Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

A

1.2 Site code

GR4320009

1.3 Site name

VOREIOANATOLIKO AKRO KRITIS

1.4 First Compilation date

1995-05

1.5 Update date

2020-07

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Υπουργείο Περιβάλλοντος και Ενέργειας
Address:               
Email:

1.7 Site indication and designation / classification dates

Date site classified as SPA:1987-10
National legal reference of SPA designationJMD HP 37338/1807/E103/6-9-2010 (OJ 1495 B)

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:26.252391
Latitude:35.256055

2.2 Area [ha]

3714.3200

2.3 Marine area [%]

0.0000

2.4 Sitelength [km]:

0.00

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
GR43Kriti

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Mediterranean (0.00 %) Mediterranean (0.00 %) Mediterranean (0.00 %)
Mediterranean (0.00 %) Mediterranean (0.00 %) Mediterranean (0.00 %)
Mediterranean (0.00 %) Mediterranean (0.00 %) Mediterranean (0.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
BA168Actitis hypoleucos          DD   
BA229Alcedo atthis          DD   
BA255Anthus campestris             
BA226Apus apus    10  10     
BA226Apus apus             
BA087Buteo buteo       
BA243Calandrella brachydactyla          DD   
BA149Calidris alpina          DD   
BA147Calidris ferruginea          DD   
BA145Calidris minuta          DD   
BA861Calidris pugnax          DD   
BA146Calidris temminckii          DD   
BA224Caprimulgus europaeus          DD   
BA138Charadrius alexandrinus          DD   
BA137Charadrius hiaticula          DD   
BA198Chlidonias leucopterus          DD   
BA080Circaetus gallicus       
BA082Circus cyaneus       
BA113Coturnix coturnix          DD   
BA122Crex crex          DD   
BA738Delichon urbicum (urbica)          DD   
BA026Egretta garzetta          DD   
BA379Emberiza hortulana          DD   
BA100Falco eleonorae    750  750     
BA100Falco eleonorae    40  60     
BA103Falco peregrinus       
BA153Gallinago gallinago          DD   
BA251Hirundo rustica          DD   
BA862Hydrocoloeus minutus          DD   
BA022Ixobrychus minutus          DD   
BA233Jynx torquilla          DD   
BA338Lanius collurio          DD   
BA339Lanius minor          DD   
BA179Larus ridibundus          DD   
BA246Lullula arborea             
BA246Lullula arborea             
BA230Merops apiaster          DD   
BA260Motacilla flava    40  50     
BA768Numenius arquata arquata          DD   
BA023Nycticorax nycticorax          DD   
BA337Oriolus oriolus          DD   
BA355Passer hispaniolensis    50  60       
BA072Pernis apivorus          DD   
BA392Phalacrocorax aristotelis desmarestii       
BA008Podiceps nigricollis          DD   
BA119Porzana porzana          DD   
BA249Riparia riparia          DD   
BA193Sterna hirundo          DD   
BA885Sternula albifrons          DD   
BA210Streptopelia turtur          DD   
BA210Streptopelia turtur          DD   
BA228Tachymarptis melba    10  10     
BA161Tringa erythropus          DD   
BA166Tringa glareola          DD   
BA163Tringa stagnatilis          DD   
BA162Tringa totanus          DD   
BA892Zapornia parva          DD   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

Species

Population in the site

Motivation

Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
A136Charadrius dubius                   
A136Charadrius dubius                   
A136Charadrius dubius                   
A687Columba palumbus palumbus                   
A687Columba palumbus palumbus                   
A489Larus fuscus all others                   
A489Larus fuscus all others                   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover
N239.18
N010.01
N0816.32
N214.08
N0970.41

Total Habitat Cover

100

Other Site Characteristics

The site comprises the Sideros peninsula, the palm forest of Vai, the coastal wetlands of Palekastro and islets of Elasa and Grantes, at the northeastern edge of Crete. The aesthetic forest of Vai is situated at the easternmost part of Crete; it is a wet, coastal forest and the largest palm forest in Crete. The Vai forest, which is under the management of the Ministry of Rural Development and Food, is fenced and it is visited by tourists.Inside the forest there is a spring with very low water supply and a stream. The palm is accompanied by an understorey of Nerium oleander along the watercourses. Towards the beach the palm is accompanied by very thin vegetation forming a small dune where the palm finds ideal growth conditions while inside the valley and mainly at the lowest places where the water level is higher there is a cover of Juncus sp. and Equisetum hiemalie where the palm is absent. At the edges of the valley there is a drier environment with phryganic vegetation (Coridothymus capitatus, Genista acanthoclada etc.) where the palm is at the limits of its ecological resistance. Natural regeneration of the palm trees (by seeds) is easy and abundant. Vegetative propagation is also easy.

4.2 Quality and importance

The Vai palm forest is of unique importance for Europe. Phoenix theophrastii is one of the only two palms native in Europe (the other is at Canarian islands and very rare) and occurs outside Crete only locally in south-western Turkey. P. theophrastii might be a relict of the Tertiary European Phoenix which has persisted in some places with a favorite climate and where human activity has been low. The palm occurs at other ten localities in Crete but always at small populations (maybe of only few individuals); the Vai forest is by far the largest palm grove in Crete and possibly in Europe.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
MA01o
HA04o
HG05o
HB02.03i
HC03.03b
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
MA01o
HG05o

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

4.5 Documentation

1) Tsichlis, G. & Dretakis, M., (2008), The birdfauna of Merampellos, EEC of Neapoli Crete 2) GBIF.org (20th April 2015) GBIF Occurrence Download http://doi.org/10.15468/dl.jcltub 3) Vlachos Ch., Chatzinikos E., Kiousis D., Dimou P., Bontzorlos V., Dedousopoulou E., Braziotis S., Xenos A., Stefanou L. Birtsas P., Vlachaki D. and Kontos K. (version Coordinators) 2015. Updated version of the descriptive database of the Natura 2000 network of the Study 9 Monitoring and Evaluation of Bird Species Conservation Status in Greece Ministry of Environment, Energy and Climate Change, Athens, Partnership Consulting Firms" "F.FASOULAS-N.MANTZIOS" EU - RODOULA GEORGE KONSTANTINIDOU - "ATH.TZAKOPOULOS AND Co." EU ", Thessaloniki. 4) NATURA 2000 Network descriptive & geographical database (2012). http://www.ypeka.gr/Default.aspxtabid=432&language=el-GR

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code Cover [%]
GR120.46
GR952.55
IN040.46

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites:

Designated at national or regional level:

Type code Site name Type Cover [%]
GR95Pla? Marazaki Dimou Itanou*0.17
GR95Va? Dimou Itanou*2.38
GR12Foinikodasos Vai Lasithiou*0.46

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.1 Body(ies) responsible for the site management:

Organisation:1. FOREST DIRECTORATE OF CHANIA, 2. MANAGEMENT BODY OF "ETHNIKOS DRYMOS SAMARIAS"
Address:
Email:

6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

Yes
No, but in preparation
X
No

6.3 Conservation measures (optional)

Management plan for the National Forest Park - 1996. Management plan for the microreserve of Cephalanthera cucullata, Hypericum aciferum, Nepeta sphaciotica. Management of tree felling.

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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SITE DISPLAY