Database release:

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)



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1.1 Type


1.2 Site code


1.3 Site name

Raven Point Nature Reserve SAC

1.4 First Compilation date


1.5 Update date


1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:National Parks and Wildlife Service, Department of Culture, Heritage and the Gaeltacht

1.7 Site indication and designation / classification dates

Date site proposed as SCI:1999-09
Date site confirmed as SCI: No information provided
Date site designated as SAC:2018-10
National legal reference of SAC designation:423/2018


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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:


2.2 Area [ha]


2.3 Marine area [%]


2.4 Sitelength [km] (optional):

No information provided

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
IE02Southern and Eastern

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Atlantic (0.00 %)


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3.1 Habitat types present on the site and assessment for them

Annex I Habitat types Site assessment
Code PF NP Cover [ha] Cave [number] Data quality A|B|C|D A|B|C
      RepresentativityRelative SurfaceConservationGlobal
1140  info      72.9047  0.00 
1210  info      0.3694  0.00 
1330  info      0.2211  0.00 
2110  info      1.1272  0.00 
2120  info      9.3699  0.00 
2130  info      22.654  0.00 
2170  info      0.1362  0.00 
2190  info      0.753  0.00 
  • PF: for the habitat types that can have a non-priority as well as a priority form (6210, 7130, 9430) enter "X" in the column PF to indicate the priority form.
  • NP: in case that a habitat type no longer exists in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Cover: decimal values can be entered
  • Caves: for habitat types 8310, 8330 (caves) enter the number of caves if estimated surface is not available.
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation)

3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
BA395Anser albifrons flavirostris    10022  10022   
BA169Arenaria interpres    14  14   
BA144Calidris alba    149  149   
BA149Calidris alpina    1510  1510   
BA143Calidris canutus    288  288   
BA137Charadrius hiaticula    19  19   
BA130Haematopus ostralegus    103  103   
BA157Limosa lapponica    113  113   
BA156Limosa limosa    167  167   
BA070Mergus merganser    38  38   
BA160Numenius arquata    134  134   
BA017Phalacrocorax carbo    216  216   
BA140Pluvialis apricaria    570  570   
BA141Pluvialis squatarola    732  732   
BA195Sterna albifrons    10  10   
BA048Tadorna tadorna    14  14   
BA164Tringa nebularia     
BA162Tringa totanus    20  20   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)


Population in the site


Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
Asparagus officinalis ssp. prostratus                     
Bufo calamita                     
Centaurium pulchellum                     
Ceuthorrhynchus hirtulus                     
Epitryptus cowini                     
Monotropa hypopitys                     
Nebria complanata                     
Pherbellia knutsoni                     
Pristonychus terricola                     
Pseudorchestoidea brito                     
Pyrola rotundifolia ssp. maritima                     
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons


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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover

Total Habitat Cover


Other Site Characteristics

Situated on the north side of Wexford Harbour, the site incorporates the dynamic sand system of the Raven Point and the coastal stretch running north to Curracloe House. The main part of the dune system was planted with coniferous species in the 1930s and 1950s, mainly as a coastal defence measure. Other than the sand dune habitats, the site also contains sand flats, salt marsh and lagoons. There has been heavy erosion along the eastern site of the site in recent years, but the dunes are building westwards along the southern boundary of the adjacent Wexford Slobs. The sediment source is siliceous in nature. The main landuses of the site are nature conservation and commercial forestry. Future plans include replacement of the conifers with hardwood species.

4.2 Quality and importance

The site is an important example of an extremely dynamic coastal sand system. It contains one of the few afforested sand dune systems in Ireland though the commercial plantings have compromised the structure of the natural dune vegetation. Outside the planted areas, there are good examples of a range of sand dune types, including embryo dunes, mobile marram dunes, fixed dunes, dunes with Salix repens and humid dune slacks. A small though significant area of Atlantic salt meadow occurs below the fixed dunes. The site also has a good example of intertidal flats, which are predominantly sandy owing to exposure. Three Red Data Book plant species are known from the site, as well as a number of locally important species. Natterjack toad a Red Data Book species, has been successfully introduced into the site. Site provides principal roost site for the Internationally Important Wexford Slobs and Harbour population of Anser albifrons flavirostris. Seven further bird species occur at the Raven in nationally important concentrations, notably Pluvialis squatarola and Calidris alba, and there are populations of Pluvialis apricaria and Limosa lapponica. Sterna albifrons breeds in some years though recently conditions have been less suitable. Most of site is a statutory nature reserve.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

4.4 Ownership (optional)

No information provided

4.5 Documentation (optional)

An Foras Forbatha (1977). A Study of the Raven, Co. Wexford. An Foras Forbartha/Forest & Wildlife Service, Dublin. Brady, Shipman & Martin (1992). Wexford Coastline. Coastal Zone Management Plan. Unpublished report to Wexford County Council. Cotton, J. (1974). Pyrola rotundifolia L in County Wexford. Irish Naturalists Journal 18: 44-46. Colhoun, K. (1998). I-WeBS Report 1996-97. BirdWatch Ireland, Dublin. Curtis, T.G.F. (1991a) A site inventory of the sandy coasts of Ireland. In Quigley, M.B. (ed.) A Guide to the Sand Dunes of Ireland. E.U.C.C. Dublin. Curtis, T.G.F. (1991b). The flora and vegetation of sand dunes in Ireland. In Quigley, M.B. (ed.) A Guide to the Sand Dunes of Ireland. E.U.C.C. Dublin. Curtis, T.G.F. and Sheehy Skeffington, M.J. (1998). The salt marshes of Ireland: an inventory and account of their geographical variation. Biology and the Environment, Proceedings of the Royal Irish Academy 98B: 87-104. Deasy, J. (1946). Some notes on coastal afforestation in Co. Wexford. Journal of the Society of Irish Foresters. Vol. III. 29-39. Fox, A.D., Norriss, D.W., Stroud, D.A. & Wilson, H.J. (1994). Greenland White-fronted Geese in Ireland and Britain 1982/83 - 1993/94. Greenland White-fronted Goose Study research report no. 8. Greenland White-fronted Goose Study, Wales and National Parks & Wildlife Service, Dublin. Merne, O.J. (1989). Important bird areas in the Republic of Ireland. In: Grimmett, R.F.A. and Jones, T.A. (eds) Important Bird Areas in Europe. ICBP Technical Publication No. 9. Cambridge. Rowe, D. and Wilson, C.J. (eds) (1996). High Skies - Low Lands. An Anthology of the Wexford Slobs and Harbour. Duffry Press, Wexford. Sheppard, R. (1993). Irelands Wetland Wealth. IWC, Dublin. Whilde, A. (1985). The All Ireland Tern Survey 1984. Unpublished report for the Irish Wildbird Conservancy, Dublin.


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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level (optional):

Code Cover [%]

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites (optional):

Designated at national or regional level:

Type code Site name Type Cover [%]
The Raven Nature Reserve*90.00
IE01The Raven Nature Reserve*90.00

Designated at international level:

Type Site name Type Cover [%]
Other The Raven Nature Reserve*90.00

5.3 Site designation (optional)

No information provided


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6.1 Body(ies) responsible for the site management:

No information provided

6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

No, but in preparation

6.3 Conservation measures (optional)

No information provided



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