Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

B

1.2 Site code

GR4330005

1.3 Site name

OROS IDI (VORIZIA, GERANOI, KALI MADARA)

1.4 First Compilation date

1995-02

1.5 Update date

2016-12

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Υπουργείο Περιβάλλοντος και Ενέργειας
Address:               
Email:

1.7 Site indication and designation / classification dates

Date site proposed as SCI:1996-08
Date site confirmed as SCI:2006-09
Date site designated as SAC:2011-03
National legal reference of SAC designation:Law 3937/29-3-11 (OJ 60 A)

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:24.823611
Latitude:35.225833

2.2 Area [ha]

40822.3900

2.3 Marine area [%]

0.0000

2.4 Sitelength [km]:

0.00

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
GR43Kriti
GR43Kriti

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Mediterranean (0.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.1 Habitat types present on the site and assessment for them

Annex I Habitat types Site assessment
Code PF NP Cover [ha] Cave [number] Data quality A|B|C|D A|B|C
      RepresentativityRelative SurfaceConservationGlobal
3290  info      0.00         
4090  info      8864.89  0.00 
5420  info      9360.52  0.00 
5430  info      11315.7  0.00 
6220  info  X     270.5  0.00 
8140  info      80.7306  0.00 
8210  info      20.9179  0.00 
8310  info      4.00           
9290  info      24.1267  0.00 
92C0  info      3.08671  0.00 
92D0  info      10.8556  0.00 
9320  info      8.35053  0.00 
9340  info      6.01494  0.00 
9540  info      428.307  0.00 
  • PF: for the habitat types that can have a non-priority as well as a priority form (6210, 7130, 9430) enter "X" in the column PF to indicate the priority form.
  • NP: in case that a habitat type no longer exists in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Cover: decimal values can be entered
  • Caves: for habitat types 8310, 8330 (caves) enter the number of caves if estimated surface is not available.
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation)

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover
N060.01
N0866.98
N100.42
N151.01
N170.57
N1831.00
N220.01

Total Habitat Cover

100.00000000000001

Other Site Characteristics

The site is surrounded by several villages: Anogeia, Zoniana, Livadia, Kalyvos, Agios Mamas, Avdellas, Margarites, Prines, Eleftherna, Vistagi, Fourfouras, Kouroutes, Nithavri, Apodoulou, Platanos, Lochria, Kamares, Vorizia, Zaros, Nyvritos, Gergeri, Agia Varvara, Asites, Krousonas, Loutraki, Gonies.Psiloreitis (Idi Oros) is one of the three major mountain ranges of Crete. The highest peak is 2456m (Timios Stavros). Other high peaks are: Agathia 2,425m, Seli 2354m, Stolistra 2330m, Housamakas 2209m, Alikadam 1927m, Mavri 1981m, Vigla 1917m, Koudouni 1860, Skinakas 1752m, Sitaras 1575m, ect.. Southern slopes are steep. Limestone, dolomite and gneiss are the dominant rocks.Psiloreitis is the «drainage basin» of central Crete. The collected in the system comes from several springs. Zaros, Gergeri, Almyros and Bali are the major of them. Most of the site's area is karstified. Karstic forms comprise canyons, poljes, numerous dolines and many hundreds of caves and potholes including the deepest in Greece (-475m). Deer fossils and Agrimia sceletons (Capra aegagrus cretica-extinct from Psiloreitis some decades ago) have been located in several potholes.The dolines are of special interest; the wet dolines are characterized by scanty vegetation of annuals common in other places but rare in Crete while the dry dolines are characterized by dense vegetation and, in Psiloritis, by the occurence of Polygonum idaeum, specialized in this type of habitat and confined to Psiloritis and Dikti, and of Gagea fibrosa, a strict endemic to the dolines of Psiloritis.Phrygana and maqui shrubs are dominant up to 1600m a.s.l. Groves of prickly-oaks (Quercus coccifera) are spread within the site. Rouvas' prickly-oak grove, above Gergeri, is the largest. Pine groves (Pinus brutia) occur at the south slopes while cypress (Cupressus sempervirens) and maple trees (Acer sempervirens) are scattered up to 1700m a.s.l., only occasionally forming small groves. Above 1700m vegetation is patchy with low bushes of spiny plants. Many taxa that characterise these formations are Cretan endemics (Asperula idaea, Centaurea idaea, etc.). Human activities occur since early Neolithic times. There are several archaeological sites. The ancient town "Zomynthos", the cave Idaion Adron and the cave of Kamares are the most important.

4.2 Quality and importance

The site is characterized by landscape diversity, high biodiversity, the presence of many Cretan and Greek endemic species of flora and fauna, rare plant associations, rare species, threatened species and species in danger of extinction. More than 100 plant species of the site are endemic to the Cretan area. Some of them are extremely rare (species included in section 3.3. with motivation D). Rhinolophus ferrumequinum ssp. creticum, included in section 3.2.c. as Rhinolophus ferrumequinum, is a subspecies endemic to Crete. Idi mountain is one of the EU's Important Bird Areas. An area of 0.2 ha (Manna Nerou) above Kamares village is protected as "Natural Monument" since 1985 for the protection of Cretan Kephalantiro (Cephalanthera cucullata). Rouvas forest and Zaros canyon have been proposed for designation as biogenetic reserve. Idaion Adron and the cave of Kamares are considered "Landscapes of Special Natural Beauty". However, legislation and protection are not effective. OTHER IMPORTANT SPECIES WITH MOTIVATION D The following species are protected by the Greek Law (Presidential Decree 67/81) and are included in the IUCN Red Data List (1993) in the category of threatened plants: Cotoneaster nummularia (vulnerable), Convolvulus libanoticus (rare). Amelanchier ovalis ssp. cretica is a subspecies with distribution in Sicily and Greece. Viola rauliniana is a species with distribution in W. & C. Crete and Cyprus.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
MA01o
LA01i
HA04i
HA04o
HA04.01.04I
HA05.01i
HA05.01o
HA05.02i
HA05.02o
LB01.02i
MB01.02o
LC01.04.01i
MC01.04.01o
HC03.03I
MD01.01o
MD01.01i
MD01.02o
LD01.02i
MD02.01o
MD02.02o
LD02.02i
ME01.02o
LE01.04i
ME03.01o
LE06.01I
LE06.02I
MF03.01i
HF03.01o
MG01o
MG01i
LG01.02i
LG01.02o
LG01.03o
HG01.04i
HG01.04o
MG01.04.02I
MG01.04.03I
LG01.06o
LG02.03o
MG05.04I
MG05.07I
MG05.09I
MH05o
MJ01o
MK01.01i
MK03.01b
LL09I
HL09i
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
MA01o
MD01.01o
MD01.01i
MD01.02o
LD01.02i
LD01.05o
MD02.01o
MD02.02o
LD02.02i
ME01.02o
LE01.04i
MG01i
MG01o
LG01.02o
LG01.02i
LG01.03o
HG01.04o
HG01.04i
LG01.06o
LG02.03o
LUb

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code Cover [%]
GR9520.72

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites:

Designated at national or regional level:

Type code Site name Type Cover [%]
GR95Periochi Gournas Dimos Krousona*1.53
GR95Psiloreitis Dimou Zirou kai Ravou*5.49
GR95Trigiodo Dimou Anogeion+5.16
GR95Psiloreitis Dimon Syvritou Kouriton*8.53

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.1 Body(ies) responsible for the site management:

Organisation:1. FOREST DIRECTORATE OF IRAKLEIO, 2. CURATOR OF PREHISTORIC AND CLASSIC ANTIQUITIES, 3. FOREST DIRECTORATE OF RETHYMNO, 4. CURATOR OF PREHISTORIC AND CLASSIC ANTIQUITIES OF RETHYMNO
Address:
Email:

6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

Yes
No, but in preparation
X
No

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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SITE DISPLAY