Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

A

1.2 Site code

GR4320010

1.3 Site name

LAZAROS KORYFI - MADARA DIKTIS

1.4 First Compilation date

1996-01

1.5 Update date

2020-07

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Υπουργείο Περιβάλλοντος και Ενέργειας
Address:               
Email:

1.7 Site indication and designation / classification dates

Date site classified as SPA:1997-02
National legal reference of SPA designationJMD HP 37338/1807/E103/6-9-2010 (OJ 1495 B)

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:25.485571
Latitude:35.102637

2.2 Area [ha]

13104.0800

2.3 Marine area [%]

0.0000

2.4 Sitelength [km]:

0.00

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
GR43Kriti

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Mediterranean (0.00 %) Mediterranean (0.00 %) Mediterranean (0.00 %)
Mediterranean (0.00 %) Mediterranean (0.00 %) Mediterranean (0.00 %)
Mediterranean (0.00 %) Mediterranean (0.00 %) Mediterranean (0.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
BA402Accipiter brevipes          DD   
BA168Actitis hypoleucos          DD   
BA247Alauda arvensis          DD   
BA247Alauda arvensis          DD   
BA054Anas acuta          DD   
BA052Anas crecca          DD   
BA052Anas crecca          DD   
BA053Anas platyrhynchos          DD   
BA053Anas platyrhynchos          DD   
BA053Anas platyrhynchos          DD   
BA255Anthus campestris          DD   
BA255Anthus campestris          DD   
BA226Apus apus          DD   
BA028Ardea cinerea          DD   
BA133Burhinus oedicnemus          DD   
BA087Buteo buteo          DD   
BA087Buteo buteo          DD   
BA243Calandrella brachydactyla          DD   
BA243Calandrella brachydactyla          DD   
BA145Calidris minuta          DD   
BA861Calidris pugnax          DD   
BA224Caprimulgus europaeus          DD   
BA224Caprimulgus europaeus          DD   
BA080Circaetus gallicus          DD   
BA080Circaetus gallicus          DD   
BA082Circus cyaneus          DD   
BA082Circus cyaneus          DD   
BA083Circus macrourus          DD   
BA738Delichon urbicum (urbica)          DD   
BA738Delichon urbicum (urbica)          DD   
BA447Emberiza caesia          DD   
BA379Emberiza hortulana          DD   
BA379Emberiza hortulana          DD   
BA100Falco eleonorae          DD   
BA103Falco peregrinus       
BA097Falco vespertinus          DD   
BA321Ficedula albicollis          DD   
BA320Ficedula parva          DD   
BA442Ficedula semitorquata          DD   
BA153Gallinago gallinago          DD   
BA153Gallinago gallinago          DD   
BA131Himantopus himantopus          DD   
BA439Hippolais olivetorum          DD   
BA251Hirundo rustica          DD     
BA251Hirundo rustica          DD   
BA338Lanius collurio          DD   
BA339Lanius minor          DD   
BA246Lullula arborea          DD   
BA246Lullula arborea          DD   
BA855Mareca penelope          DD   
BA230Merops apiaster          DD   
BA260Motacilla flava          DD   
BA023Nycticorax nycticorax          DD   
BA355Passer hispaniolensis          DD         
BA072Pernis apivorus          DD   
BA249Riparia riparia          DD   
BA210Streptopelia turtur          DD   
BA210Streptopelia turtur          DD   
BA307Sylvia nisoria          DD   
BA440Sylvia rueppelli          DD   
BA440Sylvia rueppelli          DD   
BA228Tachymarptis melba          DD   
BA161Tringa erythropus          DD   
BA166Tringa glareola          DD   
BA164Tringa nebularia          DD   
BA165Tringa ochropus          DD   
BA165Tringa ochropus          DD   
BA163Tringa stagnatilis          DD     
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

Species

Population in the site

Motivation

Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
Allium callimischon ssp. haemostictum                   
Alyssum idaeum                   
Alyssum idaeum                   
Alyssum lassiticum                   
Alyssum lassiticum                   
Arenaria fragillima                   
Arenaria saponarioides                   
Arum idaeum                   
Asperula rigida                   
Astragalus idaeus                   
Avenula cycladum                   
Chaenorhinum idaeum                   
Cirsium creticum ssp. dictaeum                   
A211Clamator glandarius                   
A211Clamator glandarius                   
Colchicum cretense                   
A207Columba oenas                   
A207Columba oenas                   
A207Columba oenas                   
A687Columba palumbus palumbus                   
A687Columba palumbus palumbus                   
Cotoneaster nummularia                   
Crocus oreocreticus                   
Crocus sieberi ssp. sieberi                   
Draba cretica                   
Erysimum mutabile                   
Galium incanum ssp. creticum                   
Galium samothracicum                   
Geocaryum creticum                   
Geocaryum creticum                   
A435Oenanthe isabellina                   
A435Oenanthe isabellina                   
Polygonum idaeum                   
Scabiosa minoana ssp. minoana                   
Scorzonera idaea                   
Sedum praesidis                   
Silene multicaulis ssp. cretica                   
Silene thessalonica ssp. dictaea                   
Silene variegata                   
Thlaspi creticum                   
Tragopogon lassithicus                   
Tragopogon lassithicus                   
Tulipa cretica                   
Vincetoxicum creticum                   
Vincetoxicum creticum                   
Viola cretica                   
Viola fragrans                   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover

Total Habitat Cover

0

Other Site Characteristics

The area is located at the central-east part of Crete and is including the massif of Dikti (altitude 2148 m, one of the three principal mountains of Crete), with the other characteristic peaks of Lazaros (2084 m) and Afentis Christos (2005) and the plateau of Omalos and Katharo. Almost all the site's surface is covered by large rugged mountains and gorges. The dolines are of special interest; the wet dolines are characterized by scanty vegetation of annuals common in other places but rare in Crete while the dry dolines are characterized by dense vegetation and, in Dikti, by the occurence of Polygonum idaeum, specialized in this type of habitat and confined to Psiloritis and Dikti. The characteristic types of vegetation are: phrygana, with three distinct types according to altitude; forests of pines (Pinus brutia); and a kermes oak (Quercus coccifera) ungrazed forest.There is also low -not exceeding 1 m-, grazed, sparsely covered Quercus coccifera garrigue. The plateau is cultivated. A small part of the site is covered by vineyards. Finally, there is riparian vegetation with common perrenials or annuals (the vegetation of a constantly flowing mediterranean river with gravel bed, usually pebbles, a habitat type not included in Annex I). 8220 is used to describe the pioneer vegetation of rock surfaces with Sedum spp..

4.2 Quality and importance

An important site for passage and breeding raptors and alpine species. Species of concern include: Gyps fulvus and Aquila chrysaetos. The following elements comprise the ecological quality and the importance of the site: 1) Its flora is extremely rich in common species and in rare and vulnerable endemic species, mostly cretan; moreover, some of them are stenoendemics, exclusively found in the site or in the mountains of Crete. 2) Its fauna, although it needs further investigation and it is expected to be rich in endemic and rare species, such as species of gastropods. The gastropods listed in 3.3. (Other important species, Greek) are endemic to Crete or to Crete and to the little islands around. Rhinolophus ferrumequinum ssp. creticum, included in section 3.2.c. as Rhinolophus ferrumequinum, is a subspecies endemic to Crete. There are also colonies of vultures (Gyps fulvus) at most of the mountains and gorges with the population at the gorge of Gonion being the most typical. 3) There are still vineyards with old varieties of vines at the slopes of Selekanos. 4) There are many caves with endemic fauna. 5) There are many and scientifically important fossils at Katharo mountains. OTHER IMPORTANT SPECIES WITH MOTIVATION D. Plants: The species Cotoneaster nummularia (vulnerable) is protected by the Greek Law (Presidential Decree 67/81) and is included in the IUCN Red Data List (1993) in the category of threatened plants. Allium callimischon ssp. haemostictum is a plant with distribution in Greece and SW Turkey. Reptiles: the species in section 3.3 are important because of their small populations with discontinuous areas of distribution and, besides being protected by the Bern Convention, they are also protected by the Presidential Decree 67/81 is a threatened species (IUCN, 1993).

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
MA01b
HA04b
MA05.01b
LA07i
LA08i
MB01.02i
MB02.02i
LB02.03i
HC03.03b
LD01.01b
ME01.02b
LE01.03i
LE03.01o
MF03.01b
LF03.02i
LF04i
MF05.04b
LG01.04i
MJ01b
MK01.01b
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
MA01i
LA08i
MB01.02i
ME01.02b
LE01.03i

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

4.5 Documentation

1) GBIF.org (20th April 2015) GBIF Occurrence Download http://doi.org/10.15468/dl.jcltub 2) NATURA 2000 Network descriptive & geographical database (2012). http://www.ypeka.gr/Default.aspxtabid=432&language=el-GR 3) Vlachos Ch., Chatzinikos E., Kiousis D., Dimou P., Bontzorlos V., Dedousopoulou E., Braziotis S., Xenos A., Stefanou L. Birtsas P., Vlachaki D. and Kontos K. (version Coordinators) 2015. Updated version of the descriptive database of the Natura 2000 network of the Study 9 Monitoring and Evaluation of Bird Species Conservation Status in Greece Ministry of Environment, Energy and Climate Change, Athens, Partnership Consulting Firms" "F.FASOULAS-N.MANTZIOS" EU - RODOULA GEORGE KONSTANTINIDOU - "ATH.TZAKOPOULOS AND Co." EU ", Thessaloniki.

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code Cover [%]
GR9517.64

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites:

Designated at national or regional level:

Type code Site name Type Cover [%]
GR95Selakano Dimou Ierapetras*9.05
GR95Amiron, Kefalovrysiou Dimou Viannou*8.60

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.1 Body(ies) responsible for the site management:

Organisation:1. FOREST DIRECTORATE OF CHANIA, 2. MANAGEMENT BODY OF "ETHNIKOS DRYMOS SAMARIAS"
Address:
Email:

6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

Yes
No, but in preparation
X
No

6.3 Conservation measures (optional)

Management plan for the National Forest Park - 1996. Management plan for the microreserve of Cephalanthera cucullata, Hypericum aciferum, Nepeta sphaciotica. Management of tree felling.

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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SITE DISPLAY