Database release:

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)



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1.1 Type


1.2 Site code


1.3 Site name


1.4 First Compilation date


1.5 Update date


1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Bkk National Park Directorate

1.7 Site indication and designation / classification dates

Date site classified as SPA:2004-05
National legal reference of SPA designation275/2004. (X. 8.) Kormnyrendelet


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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:


2.2 Area [ha]


2.3 Marine area [%]

No information provided

2.4 Sitelength [km]:


2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Pannonian (100.00 %)


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3.1 Habitat types present on the site and assessment for them

No information provided

3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
BA168Actitis hypoleucos    50  50         
BA229Alcedo atthis    25  35   
BA052Anas crecca    100         
BA053Anas platyrhynchos    100  1000   
BA055Anas querquedula    300   
BA051Anas strepera    50         
BA041Anser albifrons    9000  11000   
BA043Anser anser    15   
BA043Anser anser    1800  3000   
BA042Anser erythropus     
BA039Anser fabalis    10         
BA255Anthus campestris    130  170   
BA091Aquila chrysaetos           
BA404Aquila heliaca    17  21   
BA404Aquila heliaca    20  30   
BA089Aquila pomarina     
BA029Ardea purpurea    30  50   
BA024Ardeola ralloides    20         
BA222Asio flammeus     
BA222Asio flammeus    40  40   
BA060Aythya nyroca    20   
BA060Aythya nyroca     
BA021Botaurus stellaris    25  30   
BA396Branta ruficollis    20  40   
BA133Burhinus oedicnemus    10   
BA403Buteo rufinus     
BA224Caprimulgus europaeus    25  35   
BA196Chlidonias hybridus    20         
BA031Ciconia ciconia    80  150   
BA031Ciconia ciconia    110  120   
BA030Ciconia nigra    40  60   
BA030Ciconia nigra     
BA080Circaetus gallicus     
BA081Circus aeruginosus    100  120   
BA082Circus cyaneus    90  200   
BA084Circus pygargus     
BA207Columba oenas    800  1200         
BA231Coracias garrulus    150  200   
BA122Crex crex    120   
BA429Dendrocopos syriacus    15  25   
BA027Egretta alba    100  150   
BA026Egretta garzetta    50         
BA511Falco cherrug    17  18   
BA103Falco peregrinus     
BA097Falco vespertinus    200  300   
BA097Falco vespertinus    50  70   
BA153Gallinago gallinago    200   
BA153Gallinago gallinago    10   
BA075Haliaeetus albicilla    30  40   
BA131Himantopus himantopus    50   
BA022Ixobrychus minutus    45  55   
BA338Lanius collurio    800  1000   
BA339Lanius minor    170  190   
BA156Limosa limosa    100   
BA156Limosa limosa     
BA272Luscinia svecica    25   
BA073Milvus migrans     
BA160Numenius arquata    40  60   
BA158Numenius phaeopus    10   
BA129Otis tarda    14  15   
BA214Otus scops     
BA094Pandion haliaetus     
BA072Pernis apivorus           
BA151Philomachus pugnax    100  2000   
BA034Platalea leucorodia    10  15   
BA032Plegadis falcinellus           
BA140Pluvialis apricaria    100  2000   
BA120Porzana parva    10  50   
BA119Porzana porzana    20   
BA118Rallus aquaticus    30   
BA132Recurvirostra avosetta    10   
BA336Remiz pendulinus    12   
BA249Riparia riparia    50         
BA307Sylvia nisoria    20  30         
BA004Tachybaptus ruficollis    10         
BA004Tachybaptus ruficollis    100   
BA166Tringa glareola    450  550   
BA162Tringa totanus    30   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)


Population in the site


Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
Acrida hungarica                   
Aster sedifolius                   
Aster tripolium ssp. Pannonicum                   
Corvus corax                   
Felis silvestris                   
Inula germanica                   
Iris spuria                   
Mantis religiosa                   
Peucedanum officinale                   
Phlomis tuberosa                   
Sedum cespitosum                   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons


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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover

Total Habitat Cover


4.2 Quality and importance

A terleten, a kijells alapjul szolgl, un. jellofajok kzl az orszgos s nemzetkzi viszonylatban is jelentos llomnnyal br (A s B kategriba sorolhat) madrfajok kedvezo vdelmi helyzetnek fenntartsa, egyes fajok vonatkozsban vdelmi helyzetk javtsa. Meghatrozott priorits-fajok: Parlagi sas - Aquila heliaca, Blmbika – Botaurus stellaris, Ugartyk - Burchinus oedicnemus, Hamvas rtihja - Circus pygargus, Szalakta - Coracias garrulus, Kerecsen - Falco cherrug, Kkvrcse - Falco vespertinus, Daru - Grus grus, Kis orgbics - Lanius minor, Pajzsos cank - Pluvialis apricaria, Piroslb cank – Tringa glareola. Geographically, it lies on the Heves flood plain and Heves Plain small regions. The surface was formed by the river Tisza and its tributaries (Eger, Lask, Tarna). Today these small regions are characterised by weak relief characteristics, being among the flattest, completely plain areas of the Hungarian Plain. The area has a warm and dry climate with extreme temperature changes and a high yearly share of sunny hours, coupled with a low yearly rainfall. A large part of the region is a flood plain, covered by loessy mud, on which different kinds of alkaline soils were formed. The high flood plains of the northern areas are dominated by meadow soils. Land use mainly takes the form of extensive plant cultivation and grazing. Forestry activities are insignificant as forests cover less than 5% of the area. Grasslands mainly have halophytic vegetations, whose formation and survival has been largely due to human activities (river control, extensive grazing). Consequently, the flora is poor but also valuable, since only few, strongly specialized plant species were able to adapt to these extreme conditions. One of the greatest assets of the area is the presence of rare and endangered bird species. Special nesting species like the great bustard (Otis tarda), the stone curlew (Burhinus oedicnemus), and the roller (Coracias garrulus) and rare birds of prey like the imperial eagle (Aquila heliaca), the saker (Falco cherrug), Montagu's harrier (Circus pygargus) and the red-footed falcon (Falco vespertinus) have significant populations here. In the migration period, crowds of shorebirds find safe resting places on the steppes, while in wintertime the white-tailed eagle (Haliaeetus albicilla) appears in great numbers.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

4.4 Ownership (optional)

No information provided

4.5 Documentation

Tth L. (2000, ed.): A Hevesi Fves Pusztk TK kezelsi terve (2002-2002). - Managment plan of the Hevesi Fves Pusztk PLA. , Bkki National Park Directorate, mscr. Eger Borbth P. - Schmotzer A. - Tth L. (2004, ed.): A Hevesi-sk TT termszetvdelmi szempont monitorozsa. Bkk National Park Directorate, mscr. Magyar Madrtani s Termszetvdelmi Egyeslet (MME) 34. sz. Bkki helyi csoportjnak kutatsi jelentsei [Ornitological reports of the Group Nr. 34. of the Hungarian Birdlife Society.] Nagy Szabolcs: Fontos madrlohelyek Magyarorszgon - MME Knyvtr, Bp.1998 Waliczky Z. (ed.): Eurpai jelentosgu madrlohelyek Magyarorszgon. - MME Knyvtr, Bp. 1991 Lovszi P. (ed.): Javasolt klnleges madrvdelmi terletek Magyarorszgon. - Magyarorszg s Natura 2000 - II. MME, Bp. 2002


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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code Cover [%]

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites:

No information provided

5.3 Site designation (optional)

Protected Areas in national level: - Hevesi Fves Pusztk TK 8200 ha - Erdotelki gerlp TT 19 ha - Erdotelki Arbortum TT 6 ha Planned protected areas: 5425 ha "Ex lege" bog (Erk, Kkperjs lprt) 10 ha Hevesi-sk ESA


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6.1 Body(ies) responsible for the site management:

Organisation:Bkk National Park Directorate H-3304, Eger, Snc u. 6. Tel: 36-36-411-581 Fax: 36-36-412-791

6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

No, but in preparation

6.3 Conservation measures (optional)

ltalnos clkituzsek: A Natura 2000 terlet termszetvdelmi clkituzse az azon tallhat, a kijells alapjul szolgl fajok s lohelytpusok kedvezo termszetvdelmi helyzetnek megorzse, fenntartsa, helyrelltsa, valamint a Natura 2000 terletek lehatrolsnak alapjul szolgl termszeti llapot s a kedvezo termszetvdelmi llapottal sszhangban lvo gazdlkods feltteleinek biztostsa. SPECIFIKUS CLOK: • A termszetessg jegyeit hordoz lohelytpusok, gymint a szikes s lszgyepek, valamint a vizes lohelyek terleti arnynak nvelse; • A trsgre jellemzo gyepterletek termszetes llapotnak fenntartsa a megfelelo gyephasznosts s kezels biztostsval; • A legeltetses gyephasznlat prioritst kell lvezzen, a termszetvdelem eszkzrendszervel trtno tmogatsa szksges; • Nem hasznostott gyepterletek esetben a szukcesszis folyamatok gtlsa, a fs-s cserje vegetci, valamint a nem oshonos invzis fajok s a nd terjedsnek megakadlyozsa; • Szntfldek esetben fenn kell tartani a trsgre jellemzo, hagyomnyos nvnykultrk terleti rszesedst, s tmogatni kell az alacsony intenzits termesztstechnolgia alkalmazst; • Kerlni kell, illetve megakadlyozand az intenzv technolgin alapul s a hagyomnyos tj-s lohelystruktrba nem illeszkedo nagy terletignyu monokultrk (energia-ltetvnyek) trnyerse; • A terleten elofordul fasorok, facsoportok, erdosvok fenntartsa, termszetessgi llapotuk oshonos fafajokkal trtno javtsa; • A terleten elofordul idoszakos vzllsok megtartsa, a vizes lohelyfejlesztsek zemeltetse, kezelsk hossz tv biztostsa; • A vizes lohelyek kolgiai vzignynek s termszeteshez kzeli vzjrsnak biztostsa a fszkelo vzimadrfajok s az azok tpllkbzist alkot vzi szervezetek kolgiai ignyeinek megfeleloen; • A mocsri szukcesszis sor (ndasok / gyknyesek / tavikksok – magasssosok – mocsrrtek) mozaikoltsgnak fenntartsa a kezelsi feladatok sszehangolsval, az adott v r- s csapadkjrsnak a figyelembe vtelvel; • Ndasok idobeni s trbeni vltozatossgnak biztostsa a tli ndarats szablyozsval; • A nylt vzfellet, a hnrnvnyzet s a vltozatos sszettelu mocsri nvnyzet arnynak terletrszek szerinti fenntartsa, optimalizslsa, helyrelltsa (elsosorban a blmbika s a trpegm vdelme rdekben). • Az idoszakos vzborts terletek arnynak nvelse, parti madarak fszkelsi lehetosgeinek fejlesztse. • A terlet aprvadllomnynak megerosdst szolgl, valamint a fszkelo madrfajokat veszlyezteto predtor- s dvadllomny kontrolljt biztost vadgazdlkods tmogatsa; • Szndkos vagy gondatlansgbl fakad madrmrgezsek teljes felszmolsa; • A mezogazdasgi fldhasznlatra visszavezetheto, a tpllklncon keresztl hat vegyi terhels kockzatnak megszntetse, ezzel egytt a zskmnyllat-kzssget is alkot zeltlb-kzssgek llomnyainak megerostse; • Egyes priorits-fajok vonatkozsban (pl. tzok, ugartyk, kkvrcse) a fszkelo-, gylekezo-, jszakzhelyek vdelme, zavartalansguk biztostsa; • A Tisza-tval szomszdos, a vonul-telelo vadldllomnyok tpllkoz-terleteknt kiemelt fontossg mezogazdasgi krnyezetben a kedvezo nvnykultrk terletarnynak biztostsa. • j, tji lptkben hat, a nylt, tagolatlan pusztai krnyezethez ktodo madrfajok llomnyt veszlyezteto vonalas ltestmnyek kiptsnek megakadlyozsa, a meglvo, napjainkra gazdasgi funkcijt vesztett vonalas ltestmnyek felszmolsa; • A terleten lvo kzpfeszltsgu vezetkek s oszlopok madrvdelmi eszkzkkel trtno felszerelse, ill. meglvo szabadvezetkek fldkbellel trtno kivltsa szksges; • Nagy terletignyu, a madarak megtelepedst, vonulst krosan befolysol energetikai beruhzsok (pl. szleromupark, fotovoltikus naperomupark) nem tmogatottak.



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