Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

B

1.2 Site code

GR4330005

1.3 Site name

OROS IDI (VORIZIA, GERANOI, KALI MADARA)

1.4 First Compilation date

1995-02

1.5 Update date

2020-07

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Υπουργείο Περιβάλλοντος και Ενέργειας
Address:               
Email:

1.7 Site indication and designation / classification dates

Date site proposed as SCI:1996-08
Date site confirmed as SCI:2006-09
Date site designated as SAC:2011-03
National legal reference of SAC designation:Law 3937/29-3-11 (OJ 60 A)

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:24.834837
Latitude:35.233698

2.2 Area [ha]

40822.3900

2.3 Marine area [%]

0.0000

2.4 Sitelength [km]:

0.00

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
GR43Kriti

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Mediterranean (0.00 %) Mediterranean (0.00 %) Mediterranean (0.00 %)
Mediterranean (0.00 %) Mediterranean (0.00 %) Mediterranean (0.00 %)
Mediterranean (0.00 %) Mediterranean (0.00 %) Mediterranean (0.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.1 Habitat types present on the site and assessment for them

Annex I Habitat types Site assessment
Code PF NP Cover [ha] Cave [number] Data quality A|B|C|D A|B|C
      RepresentativityRelative SurfaceConservationGlobal
3290  info      0.00         
4090  info      8864.89  0.00 
5420  info      9360.52  0.00 
5430  info      11315.7  0.00 
6220  info  X     270.5  0.00 
8140  info      80.7306  0.00 
8210  info      20.9179  0.00 
8310  info      4.00           
9290  info      24.1267  0.00 
92C0  info      3.08671  0.00 
92D0  info      10.8556  0.00 
9320  info      8.35053  0.00 
9340  info      6.01494  0.00 
9540  info      428.307  0.00 
  • PF: for the habitat types that can have a non-priority as well as a priority form (6210, 7130, 9430) enter "X" in the column PF to indicate the priority form.
  • NP: in case that a habitat type no longer exists in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Cover: decimal values can be entered
  • Caves: for habitat types 8310, 8330 (caves) enter the number of caves if estimated surface is not available.
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation)

3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
P1901Cephalanthera cucullata    125  170   
P4082Crepis pusilla    grids1x1   
P1685Origanum dictamnus    7600  230000   
R6095Zamenis situla          DD   
P1436Zelkova abelicea    45  45  adults   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

Species

Population in the site

Motivation

Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
Alyssum idaeum                   
Alyssum idaeum                   
Alyssum sphacioticum                   
Alyssum sphacioticum                   
Amelanchier ovalis ssp. cretica                   
Arenaria fragillima                   
Aristolochia cretica                   
Arum creticum                   
Arum idaeum                   
Asperula rigida                   
Astragalus idaeus                   
Bolanthus creutzburgii                   
Bolanthus creutzburgii                   
6997Bufotes viridis                   
6997Bufotes viridis                   
6997Bufotes viridis                   
Carex idaea                   
Chaenorhinum idaeum                   
1274Chalcides ocellatus                   
1274Chalcides ocellatus                   
1274Chalcides ocellatus                   
Colchicum cretense                   
Convolvulus libanoticus                   
Cotoneaster nummularia                   
Crepis auriculifolia                   
Crepis auriculifolia                   
Crepis sibthorpiana                   
Crepis sibthorpiana                   
Crocidura zimmermanni                   
Crocidura zimmermanni                   
Crocidura zimmermanni                   
Crocus oreocreticus                   
Crocus sieberi                   
Cyclamen creticum                   
Draba cretica                   
Ebenus cretica                   
Epipactis cretica                   
Epipactis cretica                   
Epipactis cretica                   
1327Eptesicus serotinus                   
1327Eptesicus serotinus                   
1327Eptesicus serotinus                   
1363Felis silvestris                   
1363Felis silvestris                   
1363Felis silvestris                   
Galium samothracicum                   
Geocaryum creticum                   
Geocaryum creticum                   
Hemidactylus turcicus                   
Hemidactylus turcicus                   
5669Hierophis gemonensis                   
5669Hierophis gemonensis                   
1203Hyla arborea                   
1203Hyla arborea                   
1203Hyla arborea                   
Hypericum jovis                   
Hypericum jovis                   
Hypericum kelleri                   
Hypericum kelleri                   
Hypericum trichocaulon                   
5365Hypsugo savii    10  500             
5365Hypsugo savii    10  500             
5365Hypsugo savii    10  500             
1251Lacerta trilineata                   
1251Lacerta trilineata                   
1251Lacerta trilineata                   
6958Mediodactylus kotschyi                   
6958Mediodactylus kotschyi                   
6958Mediodactylus kotschyi                   
5004Myotis aurascens                   
5004Myotis aurascens                   
5004Myotis aurascens                   
Orchis prisca                   
Orchis prisca                   
6991Pelophylax cretensis                   
6991Pelophylax cretensis                   
6991Pelophylax cretensis                   
Petromarula pinnata                   
Phlomis lanata                   
5253Pipistrellus hanaki    10  500             
5253Pipistrellus hanaki    10  500             
5253Pipistrellus hanaki    10  500             
2016Pipistrellus kuhlii    10  500             
2016Pipistrellus kuhlii    10  500             
2016Pipistrellus kuhlii    10  500             
5011Plecotus kolombatovici                   
5011Plecotus kolombatovici                   
5011Plecotus kolombatovici                   
5012Plecotus macrobullaris                   
5012Plecotus macrobullaris                   
5012Plecotus macrobullaris                   
Polygonum idaeum                   
Ricotia cretica                   
Scabiosa albocincta                   
Scabiosa sphaciotica                   
Senecio fruticulosus                   
Silene variegata                   
1333Tadarida teniotis    10  500             
1333Tadarida teniotis    10  500             
1333Tadarida teniotis    10  500             
1289Telescopus fallax                   
1289Telescopus fallax                   
1289Telescopus fallax                   
Teucrium alpestre                   
Thlaspi creticum                   
Tragopogon lassithicus                   
Tragopogon lassithicus                   
Tulipa cretica                   
Valeriana asarifolia                   
Veronica kavusica                   
Viola cretica                   
Viola fragrans                   
Viola rauliniana                   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover
N170.57
N060.01
N151.01
N1831.00
N100.42
N0866.98
N220.01

Total Habitat Cover

100.00000000000001

Other Site Characteristics

The site is surrounded by several villages: Anogeia, Zoniana, Livadia, Kalyvos, Agios Mamas, Avdellas, Margarites, Prines, Eleftherna, Vistagi, Fourfouras, Kouroutes, Nithavri, Apodoulou, Platanos, Lochria, Kamares, Vorizia, Zaros, Nyvritos, Gergeri, Agia Varvara, Asites, Krousonas, Loutraki, Gonies.Psiloreitis (Idi Oros) is one of the three major mountain ranges of Crete. The highest peak is 2456m (Timios Stavros). Other high peaks are: Agathia 2,425m, Seli 2354m, Stolistra 2330m, Housamakas 2209m, Alikadam 1927m, Mavri 1981m, Vigla 1917m, Koudouni 1860, Skinakas 1752m, Sitaras 1575m, ect.. Southern slopes are steep. Limestone, dolomite and gneiss are the dominant rocks.Psiloreitis is the drainage basin of central Crete. The collected in the system comes from several springs. Zaros, Gergeri, Almyros and Bali are the major of them. Most of the site's area is karstified. Karstic forms comprise canyons, poljes, numerous dolines and many hundreds of caves and potholes including the deepest in Greece (-475m). Deer fossils and Agrimia sceletons (Capra aegagrus cretica-extinct from Psiloreitis some decades ago) have been located in several potholes.The dolines are of special interest; the wet dolines are characterized by scanty vegetation of annuals common in other places but rare in Crete while the dry dolines are characterized by dense vegetation and, in Psiloritis, by the occurence of Polygonum idaeum, specialized in this type of habitat and confined to Psiloritis and Dikti, and of Gagea fibrosa, a strict endemic to the dolines of Psiloritis.Phrygana and maqui shrubs are dominant up to 1600m a.s.l. Groves of prickly-oaks (Quercus coccifera) are spread within the site. Rouvas' prickly-oak grove, above Gergeri, is the largest. Pine groves (Pinus brutia) occur at the south slopes while cypress (Cupressus sempervirens) and maple trees (Acer sempervirens) are scattered up to 1700m a.s.l., only occasionally forming small groves. Above 1700m vegetation is patchy with low bushes of spiny plants. Many taxa that characterise these formations are Cretan endemics (Asperula idaea, Centaurea idaea, etc.). Human activities occur since early Neolithic times. There are several archaeological sites. The ancient town "Zomynthos", the cave Idaion Adron and the cave of Kamares are the most important.

4.2 Quality and importance

The site is characterized by landscape diversity, high biodiversity, the presence of many Cretan and Greek endemic species of flora and fauna, rare plant associations, rare species, threatened species and species in danger of extinction. More than 100 plant species of the site are endemic to the Cretan area. Some of them are extremely rare (species included in section 3.3. with motivation D). Rhinolophus ferrumequinum ssp. creticum, included in section 3.2.c. as Rhinolophus ferrumequinum, is a subspecies endemic to Crete. Idi mountain is one of the EU's Important Bird Areas. An area of 0.2 ha (Manna Nerou) above Kamares village is protected as "Natural Monument" since 1985 for the protection of Cretan Kephalantiro (Cephalanthera cucullata). Rouvas forest and Zaros canyon have been proposed for designation as biogenetic reserve. Idaion Adron and the cave of Kamares are considered "Landscapes of Special Natural Beauty". However, legislation and protection are not effective. OTHER IMPORTANT SPECIES WITH MOTIVATION D The following species are protected by the Greek Law (Presidential Decree 67/81) and are included in the IUCN Red Data List (1993) in the category of threatened plants: Cotoneaster nummularia (vulnerable), Convolvulus libanoticus (rare). Amelanchier ovalis ssp. cretica is a subspecies with distribution in Sicily and Greece. Viola rauliniana is a species with distribution in W. & C. Crete and Cyprus.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
HA04.01.04i
HC03.03i
LE06.01i
LE06.02i
MG01.04.02i
MG01.04.03i
MG05.04i
MG05.07i
MG05.09i
LL09i
MK03.01b
HA05.02i
MH05o
LG01.02i
MD01.02o
MD01.01o
HA05.01i
HG01.04i
MK01.01i
MJ01o
ME01.02o
HG01.04o
LD01.02i
HA04o
MD01.01i
HA05.01o
MG01i
MF03.01i
MD02.02o
HF03.01o
LB01.02i
LE01.04i
HA04i
MG01o
HA05.02o
LG01.02o
LC01.04.01i
LG01.06o
LG01.03o
MB01.02o
MA01o
MD02.01o
LD02.02i
LA01i
HL09i
MC01.04.01o
ME03.01o
LG02.03o
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
LUb
MD01.02o
LE01.04i
LG01.06o
LG01.02o
MD02.02o
MD01.01o
ME01.02o
HG01.04o
MG01i
LG01.03o
LD01.02i
MD01.01i
LG02.03o
HG01.04i
MD02.01o
LG01.02i
LD01.05o
MG01o
LD02.02i
MA01o

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code Cover [%]
GR9520.72

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites:

Designated at national or regional level:

Type code Site name Type Cover [%]
GR95Periochi Gournas Dimos Krousona*1.53
GR95Psiloreitis Dimou Zirou kai Ravou*5.49
GR95Trigiodo Dimou Anogeion+5.16
GR95Psiloreitis Dimon Syvritou Kouriton*8.53

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.1 Body(ies) responsible for the site management:

Organisation:1. FOREST DIRECTORATE OF CHANIA, 2. MANAGEMENT BODY OF "ETHNIKOS DRYMOS SAMARIAS"
Address:
Email:

6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

Yes
No, but in preparation
X
No

6.3 Conservation measures (optional)

Management plan for the National Forest Park - 1996. Management plan for the microreserve of Cephalanthera cucullata, Hypericum aciferum, Nepeta sphaciotica. Management of tree felling.

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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SITE DISPLAY