Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

Back to top

1.1 Type

B

1.2 Site code

IE0000428

1.3 Site name

Lough Melvin SAC

1.4 First Compilation date

1999-12

1.5 Update date

2018-09

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:National Parks and Wildlife Service, Department of Culture, Heritage and the Gaeltacht
Address:               
Email:datadelivery@chg.gov.ie

1.7 Site indication and designation / classification dates

Date site proposed as SCI:1999-12
Date site confirmed as SCI: No data
Date site designated as SAC: No data
National legal reference of SAC designation: No data

2. SITE LOCATION

Back to top

2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:-8.184708
Latitude:54.433043

2.2 Area [ha]

2268.8696

2.3 Marine area [%]

0.9640

2.4 Sitelength [km]:

0.00

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
IE01Border, Midland and Western

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Atlantic (0.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

Back to top

3.1 Habitat types present on the site and assessment for them

Annex I Habitat types Site assessment
Code PF NP Cover [ha] Cave [number] Data quality A|B|C|D A|B|C
      RepresentativityRelative SurfaceConservationGlobal
3130  info      1776.12  0.00 
6410  info      2.7  0.00 
  • PF: for the habitat types that can have a non-priority as well as a priority form (6210, 7130, 9430) enter "X" in the column PF to indicate the priority form.
  • NP: in case that a habitat type no longer exists in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Cover: decimal values can be entered
  • Caves: for habitat types 8310, 8330 (caves) enter the number of caves if estimated surface is not available.
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation)

3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
BA061Aythya fuligula    40  40   
M1355Lutra lutra          DD 
F1106Salmo salar          DD 
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

Species

Population in the site

Motivation

Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
Martes martes                     
Salix phylicifolia                     
Salmo trutta                     
Salmo trutta                     
Salvelinus alpinus                     
Trollius europaeus                     
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

Back to top

4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover
N011.00
N051.00
N0687.00
N071.00
N081.00
N091.00
N103.00
N163.00
N201.00
N231.00

Total Habitat Cover

100

Other Site Characteristics

Lough Melvin is a large lake, over 12 km in length and up to 3 km in width. The lake lies in a glaciated valley, with average depth of 8.5 m and a maximum of 45 m. The underlying rock is limestone. The lake is fed by several main rivers - the Ballagh, the Glenaniff, the County and the Roogagh (lies in Northern Ireland), plus numerous small streams. The lake drains into Donegal Bay via the Drowes River. Marginal vegetation is mainly wet grassland, but there are significant areas of wet woodland and some swamp and fen vegetation. Several large islands occur. Landuse in surrounding areas is mainly agricultural though there are substantial areas of forestry. Some areas of bog and heath occur in the catchment.

4.2 Quality and importance

Lough Melvin, part of which lies in Northern Ireland, is an important example of an oligotrophic-mesotrophic lake system. Sections of the main inflowing rivers and all of the outflowing river are included in site. It has a typical aquatic and emergent flora. The site is of great importance for fish conservation, with three genetically distinct populations of brown trout (Salmo trutta) - ferox, gillaroo, sonaghen as well as Salvelinus alpinus, and important populations of Salmo salar. It may be one of the last examples in north-western Europe of a natural post-glacial salmonid lake. The site supports a population of Lutra lutra and has four Red Data Book plant species, notably Trollius europaeus. Martes martes has been reported from the site in recent times.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
MA04i
MA08i
MA10.01i
MB02b
MH01.05b
MI01i
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
MB02b

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

4.5 Documentation

Bowman, J.J., Clabby, K.J., Lucey, J., Mc Garrigle, M.L. and Toner, P.H. (1996). Water Quality in Ireland 1991-1994. Environmental Protection Agency, Wexford. Central Fisheries Board (1993). A Baseline Survey of the Glenaniff and Ballagh Rivers, Lough Melvin Catchment and Recommendations for Fisheries Development. Central Fisheries Board, Dublin. Central Fisheries Board (2001). Irish Salmon Catches 2000. http://www.cfb.ie/:February 2001. Doris, Y., McGarrigle, M.L., Clabby, K.J., Lucey, J., Neill, M., Flanagan, M., Quinn, M.B., Sugrue, M. and Lehane, M. (1999). Water Quality in Ireland 1995-1997. Statistical compendium of River Quality Data. Electronic Publication on Disk. Environmental Protection Agency, Wexford. Ferguson, A. and Mason, F.M. (1981). Allogyne evidence for reproductively isolated sympatric populations of brown trout, Salmo trutta L., in Lough Melvin, Ireland. Journal of Fish Biology 18: 629-642. Ferguson, A. (1986). Lough Melvin - a unique fish community. Occasional papers in Irish Science and Technology, No. 1. Went Memorial Lecture. Royal Dublin Society, Dublin. Ferguson, A. (1989). Genetic differences among brown trout Salmo trutta and their importance for conservation and management of the species. Freshwater Biology 21: 35-46. Goodwillie, R. (1973). A Preliminary Report on Areas of Scientific Interest in County Leitrim. An Foras Forbartha, Dublin. Lawrie, E.W., Wolfe-Murphy, S.A. and Gibson, C.E. (1992). Northern Ireland Lakes Survey. 7: Large Lakes. A Botancial Survey of the Eight Largest Lakes in Northern Ireland. Unpublished report for the Department of the Environment, Northern Ireland. Lucey, J., Bowman, J.J., Clabby, K.J., Cunningham, P., Lehane, M., MacCarthaigh, M., McGarrigle, M.L. and Toner, P.F. (1999). Water Quality in Ireland 1995-1997. Environmental Protection Agency, Wexford. O'Reilly, P. (1991). Trout and Salmon Rivers of Ireland: An Angler's Guide. Merlin Unwin books, London. Praeger, R.L. (1934). The Botanist in Ireland. Hodges, Figgis & Co, Dublin. Sheppard, R. (1993). Irelands Wetland Wealth. IWC, Dublin.

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

Back to top No data

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

Back to top

6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

Yes
No, but in preparation
X
No

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

Back to top
INSPIRE ID:IE.NPWS.PS.NATURA2000.SAC.IE0000428
Map delivered as PDF in electronic format (optional)
Yes
No

SITE DISPLAY