072Pernis apivorus          DD 
BA392Phalacrocorax aristotelis desmarestii     
BA008Podiceps nigricollis          DD 
BA119Porzana porzana          DD 
BA249Riparia riparia          DD 
BA193Sterna hirundo          DD 
BA885Sternula albifrons          DD 
BA210Streptopelia turtur          DD 
BA210Streptopelia turtur          DD 
BA228Tachymarptis melba    10  10   
BA161Tringa erythropus          DD 
BA166Tringa glareola          DD 
BA163Tringa stagnatilis          DD 
BA162Tringa totanus          DD 
BA892Zapornia parva          DD 
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

Species

Population in the site

Motivation

Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
A136Charadrius dubius                   
A136Charadrius dubius                   
A136Charadrius dubius                   
A687Columba palumbus palumbus    100  200  i/sq.km             
A687Columba palumbus palumbus    100  200  i/sq.km             
A489Larus fuscus all others                   
A489Larus fuscus all others                   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover
N239.18
N010.01
N0816.32
N214.08
N0970.41

Total Habitat Cover

100

Other Site Characteristics

The site comprises the Sideros peninsula, the palm forest of Vai, the coastal wetlands of Palekastro and islets of Elasa and Grantes, at the northeastern edge of Crete. The aesthetic forest of Vai is situated at the easternmost part of Crete; it is a wet, coastal forest and the largest palm forest in Crete. The Vai forest, which is under the management of the Ministry of Rural Development and Food, is fenced and it is visited by tourists.Inside the forest there is a spring with very low water supply and a stream. The palm is accompanied by an understorey of Nerium oleander along the watercourses. Towards the beach the palm is accompanied by very thin vegetation forming a small dune where the palm finds ideal growth conditions while inside the valley and mainly at the lowest places where the water level is higher there is a cover of Juncus sp. and Equisetum hiemalie where the palm is absent. At the edges of the valley there is a drier environment with phryganic vegetation (Coridothymus capitatus, Genista acanthoclada etc.) where the palm is at the limits of its ecological resistance. Natural regeneration of the palm trees (by seeds) is easy and abundant. Vegetative propagation is also easy.

4.2 Quality and importance

The Vai palm forest is of unique importance for Europe. Phoenix theophrastii is one of the only two palms native in Europe (the other is at Canarian islands and very rare) and occurs outside Crete only locally in south-western Turkey. P. theophrastii might be a relict of the Tertiary European Phoenix which has persisted in some places with a favorite climate and where human activity has been low. The palm occurs at other ten localities in Crete but always at small populations (maybe of only few individuals); the Vai forest is by far the largest palm grove in Crete and possibly in Europe.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
MA01o
HA04o
HG05o
HB02.03i
HC03.03b
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
MA01o
HG05o

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code Cover [%]
GR120.46
GR952.55
IN040.46

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites:

Designated at national or regional level:

Type code Site name Type Cover [%]
GR95Pla? Marazaki Dimou Itanou*0.17
GR95Va? Dimou Itanou*2.38
GR12Foinikodasos Vai Lasithiou*0.46

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

Yes
No, but in preparation
X
No

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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SITE DISPLAY