Database release:

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)



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1.1 Type


1.2 Site code


1.3 Site name

Dravske akumulacije

1.4 First Compilation date


1.5 Update date


1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Ministry of Economy and Sustainable Development - MESD

1.7 Site indication and designation / classification dates

Date site classified as SPA:2013-07
National legal reference of SPA designationRegulation on ecological network and responsible public institutions for site management, Official Gazette 80/19


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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:


2.2 Area [ha]


2.3 Marine area [%]


2.4 Sitelength [km] (optional):

No information provided

2.5 Administrative region code and name

No information provided

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Continental (0.00 %)


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3.1 Habitat types present on the site and assessment for them

No habitat types are reported for the site

3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
BA168Actitis hypoleucos    80  110   
BA229Alcedo atthis    12  20   
BA054Anas acuta          DD 
BA054Anas acuta          DD 
BA052Anas crecca    220  819   
BA052Anas crecca          DD 
BA050Anas penelope          DD 
BA050Anas penelope    10  130   
BA053Anas platyrhynchos    3000  10148   
BA053Anas platyrhynchos          DD 
BA055Anas querquedula          DD 
BA051Anas strepera          DD 
BA051Anas strepera    10  67   
BA051Anas strepera     
BA041Anser albifrons    1000  4776   
BA043Anser anser    200  430   
BA039Anser fabalis    500  2160   
BA059Aythya ferina          DD 
BA059Aythya ferina    800  3300   
BA061Aythya fuligula    500  7501   
BA061Aythya fuligula          DD 
BA067Bucephala clangula          DD 
BA067Bucephala clangula    200  1630   
BA030Ciconia nigra     
BA081Circus aeruginosus     
BA082Circus cyaneus     
BA036Cygnus olor          DD 
BA036Cygnus olor    100  500   
BA238Dendrocopos medius    10  20         
BA027Egretta alba          DD 
BA027Egretta alba    50  176   
BA026Egretta garzetta     
BA026Egretta garzetta          DD 
BA098Falco columbarius     
BA321Ficedula albicollis    100  300         
BA125Fulica atra          DD 
BA125Fulica atra    4600  14087   
BA022Ixobrychus minutus    15   
BA022Ixobrychus minutus          DD 
BA338Lanius collurio    80  150         
BA058Netta rufina    50   
BA058Netta rufina          DD 
BA023Nycticorax nycticorax          DD 
BA023Nycticorax nycticorax    20  25   
BA393Phalacrocorax pygmeus    1178   
BA234Picus canus           
BA118Rallus aquaticus          DD 
BA118Rallus aquaticus          DD 
BA249Riparia riparia    100  320   
BA193Sterna hirundo    50   
BA307Sylvia nisoria           
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

No information provided


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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover

Total Habitat Cover


Other Site Characteristics

The area encompasses stretch of the river Drava from Dubrava Križovljanska to Donja Dubrava as well as three hydropower plant storage reservoirs built on this part of the river. Remaining free flow of the river makes system of shingle-bars and islands, oxbow lakes, ponds and gravel pits. This area is important for wintering of waterbirds – it regularly supports more than 20.000 waterbirds (geese, ducks, Coots, etc.). Also, it is important breeding area for the Common Sandpiper that is threatened on national level. This SPA is a part of Regional Park Mura-Drava that includes the whole section of Mura and Drava rivers in Croatia. Regional Park is included in the Croatian-Hungarian part of the planned 5-Country UNESCO Biosphere Reserve "Mura-Drava-Danube", which was officially approved by UNESC'�s Man and Biosphere Committee in Paris in 2011. Lithostratigraphic units represented in this area are Holocene alluvial deposits, alluvial flat. Hydromorphic soil: Mollic, Calcaric Fluvisols - sands.

4.2 Quality and importance

- Information on BD Annex I birds population sizes and National Red List species was provided by the Institute for Ornithology (Zavod za ornitologiju, 2013). Numbers presented refer to estimations or exact data based as much as possible on recent surveys (data provided by the Institute staff and their field-work associates) - Population sizes of non-Annex I regularly occurring migratory waterbirds that represent target features of the SPA area have been estimated only for wintering populations. There is no data available for concentrations – it is to be researched in future. Estimations include numbers from International Waterbird Census for Croatia (2002-2012). The highest counted numbers of each species in the SPA area was taken as Maximum while the Miniumum was estimated, in accordance with Standard Data Form Explanatory Notes. It is hard to evaluate data as all counts were not made on the same day and it is not clear what the coverage of the area was. There should be a survey aimed at registering ‘zer'� numbers for each species as the basis for further monitoring of SPA target features - IWC data suggest that the SPA Dravske akumulacije regularly supports more than 20,000 migratory waterbirds (Max. up to 47,000 i.) - SPA Dravske akumulacije holds 23% of national breeding population of Actitis hypoleucos (National Red List species, highly connected to habitats of river gravel banks and islands) - Species of forests and open habitats are not target features of this SPA, so they have been evaluated as D (non-significant)

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

4.4 Ownership (optional)

No information provided

4.5 Documentation (optional)

Agencija za zaštitu okoliša: CORINE Land Cover Hrvatska. Baza podataka CLC 2006 Grlica, I.D. i Razlog-Grlica, J. (2014): Monitoring bregunice (Riparia riparia), vodomara (Alcedo atthis), male čigre (Sterna albifrons) i crvenokljune čigre (Sterna hirundo) na rijekama Muri, Dravi i Dunavu tijekom 2014. godine Hrvatsko društvo za zaštitu ptica i prirode (2002): International Waterbird Census (IWC) Croatia. Internal document Hrvatsko društvo za zaštitu ptica i prirode (2007): International Waterbird Census (IWC) Croatia - Drava. Internal document Hrvatsko društvo za zaštitu ptica i prirode (2010): International Waterbird Census (IWC) Croatia - Drava. Internal document Hrvatsko društvo za zaštitu ptica i prirode (2012): International Waterbird Census (IWC) Croatia. Novoselac, M. (2011): Zimovanje ptica močvarica u Hrvatskoj tijekom 2009 - 2011. Godine. Diplomski rad. Sveučilište Josipa Jurja Strossmayera u Osijeku, Odjel za biologiju, Osijek Radović, D., Kralj, J., Tutiš, V., Radović, J. i Topić, R. (2005): Nacionalna ekološka mreža – Važna područja za ptice u Hrvatskoj. Državni zavod za zaštitu prirode, Zagreb Tutiš, V., Kralj, J., Radović, D., Ćiković, D. i Barišić, S. (2013): Crvena knjiga ptica Republike Hrvatske. Ministarstvo zaštite okoliša i prirode, Državni zavod za zaštitu prirode, Zagreb Udruga BIOM (2015): Comments on the draft Regulation on ecological network. Public hearing, July-August, 2015. Ministry of Environmental and Nature Protection Zavod za ornitologiju (Sanja Barišić, Davor Ćiković, Jelena Kralj, Goran Sušić,Vesna Tutiš), Dragan Radović, Ivan Budinski, Robert Crnković, Antun Delić, Dubravko Dender, Vlatka Dumbović, Ivan Darko Grlica, Bariša Ilić, Luka Jurinović, Davor Krnjeta, Krešimir Leskovar, Duje Lisičić, Ivica Lolić, Gordan Lukač. Kristijan Mandić, Krešimir Mikulić, Tibor Mikuska, Gvido Piasevoli, Andrej Radalj, Zlatko Ružanović, Vlatka Šćetarić, Mirko Šetina, Adrian Tomik (2013): Procjene brojnosti za SPA područja. Državni zavod za zaštitu prirode, Zagreb


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6.1 Body(ies) responsible for the site management:

No information provided

6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

No, but in preparation

6.3 Conservation measures (optional)

No information provided



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Map delivered as PDF in electronic format (optional)