Database release:

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)



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1.1 Type


1.2 Site code


1.3 Site name


1.4 First Compilation date


1.5 Update date


1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Duna-Ipoly National Park Directorate

1.7 Site indication and designation / classification dates

Date site proposed as SCI:2004-05
Date site confirmed as SCI: No data
Date site designated as SAC:2010-02
National legal reference of SAC designation:275/2004. (X. 8.) Kormnyrendelet


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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:


2.2 Area [ha]


2.3 Marine area [%]


2.4 Sitelength [km]:


2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Pannonian (0.00 %) Pannonian (0.00 %) Pannonian (100.00 %)
Pannonian (100.00 %) Pannonian (100.00 %) Pannonian (100.00 %)
Pannonian (100.00 %) Pannonian (0.00 %) Pannonian (0.00 %)
Pannonian (0.00 %) Pannonian (0.00 %) Pannonian (0.00 %)


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3.1 Habitat types present on the site and assessment for them

Annex I Habitat types Site assessment
Code PF NP Cover [ha] Cave [number] Data quality A|B|C|D A|B|C
      RepresentativityRelative SurfaceConservationGlobal
40A0  info      95.22  0.00 
6190  info      190.44  0.00 
6210  info      95.22  0.00 
6240  info      952.21  0.00 
8210  info      95.22  0.00 
8310  info      95.00 
9130  info      17.7  0.00 
9150  info      136.8  0.00 
9180  info      95.22  0.00 
91G0  info      1904.43  0.00 
91H0  info      2856.64  0.00 
91M0  info      952.21  0.00 
  • PF: for the habitat types that can have a non-priority as well as a priority form (6210, 7130, 9430) enter "X" in the column PF to indicate the priority form.
  • NP: in case that a habitat type no longer exists in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Cover: decimal values can be entered
  • Caves: for habitat types 8310, 8330 (caves) enter the number of caves if estimated surface is not available.
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation)

3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
M1308Barbastella barbastellus         
I1078Callimorpha quadripunctaria          DD 
I1088Cerambyx cerdo    501  1000   
I1086Cucujus cinnaberinus         
P4077Dianthus plumarius regis-stephani    15000  20000   
I4032Dioszeghyana schmidtii    501  1000    DD 
P4067Echium russicum    31  80   
I4033Erannis ankeraria          DD 
I4034Glyphipterix loricatella    51  100    DD 
P2327Himantoglossum caprinum    20  20   
I1052Hypodryas maturna    501  1000    DD 
P4098Iris humilis ssp. arenaria    1001  10000   
I4048Isophya costata    51  100   
I4037Lignyoptera fumidaria          DD 
I1079Limoniscus violaceus          DD 
P2156Linum dolomiticum    20000  30000   
I1083Lucanus cervus    1001  10000   
I1060Lycaena dispar    101  500    DD 
I1089Morimus funereus    501  1000   
M1323Myotis bechsteinii         
M1307Myotis blythii         
M1321Myotis emarginatus         
M1324Myotis myotis         
P2093Pulsatilla grandis    1001  10000   
M1304Rhinolophus ferrumequinum         
M1303Rhinolophus hipposideros         
I1087Rosalia alpina    501  1000   
P4118Seseli leucospermum    25000  30000   
M1335Spermophilus citellus    500  1000   
I4055Stenobothrus eurasius    101  500   
P2120Thlaspi jankae    30  100   
P2188Vincetoxicum pannonicum    1000  3000   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)


Population in the site


Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
Ablepharus kitaibelii                   
Apaustis rupicola                   
Aster amellus                   
Astragalus vesicarius ssp. albidus                   
Bufo viridis                   
Coluber caspius                   
Coronilla coronata                   
Cotoneaster integerrimus                   
Cucullia dracanculi                   
Daphne cneorum                   
Dianthus collinus                   
Digitalis lanata                   
Doronicum hungaricum                   
Draba lasiocarpa                   
Elaphe longissima                   
Endrosa roscida                   
Eptesicus serotinus                   
Galanthus nivalis                     
Helleborus purpurascens                   
Iris variegata                   
Lacerta agilis                   
Lacerta viridis                   
Myotis brandtii                   
Myotis daubentonii                   
Myotis mystacinus                   
Myotis nattereri                   
Nyctalus leisleri                   
Nyctalus noctula                   
Onosma visianii                   
Ophrys apifera                   
Ophrys scolopax                   
Parexamis fugax                   
Parnassius mnemosyne                   
Phyteuma orbiculare                   
Pipistrellus kuhlii                   
Pipistrellus nathusii                   
Pipistrellus pipistrellus                   
Plecotus auritus                   
Plecotus austriacus                   
Podarcis muralis                   
Podarcis taurica                   
Polymixis xanthomista                   
Pyrrhia purpurites                   
Rana dalmatina                   
Saga pedo                   
Sesleria sadleriana                   
Sorbus danubialis                   
Sorbus semiincisa                   
Sternbergia colchiciflora                   
Zerynthia polyxena                   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons


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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover

Total Habitat Cover


Other Site Characteristics

The site is made up of the most diverse and valuable parts of the Budai-hegysg (Budai Mountains). Apart from the region of the Hrmashatr-hegy (Hrmashatr Mountain), in these mountains the presence of inhabitants and the process of urbanisation are the slightest. 85 % of the area belongs to the Budai Landscape Protection Area. This area is largely covered with forests of scheduled use, in a smaller proportion with non-protected forests, set-aside orchards with former steppe woodland vegetation as well as reedbed. Variable habitats (e.g. submediterranean open dolomite rocky grasslands of a semi-desert character, Asperulo-Fagetum beech forests, grasslands with alpine species) can be found as near as 10-15 meters' distance of each other. Unfortunately, the enthusiasts of leisure activities (hiking, gliding, paragliding, horseback riding, mountain biking, landrovering and cross-motorcycling) visit and damage these areas, which have survived relatively untouched till now. The improper forest use by forestry is also mentionable as they clear-cut also in such areas (mainly beech forests), which cannot be reforested to their original state.

4.2 Quality and importance

Kiemelt fontossg cl a kvetkezo lohelytpusok kedvezo termszetvdelmi helyzetnek fenntartsa/helyrelltsa: Kzssgi jelentosgu lohelytpusok: 6190 Pannon sziklagyepek (Stipo-Festucetalia pallentis), 8310 Nagykznsg szmra meg nem nyitott barlangok Kiemelt kzssgi jelentosgu lohelytpusok: 40A0 Szubkontinentlis peripannon cserjsek, 6240 Szubpannon sztyeppk, 91G0 Pannon gyertynos-tlgyesek Quercus petraeval s Carpinus betulusszal, 91H0 Pannon molyhos tlgyesek Quercus pubescensszel Kiemelt fontossg cl a kvetkezo fajok kedvezo termszetvdelmi helyzetnek fenntartsa/helyrelltsa: Kzssgi jelentosgu llatfajok: budai szakllasmoly (Glyphipterix loricatella), magyar tarsza (Isophya costata), gyszcincr (Morimus fureneus), nagy hoscincr (Cerambyx cerdo), szarvasbogr (Lucanus cervus), kk pattanbogr (Limoniscus violaceus), nagy tuzlepke (Lycaena dispar) Kiemelt kzssgi jelentosgu llatfajok: Havasi cincr (Rosalia alpia) Kzssgi jelentosgu nvnyfajok: magyar mreggyilok (Vincetoxicum pannonicum), Szent Istvn-szegfu (Dianthus plumarius subsp. regis stephani), homoki noszirom (Iris humilis subsp. arenaria), lenykkrcsin (Pulsatilla grandis), magyar gurgolya (Seseli leucospermum), bboros sallangvirg (Himantoglossum caprinum), piros kgyszisz (Echium russicum) Kiemelt kzssgi jelentosgu nvnyfajok pilisi len (Linum dolomiticum) A transition area of flora regions, with a lot of endemic species. Many species reach the margins of their range here. The site copes with an enormous load by Budapest and its agglomeration, but in spite of this, has nice habitats of natural character.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both


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6.1 Body(ies) responsible for the site management:

Organisation:Duna-Ipoly National Park Directorate Address: H-1121 Budapest, Kltő u. 21.

6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

No, but in preparation

6.3 Conservation measures (optional)

ltalnos clkituzsek: A Natura 2000 terlet termszetvdelmi clkituzse az azon tallhat, a kijells alapjul szolgl fajok s lohelytpusok kedvezo termszetvdelmi helyzetnek megorzse, fenntartsa, helyrelltsa, valamint a Natura 2000 terletek lehatrolsnak alapjul szolgl termszeti llapot s a kedvezo termszetvdelmi llapottal sszhangban lvo gazdlkods feltteleinek biztostsa. Specifikus clok: Kedvezo termszetvdelmi helyzet megorzse: A terleten tallhat j llapot pannon gyertynos-tlgyesek, pannon molyhos tlgyesek, pannon sziklagyepek, szubpannon sztyeppk lohelyek kiterjedsnek, szerkezetnek, fajkszletnek megorzse. A terleten tallhat jello llat, s nvnyfajok llomnyai fennmaradsnak biztostsa. Nem vghasznlhat a tz ves erdotervezsi cikluson bell - jello lohely tpusonknt vizsglva -tbb idos erdollomny, mint amennyi korosodsval belp a hasonl kolgiai funkcit elltni kpes korosztlyokba. A jello erdei lohelyek llomnyaiban a tjidegen fafajok elegyarnya nem nvekedhet. Kedvezo termszetvdelmi helyzet elrse rdekben szksges fejleszts: Invazv s tjidegen fafajok (fehr akc, blvnyfa, fekete fenyo, erdei fenyo) terjedsnek lasstsa, llomnyaik visszaszortsa a magszr fk kivgsval, specilis nvnyvdoszeres kezelssel, valamint az julat kvetkezetes leversvel. Vgsterletekre, felhagyott vadfldekre, mukdo szrkra behurcolt invazv lgyszrak (kanadai aranyvesszo, betyrkr, selyemkr) irtsa, elterjedsk megakadlyozsa. A jello erdei lohelyek llomnyaiban elotrbe szksges helyezni a folyamatos erdobortst biztost, vagy ahhoz funkcijban jobban kzelto hasznlatok alkalmazst, valamint kzelteni szksges a lombkorona-, cserje-, lgyszr szint faji, letkori sszettelt a termszetes llapotokhoz, klnsen a nagy kiterjedsu egykor s kevs faj erdollomnyok (cseres-tlgyesek, gyertynos-tlgyesek, bkksk) esetben. Szksges a nagy kiterjedsben tallhat fekete s erdei fenyves llomnyok fokozatos megbontsa, a fenyok alatt megnvo kemny lombos fajok (virgos koris, juhar, csertlgy, molyhos tlgy) lettrhez juttatsa, hossz tvon a fenyo llomnyok talaktsa, a termohelyre jellemzo termszetes lohely kialaktsa. A xilofg rovarok llomnynak nvelse rdekben szksges megfelelo terleti kiterjedsben s trbeli elosztsban idos erdok s facsoportok fenntartsa. A magyar tarsza (Isophya costata) llomnyok lohelye megfelelo gyepkezelssel, extenzv legeltetssel, vagy ksoi mozaikos kaszlssal tartand fent, kerlni szksges az intenzv legeltetst, gyakori kaszlst. A kk pattanbogr (Limoniscus violaceus) vdelme rdekben biztostani kell lohelyn talajszinti faodk megltt s kialakulsnak lehetosgt, elsosorban idosebb sarj eredetu tlgyes llomnyok fenntartsval s rszben sarj eredetu erdo llomnyok felnevelsvel. A becserjseds miatt degradld jello gyepek terletn a szukcesszi lasstsa, a cserjk visszaszortsa mozaikos foltokban, a cserjsek tlzott trfoglalsnak megakadlyozsa. Az lohelyeket veszlyezteto egyb tevkenysgek (pl.: crossmotorozs, quad, downhill-kerkprozs) megszntetse, visszaszortsa. A lovas, kerkpros s gyalogos turista forgalom szablyozsa, tratvonalak kijellse, szksg szerinti megszuntetse. A jello lohelyek vdelme az infrastruktrlis fejlesztsekkel szemben. A terleten a vadltszmot olyan szinten szksges tartani, hogy az a kln vadvdelem nlkli erdofeljtst ne gtolja, valamint ne okozza a gyepek degradcijt.



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