Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

A

1.2 Site code

GR4340022

1.3 Site name

LIMNI KOURNA KAI EKVOLI ALMYROU

1.4 First Compilation date

2002-10

1.5 Update date

2020-07

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Υπουργείο Περιβάλλοντος και Ενέργειας
Address:               
Email:

1.7 Site indication and designation / classification dates

Date site classified as SPA:2002-10
National legal reference of SPA designationJMD HP 37338/1807/E103/6-9-2010 (OJ 1495 B)

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:24.276151
Latitude:35.331387

2.2 Area [ha]

192.7300

2.3 Marine area [%]

91.3000

2.4 Sitelength [km]:

0.00

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
GR43Kriti

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Mediterranean (0.00 %) Mediterranean (0.00 %) Mediterranean (0.00 %)
Mediterranean (0.00 %) Mediterranean (0.00 %) Mediterranean (0.00 %)
Mediterranean (0.00 %) Mediterranean (0.00 %) Mediterranean (0.00 %)
Marine Mediterranean (0.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
BA168Actitis hypoleucos          DD   
BA168Actitis hypoleucos    500  500     
BA247Alauda arvensis          DD   
BA229Alcedo atthis    20  20     
BA229Alcedo atthis    100  100     
BA054Anas acuta          DD   
BA052Anas crecca    15  15     
BA053Anas platyrhynchos    50  50     
BA226Apus apus          DD     
BA028Ardea cinerea       
BA028Ardea cinerea    500  500     
BA059Aythya ferina    20  20     
BA061Aythya fuligula       
BA215Bubo bubo          DD   
BA133Burhinus oedicnemus          DD   
BA087Buteo buteo       
BA149Calidris alpina          DD   
BA147Calidris ferruginea          DD   
BA145Calidris minuta          DD   
BA861Calidris pugnax          DD   
BA146Calidris temminckii          DD   
BA224Caprimulgus europaeus          DD   
BA137Charadrius hiaticula          DD   
BA082Circus cyaneus          DD   
BA859Clanga clanga          DD   
BA036Cygnus olor    30  30     
BA738Delichon urbicum (urbica)          DD   
BA026Egretta garzetta          DD   
BA026Egretta garzetta    300  300     
BA379Emberiza hortulana          DD   
BA511Falco cherrug          DD   
BA100Falco eleonorae          DD   
BA103Falco peregrinus       
BA321Ficedula albicollis          DD   
BA125Fulica atra    200  300     
BA125Fulica atra    10  10     
BA153Gallinago gallinago          DD   
BA153Gallinago gallinago          DD   
BA130Haematopus ostralegus       
BA131Himantopus himantopus          DD   
BA251Hirundo rustica          DD   
BA251Hirundo rustica          DD   
BA022Ixobrychus minutus          DD   
BA233Jynx torquilla          DD   
BA338Lanius collurio          DD   
BA156Limosa limosa          DD     
BA246Lullula arborea          DD   
BA855Mareca penelope    20  20     
BA875Microcarbo pygmaeus          DD   
BA260Motacilla flava          DD   
BA023Nycticorax nycticorax          DD   
BA337Oriolus oriolus          DD   
BA355Passer hispaniolensis          DD     
BA072Pernis apivorus          DD   
BA391Phalacrocorax carbo sinensis         
BA008Podiceps nigricollis    100  160     
BA119Porzana porzana          DD   
BA249Riparia riparia          DD   
BA885Sternula albifrons          DD   
BA210Streptopelia turtur          DD   
BA228Tachymarptis melba          DD   
BA166Tringa glareola    100  100     
BA164Tringa nebularia          DD   
BA165Tringa ochropus          DD   
BA165Tringa ochropus    200  200     
BA163Tringa stagnatilis          DD   
BA162Tringa totanus          DD   
BA162Tringa totanus          DD   
BA892Zapornia parva          DD   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

Species

Population in the site

Motivation

Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
A136Charadrius dubius    20             
A136Charadrius dubius                   
A136Charadrius dubius    20             
A136Charadrius dubius                   
A136Charadrius dubius    20             
A136Charadrius dubius                   
A687Columba palumbus palumbus                   
A687Columba palumbus palumbus                   
A489Larus fuscus all others               
A489Larus fuscus all others               
A152Lymnocryptes minimus                   
A152Lymnocryptes minimus                   
A152Lymnocryptes minimus                   
A058Netta rufina                   
A058Netta rufina                   
A058Netta rufina                   
A158Numenius phaeopus                   
A158Numenius phaeopus                   
A158Numenius phaeopus                   
A435Oenanthe isabellina                   
A435Oenanthe isabellina                   
A004Tachybaptus ruficollis    13  13             
A004Tachybaptus ruficollis    10             
A004Tachybaptus ruficollis    13  13             
A004Tachybaptus ruficollis    10             
A004Tachybaptus ruficollis    13  13             
A004Tachybaptus ruficollis    10             
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover
N2313.21
N018.56
N0623.37
N088.13
N095.08
N2141.65

Total Habitat Cover

100

Other Site Characteristics

The site includes the Almyros estuary, the area of Georgioupolis and the Kournas lake.The hydrological system supplies and maintains a great peripheral area of humid land, which, especially around Almyros estuary, is mixed either with cultivations or with land which used to be cultivated in the past. At the estuary there are Phragmites australis reed beds (a habitat type not included in Annex I, with Corine 91 code 53.1).Another feature of the site is the big number of underground cold springs which continuously supply with water Kournas lake and the freshwater habitats around Georgioupolis village, in particular: the last part of Almyros stream (close to the estuary), the delta of the stream and the estuary (the upper part of the channel of Almyros stream is dry during the summer months). At the lake-shore the vegetation is characterized by Vitex-agnus castus, Ulmus minor ssp. canescens and other hygrophilous species formations.

4.2 Quality and importance

This is an impportant site for breeding, migrant and wintering waterbirds. The lake of Kournas is the only natural freshwater lake in Crete. The whole freshwater system, including the lake, the marshes and Almyros stream and estuary in Georgioupolis, is one of the most important in the east Mediterranean region.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
MC03.03bb
HG01b
HK01.03b
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

4.5 Documentation

1) GBIF.org (20th April 2015) GBIF Occurrence Download http://doi.org/10.15468/dl.jcltub 2) Vlachos Ch., Chatzinikos E., Kiousis D., Dimou P., Bontzorlos V., Dedousopoulou E., Braziotis S., Xenos A., Stefanou L. Birtsas P., Vlachaki D. and Kontos K. (version Coordinators) 2015. Updated version of the descriptive database of the Natura 2000 network of the Study 9 Monitoring and Evaluation of Bird Species Conservation Status in Greece Ministry of Environment, Energy and Climate Change, Athens, Partnership Consulting Firms" "F.FASOULAS-N.MANTZIOS" EU - RODOULA GEORGE KONSTANTINIDOU - "ATH.TZAKOPOULOS AND Co." EU ", Thessaloniki. 3) NATURA 2000 Network descriptive & geographical database (2012). http://www.ypeka.gr/Default.aspxtabid=432&language=el-GR

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code Cover [%]
GR9555.46

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites:

Designated at national or regional level:

Type code Site name Type Cover [%]
GR95Limni Kourna Dimou Georgioupolis*55.46

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

Yes
No, but in preparation
X
No

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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SITE DISPLAY