Database release:

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)



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1.1 Type


1.2 Site code


1.3 Site name

Krka i okolni plato

1.4 First Compilation date


1.5 Update date


1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Ministry of Economy and Sustainable Development - MESD

1.7 Site indication and designation / classification dates

Date site classified as SPA:2013-07
National legal reference of SPA designationRegulation on ecological network and responsible public institutions for site management, Official Gazette 80/19


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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:


2.2 Area [ha]


2.3 Marine area [%]


2.4 Sitelength [km] (optional):

No information provided

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
HR03Jadranska Hrvatska

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Mediterranean (0.00 %) Marine Mediterranean (1.44 %)


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3.1 Habitat types present on the site and assessment for them

No habitat types are reported for the site

3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
BA293Acrocephalus melanopogon    50  80   
BA229Alcedo atthis     
BA229Alcedo atthis          DD 
BA109Alectoris graeca    400  500   
BA056Anas clypeata          DD 
BA056Anas clypeata          DD 
BA052Anas crecca    30   
BA052Anas crecca    30   
BA050Anas penelope          DD 
BA050Anas penelope          DD 
BA053Anas platyrhynchos          DD 
BA053Anas platyrhynchos          DD 
BA055Anas querquedula    20  120   
BA255Anthus campestris    150  250   
BA091Aquila chrysaetos     
BA059Aythya ferina    100  250   
BA061Aythya fuligula    60  254   
BA021Botaurus stellaris    cmales   
BA021Botaurus stellaris          DD 
BA021Botaurus stellaris          DD 
BA215Bubo bubo    50  70   
BA133Burhinus oedicnemus    10   
BA243Calandrella brachydactyla    30  120   
BA224Caprimulgus europaeus    350  500   
BA080Circaetus gallicus    10   
BA081Circus aeruginosus          DD 
BA082Circus cyaneus    70  100   
BA036Cygnus olor          DD 
BA036Cygnus olor          DD 
BA238Dendrocopos medius    10   
BA026Egretta garzetta          DD 
BA379Emberiza hortulana           
BA098Falco columbarius     
BA103Falco peregrinus     
BA125Fulica atra          DD 
BA125Fulica atra    1000  1400   
BA002Gavia arctica           
BA439Hippolais olivetorum    15  50   
BA022Ixobrychus minutus    30  50   
BA022Ixobrychus minutus          DD 
BA338Lanius collurio    13000  18000   
BA339Lanius minor    350  500   
BA246Lullula arborea    700  1100   
BA242Melanocorypha calandra    120  150   
BA094Pandion haliaetus          DD 
BA072Pernis apivorus     
BA393Phalacrocorax pygmeus          DD 
BA393Phalacrocorax pygmeus    250  300   
BA120Porzana parva     
BA120Porzana parva          DD 
BA119Porzana porzana         
BA119Porzana porzana     
BA121Porzana pusilla          DD 
BA118Rallus aquaticus          DD 
BA118Rallus aquaticus          DD 
BA307Sylvia nisoria           
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)


Population in the site


Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
A168Actitis hypoleucos    -1  -1             
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons


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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover

Total Habitat Cover


Other Site Characteristics

The site is located in the Mediterranean part of Croatia. The area consists of diverse river habitats – from fast upper flow of Krka river with steep banks and few gravelbars, river lakes (Visovac lake) to brackish river mouth (including Prokljansko jezero). Krka and Čikola gorges are characterized by numerous high and extensive cliffs, rocks and screes. Along some part of its flow Krka river is surrounded with wet and dry meadows and arable land. Wetland habitats are well developed in shallow bays of Visovačko jezeo and at river Gudača mouth. On a plateau above river xeric grasslands are well developed and hold the most important population of Calandra Lark in Croatia. Same parts of plateau are covered with subMediterranean forest. Part of the site is protected as National park Krka. Lithostratigraphic units represented in this area are: Promina sediments (eocene, oligocene - E, OI), Rudist limestones (cenomanian-maastricht - K21-6) and Liburnian sediments, foraminiferal limestones and transitional sediments (Upper paleocene , lower and middle eocene - Pc, E1, 2)/ Soils: Brown soil on limestone, Shallow and medium deep terra rossa, Rendzina on marl or soft limestone, etc./ Krka River is located in the coastal karst zone of northdalmatian flods and reverse faults of Outer Dinarides; the total length of the river Krka from source to mouth is 224 km, and its flow passes over seven waterfalls; at the end of pliocene and in the beginning pleistocene northdalmatian karst plateau were formed in which the river carved the canyon as a result of glaciation; presence of calcareous sinter barriers; numerous of speleological objects and other karst features.

4.2 Quality and importance

- Information on birds population sizes was provided by the Institute for Ornithology (Zavod za ornitologiju, 2013). Numbers presented refer to estimations or exact data based as much as possible on recent surveys (data provided by the Institute staff and their field-work associates) - SPA Krka i okolni plato holds 6,7% of national population of Circaetus gallicus, 4% of Aquila chrysaetos and 3,7% of Falco peregrinus; Hieraetus fasciatus has been registered on numerous occasions since 1980's in the area but breeding was not confirmed - Karstic plateau surrounding the Krka River and its tributaries is rich in open habitats that hold 75% of national population of Melanocorypha calandra (the most important site in Croatia), 15% of Calandrella brachydactyla and 3,3% of Burhinus oedicnemus - This area holds 6% of national population of Hippolais olivetorum and 15% of Lanius minor - Water bodies, especially Prokljansko lake, represent a stop-over and wintering area for migratory waterbirds - This is one of the most important wintering areas for Phalacrocorax pygmaeus in Croatia - Reedbeds along the water habitats represent breeding sites for Botaurus stellaris, Ixobrychus minutus, Porzana porzana and Porzana parva - Rare patches of pubescent oak forests hold a population of Dendrocopos medius, rare in Mediterranean region of Croatia

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

4.4 Ownership (optional)

No information provided

4.5 Documentation (optional)

Agencija za zaštitu okoliša: CORINE Land Cover Hrvatska. Baza podataka CLC 2006 Crnković R. (2014): Monitoring kratkoprste ševe (Calandrella brachydactyla) na područjima Veliko Suhopolje i Suhopolje (POP Cetina) i na područjima Pag (Velo Blato), Pokrovnik, Privlaka, Dazlina i Velim. Završno izvješće za DZZP. Crnković, R. (2014): Završno izvješće o obavljenim monitorinzima 2014. - Velika ševa (Melanocorypha calandra). Izvješće za DZZP. Trogir Hrvatsko ornitološko društvo (2010): Izvješće o monitoringu odabranih ptičjih vrsta i područja važnih za ptice u 2010. na području mediteranske i alpske biogeografske regije Hrvatske. Izvješće za Državni zavod za zaštitu prirode, Zagreb Hrvatsko ornitološko društvo (2011): Motrenje gnijezdeće populacije velike ševe (Melanocorypha calandra) kod Pokrovnika od 2004. - 2011. Izvješće za Državni zavod za zaštitu prirode, Zagreb Hrvatsko ornitološko društvo (2013): Projekt: „Zajednica travnjačkih vrsta ptica na području NP Krka" - završno izvješće istraživanja u 2012. godini. Izvješće za Državni zavod za zaštitu prirode, Zagreb Mikulić, K., Budinski, I., Lucić, V., Katanović, I., Hudina T., Zec, M. (2014): Konačno izvješće za monitoring nacionalne populacije surog orla (Aquila chrysaetos). Izvješće za DZZP. Udruga BIOM, Zagreb 24 str. Radović, D., Kralj, J., Tutiš, V., Radović, J. i Topić, R. (2005): Nacionalna ekološka mreža – Važna područja za ptice u Hrvatskoj. Državni zavod za zaštitu prirode, Zagreb Tutiš, V., Kralj, J., Radović, D., Ćiković, D. i Barišić, S. (2013): Crvena knjiga ptica Republike Hrvatske. Ministarstvo zaštite okoliša i prirode, Državni zavod za zaštitu prirode, Zagreb Zavod za ornitologiju HAZU (2004): Ornitofauna Nacionalnog parka Krka. Studija. Javna ustanova Nacionalni park Krka Zavod za ornitologiju HAZU (2009): Istraživanje zajednica ptica Guduče i Prukljanskog jezera s turističkom valorizacijom. Studija. Javna ustanova Nacionalni park Krka Zavod za ornitologiju HAZU (2011): Rasprostranjenost i staništa voljića maslinara (Hippolais olivetorum) u sjevernoj Dalmaciji i Hrvatskom primorju. Konačno izvješće. Izvješće za Državni zavod za zaštitu prirode, Zagreb Zavod za ornitologiju (Sanja Barišić, Davor Ćiković, Jelena Kralj, Goran Sušić,Vesna Tutiš), Dragan Radović, Ivan Budinski, Robert Crnković, Antun Delić, Dubravko Dender, Vlatka Dumbović, Ivan Darko Grlica, Bariša Ilić, Luka Jurinović, Davor Krnjeta, Krešimir Leskovar, Duje Lisičić, Ivica Lolić, Gordan Lukač. Kristijan Mandić, Krešimir Mikulić, Tibor Mikuska, Gvido Piasevoli, Andrej Radalj, Zlatko Ružanović, Vlatka Šćetarić, Mirko Šetina, Adrian Tomik (2013): Procjene brojnosti za SPA područja. Državni zavod za zaštitu prirode, Zagreb


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6.1 Body(ies) responsible for the site management:

No information provided

6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

No, but in preparation

6.3 Conservation measures (optional)

No information provided



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