Database release:

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)



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1.1 Type


1.2 Site code


1.3 Site name

Delta Neretve

1.4 First Compilation date


1.5 Update date


1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Ministry of Economy and Sustainable Development - MESD

1.7 Site indication and designation / classification dates

Date site proposed as SCI:2013-07
Date site confirmed as SCI:2014-12
Date site designated as SAC: No information provided
National legal reference of SAC designation: No information provided


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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:


2.2 Area [ha]


2.3 Marine area [%]


2.4 Sitelength [km] (optional):

No information provided

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
HR03Jadranska Hrvatska

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Mediterranean (0.00 %) Marine Mediterranean (0.00 %)


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3.1 Habitat types present on the site and assessment for them

Annex I Habitat types Site assessment
Code PF NP Cover [ha] Cave [number] Data quality A|B|C|D A|B|C
      RepresentativityRelative SurfaceConservationGlobal
1110  info      0.00 
1130  info      0.00 
1140  info      0.00 
1150  info  X     0.00 
1310  info      0.00 
1410  info      0.00 
1420  info      0.00 
2110  info      0.00 
3130  info      0.00 
3140  info      0.00 
3150  info      0.00 
6220  info  X     0.00 
62A0  info      0.00 
8310  info      12.00 
  • PF: for the habitat types that can have a non-priority as well as a priority form (6210, 7130, 9430) enter "X" in the column PF to indicate the priority form.
  • NP: in case that a habitat type no longer exists in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Cover: decimal values can be entered
  • Caves: for habitat types 8310, 8330 (caves) enter the number of caves if estimated surface is not available.
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation)

3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
F1120Alburnus albidus          DD 
F1103Alosa fallax          DD 
F6344Chondrostoma knerii          DD 
F1149Cobitis taenia          DD 
F1149Cobitis taenia          DD 
I4045Coenagrion ornatum          DD 
I4065Congeria kusceri    colonies 
R1279Elaphe quatuorlineata          DD 
R1293Elaphe situla          DD 
R1220Emys orbicularis          DD 
F6348Knipowitschia croatica          DD 
F1155Knipowitschia panizzae          DD 
F6152Lampetra zanandreai          DD 
I1043Lindenia tetraphylla          DD 
M1355Lutra lutra     
R2373Mauremys rivulata          DD 
M1310Miniopterus schreibersii    19000  19000   
M1307Myotis blythii            DD       
M1316Myotis capaccinii    30  50   
M1321Myotis emarginatus    3000  3500   
M1321Myotis emarginatus    30  400   
M1324Myotis myotis            DD       
F1095Petromyzon marinus          DD 
F2523Phoxinellus adspersus          DD 
F1154Pomatoschistus canestrinii          DD 
A1186Proteus anguinus          DD 
M1306Rhinolophus blasii            DD       
M1305Rhinolophus euryale    10  10   
M1304Rhinolophus ferrumequinum    50  200   
M1304Rhinolophus ferrumequinum    100  150   
M1303Rhinolophus hipposideros    15  15   
M1303Rhinolophus hipposideros    15  20   
F1107Salmo marmoratus          DD 
F6339Salmothymus obtusirostris          DD 
F6347Squalius svallize          DD 
R1217Testudo hermanni          DD 
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)


Population in the site


Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
Carex divisa                     
Ceriagrion tenellum                     
Cynanchum acutum                     
Elymus farctus                     
Gasterosteus aculeatus                     
Hordeum marinum                     
Lestes virens                     
Ranunculus ophioglossifolius                     
Salaria fluviatilis                     
Salsola kali                     
Salsola soda                     
Selisiothemis nigra                     
Suaeda maritima                     
Sympetrum flaveolum                     
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons


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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover

Total Habitat Cover


Other Site Characteristics

The Neretva River and its tributaries comprise the largest complex of wetland habitats in the Croatian coastal zone, with well-developed coastal and other wetland vegetation (floating and submerged). The Neretva Delta has many lagoons, shallow sandy bays, low sandy shores, sand flats, salt beaches, etc. Though a large area of the wetland habitat has been transformed into agricultural lands, due to the branching network of channels, these areas are still important habitats for aquatic birds and a very important ichthyological area. The delta, lagoons and brackish waters are an exceptionally important habitat which creates room for the intensive growth of fry, which later spend their life cycle in the sea or fresh water. Furthermore, these areas are important for the migration of anodromous and catadromous fish species. With a large number of endemic species and great diversity, the mouth of the Neretva River is one of the most interesting areas of Croatia. There are three ornithological Special reserves in the area (Orepak, Pod gredom and Prud), ichthyological and ornithological Special reserve (Neretva Delta) and two Significant landscapes (Modro oko and Lake Desne, Predolac – Šibenica). Neretva River Delta is designated as internationally important wetland under the Convention on Wetlands (Ramsar, 1971). Lithostratigraphic units represented in this area are rudist limestones (cenomanian-maastricht - K21-6), marsh deposits (b-bQ2), limestone and dolomite (lower cretaceous - K1), alluvial sediments (b-aQ2), etc. Soils are hydroameliorated, low peat, limestone and dolomite black soil, brown soil on limestone. Neretva River and its delta is dominated at this area; delta area is composed of three triangular extensions that are tectonically predisposed, it was created as a result of tectonic movements during the last orogenic phases; delta took current form after the transgression of sea 10 000 years ago.

4.2 Quality and importance

- this area contains a high diversity of water habitats, the delta, lagoons, brackish waters, network of channels springs, streams with reophilic characteristics and lakes that are inhabited with almost 20 fish species endemic to Adriatic basin - one of two important sites for endemic species Squalius svallize - freshwater habitats with reophilic characteristics are important for Salmothymus (Salmo) obtusirostris - freshwater habitats with reophilic characteristics and oligotrophic lakes as the Lake Modro Oko are important for Salmo marmoratus with up to 60% of total Croatian population, this is only important site for that species - brackish habitats of the site are important for Pomatoschistus canestrinii and Knipowitschia panizzae - one of two sites important for reproducing of Petromyzon marinus - one of two sites important for Lampetra zanandraei, endemic lamprey, it is inhabited with 30-40% of total population - one of three sites important for Knipowitschia croatica - only important site for endemic species Chondrostoma knerii with the 100% of Croatian population - only important site for Alosa fallax, important for reproduction - only important site for endemic species Alburnus neretvae (syn. Alburnus albidus) with the 100% of Croatian population - only important site for endemic species Cobitis narentana (syn. C. taenia) with the 100% of Croatian population - smaller area the Baćina Lakes included in the site Delta Neretve is important for Cobitis illyrica (syn. C. taenia) - Delminichthys adspersus inhabits Baćinska jezera - important site for herpetofauna species Elaphe quatuorlineata, Zamenis situla, Emys orbicularis, Mauremys rivulata and Testudo hermanii - southernmost site of distribution of Lutra lutra - site is important for 8310 Caves not open to public - area important for Congeria kusceri, the only living underground bivalve in the world - species is found in altogether 7 localities in Delta Neretva site - two colonies (Jama u Predolcu hosting more than 72 000 individuals and Pukotina u tunelu polje Jezero - Peračko blato), one locality where only individual live specimens were found (Izvor špilja kod Kapelice) and four localities with only dead shells; five new underground taxa found and scientific described (Cyphophthalmus neretvanus, Trichoniscus matulici, Emmericia narentana, Roncus narentae, Alpioniscus verhoeffi); Alpioniscus heroldi known from seven localities of South Croatia, distribution area also in Herzegovinia; Saxurinator brandti known from five localities of South Croatia - this is one of on two sites important for the conservation of Coenagrion ornatum in the Mediterranean Biogeographical Region - because of the large population (cca. 40% of the national population) the site is of great importance for the conservation of Lindenia tetraphylla in Croatia - the largest Miniopterus schreibersii hibernation colony in the mediterranean biogeographical region in Croatia - one of the 34 underground sites with 10,000 or more bats recorded in Europe - internationally important undergorund site for Rhinolophus ferrumequinum (nursery, migration), Myotis emarginatus (nursery, migration) and Miniopterus schreibersii (hibernation) - the southernmost known Myotis capaccinii nursery - important for Rhinolophus hipposideros nursery and migration -important for Myotis emarginatus migration - Rhinolophus euryale summer roost - important site for Mediterranean salt meadows (Juncetalia maritimi) - important site for Mediterranean and thermo-Atlantic halophilous scrubs (Sarcocornetea fruticosi) and Salicornia and other annuals colonizing mud and sand; these two habitat types occure together on the site, with Salicornia represented in much smaller area - the area is considered to support a significant presence of Coastal lagoons - important site for 3130 habitat type, with some plant communities known only from this part of Croatia; estimated area of this HT includes water bodies where it occures along the water edges and over the lake bottom when water withdrows. - important site for habitat type 62A0 - habitat types 6220 and 62A0 form a mosaic of 3650 ha with schrub and wood - important site for 9320 - one of the most representative sites for Estuaries - important site for Mudflats and sandflats not covered by seawater at low tide

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

4.4 Ownership (optional)

No information provided

4.5 Documentation (optional)

Baza podataka DZZP. Bardi, A., Papini, P., Quaglino, E., Biondi, E., Topić, J., Milović, M, Pandža, M., Kaligarič, M., Oriolo, G., Roland, V., Batina, A., Kirin, T. (2016): Karta prirodnih i poluprirodnih ne-šumskih kopnenih i slatkovodnih staništa Republike Hrvatske. AGRISTUDIO s.r.l., TEMI S.r.l., TIMESIS S.r.l., HAOP. Bilandžija, H., Morton, B., Podnar, M. i Ćetković, H. (2013): Evolutionary history of relict Congeria (Bivalvia: Dreissenidae): unearthing the subterranean biodiversity of the Dinaric Karst Frontiers in Zoology, 10, 5. Bilandžija, H., Jalžić, B. i Komerički, A. (2010): Dinarski špiljski školjkaš (Congeria kusceri) dodatna studija živih populacija. Hrvatsko biospeleološko društvo, Zagreb. Bilandžija, H. i Komerički, A. (2013): Krške podzemne vode – stanište jedinstvenog školjkaša i rezerve pitke vode. Hrvatsko biospeleološko društvo, Zagreb. Buj, I., Vukić, J., Šanda, R., Perea, S., Ćaleta, M., Marčić, Z., Bogut, I., Povž, M. i Mrakovčić, M. (2010): Morphological comparison of bleaks (Alburnus, Cyprinidae) from the Adriatic Basin with the description of a new species. Folia zoologica. 59, 2; 43-55. Buj, I., Podnar, M., Mrakovčić, M., Hamzić, A., Ćaleta, M., Marčić, Z., Mustafić, P., Brigić, A., Zanella, D. i Skaramuca, B. (2007): Raznolikost i taksonomski položaj vijuna roda Cobitis u sljevovima Neretve i Trebišnjice. Ugrožene i endemske vrste riba u slivovima rijeka Neretve, Trebišnjice i Morače, zbornik radova znanstveno-stručnog skupa. Dulčić, Jakov (ur.). Dubrovnik, Sveučilište ; East West Institute, 47-47. Državni zavod za zaštitu prirode (2007.): Park prirode delta Neretve. Stručna podloga za zaštitu. Zagreb DZZP - baza podataka EUROBATS Publication Series No. 6: Conservation of Key Underground Sites. Franković, M. & Bogdanović, T. (2008): Studija važnih područja za očuvanje vrsta vretenaca (Odonata) navedenih na dodatku II EU Direktive o staništima za 2008. godinu, Technical report, Arkaarka, Obrt za poslovne usluge i savjetovanje, Zagreb. Franković, M. (2009): Znanstvena analiza vrste vretenaca (Odonata) s Dodatka II Direktive o zaštiti divlje flore i faune, Technical report, Arkaarka, Obrt za poslovne usluge i savjetovanje, Zagreb. Grbac, I.(2009): Znanstvena analiza vrsta vodozemaca i gmazova (Eurotestudo hermanii, Emys orbicularis, Bombina bombina i Bombina variegata) s dodatka II Direktive o zaštiti prirodnih staništa i divlje flore i faune. Hrvatski prirodoslovni muzej, Zagreb. Hrvatsko biospeleološko društvo (2011): Istraživanje i zaštita špiljskih tipskih lokaliteta Dinarida - Biospeologica Dinarica. Indikativni plan upravljanja predloženim NATURA 2000 područjem Spačvanski bazen, rezultat projekta „Natura 2000 upravljanje i monitoring - NATURA MANMON", 2013. Jasprica, N. (2006): Biljni svijet u delti Neretve. Jalžić, B. i Bilandžija, H. (2009): Znanstvena analiza podzemnih vrsta s Dodatka II Direktive o zaštiti prirodnih staništa i divlje faune i flore: Congeria kusceri. Hrvatsko biospeleološko društvo. Hrvatski prirodoslovni muzej, Zagreb. Jalžić, B., Bedek, J., Bilandžija, H., Cvitanović, H., Dražina, T., Gottstein, S., Kljaković Gašpić, F., Lukić, M., Ozimec, R., Pavlek, M., Slapnik R., Štamol,V. (2010): Atlas špiljskih tipskih lokaliteta faune Republike Hrvatske. Hrvatsko biospeleološko društvo, Državni zavod za zaštitu prirode. Zagreb. Jasprica, N. (2009): Mediteranske galerije i šikare (Nerio-Tamaricetea) u Hrvatskoj. Znanstvena studija za potrebe Natura 2000. Kletečki, E. (2009): Znanstvena analiza vrsta vodozemaca i gmazova (Triturus carnifex, Triturus dobrogicus, Elaphe quatuorlineata, Zamenis situla i Proteus anguinus) s dodatka II Direktive o zaštiti prirodnih staništa i divlje flore i faune. Hrvatski prirodoslovni muzej, Zagreb. Kuljerić, M. i Jelić, D. (2010): Analitička studija herpetofaune s Dodatka II Direktive o zaštiti divlje faune i flore, završni izvještaj. Hrvatsko herpetološko društvo - Hyla, Zagreb. Mrakovčić, M., Brigić, A., Buj, I., Ćaleta, M., Mustafić, P. i Zanella, D. (2006): Crvena knjiga slatkovodnih riba Hrvatske. Ministarstvo kulture Republike Hrvatske, Državni zavod za zaštitu prirode. Mrakovčić, M., Duplić, A., Mustafić, P. i Marčić, Z. (2008): Conservation status of the genus Cobitis and related genera in Croatia. Folia Zoologica. 57, 1-2; 35-41. Mrakovčić, M., Ćaleta, M., Mustafić, P., Marčić, Z., Zanella, D. i Buj, I. (2010): Izvješće za potrebu izrade prijedloga potencijalnih Natura 2000 područja - slatkovodne ribe. Sveučilište u Zagrebu, Prirodoslovno-matematički fakultet. Biološki odsjek. OIKON d.o.o., Institut za primijenjenu ekologiju za Ministarstvo kulture (2004): Karta staništa - Baza podataka (u okviru projekta „Kartiranje staništa RH"). Ozimec, R., Bedek, J., Gottstein, S., Jalžić, B., Slapnik, R., Štamol, V., Bilandžija, H., Dražina, T., Kletečki, E., Komerički, A., Lukić, M., Pavlek, M. (2009): Crvena knjiga špiljske faune Hrvatske. Ministarstvo kulture, Državni Zavod za zaštitu prirode. Zagreb. Schneider, D., Mustafić, P., Mrakovčić, M. i Mihaljević, Z. (2000): Some aspects of the biology of the Neretvan spined loach. Folia Zoologica. 49, Suppl. 1; 159-165. Pavlinić, I. i Đaković, M. (2010): Znanstvena analiza dvanaest vrsta šišmiša s Dodatka II Direktive o zaštiti prirodnih staništa i divlje faune i flore za potrebe prijedloga potencijalnih NATURA 2000 područja za šišmiše. Hrvatski prirodoslovni muzej. Zagreb. Šajna, N., Regvar,M., Kaligarič, S., Škvorc, Ž., Kaligarič, M. (2013): Germination characteristics of Salicornia patula Duval-Jouve, S. emerici Duval-Jouve, and S. veneta Pign. et Lausi and their occurrence in Croatia. Acta Bot. Croat. 72 (2), 347–358, 2013 Tutman, P., Glamuzina, B. i Dulčić, J. (2008): Threatened fishes of the world : Chondrostoma knerii Heckel, 1843 (Cyprinidae). Environmental Biology of Fishes. 83, 2; 209-210. Zanella, D., Mrakovčić, M., Mustafić, P., Ćaleta, M. i Marčić, Z.(2009): Threatened fishes of the world: Cobitis narentana Karaman, 1928 (Cobitidae). Environmental Biology of Fishes. 86 , 4; 523-524 Zanella, D. (2007): Biološke i ekološke značajke vrste Knipowitschia croatica Mrakovčić et al. 1994 (Actinopterygii, Gobiidae) u rijeci Matici (Vrgorac). Doktorska disertacija. Sveučilište u Zagrebu, Prirodoslovno-matematički fakultet, 178 str.


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6.1 Body(ies) responsible for the site management:

No information provided

6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

No, but in preparation

6.3 Conservation measures (optional)

No information provided



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Map delivered as PDF in electronic format (optional)