Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

A

1.2 Site code

GR4340022

1.3 Site name

LIMNI KOURNA KAI EKVOLI ALMYROU

1.4 First Compilation date

2002-10

1.5 Update date

2016-12

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Υπουργείο Περιβάλλοντος και Ενέργειας
Address:               
Email:

1.7 Site indication and designation / classification dates

Date site classified as SPA:2002-10
National legal reference of SPA designationJMD HP 37338/1807/E103/6-9-2010 (OJ 1495 B)

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:24.276944
Latitude:35.332778

2.2 Area [ha]

192.7300

2.3 Marine area [%]

91.3000

2.4 Sitelength [km]:

0.00

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
GR43Kriti

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Mediterranean (0.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
BA168Actitis hypoleucos          DD 
BA168Actitis hypoleucos    500  500   
BA247Alauda arvensis          DD 
BA229Alcedo atthis    20  20   
BA229Alcedo atthis    100  100   
BA054Anas acuta          DD 
BA052Anas crecca    15  15   
BA053Anas platyrhynchos    50  50   
BA226Apus apus          DD   
BA028Ardea cinerea     
BA028Ardea cinerea    500  500   
BA059Aythya ferina    20  20   
BA061Aythya fuligula     
BA215Bubo bubo          DD 
BA133Burhinus oedicnemus          DD 
BA087Buteo buteo     
BA149Calidris alpina          DD 
BA147Calidris ferruginea          DD 
BA145Calidris minuta          DD 
BA861Calidris pugnax          DD 
BA146Calidris temminckii          DD 
BA224Caprimulgus europaeus          DD 
BA137Charadrius hiaticula          DD 
BA082Circus cyaneus          DD 
BA859Clanga clanga          DD 
BA036Cygnus olor    30  30   
BA738Delichon urbicum (urbica)          DD 
BA026Egretta garzetta          DD 
BA026Egretta garzetta    300  300   
BA379Emberiza hortulana          DD 
BA511Falco cherrug          DD 
BA100Falco eleonorae          DD 
BA103Falco peregrinus     
BA321Ficedula albicollis          DD 
BA125Fulica atra    200  300   
BA125Fulica atra    10  10   
BA153Gallinago gallinago          DD 
BA153Gallinago gallinago          DD 
BA130Haematopus ostralegus     
BA131Himantopus himantopus          DD 
BA251Hirundo rustica          DD 
BA251Hirundo rustica          DD 
BA022Ixobrychus minutus          DD 
BA233Jynx torquilla          DD 
BA338Lanius collurio          DD 
BA156Limosa limosa          DD   
BA246Lullula arborea          DD 
BA855Mareca penelope    20  20   
BA875Microcarbo pygmaeus          DD 
BA260Motacilla flava          DD 
BA023Nycticorax nycticorax          DD 
BA337Oriolus oriolus          DD 
BA355Passer hispaniolensis          DD   
BA072Pernis apivorus          DD 
BA391Phalacrocorax carbo sinensis       
BA008Podiceps nigricollis    100  160   
BA119Porzana porzana          DD 
BA249Riparia riparia          DD 
BA885Sternula albifrons          DD 
BA210Streptopelia turtur          DD 
BA228Tachymarptis melba          DD 
BA166Tringa glareola    100  100   
BA164Tringa nebularia          DD 
BA165Tringa ochropus          DD 
BA165Tringa ochropus    200  200   
BA163Tringa stagnatilis          DD 
BA162Tringa totanus          DD 
BA162Tringa totanus          DD 
BA892Zapornia parva          DD 
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

Species

Population in the site

Motivation

Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
A136Charadrius dubius    20             
A136Charadrius dubius                   
A136Charadrius dubius    20             
A136Charadrius dubius                   
A136Charadrius dubius    20             
A136Charadrius dubius                   
A687Columba palumbus palumbus                   
A687Columba palumbus palumbus                   
A489Larus fuscus all others               
A489Larus fuscus all others               
A152Lymnocryptes minimus                   
A152Lymnocryptes minimus                   
A152Lymnocryptes minimus                   
A058Netta rufina                   
A058Netta rufina                   
A058Netta rufina                   
A158Numenius phaeopus                   
A158Numenius phaeopus                   
A158Numenius phaeopus                   
A435Oenanthe isabellina                   
A435Oenanthe isabellina                   
A004Tachybaptus ruficollis    13  13             
A004Tachybaptus ruficollis    10             
A004Tachybaptus ruficollis    13  13             
A004Tachybaptus ruficollis    10             
A004Tachybaptus ruficollis    13  13             
A004Tachybaptus ruficollis    10             
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover
N2313.21
N018.56
N0623.37
N088.13
N095.08
N2141.65

Total Habitat Cover

100

Other Site Characteristics

The site includes the Almyros estuary, the area of Georgioupolis and the Kournas lake.The hydrological system supplies and maintains a great peripheral area of humid land, which, especially around Almyros estuary, is mixed either with cultivations or with land which used to be cultivated in the past. At the estuary there are Phragmites australis reed beds (a habitat type not included in Annex I, with Corine 91 code 53.1).Another feature of the site is the big number of underground cold springs which continuously supply with water Kournas lake and the freshwater habitats around Georgioupolis village, in particular: the last part of Almyros stream (close to the estuary), the delta of the stream and the estuary (the upper part of the channel of Almyros stream is dry during the summer months). At the lake-shore the vegetation is characterized by Vitex-agnus castus, Ulmus minor ssp. canescens and other hygrophilous species formations.

4.2 Quality and importance

This is an impportant site for breeding, migrant and wintering waterbirds. The lake of Kournas is the only natural freshwater lake in Crete. The whole freshwater system, including the lake, the marshes and Almyros stream and estuary in Georgioupolis, is one of the most important in the east Mediterranean region.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
MC03.03bb
HG01b
HK01.03b
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code Cover [%]
GR9555.46

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites:

Designated at national or regional level:

Type code Site name Type Cover [%]
GR95Limni Kourna Dimou Georgioupolis*55.46

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

Yes
No, but in preparation
X
No

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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SITE DISPLAY