Database release:

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)



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1.1 Type


1.2 Site code


1.3 Site name


1.4 First Compilation date


1.5 Update date


1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Υπουργείο Περιβάλλοντος και Ενέργειας

1.7 Site indication and designation / classification dates

Date site classified as SPA:1997-02
National legal reference of SPA designationJMD HP 37338/1807/E103/6-9-2010 (OJ 1495 B)


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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:


2.2 Area [ha]


2.3 Marine area [%]


2.4 Sitelength [km] (optional):

No information provided

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Mediterranean (0.00 %) Marine Mediterranean (0.00 %)


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3.1 Habitat types present on the site and assessment for them

No habitat types are reported for the site

3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
BA168Actitis hypoleucos          DD 
BA229Alcedo atthis          DD 
BA052Anas crecca          DD 
BA255Anthus campestris          DD 
BA226Apus apus          DD 
BA226Apus apus          DD 
BA028Ardea cinerea          DD 
BA169Arenaria interpres          DD 
BA087Buteo buteo          DD 
BA243Calandrella brachydactyla          DD 
BA149Calidris alpina          DD 
BA147Calidris ferruginea          DD 
BA145Calidris minuta          DD 
BA146Calidris temminckii          DD 
BA224Caprimulgus europaeus          DD 
BA138Charadrius alexandrinus          DD 
BA137Charadrius hiaticula          DD 
BA198Chlidonias leucopterus          DD 
BA113Coturnix coturnix          DD 
BA738Delichon urbicum (urbica)          DD 
BA738Delichon urbicum (urbica)          DD 
BA026Egretta garzetta          DD 
BA379Emberiza hortulana          DD 
BA100Falco eleonorae     
BA103Falco peregrinus     
BA153Gallinago gallinago          DD 
BA251Hirundo rustica          DD 
BA251Hirundo rustica          DD 
BA862Hydrocoloeus minutus          DD 
BA022Ixobrychus minutus          DD 
BA233Jynx torquilla          DD 
BA338Lanius collurio          DD 
BA339Lanius minor          DD 
BA230Merops apiaster          DD 
BA260Motacilla flava          DD 
BA768Numenius arquata arquata          DD       
BA337Oriolus oriolus          DD 
BA392Phalacrocorax aristotelis desmarestii          DD 
BA005Podiceps cristatus          DD 
BA008Podiceps nigricollis          DD 
BA249Riparia riparia          DD 
BA210Streptopelia turtur          DD 
BA228Tachymarptis melba          DD 
BA228Tachymarptis melba          DD 
BA161Tringa erythropus          DD 
BA165Tringa ochropus          DD 
BA163Tringa stagnatilis          DD 
BA162Tringa totanus          DD 
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)


Population in the site


Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
Allium longanum                   
Allium rubrovittatum                   
Anacamptis pyramidalis                   
Anacamptis pyramidalis                   
Anthemis ammanthus ssp. ammanthus                   
Anthemis ammanthus ssp. paleacea                   
Anthemis filicaulis                   
Arenaria aegaea                   
Asperula crassula                   
Asperula rigida                   
Atriplex recurva                   
Campanula creutzburgii                   
Campanula pelviformis                   
Carlina diae                   
Carlina diae                   
Centaurea aegialophila                   
Centaurea idaea                   
A136Charadrius dubius                   
A136Charadrius dubius                   
A136Charadrius dubius                   
Cistanche phelypaea                   
Crepis tybakiensis                   
Crocus tournefortii                   
Cyclamen creticum                   
Cymbalaria microcalyx ssp. dodekanesi                   
Cynara cornigera                   
Dianthus fruticosus ssp. amorginus                   
Ebenus cretica                   
Fibigia lunarioides                   
Filago aegaea ssp. aristata                   
Hypericum amblycalyx                   
Limonium frederici                   
Lygeum spartum                   
Nepeta melissifolia                   
Onosma graeca                   
Ophrys fusca                   
Ophrys fusca                   
Phlomis lanata                   
A118Rallus aquaticus                   
A118Rallus aquaticus                   
A118Rallus aquaticus                   
Ricotia cretica                   
Salsola aegaea                   
Scutellaria sieberi                   
Serratula cichoracea ssp. cretica                   
Seseli gummiferum ssp. crithmifolium                   
Silene fabaria                   
Stachys spinosa                   
Teucrium alpestre                   
Teucrium brevifolium                   
Trigonella rechingeri                   
Tulipa cretica                   
Tulipa saxatilis                   
1349Tursiops truncatus                     
1349Tursiops truncatus                     
1349Tursiops truncatus                     
1349Tursiops truncatus                     
Valeriana asarifolia                   
Viola scorpiuroides                   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons


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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover

Total Habitat Cover


Other Site Characteristics

TThe Dionisades islets and Elasa islet are uninhibited. The Dyonisades islets (namely Dragonada, Gianisada, Paximada and Prasonisi) group consists of Permian limestone while Elasa islet consists of dolomites and limestones of upper Cretaceous. The vegetation on the islets is phrygana. Near the sea there are halophilous plants. In the larger islet of Dyonisades group as well as on the opposite coast of Crete the coastline is characterized by sea cliffs.Their rugged relief, extensive steep coastal cliffs, covered by phrygana and shrub vegetation, provide numerous nesting sites for colonial seabirds and raptors. The marine area of the site consists of a 2.7 n.m. marine extension around Dionysades islets. Posidonia beds occur to the west of Sidero Peninsula on the northeastern end of Crete. Common Bottle-nosed Dolphins and Mediterranean Monk Seals have been recorded in the area.

4.2 Quality and importance

Most of the plants which are listed in 3.3 are endemic. Some are strict endemics (Anthemis filicaulis, Carlina diae), some are endemics of the site (Campanula pelviformis, Campanula spatulata ssp. filicaulis, Asperula crassula), some are endemic of Crete and its satellite islets (Serratula cichoracea, Campanula creutzburgii, Asperula rigida, Muscari speitzenhoferi, Tulipa cretica, Teucrium alpestre, Hypericum amblycallyx, Ebenus cretica) some are endemics of the south Aegean islands and/or Cyclades and/or Dodekanese (Atriplex recurva, Carlina sitiensis, Centaurea raphanina ssp. raphanina, Crepis cretica, Crepis tybakiensis, Teucrium gracile, Limonium sitiacum, Limonium frederici, Cyclamen creticum, Allium rubrovittatum, Muscari dionysicum, Nepeta melissifolia, Stachys mucronata, Filago aegaea sp. aegaea, Dianthus fruticosus ssp. amorginus, Salsola aegaea, Salsola carpathia, Arenaria aegaea (=Arenaria serpyllifolia ssp. aegaea), Asperula tournefortii , Nigella doerfleri, Anthemis ammanthus (with two subspecies in the area) or of Greece (Cymbalaria microcalyx ssp. dodekanesi with a rare endemic subspecies in the area, Ornithogallum creticum, Melica rectiflora, Symphytum creticum).There are some plants that their presence in the area is the only (or one of the few) european presence of the species. The species Cistanche phelypea is a plant of the African deserts but it is rarely found in the sites area; in Crete it is near the northern limits of its distribution and otherwise it occurs only in the Iberian peninsula in Europe. Allium longanum (rare in Greece and vulnerable in the world according to IUCN, 1993) is found in very few south Aegean islands and islets and also in Libya and Egypt. Also the African species Viola scorpiuroides is found in Crete and in Libya. The species Onosma graeca is generally found in NW Anatolia, out of Greece. Galium canum ssp. ovatum Cretan area East Aegean Islands & Turkey. Filago aegaea ssp. aristata is a plant with distribution in S & E Aegean, Ionian Islands, Kriti and Cyprus. Cynara cornigera is a species with distribution in S. Greece, the Aegean and Cyprus. Silene fabaria is an Aegean region endemic (occurring only in W Anatolia out of Greece). Teucrium brevifolium is found in Anatolia, Egypt and Libya out of Greece. Brassica cretica ssp. aegaea is a chasmophyte with distribution in Greece, SW Anatolia, Mt Carmel. Didesmus aegyptius is an east mediterranean element, islet specialist. Euphorbia dimorphocaulon is a mediterranean species with distribution in Crete S Turkey and Cyprus.Most of the plants can be characterised as rare, some species are considered vulnerable, while relatively few species are common. Parietaria cretica is a species with distribution in Sicily, Greece and the Aegean region. Polygala venulosa is a species with distribution in S Greece, the Aegean, Anatolia and Cyprus.The following species are protected by the Greek Law (Presidential Decree 67/81) and are included in the IUCN Red Data List (1993) in the category of threatened plants and in the European Red List of Globally Threatened Plants characterized as «rare»: Anthemis filicaulis, Asperula tournefortii, Campanula creutzburgii, Carlina sitiensis, Crepis tybakiensis, Dianthus fruticosus ssp. amorginus, Hypericum amblycalyx, Limonium frederici, Muscari dionysicum, Nigella fumariifolia, Salsola carpatha, Viola scorpiuroides.The following species are protected by the Greek Law (Presidential Decree 67/81) and are included in the IUCN Red Data List (1993) in the category of threatened plants: Centaurea aegialophila (vulnerable), Nigella fumariifolia (rare; found in Greece and in Cyprus).Tulipa saxatilis is protected by the Greek Law (Presidential Decree 67/81)The strict endemic species Carlina diae is protected by the Bern convention (revised appendix I, 1992) and by the Greek Law (Presidential Decree 67/81) and is included in the IUCN Red Data List (1993) in the category of threatened plants and in the European Red List of Globally Trheatened Plants characterized as vulnerable.The orchids Anacamptis pyramidalis, Ophrys fusca are protected by the CITES Convention (Annex C).Lygeum spartum in the area is important. This species belongs to the desert-like floristic element, occurring only in steppe communities in Kriti in Greece (it occurs at similar habitats in Spain, Sardinia, Sicily, Italy in Europe); it is one of the very rare grasses in Greece (Damanakis & Scholz, 1990). Distribution in Europe: at similar habitats.Note: The IUCN characterizations given concern the plants status in Greece unless otherwise stated.Concerning the animals, there are a lot of invertebrate endemic species and some vertebrate endemic subspecies. Regarding the reptiles one can say that their presence is quite important. On Crete the reptiles are found in isolated small populations while on the islets there are endemic subspecies. The species Hemidactylus turcicus is protected by the Greek Law (Presidential Decree 67/1981) and by the Bern Convention (appendix III). The species Cyrtodactylus kotschyi , Coluber gemonensis, and Telescopus fallax are also protected by the Bern convention (appendix II) and are considered species of Community interest (Annex IV, Directive 92/43/EEC). Lacerta trilineata and Podarcis erhardii , besides being legally protected by the above law and convention, they are also considered species of Community interest (Annex IV, Directive 92/43/EEC). For Chameleon chameleon (which is not listed in 3.3), cautiousness is needed. There are few old records from Crete which need confirmation. But if this species is present on Crete then it is very rare and needs special attention. It is considered a species of Community interest (Annex IV, Directive 92/43/EEC), included in the National Red Data Book and protected by the Greek Law (Presidential Decree 67/1981), by the Bern Convention (appendix II) and by the Convention on the Conservation on International Trade in Endangered species of wild fauna and flora (CITES). The mammal Pipistrellus savii is considered species of Community interest (Annex IV, Directive 92/43/EEC) and protected by the Greek Law (Presidential Decree 67/1981) and by the Bern Convention (appendix II) Most species of the land snails mentioned in 3.3. are endemic of the site or of Crete. The Dyonisades group has been characterised as an Important Bird Area, especially for birds that live at cliffs. Species of interest Falco eleonorae, Falco naumani and Calonestris diomedea. Calonestris diomedea form on Dionysades one of the largest breeding populations of the species in the Aegean Sea. The colony comprises the southeastern limit of the species range. Adjacent marine waters include shearwater foraging, resting and rafting areas. The Calonestris diomedea breeding on Dionysades regularly feed in the marine area extending from Cape Sidero in the east, throughout the entire area of Siteia and Mirabello Bays and as far as Cape Agios loannis at the northwestern edge of the latter bay. Additionally, Calonestris diomedea from Dionysades have also been recorded feeding during the breeding season in the marine area around Kasos and Karpathos islands in the east, as well as beyond the Aegean Sea, along the shallow coastal waters of Egypt and Lybia in northern Africa.The sea fauna and flora is quite interesting since in this area one can find Ruppia cirrhosa which is rare in Crete. On the west side of Sidero peninsula flocks of Tursiops truncatus (species listed on Annex II, Directive 92/43/EEC) have been observed.Apart from the important species of fauna and flora there are also archaeological and fossil findings in the area.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

4.4 Ownership (optional)

No information provided

4.5 Documentation (optional)

1)Handrinos, G. & Akriotis, T., (2004), Recapture of ringed birds (1985-2004), Hellenic Bird Ringing Centre, ISBN: 96088507032)NATURA 2000 Network descriptive & geographical database (2012). Ch., Chatzinikos E., Kiousis D., Dimou P., Bontzorlos V., Dedousopoulou E., Braziotis S., Xenos A., Stefanou L. Birtsas P., Vlachaki D. and Kontos K. (version Coordinators) 2015. Updated version of the descriptive database of the Natura 2000 network of the Study 9 «Monitoring and Evaluation of Bird Species Conservation Status in Greece» Ministry of Environment, Energy and Climate Change, Athens, Partnership Consulting Firms" "F.FASOULAS-N.MANTZIOS" EU - RODOULA GEORGE KONSTANTINIDOU - "ATH.TZAKOPOULOS AND Co." EU ", Thessaloniki.1) Grimmet R.F.A. & T.A. Jones. 1989. The Important Bird Areas in Europe. ICBP Technical Publication No. 9, p. 906. (3.2.a.,b).2) Hellenic Ornithological Society & National Agricultural Research Foundation. 1994. Survey and evaluation of Biotopes and inv


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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level (optional):

Code Cover [%]

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites (optional):

Designated at national or regional level:

Type code Site name Type Cover [%]
GR95Dionysades nisoi Dimou Siteias=100.00

5.3 Site designation (optional)

No information provided


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6.1 Body(ies) responsible for the site management:

No information provided

6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

No, but in preparation

6.3 Conservation measures (optional)

No information provided



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