Database release:

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)



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1.1 Type


1.2 Site code


1.3 Site name


1.4 First Compilation date


1.5 Update date


1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Hortobgyi National Park Directorate

1.7 Site indication and designation / classification dates

Date site proposed as SCI:2004-05
Date site confirmed as SCI: No information provided
Date site designated as SAC:2010-02
National legal reference of SAC designation:275/2004. (X. 8.) Kormnyrendelet


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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:


2.2 Area [ha]


2.3 Marine area [%]


2.4 Sitelength [km]:


2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Pannonian (0.00 %) Pannonian (0.00 %) Pannonian (100.00 %)
Pannonian (100.00 %) Pannonian (100.00 %) Pannonian (100.00 %)
Pannonian (0.00 %) Pannonian (100.00 %) Pannonian (0.00 %)
Pannonian (0.00 %) Pannonian (0.00 %) Pannonian (0.00 %)


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3.1 Habitat types present on the site and assessment for them

Annex I Habitat types Site assessment
Code PF NP Cover [ha] Cave [number] Data quality A|B|C|D A|B|C
      RepresentativityRelative SurfaceConservationGlobal
1530  info      71500  0.00 
3130  info      0.5  0.00 
3150  info      5000  0.00 
6250  info      1050  0.00 
91I0  info      315  0.00 
  • PF: for the habitat types that can have a non-priority as well as a priority form (6210, 7130, 9430) enter "X" in the column PF to indicate the priority form.
  • NP: in case that a habitat type no longer exists in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Cover: decimal values can be entered
  • Caves: for habitat types 8310, 8330 (caves) enter the number of caves if estimated surface is not available.
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation)

3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
A1188Bombina bombina         
I4028Catopta thrips    1000  5000   
I1088Cerambyx cerdo    1000  2000   
P4081Cirsium brachycephalum    100000  5000000   
F1149Cobitis taenia         
I4032Dioszeghyana schmidtii    5000  10000   
R1220Emys orbicularis         
F1124Gobio albipinnatus         
I4035Gortyna borelii lunata    10000  50000   
F2555Gymnocephalus baloni         
F1157Gymnocephalus schraetzer               
I1083Lucanus cervus    1000  10000   
M1355Lutra lutra    200  400   
I1060Lycaena dispar    10000  500000   
P1428Marsilea quadrifolia    500  20000   
F1145Misgurnus fossilis         
M2633Mustela eversmannii    50  300   
F1134Rhodeus sericeus amarus         
M2021Sicista subtilis          DD       
M1335Spermophilus citellus    1500  2000   
A1993Triturus dobrogicus         
F2011Umbra krameri               
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)


Population in the site


Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
Acrida hungarica                   
Bufo bufo                   
Bufo viridis                   
Cricetus cricetus                     
Eriogaster lanestris                   
Gagea szovitsii    1000  1500             
Hyla arborea                 
Lacerta agilis                   
Natrix natrix                   
Orchis laxiflora subsp. elegans    100  500             
Orchis morio    5000  10000             
Pelobates fuscus                 
Pelophylax esculentus complex                   
Saragossa porosa kenderesiensis                   
Triturus vulgaris                   
Vicia biennis    50  100             
Zerynthia polyxena               
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons


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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover

Total Habitat Cover


Other Site Characteristics

The "other" category is mainly extensive fish-pond system surrounded by different sodic habitats (4 %), and different degraded areas (1 %).

4.2 Quality and importance

Kiemelt fontossg cl a kvetkezo fajok/lohelytpusok kedvezo termszetvdelmi helyzetnek fenntartsa, lehetosg szerinti fejlesztse: lohelyek: 1530 Pannon szikes sztyeppk s mocsarak 3150 Termszetes eutrf tavak Magnopotamion vagy Hydrocharition nvnyzettel 6250 Sksgi pannon lszgyepek 91I0 Euro-szibriai erdosztyepp tlgyes Fajok: Vidra (Lutra lutra) Molnrgrny (Mustela eversmanni) Cskos szcskeegr (Sicista subtilis) rge (Spermophilus citellus) Mocsri teknos (Emys orbicularis) Vrshas unka (Bombina bombina) Tarajos gote (Triturus cristatus /dobrogicus/) Halvnyfolt kllo (Gobio albipinnatus) Szivrvnyos kle (Rhodeus sericeus amarus) Rti csk (Misgurnus fossilis) Vg csk (Cobitis taenia) Szles durbincs (Gymnocephalus baloni) Selymes durbincs (Gymnocephalus schraetzeri) Sztyepplepke (Catopta thrips) Nagy tuzlepke (Lycaena dispar) Nagy szikibagoly (Gortyna borelii lunata) Szarvasbogr (Lucanus cervus) Nagy hoscincr (Cerambyx cerdo) Kisfszku aszat (Cirsium brachycephalum) Mtelyfu (Marsilea quadrifolia) Large (at a continental scale the largest, except for the SE corner of European Russia), dominantly treeless salt steppe expanse where salt and sodic marshes and ponds scattered in the bottoms. Driest communities are loess steppic grasslands. The different groundwater-conditions result mosaic-like structure of the above mentioned habitats. As all Hungarian salt areas, the Hortobgy is also an almost flat terrritory. The climate is forest-steppe type but most of the the area is originally tree-poor (for tens of thousands of years) because of the special geological and soil conditions mainly and in the last 3-4 thousand years because of the waves of nomadic, semi-nomadic cultures. From the Middle Ages the traditional usage of the area was semi-nomadic too and the number of villages was always low. Some species with largest Hungarian population here like Mustela eversmanni, Bombina bombina etc. The most important values are the big size of undisturbed and less-disturbed salt steppe and salt marshes and the famous bird-fauna.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both


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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code Cover [%]

5.3 Site designation (optional)

The main aspect of designation is to cover the intact, big "central" salt steppe and some smaller surrounding but valuable habitats.


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6.1 Body(ies) responsible for the site management:

Organisation:Hortobgyi Nemzeti Park Igazgatsg (Hortobgy National Park Directorate) Address: H-4024 Debrecen, Sumen u. 2. Tel: +36(52)529-920 Fax: +36(52)529-940 E-mail:

6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

No, but in preparation

6.3 Conservation measures (optional)

ltalnos clkituzsek: A Natura 2000 terlet termszetvdelmi clkituzse az azon tallhat, a kijells alapjul szolgl fajok s lohelytpusok kedvezo termszetvdelmi helyzetnek megorzse, fenntartsa, helyrelltsa, valamint a Natura 2000 terletek lehatrolsnak alapjul szolgl termszeti llapot s a kedvezo termszetvdelmi llapottal sszhangban lvo gazdlkods feltteleinek biztostsa. Specifikus clok s vgrehajtand intzkedsek: - A gyepek jelenlegi (helyenknt a jelenleginl jobb) llapotnak fenntartst clz legeltetsi/kaszlsi rendszer kidolgozsa s megvalstsa, klns tekintettel a megfelelo sziki legelotrsulsok rvidfvu llapotnak biztostsra, a rjuk jellemzo, de ritka kzssgi jelentosgo fajok (tzok, sziki fszkelo madarak s lepkk stb.) vdelme, valamint a kmletesebb kaszlsi- gyepkarbantartsi rendszerek honostsa s fenntartsa. A legeltetses fldhasznlat tmogatsa a kaszlssal szemben; - A pannon lszgyepek kategriba sorolhat hti gyepek, gyepes kunhalmok mrskelt legeltetse, szksg esetn irnytott getse, srlt vegetcifoltok helyrelltsa; - A termszetes s termszetkzeli pusztai s vizes lohelyek, erdofoltok mozaikjainak megorzse; - Magnyos idos fk oltalma; - Bolygatott gyepterletek gyomirt kaszlsa, ellenorztt getse; - A mg meglevo, nem idegenhonos fk s facsoportok teljes kmlete, fslegelo-szeru fenntartsa-feljtsa; - A mg meglevo sziki tlgyes llomnyokban tlls olyan erdokezelsi mdszerre, mely a folyamatos erdobortst biztostja, ugyanakkor idos, odvas faegyedek s holt faanyag kello arny megltt is. A feljtshoz s vadkrelhrtshoz szksg esetn vadkerts alkalmazand; - Zrvnyszntk extenzv, lehetosg szerint vegyszermentes muvelsnek biztostsa, az intenzv technolgik s fajok/fajtk alkalmazsnak megszntetse; - Belvzleveto csatornk-rkok -wetland tpus szikes lohelyeket lecsapol hatsnak megszntetse, mrsklse, lehetosg szerint; - A Hortobgy-Beretty, mint hidrolgiai tengely s fontos hal lohely vzminosgnek javtsa, klns tekintettel a havriaszeru jelensgek megakadlyozsra, klns tekintettel a felvzrol rkezo kommunlis szennyvizek ndas-szuromezos, vagy mg hatkonyabb tiszttsra; - A mindenflekppen megmarad, rintett, belvzlevezeto szerepu csatornk jelenleginl kmletesebb kezelse-fenntartsa ((kotrsok, vzi nvnyzet irtsnak, parti fk s cserjk eltvoltsnak stb. visszaszortsa). Termszetvdelmi cl vzvisszatart ltestmnyek fenntartandk, jak teleptendok; - Bolygatott, nylt terletek gyomirt kaszlsa, irnytott getse; - Invzis, illetve tjidegen fa- s cserjefajok (akc, ksei meggy, gyalogakc, amerikai koris, zld juhar stb.) folyamatos visszaszortsa a gyepekrol s egyb terletekrol, az ilyen fajok uralta gyepeket szeglyezo, tervezett erdokben fafajcsere oshonos, a tjra, s lohelyekre termszetesen jellemzo fajokra. Amennyiben az ilyen fajok oshonosak mellett, elegyben vannak jelen, folyamatosan eltvoltandk, sarj- s julatkpzodsk megakadlyozand; - Az invazis lgyszr nvnyek folyamatos visszaszortsa a gyepekrol; - A terlet nagyvadllomnyt olyan szinten tartani, ami nem krostja a gyepek s erdok llapott; - Az llattart telepek modernizlsnak sszehangolsa a termszetvdelmi rtkek megorzst biztost rdekekkel a terleten tallhat fajok s lohelyek kedvezo termszetvdelmi helyzetnek srelme nlkl. There is a general management plan of the Hortobgy National Park (1997)



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