Database release:

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)



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1.1 Type


1.2 Site code


1.3 Site name


1.4 First Compilation date


1.5 Update date


1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Ministry of Economy and Sustainable Development - MESD

1.7 Site indication and designation / classification dates

Date site proposed as SCI:2013-07
Date site confirmed as SCI:2014-12
Date site designated as SAC: No information provided
National legal reference of SAC designation: No information provided


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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:


2.2 Area [ha]


2.3 Marine area [%]


2.4 Sitelength [km] (optional):

No information provided

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
HR03Jadranska Hrvatska

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Mediterranean (0.00 %)


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3.1 Habitat types present on the site and assessment for them

Annex I Habitat types Site assessment
Code PF NP Cover [ha] Cave [number] Data quality A|B|C|D A|B|C
      RepresentativityRelative SurfaceConservationGlobal
1210  info      0.00 
1240  info      0.00 
5330  info      0.00 
6220  info  X     0.00 
8210  info      0.00 
  • PF: for the habitat types that can have a non-priority as well as a priority form (6210, 7130, 9430) enter "X" in the column PF to indicate the priority form.
  • NP: in case that a habitat type no longer exists in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Cover: decimal values can be entered
  • Caves: for habitat types 8310, 8330 (caves) enter the number of caves if estimated surface is not available.
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation)

3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)


Population in the site


Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
Desmazeria marina                     
Hordeum marinum                     
Parapholis incurva                     
Suaeda vera                     
Urtica membranacea                     
Urtica pilulifera                     
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons


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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover

Total Habitat Cover


Other Site Characteristics

Palagruža archipelago consists of a group of islets and rocks, dominated by Islands Velika Palagruža and Mala Palagruža. This is a group of islands farthest from the Croatian mainland (about 77 km south of the Island of Vis). Great Palagruža is 1400 m long and 300 m wide extending in a northwest-southeast direction. Mala Palagruža is a small island only 250 m distant from the south-east side of Velika Palagruža. Being an archipelago located in the middle of the Adriatic, far from any land, climatic conditions here are very Mediterranean. Climate is warm and very dry (arid), the mean annual temperature is 16.3° C and the average annual rainfall is only 300 mm. The islands are heavily exposed to the winds (e.g. northern and southern wind) with more than 2,700 hours of sunshine per year. Plant life is peculiar, and has developed thanks to the great isolation and extreme climatic conditions of the area. Stenoendemic plant species of local character grow on the island, some of which have very limited distribution and therefore even the slightest change in the island ecosystem can have extremely negative effects on plant populations. Almost all of the habitats of Palagruža archipelago belong to endangered habitat types. The dominant vegetation of the area is vulnerable association Oleo-Euphorbietum dendroidis. On the archipelago are also present calcareous rocks with hasmophytic vegetation, rocky shores and sandy beaches with halophytes and small areas of dry Eu-Mediterranean grasslands with xerophytes and therophytes. Fragmentary developed ruderal Mediterranean vegetation is a result of long-term human presence. The archipelago is an important resting place of some birds on migrations. Here are also potential nests of rare species Eleonora's falcon (Falco eleonorae) and Cory's Shearwater (Calonectris diomedea). Island Mala Palagruža is one of the rare localities where endemic Italian wall lizard subspecies Podarcis siculus adriaticus can be found. Lithostratigraphic units represented in this area are triassic evaporite-carbonate-clastic-volcanic complex, badenian lithothamnium limestone and clastic sediments with volcanic rocks. Dominant soil is rendzic soil on dolomite and limestone.

4.2 Quality and importance

- one of the best areas for Thermo-Mediterranean and pre-steppe scrub in Croatia

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

4.4 Ownership (optional)

No information provided

4.5 Documentation (optional)

Lovrić, A.-Z. & Rac, M. (2003), 'Flora and synecology in remote islets Palagruža, and adjacent bentos in central Adriatic offing', Period.Biol. 105(4), 413-427. Mitić, B.; Topić, J.; Ilijanić, V.; Jasprica, N.; Milović, M.; Ruščić, M.; Pandža, M.; Bogdanović, S. & Dolina, K. (2009), 'COAST projekt - Kartiranje flore Dalmacije. Prioritetna područje: otok Pag, estuarij Krke, otok VIs i pučinski otoci, Pelješac i Mljet, tok Cetine', Technical report, Prirodoslovno matematički fakultet Sveučilišta u Zagrebu.


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6.1 Body(ies) responsible for the site management:

No information provided

6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

No, but in preparation

6.3 Conservation measures (optional)

No information provided



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Map delivered as PDF in electronic format (optional)