Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

B

1.2 Site code

IE0000020

1.3 Site name

Black Head-Poulsallagh Complex SAC

1.4 First Compilation date

1997-01

1.5 Update date

2020-10

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:National Parks and Wildlife Service, Department of Culture, Heritage and the Gaeltacht
Address:               
Email:datadelivery@chg.gov.ie

1.7 Site indication and designation / classification dates

Date site proposed as SCI:2002-01
Date site confirmed as SCI: No information provided
Date site designated as SAC: No information provided
National legal reference of SAC designation: No information provided

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:-9.268223
Latitude:53.100592

2.2 Area [ha]

7801.9926

2.3 Marine area [%]

29.3200

2.4 Sitelength [km] (optional):


No information provided

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
IE02Southern and Eastern

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Atlantic (0.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.1 Habitat types present on the site and assessment for them

Annex I Habitat types Site assessment
Code PF NP Cover [ha] Cave [number] Data quality A|B|C|D A|B|C
      RepresentativityRelative SurfaceConservationGlobal
1170  info      540.752  0.00 
1220  info      0.2186  0.00 
2130  info      60.56  0.00 
3260  info      78.05  0.00 
4060  info      858.59  0.00 
5130  info      312.21  0.00 
6210  info  X     468.32  0.00 
6510  info      78.05  0.00 
7220  info      78.05  0.00 
8240  info      4686.33  0.00 
8330  info      78.05  0.00 
  • PF: for the habitat types that can have a non-priority as well as a priority form (6210, 7130, 9430) enter "X" in the column PF to indicate the priority form.
  • NP: in case that a habitat type no longer exists in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Cover: decimal values can be entered
  • Caves: for habitat types 8310, 8330 (caves) enter the number of caves if estimated surface is not available.
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation)

3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
P1395Petalophyllum ralfsii    35  35  area   
BA346Pyrrhocorax pyrrhocorax     
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

Species

Population in the site

Motivation

Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
Ajuga pyramidalis                     
Bifurcaria bifurcata                     
Cepphus grylle    25  25             
Dryas octopetala                     
Helianthemum canum                     
Paracentrotus lividus                     
Pleurochaete squarrosa                     
Pyrola media                     
Saxifraga rosacea                     
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover
N0127.00
N041.00
N051.00
N061.00
N071.00
N0818.00
N0913.00
N141.00
N161.00
N2235.00
N231.00

Total Habitat Cover

100

Other Site Characteristics

The Black Head-Poulsallagh complex encompasses a complete range of rocky Burren habitats from coastal, glacially planed limestone pavements to high level heaths. The limestone pavement includes smooth, blocky and shattered types. Erratics of Galway granite occur especially around Black Head which is the main glaciated area of the Burren. A mosaic of typical Burren habitats are found including calcareous grasslands, heaths and scrub. The Caher River is a shallow limestone spring-fed system with important tufa deposits of considerable thickness, located to the west of the site. The shores are gently sloping, stepped limestone pavements over most of the site but at Black Head the shore is narrow and very steeply stepped. There are numerous shallow rockpools on the shore. Black Head gives some protection to the shores immediately to the east but the west facing shores are extremely exposed to wave action. The shore has scattered cobbles and a number of pools are affected by these cobbles acting as mills in the pools causing severe scouring. In the most extreme cases there is a very impoverished flora and fauna present.

4.2 Quality and importance

This site has an excellent diversity of typical Burren habitats, with many rare plant species. The site is of particular value for the fine examples of high level Arctostaphylos uva-ursi heaths, and for the presence of the only river found in the high Burren. This river, the Caher, is noted for its partly intermittent nature and the degree of development of tufa deposits. A superb and extensive example of a highly exposed vegetated shingle bank occurs at Poulsallagh, with substrate ranging from large limestone boulders to pebbles. The littoral reef communities are important biogeographical variations of intertidal rocky shores extremely exposed to wave action and the area includes the best examples of this shore type in the country. The caves are the best known extensive network of caves that are connected to the sea in Ireland. While little is known of their biological diversity, it is considered that they exist in a very natural state. The occurrence of Petalophyllum ralfsii adds to the interest of the site, as does the presence of Pyrrhocorax pyrrhocorax.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
HA04.03i
LA08i
LB07i
LC01.03.02i
LC01.07i
LD01.01i
LE04.01i
LG01i
HG02.08i
LG05.01i
HK02.01i
HK02.02i
LK04.01i
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
HA04.02.01i
HA05.02i
HA10.01i
HD01.01i
HE04.01i

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

4.4 Ownership (optional)


No information provided

4.5 Documentation (optional)

Berrow, S.D., Mackie, K.L., O'Sullivan, O., Shepherd, K.B., Mellon, C. and Coveney, J.A. (1992). The 2nd International Chough Survey: Ireland. Unpublished report to the RSPB, Belfast.Byrne, M. (1990). Annual reproductive cycles of the commercial sea-urchin Paracentrotus lividus from an exposed intertidal and a sheltered subtidal habitat on the west coast of Ireland. Mar. Biol. 104: 275-189.Curtis, T.G.F. and McGough, H.N. (1988). The Irish Red Data Book 1. Vascular Plants. Stationery Office, Dublin.Heuff, H. (1987). The Vegetation of Irish Rivers. Unpublished report to the Forest and Wildlife Service, Dublin. Lewis, J.R. (1964). The Ecology of Rocky Shores. Hodder and Stoughton Ltd, UK.Lockhart, N. (1998). Report on Survey of Petalophyllum ralfsii at Fanore, Co. Clare. Unpublished report to Dúchas the Heritage Service, National Parks and Wildlife, Dublin.Moore, D. and Wilson, F. (1999). National Shingle Beach Survey of Ireland 1999. Unpublished report to National Parks and Wildlife, Dublin.McGough, H.N. (1984). A Report on the Grasslands and Closely Related Vegetation Types of the Burren Region of Western Ireland. Unpublished report to the Forest and Wildlife Service, Dublin. Ó Críodáin, C. (1992). Conservation of Grassland Sites of Scientific Interest in Ireland. A Preliminary Report. National Parks and Wildlife Service, Dublin. Praeger, R.L. (1934). The Botanist in Ireland. Hodges, Figgis and Co., Dublin. Webb, D.A. and Scannell, M.J.P. (1983). Flora of Connemara and the Burren. Royal Dublin Society, Dublin and Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. Southward, A. J. and Crips, D.J. (1954). The distribution of certain intertidal animals around the Irish coast. Proceedings of the Royal Irish Academy 57B: 1-29.

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.1 Body(ies) responsible for the site management:


No information provided

6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

Yes
No, but in preparation
X
No

6.3 Conservation measures (optional)


No information provided

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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INSPIRE ID:IE.NPWS.PS.NATURA2000.SAC.IE0000020
Map delivered as PDF in electronic format (optional)
Yes
X
No

SITE DISPLAY