Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

A

1.2 Site code

GR4330007

1.3 Site name

KOURTALIOTIKO FARANGI, FARANGI PREVELI

1.4 First Compilation date

2001-10

1.5 Update date

2020-07

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Υπουργείο Περιβάλλοντος και Ενέργειας
Address:               
Email:

1.7 Site indication and designation / classification dates

Date site classified as SPA:2001-10
National legal reference of SPA designationJMD HP 37338/1807/E103/6-9-2010 (OJ 1495 B)

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:24.472295
Latitude:35.201481

2.2 Area [ha]

7484.5000

2.3 Marine area [%]

0.0000

2.4 Sitelength [km]:

0.00

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
GR43Kriti

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Mediterranean (0.00 %) Mediterranean (0.00 %) Mediterranean (0.00 %)
Mediterranean (0.00 %) Mediterranean (0.00 %) Mediterranean (0.00 %)
Mediterranean (0.00 %) Mediterranean (0.00 %) Mediterranean (0.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
BA402Accipiter brevipes          DD   
BA255Anthus campestris          DD   
BA255Anthus campestris          DD   
BA028Ardea cinerea          DD   
BA087Buteo buteo       
BA243Calandrella brachydactyla             
BA243Calandrella brachydactyla          DD   
BA224Caprimulgus europaeus          DD   
BA224Caprimulgus europaeus          DD   
BA080Circaetus gallicus          DD   
BA080Circaetus gallicus          DD   
BA082Circus cyaneus          DD   
BA082Circus cyaneus          DD   
BA083Circus macrourus          DD   
BA738Delichon urbicum (urbica)          DD   
BA026Egretta garzetta          DD   
BA447Emberiza caesia          DD   
BA379Emberiza hortulana          DD   
BA379Emberiza hortulana          DD   
BA100Falco eleonorae          DD   
BA103Falco peregrinus       
BA097Falco vespertinus          DD   
BA321Ficedula albicollis          DD     
BA131Himantopus himantopus          DD     
BA251Hirundo rustica          DD   
BA338Lanius collurio          DD   
BA339Lanius minor          DD   
BA246Lullula arborea          DD   
BA246Lullula arborea          DD   
BA023Nycticorax nycticorax          DD   
BA072Pernis apivorus          DD   
BA391Phalacrocorax carbo sinensis          DD   
BA210Streptopelia turtur          DD   
BA210Streptopelia turtur    300  350     
BA307Sylvia nisoria             
BA440Sylvia rueppelli          DD   
BA440Sylvia rueppelli          DD   
BA166Tringa glareola          DD   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

Species

Population in the site

Motivation

Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
A211Clamator glandarius                   
A211Clamator glandarius                   
A207Columba oenas                   
A207Columba oenas                   
A207Columba oenas                   
A687Columba palumbus palumbus                   
A687Columba palumbus palumbus                   
A687Columba palumbus palumbus                   
A687Columba palumbus palumbus                   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover
N010.04

Total Habitat Cover

0.04

Other Site Characteristics

The site, at the southern central Crete, includes the gorges of Preveli and of Kourtaliotis river, a narrow river with permanent water supply, which cuts through the gorge, flowing down a rocky bed, to end up to a small cove, with a sandy beach, 250 m in length and 60-70 m in width. At the estuary, a small pond with brackish is formed, in the middle of the beach, 10 m from the sea.The water from the springs of Agios Nikolas, middleway in the gorge, is collected by a water lock which supplies water to all the villages around. The main types of biotopes that characterize the site are: rock faces with characterizing chasmophytic vegetation and phrygana, at the slopes of the gorge; riparian arborescent vegetation with Phoenix theophrastii, Nerium oleander, Ceratonia siliqua; small coastal habitats at the estuary of the river, with Vitex-agnus castus and halophytic vegetation (Juncus maritimus and Phragmites australis) and small sand dunes; sea cliff vegetation and marine habitats, with Posidonia sea beds. The Phoenix theophrastii forest -the second most important palm forest of Phoenix in Crete, aged of several decades, extends into the gorge at a distance of at least 600 m from the beach.NOTES The habitat of the constantly flowing mediterranean river with gravel bank (usually pebbles) and common perennials (not included in Annex I) covers a small percentage of the site and has excellent representativity, good conservation and goodglobal value.

4.2 Quality and importance

An important site for breeding raptors, montane and scrub species. Species of concern include: Gypaetus barbatus.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
HC03.03bb
HF05.03b
HA05.03b
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

4.5 Documentation

1) Stefanou, L., Personal communication 2) GBIF.org (20th April 2015) GBIF Occurrence Download http://doi.org/10.15468/dl.jcltub 3) Zalidis, G. & Mantzavelas, . (2006), Inventory of the Greek Wetlands as Natural Resources, , ISBN: 960751100 4) Vlachos Ch., Chatzinikos E., Kiousis D., Dimou P., Bontzorlos V., Dedousopoulou E., Braziotis S., Xenos A., Stefanou L. Birtsas P., Vlachaki D. and Kontos K. (version Coordinators) 2015. Updated version of the descriptive database of the Natura 2000 network of the Study 9 Monitoring and Evaluation of Bird Species Conservation Status in Greece Ministry of Environment, Energy and Climate Change, Athens, Partnership Consulting Firms" "F.FASOULAS-N.MANTZIOS" EU - RODOULA GEORGE KONSTANTINIDOU - "ATH.TZAKOPOULOS AND Co." EU ", Thessaloniki. 5) NATURA 2000 Network descriptive & geographical database (2012). http://www.ypeka.gr/Default.aspxtabid=432&language=el-GR

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code Cover [%]
GR9524.01

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites:

Designated at national or regional level:

Type code Site name Type Cover [%]
GR95Kouroupa Dimon Foinika kai Lampis*21.48
GR95Preveli Dimon Foinika kai Lampis*2.53

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.1 Body(ies) responsible for the site management:

Organisation:1. FOREST DIRECTORATE OF CHANIA, 2. MANAGEMENT BODY OF "ETHNIKOS DRYMOS SAMARIAS"
Address:
Email:

6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

Yes
No, but in preparation
X
No

6.3 Conservation measures (optional)

Management plan for the National Forest Park - 1996. Management plan for the microreserve of Cephalanthera cucullata, Hypericum aciferum, Nepeta sphaciotica. Management of tree felling.

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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SITE DISPLAY